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historical_JJ
epic_NN
as_IN
a_DT
genre_NN
was_BEDZ
almost_RB
banished_VBN
from_IN
hollywood_NP
in_IN
early_JJ
1990s_CD
._.
for_IN
many_DT
critics_NNS
,_,
scholars_NNS
and_CC
,_,
most_RBS
importantly_RB
,_,
film_NN
producers_NNS
,_,
it_PP
was_BEDZ
a_DT
thing_NN
of_IN
the_DT
past_NN
-_-
something_PN
that_RB
could_MD
have_HV
attracted_VBN
crowds_NNS
only_RB
in_IN
the_DT
era_NN
of_IN
black-and-white_JJ
television_NN
and_CC
non-cgi_???
special_NN
effects_NNS
._.
but_CC
in_IN
1995_CD
,_,
same_DT
as_IN
in_IN
the_DT
case_NN
of_IN
dances_NNS
with_IN
wolves_NNS
five_CD
years_NNS
ago_RB
,_,
there_EX
came_VBD
the_DT
man_NN
who_WP
decided_VBD
to_IN
use_NN
of_IN
all_PDT
his_PP$
energy_NN
and_CC
talents_NNS
of_IN
actor_NN
,_,
producer_NN
and_CC
director_NN
in_IN
order_NN
to_IN
revitalise_VB
that_RB
particular_JJ
genre_NN
._.
and_CC
,_,
same_DT
as_IN
in_IN
the_DT
case_NN
of_IN
dances_NNS
with_IN
wolves_NNS
,_,
he_PP
was_BEDZ
awarded_VBN
for_IN
his_PP$
effort_NN
with_IN
"_"
oscars_NNS
"_"
._.
the_DT
name_NN
of_IN
the_DT
film_NN
was_BEDZ
braveheart_NP
,_,
and_CC
the_DT
name_NN
of_IN
its_PP$
director_NN
and_CC
main_JJ
actor_NN
was_BEDZ
mel_NP
gibson_NP
._.
the_DT
plot_NN
chronicles_NNS
the_DT
life_NN
of_IN
scottish_JJ
warlord_NP
and_CC
folk_NN
hero_NN
william_NP
wallace_NP
(_(
1305_CD
-_-
1305_CD
)_)
._.
in_IN
his_PP$
time_NN
,_,
english_JJ
king_NN
edward_NP
i_PP
"_"
longshanks_NNS
"_"
(_(
played_VBN
by_IN
patrick_NP
mcgoohan_NP
)_)
has_HVZ
almost_RB
completely_RB
subdued_JJ
entire_JJ
british_JJ
isles_NNS
,_,
including_IN
scotland_NP
,_,
whose_WP$
proud_JJ
inhabitants_NNS
are_BER
now_RB
subjected_VBN
by_IN
"_"
ius_???
primae_???
noctis_NN
"_"
and_CC
various_JJ
other_JJ
forms_NNS
of_IN
humiliation_NN
and_CC
oppression_NN
by_IN
english_JJ
knights_NNS
._.
although_CS
english_JJ
had_HVD
killed_JJ
his_PP$
father_NN
many_DT
years_NNS
ago_RB
,_,
young_JJ
scottish_JJ
commoner_NN
william_NP
wallace_NP
(_(
played_VBD
by_IN
mel_NP
gibson_NP
)_)
doesn't_DOZ
care_NN
about_IN
politics_NN
and_CC
wants_VBZ
only_RB
to_IN
have_HV
peaceful_JJ
life_NN
with_IN
his_PP$
new_JJ
bride_NN
murron_NN
(_(
played_VBN
by_IN
catherine_NP
maccormack_NN
)_)
._.
murron_NN
's_POS
death_NN
changes_NNS
that_CS
and_CC
wallace_NP
takes_VBZ
arms_NNS
and_CC
,_,
together_RB
with_IN
small_JJ
but_CC
dedicated_JJ
band_NN
of_IN
followers_NNS
,_,
begins_VBZ
guerrilla_NN
campaign_NN
that_CS
would_MD
systematically_RB
destroy_VB
almost_RB
every_DT
english_JJ
garrison_NN
in_IN
the_DT
country_NN
._.
through_IN
time_NN
,_,
more_DT
and_CC
more_DT
people_NN
join_VB
his_PP$
ranks_NNS
and_CC
in_IN
1298_CD
wallace_NP
's_POS
rag-tag_NP
army_NN
scores_NNS
surprising_JJ
victory_NN
against_IN
english_JJ
knights_NNS
in_IN
the_DT
battle_NN
of_IN
stirling_NP
bridge_NN
._.
but_CC
the_DT
newly_RB
won_VBN
freedom_NN
is_BEZ
endangered_VBN
by_IN
the_DT
internal_JJ
squabbles_NNS
between_IN
scots_NNS
themselves_PPX
,_,
especially_RB
nobles_NNS
under_IN
pretender_NN
robert_NP
the_DT
bruce_NP
(_(
played_VBD
by_IN
angus_NP
macfadyen_NP
)_)
,_,
who_WP
wouldn't_MD
like_VB
to_IN
have_HV
a_DT
simple_JJ
commoner_NN
as_IN
a_DT
national_JJ
leader_NN
._.
braveheart_NP
was_BEDZ
only_RB
the_DT
second_NN
film_NN
in_IN
the_DT
directorial_JJ
career_NN
by_IN
mel_NP
gibson_NP
,_,
so_RB
it_PP
wouldn't_MD
be_BE
fair_JJ
to_TO
compare_VB
it_PP
to_IN
the_DT
better_JJR
known_JJ
genre_NN
classics_NNS
directed_VBN
by_IN
david_NP
lean_JJ
or_CC
anthony_NP
mann_NP
._.
however_RB
,_,
even_RB
when_CS
we_PP
apply_VB
such_DT
criteria_NNS
braveheart_NP
is_BEZ
more_DT
than_CS
decent_JJ
historical_JJ
epic_NN
that_CS
takes_VBZ
new_JJ
and_CC
refreshing_JJ
approach_NN
to_IN
the_DT
genre_NN
._.
the_DT
most_DT
noticeable_JJ
element_NN
of_IN
this_DT
approach_NN
is_BEZ
naturalism_NN
._.
while_CS
older_JJR
hollywood_NP
films_NNS
set_NN
in_IN
medieval_JJ
europe_NP
used_VBD
to_IN
give_VB
fairytale-like_IN
vision_NN
of_IN
picturesque_JJ
castles_NNS
,_,
splendid_JJ
costumes_NNS
and_CC
knights_NNS
in_IN
shining_JJ
armour_NN
,_,
gibson_NP
shows_VBZ
us_PP
the_DT
extremely_RB
unpleasant_JJ
world_NN
of_IN
poverty_NN
and_CC
feudal_JJ
injustice_NN
where_CS
might_MD
made_VBD
right_JJ
and_CC
life_NN
was_BEDZ
hard_JJ
,_,
short_JJ
and_CC
brutish_JJ
._.
this_DT
general_JJ
unpleasantness_NN
is_BEZ
especially_RB
underlined_VBN
in_IN
the_DT
scenes_NNS
of_IN
battle_NN
,_,
where_CS
hand-to-hand_NP
combat_VB
is_BEZ
naturalistically_RB
displayed_VBN
in_IN
all_PDT
its_PP$
gory_JJ
details_NNS
,_,
never_RB
seen_VBN
since_CS
verhoeven_JJ
's_POS
ultra-naturalistic_NN
flesh_NN
&_???
blood_NN
._.
compared_VBN
with_IN
this_DT
naturalistic_JJ
approach_NN
,_,
most_DT
of_IN
old_JJ
hollywood_NP
epics_NNS
look_VB
like_IN
stage_NN
plays_VBZ
._.
braveheart_NP
also_RB
employs_VBZ
humour_NN
at_IN
the_DT
right_NN
places_NNS
,_,
not_XNOT
only_RB
to_IN
make_NN
bloody_JJ
realities_NNS
of_IN
medieval_JJ
british_JJ
isles_NNS
more_DT
bearable_JJ
to_IN
sensitive_JJ
audiences_NNS
,_,
but_CC
also_RB
to_IN
underline_VB
its_PP$
down-to-earth_NN
atmosphere_NN
,_,
so_RB
different_JJ
from_IN
previous_JJ
historical_JJ
epics_NNS
._.
what_WDT
makes_VBZ
braveheart_NP
"_"
larger_JJR
than_CS
life_NN
"_"
is_BEZ
his_PP$
protagonist_NN
._.
mel_NP
gibson_NP
obviously_RB
invested_VBN
plenty_PN
of_IN
his_PP$
energy_NN
and_CC
talent_NN
in_IN
bringing_VBG
the_DT
mythical_JJ
figure_NN
of_IN
william_NP
wallace_NP
and_CC
,_,
as_CS
a_DT
result_NN
,_,
character_NN
of_IN
20th_CD
century_NN
poems_NNS
is_BEZ
transformed_VBN
into_IN
superhuman_JJ
being_NN
that_CS
resembles_VBZ
late_JJ
20th_CD
century_NN
comic_NN
book_NN
hero_NN
._.
wallace_NP
is_BEZ
more_DT
than_CS
superior_JJ
to_IN
his_PP$
enemies_NNS
,_,
both_RB
physically_RB
and_CC
mentally_RB
,_,
yet_RB
he_PP
is_BEZ
able_JJ
to_TO
show_VB
his_PP$
sensitive_JJ
,_,
more_DT
vulnerable_JJ
side_NN
._.
naturally_RB
,_,
when_CS
the_DT
character_NN
is_BEZ
based_VBN
on_IN
epic_JJ
poems_NNS
,_,
most_DT
of_IN
historical_JJ
accuracy_NN
is_BEZ
going_VBG
down_RP
the_DT
drain_NN
(_(
which_WDT
was_BEDZ
the_DT
case_NN
with_IN
almost_RB
every_DT
historical_JJ
epic_NN
from_IN
hollywood_NP
in_IN
1990s_CD
)_)
._.
however_RB
,_,
even_RB
those_DT
who_WP
don't_DO
particularly_RB
care_VB
about_IN
history_NN
or_CC
are_BER
willing_JJ
to_TO
give_VB
poetic_JJ
license_NN
to_IN
scriptwriter_NN
randall_NP
wallace_NP
might_MD
think_VB
that_DT
he_PP
went_VBD
over_IN
the_DT
top_NN
in_IN
idolising_VBG
wallace_NP
,_,
especially_RB
in_IN
the_DT
second_NN
part_NN
of_IN
film_NN
when_CS
scottish_JJ
superhero_NP
manages_VBZ
to_IN
seduce_NN
princess_NN
isabel_NP
(_(
played_VBD
by_IN
sophie_NP
marceau_NN
)_)
and_CC
make_VB
her_PP$
a_DT
child_NN
._.
because_CS
of_IN
that_DT
the_DT
disbelief_NN
is_BEZ
hardly_RB
suspended_VBN
,_,
and_CC
final_JJ
scenes_NNS
aren't_BER
as_IN
effective_JJ
as_CS
they_PP
should_MD
be_BE
._.
mel_NP
gibson_NP
as_IN
an_DT
actor_NN
is_BEZ
truly_RB
wonderful_JJ
,_,
and_CC
he_PP
is_BEZ
also_RB
helped_VBN
by_IN
small_JJ
army_NN
of_IN
very_RB
good_JJ
british_JJ
and_CC
irish_JJ
actors_NNS
._.
most_DT
memorable_JJ
of_IN
them_PP
all_PDT
is_BEZ
patrick_NP
mcgoohan_NP
,_,
whose_WP$
cold_JJ
,_,
calculated_VBN
and_CC
evil_JJ
medieval_JJ
monarch_NN
is_BEZ
one_CD
of_IN
the_DT
most_DT
effective_JJ
villains_NNS
seen_VBN
in_IN
contemporary_JJ
cinema_NN
._.
brendan_NP
gleeson_NP
(_(
who_WP
would_MD
later_JJR
become_VB
famous_JJ
for_IN
his_PP$
role_NN
in_IN
boorman_NN
's_POS
general_JJ
)_(
is_BEZ
also_RB
very_RB
good_JJ
as_CS
wallace_NP
's_POS
trusted_JJ
companion_NN
,_,
as_CS
well_RB
as_CS
ian_NP
bannen_NP
is_BEZ
effective_JJ
as_CS
leprosy-stricken_JJ
king_NN
john_NP
balliol_NP
._.
david_NP
o'harra_NP
is_BEZ
very_RB
entertaining_JJ
as_CS
wallace_NP
's_POS
irish_JJ
ally_NN
,_,
and_CC
angus_NP
macfadyen_NP
brings_VBZ
a_DT
lot_NN
of_IN
anxiety_NN
into_IN
his_PP$
conscience-stricken_JJ
character_NN
of_IN
robert_NP
the_DT
bruce_NP
._.
women_NNS
in_IN
this_DT
film_NN
have_HV
rather_RB
thankless_NN
roles_NNS
,_,
especially_RB
marceau_NN
as_IN
one-dimensional_JJ
french_JJ
princess_NN
._.
catherine_NP
mccormack_NN
as_IN
wallace_NP
's_POS
wife_NN
was_BEDZ
more_DT
interesting_JJ
,_,
but_CC
she_PP
was_BEDZ
eliminated_VBN
from_IN
the_DT
picture_NN
early_JJ
on_IN
._.
from_IN
the_DT
technical_JJ
point_NN
of_IN
view_NN
,_,
the_DT
film_NN
is_BEZ
also_RB
very_RB
good_JJ
._.
photography_NN
by_IN
john_NP
toll_NN
brings_VBZ
a_DT
lot_NN
of_IN
scottish_JJ
natural_JJ
beauty_NN
to_IN
the_DT
screen_NN
._.
on_IN
the_DT
other_JJ
hand_NN
,_,
the_DT
musical_JJ
score_NN
by_IN
james_NP
horner_NP
employs_VBZ
too_RB
much_DT
of_IN
modern-day_JJ
instruments_NNS
for_IN
period_NN
piece_NN
set_NN
in_IN
medieval_JJ
times_NNS
._.
although_CS
mostly_RB
welcomed_VBN
by_IN
critics_NNS
and_CC
audiences_NNS
alike_RB
,_,
braveheart_NP
was_BEDZ
often_RB
criticised_VBN
for_IN
homophobia_NP
and_CC
other_JJ
forms_NNS
of_IN
extreme_JJ
conservatism_NN
._.
the_DT
main_JJ
reason_NN
for_IN
that_DT
was_BEDZ
the_DT
fact_NN
that_CS
gibson_NP
,_,
among_IN
many_DT
historical_JJ
facts_NNS
,_,
chose_VBD
to_TO
be_BE
faithful_JJ
only_RB
to_TO
those_DT
related_JJ
to_IN
sexual_JJ
orientation_NN
of_IN
"_"
longshank_NP
"_"
's_BEZ
son_NN
prince_NN
edward_NP
(_(
played_VBD
by_IN
peter_NP
hanly_RB
)_)
._.
he_PP
is_BEZ
not_XNOT
only_RB
presented_VBN
as_IN
a_DT
villain_NN
,_,
but_CC
also_RB
as_CS
one_CD
of_IN
the_DT
less_DT
competent_JJ
in_IN
villain_NN
's_POS
camp_NN
-_-
and_CC
portraying_VBG
of_IN
homosexuals_NNS
as_IN
villains_NNS
or_CC
inferior_JJ
to_IN
heterosexuals_NNS
is_BEZ
almost_RB
unforgivable_JJ
sin_NN
in_IN
"_"
politically_RB
correct_JJ
"_"
hollywood_NP
._.
to_IN
make_NN
things_NNS
even_RB
more_DT
obvious_JJ
,_,
good_JJ
guys_NNS
in_IN
this_DT
film_NN
are_BER
the_DT
total_JJ
opposite_JJ
of_IN
effeminate_JJ
and_CC
incompetent_JJ
edward_NP
-_-
rugged_VBN
macho_JJ
men_NNS
of_IN
mountains_NNS
who_WP
are_BER
more_DT
practical_JJ
and_CC
efficient_JJ
because_CS
they_PP
tend_VB
to_TO
employ_VB
conservatives_NNS
'_"
common_JJ
sense_NN
instead_RB
of_IN
fashionable_JJ
theories_NNS
of_IN
ivory_NN
tower_NN
liberals_NNS
._.
however_RB
,_,
although_CS
the_DT
message_NN
of_IN
this_DT
film_NN
might_MD
look_VB
right-wing_VBG
,_,
it_PP
owes_VBZ
more_DT
to_IN
leftist_NN
ideology_NN
of_IN
various_JJ
national_JJ
liberation_NN
movements_NNS
in_IN
20th_CD
century_NN
._.
according_VBG
to_IN
that_DT
ideology_NN
,_,
oppressed_JJ
classes_NNS
(_(
workers_NNS
,_,
peasants_NNS
)_)
are_BER
better_JJR
suited_VBD
to_TO
fight_VB
for_IN
national_JJ
freedom_NN
because_CS
their_PP$
members_NNS
has_HVZ
less_DT
to_TO
lose_VB
in_IN
that_DT
struggle_NN
and_CC
,_,
as_CS
such_DT
,_,
they_PP
are_BER
more_DT
radical_JJ
,_,
less_DT
willing_JJ
to_IN
make_NN
compromises_NNS
and_CC
more_DT
efficient_JJ
;_;
on_IN
the_DT
other_JJ
hand_NN
,_,
privileged_JJ
classes_NNS
(_(
aristocracy_NN
,_,
bourgeoisie_NP
)_)
are_BER
more_DT
likely_JJ
to_IN
betray_NP
the_DT
cause_NN
of_IN
freedom_NN
and_CC
be_BE
in_IN
cahoots_NNS
with_IN
foreign_JJ
oppressors_NNS
in_IN
order_NN
to_IN
keep_VB
their_PP$
privileges_NNS
._.
this_DT
marxist_JJ
worldview_NN
is_BEZ
presented_VBN
in_IN
braveheart_NP
without_IN
any_DT
subtlety_NN
._.
in_IN
the_DT
end_NN
,_,
whether_CS
the_DT
audience_NN
is_BEZ
patient_JJ
enough_RB
to_TO
discover_VB
hidden_JJ
meanings_NNS
or_CC
simply_RB
wants_VBZ
to_IN
enjoy_VB
entertaining_JJ
historical_JJ
epic_NN
,_,
braveheart_NP
is_BEZ
more_DT
than_CS
adequate_JJ
choice_NN
for_IN
all_PDT
fans_NNS
of_IN
this_DT
recently_RB
resurrected_JJ
genre_NN
._.