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Scala & Kudu

Adapted from here

Part 0: Kerberos & Spark-Shell

This part only applies if you are using a kerberos enabled spark & kudu system. Use $ kinit user to gain permission with your ticket-granting ticket (TGT). You will then be prompted to enter your password. Check using $klist to see if the TGT is there.

To start up the spark-shell, use the following command:

spark2-shell \
  --packages org.apache.kudu:kudu-spark2_2.11:1.6.0 \
  --conf spark.driver.allowMultipleContexts=true

That will automatically import certain dependencies.

Part 1: Setting Up the Table

Step 0: If table is already setup

If the table is setup and you are in a new spark session, you don't need to finish all of Part 1 to move on. You only need to do steps 1, 2, 3, and 4. Then move on.

Step 1: Import dependencies

Import all the following dependences to create be able to create a table:

import scala.collection.JavaConverters._
import org.apache.spark._
import org.apache.spark.SparkContext._
import org.apache.kudu.spark.kudu._
import org.apache.spark.sql.types.StructType
import org.apache.spark.sql.types.StructField
import org.apache.spark.sql.types.StringType
import org.apache.spark.sql.types.IntegerType
import org.apache.kudu.client.CreateTableOptions

Step 2: Set up Kudu masters (1 master)

If there is only 1 master, replace the kudu-master-dns with the IP, and the kudu-master-port should be the port (usually 7051. If you have more than one master, look at the alternate steps below Step 3.

val master = "kudu-master-dns:kudu-master-port"

If you are using Cazena, it will look something like this:

val master = "ip-10-134-55-734.cazena.internal:7051"

If there are more than 1 masters than create multiple variables like below, replacing # with a different number for each master

val master# = "ip-##-###-##-###.port:%%%%"

Step 3: Create A KuduContext (1 master)

val kuduContext = new KuduContext(master, sc)

Alternate for 1+ Masters (Steps 2-3)

Set up the kudu masters. Include all of the masters in the Seq(master1, master2,...)

val kuduMasters = Seq(master1, master2, ...).mkString(",")

Next create a KuduContext:

val kuduContext = new KuduContext(kuduMasters)

Continue as normal

Step 4: Create the kudu table's name

Insert the name of the table in insert-name-here

var kuduTableName = "insert-name-here"

Optional Step 4.5: Check for exisiting table

Check if the table already exists, and if so delete it

if (kuduContext.tableExists(kuduTableName)) {

Step 5: Create the schema

Enter as many fields as needed. The format is name, type, nullable?. Types are SQL types and need to be imported individually. You can find a list of DataTypes here. You can import these by running import org.apache.spark.sql.types.TYPE

val kuduTableSchema = StructType(
    StructField("name", StringType, false) ::
    StructField("age", IntegerType, true) ::
    StructField("city", StringType, true) :: Nil)

The Nil means that the value will be empty when nothing is provided

Step 6: Define the primary key

The primary key matches one of the names in the schema

val kuduPrimaryKey = Seq("name")

Step 7: Create a a new table option

val kuduTableOptions = new CreateTableOptions()

Step 8: Set the table options


Make sure the scala.collection.JavaConverters._ has been imported (listed in Step 1)

Step 9: Create the table

kuduContext.createTable(kuduTableName, kuduTableSchema, kuduPrimaryKey, kuduTableOptions)

Part 1.5: KuduOptions

This step is required for most of the following parts. Create a kuduOptions

val kuduOptions: Map[String, String] = Map("kudu.table"-> kuduTableName,"kudu.master" -> master)

Part 2: Insert Data

Step 1: Define a Case Class

Create a case class. Varies depending on the Schema created above.

case class Customer(name:String, age:Int, city:String)

Step 2: Create a list

Using the case class made above, create a list of data.

val customers = Array(Customer("name-1", 30, "city-1"), Customer("name-2", 18, "city-2"))

Step 3: Create an RDD

Now parallelize the list made above to make an RDD

val customersRDD = sc.parallelize(customers)

Step 4: Convert RDD -> DataFrame

Now convert the RDD from above into a DataFrame.

val customersDF = spark.createDataFrame(customersRDD)

Step 5: Insert data

kuduContext.insertRows(customersDF, kuduTableName)

Optional Step 6: Read the table

To read the table, do the following

Part 2.5: SQLContext

To move any further, SQLContext must be set up. First import the package:

import org.apache.spark.sql.SQLContext

Next you must set up the object

val sqlContext = new SQLContext(sc)

Part 3: Delete Data

Step 1: Register temporary table

Register the dataframe as a temporary table


Step 2: Filter Dataframe

Filter and create a new dataframe that only has the keys that will be deleted

val deleteKeysDF = sqlContext.sql("select name from customers where age >20")

Step 3: Delete the rows

Now delete the rows

kuduContext.deleteRows(deleteKeysDF, kuduTableName)

Optional Step 4: Read the table

To read the table, do the following

Part 4: Upsert Data

Step 1: Create new dataset

Create a new dataset with all the data that needs to be upserted. In this case, the Customer class from Part 1 is used.

val newAndChangedCustomers = Array(
    Customer("name-3", 25, "chicago"),
    Customer("name-4", 40, "winnipeg"),
    Customer("jordan", 19, "toronto")

Step 2: Create an RDD

Parallelize the dataset to make an RDD

val newAndChangedRDD = sc.parallelize(newAndChangedCustomers)

Step 3: RDD -> DataFrame

Convert the RDD from above into a dataframe

val newAndChangedDF = spark.createDataFrame(newAndChangedRDD)

Step 4: Upsert the Data

Now upsert the data

kuduContext.upsertRows(newAndChangedDF, kuduTableName)

Optional Step 5: Read the table

To read the table, do the following

Part 5: Update Data

Step 1: Create the dataset

Create a new dataset with an updated version of the row that is being updated

val modifiedCustomers = Array(Customer("name-5", 25, "chicago"))

Step 2: Create an RDD

Parallelize the dataset to make an RDD

val modifiedCustomersRDD = sc.parallelize(modifiedCustomers)

Step 3: RDD -> DataFrame

Convert the RDD from above into a dataframe

val modifiedCustomersDF = spark.createDataFrame(modifiedCustomersRDD)

Step 4: Update the Rows

Now update the row

kuduContext.updateRows(modifiedCustomersDF, kuduTableName)

Optional Step 5: Read the table

To read the table, do the following

Part 6: Alter Kudu Table

Note: If the kudu table is already linked to a Impala tabe, then the Impala table will update itself automatically. If your table has not been linked and you would like it so, check part 5.5 above.

Step 1: Import Dependencies

The following dependencies are required upon the dependencies listed at the top

import org.apache.kudu.client.KuduClient
import org.apache.kudu.client.AlterTableOptions
import org.apache.kudu.Type

Step 2: Create a new Kudu Client

To be able to alter the table, you have to use KuduClientBuilder to create a new client with the master IP.

When entering the master ip, instead of using the IP in step 1, that may look like this: ip-10-134-55-734.cazena.internal:7051, cut out the ip and replace the -'s with .'s. In the end it should look like this

val client = new KuduClient.KuduClientBuilder("master-ip").defaultAdminOperationTimeoutMs(600000).build()

Step 3: Create object for defaultVal

One of AlterTableOption()'s parameters is defaultVal, or default value. This will be inserted as the default value when you add the table. In this case, it's a long 0.To supply this, create an object:

val o = 0l;

Step 4: Alter the table

Finally, alter the table with the following syntax:

client.alterTable(kuduTableName, new AlterTableOptions().addColumn("column-name", type, o))

This will add a non-nullable column. If you want to add a nullable column, use the following syntax:

.addNullableColumn("addNullable", Type.INT32)

Note that you can add as many in one statement by separating by a period. For example:

client.alterTable(kuduTableName, new AlterTableOptions()
    .addColumn("column-name", Type.INT64, o)
    .addNullableColumn("addNullable", Type.INT32)

The types that you can use are listed here.

Optional Step 5: Read the table

To read the table, do the following: