Various Cobbler config files
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kickstarts
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README.md

README.md

Cobbler For Use in Deploying Ubuntu in Preparation for OpenStack

Directory Contents

  • kickstarts: contents go in /var/lib/cobbler/kickstarts
  • snippets: contents go in /var/lib/cobbler/snippets
  • www: contents go in /var/www

Basic Cobbler Installation

  • apt-get install cobbler cobbler-web debmirror dnsmasq
  • edit /etc/cobbler/modules.conf
    • Set to use dnsmasq
  • edit /etc/cobbler/dnsmasq.template
    • Set dhcp range to proper range
    • Ensure dnsmasq is only listening on required interfaces!
  • edit /etc/cobbler/settings
    • Set manage_dns/dhcp to on if needed
  • cobbler get-loaders
  • cobbler sync
  • mount ubuntu iso
  • cobbler import --name=ubuntu-server-12.04 --path=/mnt --breed=ubuntu
  • cobbler distro list
  • Install apt-cacher:
    • apt-get install apt-cacher-ng

Ubuntu Configuration

  • Create profiles based on OpenStack roles
    • For example, Controller and Compute
    • Assign each role a seed file:
      • Included is install-cc.seed for Controller
      • install-node.seed for Compute
    • For each role/profile, make sure you add the following kernel option:
      • netcfg/choose_interface=eth0
      • If this is not specified, the installer will prompt you to choose a NIC when multiple NICs are available, thus breaking the hands-off installation.

Ubuntu Deployment

  • Once profiles have been created, create a system for each physical server
  • Type in the network and hostname information into the system config form
  • Edit the cobbler scripts to suit your environment! Install sources, IP addresses, etc.

Puppet Configuration

  • Make sure puppet_auto_setup is set to 1 in /etc/cobbler/settings.
    • This triggers the Puppet setup in snippets/ubuntu_late_command
  • Create a Puppet Master server (could be the same as the cobbler server).
  • Edit www/puppet.* to suit your environment's needs.

Network Configuration

I'm attempting to write proper templates and logic to help configure networking in Debian and Ubuntu better. This basically amount to some if and for loops to build the /etc/network/interfaces file.

Right now, you can configure one or more unbonded network interfaces. It is important to note that if the network interface IS your primary outgoing interface, mark it as MANAGEMENT. Otherwise more than one interface will get your default gateway and networking will not start due to errors.

This code is in the snippets/ubuntu_late_command* files.

Seed Descriptions

A few hacks had to be done to get the debian-installer preseed to work correctly.

The first hack is the early_command hack. Debian/Ubuntu preseeding is horrible for advanced hard disk partitioning (such as RAID and LVM). To get around this, a shell script overrides the normal partitioner and manually issues partitioning commands. See www/early_command_* for exact commands. More information about this can be found here.

The second hack is to apply the static network configuration after the install is done. See the Network Configuration section for more details on this.

The third hack is described in Ubuntu Configuration regarding multiple NICs.