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Copyright (C) Chris Desjardins 2008 -

The driver implements pulse width modulation (PWM) by pulsing the 
gpio signals which are connected to the signaling wire of a standard 
RC servo. The driver is somewhat incomplete, it will support upto 8 
servos but I haven't mapped them all to GPIOs because the mapping 
is totally arbitrary. Only 2 servos are needed for RC cars so I 
only map 2 servos to gpios. To add more then just add the appropraite
mapping code to the servodrive_write() function.

Another thing to keep in mind is that this module uses udelay to
implement PWM accurately, the worst case udelay is ~2 milliseconds.
I have found imperically that a pulse width of 400microseconds will
turn my futuba servo all the way in one direction and a pulse width
of 2100microseconds will turn it all the way in the other direction.


Compiling: This code is currently setup to cross compile on a host
linux system with the arm-none-linux-gnueabi- gnu tools from Furthermore it also assumes that you have
the linux kernel source which compiles and runs on your beagle board.
For this to work I have modified two kernel source files:
In arch/arm/mach-omap2/mux.c add the following to the end of 

MUX_CFG_34XX("XXX_3430_GPIO_136", 0x164,
               OMAP34XX_MUX_MODE4 | OMAP34XX_PIN_OUTPUT)
MUX_CFG_34XX("XXX_3430_GPIO_137", 0x166,
               OMAP34XX_MUX_MODE4 | OMAP34XX_PIN_OUTPUT)
MUX_CFG_34XX("XXX_3430_GPIO_138", 0x168,
               OMAP34XX_MUX_MODE4 | OMAP34XX_PIN_OUTPUT)
MUX_CFG_34XX("XXX_3430_GPIO_139", 0x16a,
               OMAP34XX_MUX_MODE4 | OMAP34XX_PIN_OUTPUT)
MUX_CFG_34XX("XXX_3430_GPIO_140", 0x16c,
               OMAP34XX_MUX_MODE4 | OMAP34XX_PIN_OUTPUT)
MUX_CFG_34XX("XXX_3430_GPIO_141", 0x16e,
               OMAP34XX_MUX_MODE4 | OMAP34XX_PIN_OUTPUT)
MUX_CFG_34XX("XXX_3430_GPIO_142", 0x170,
               OMAP34XX_MUX_MODE4 | OMAP34XX_PIN_OUTPUT)
MUX_CFG_34XX("XXX_3430_GPIO_143", 0x172,
               OMAP34XX_MUX_MODE4 | OMAP34XX_PIN_OUTPUT) 

Then in include/asm-arm/arch-omap/mux.h at the very end of
omap34xx_index add:


Once you have added the above mods and successfully booted your
modified kernel, then you are ready to compile this program:

Just unzip/untar then issue the commands:
cd servosource

When it is done the following programs should exist:


Running: Copy the servoctrl and servoctrldrv.ko as well as mkservodev
to your SD card and boot your beagle. When it comes up and you login
start your wireless network, and then issue the following commands:

At this point your beagleboard should be ready to drive servos, next
you need to start the host side program with the following command:
./servoui /dev/input/js0

where the /dev/input/js0 is the location of your joystick device 
file, and is the IP address assigned to your beagle


Wiring: To drive two servos "out of the box" the following wiring is
Servo A requires the following 3 pins, all of which are on the 
expansion header:
 * Pin 3 to servo signaling (usually white) - this is gpio 139.
 * Pin 2 to servo power (usually red) - this is 5volt DC.
 * Pin 27 to servo ground (usually black) - this is ground.

Servo B requires the following 3 pins, also on the expansion header:
 * Pin 7 to servo signaling (usually white) - this is gpio 137.
 * Pin 2 to servo power (usually red) - this is 5volt DC.
 * Pin 28 to servo power (usually black) - this is ground.

See for a good 
illustration of servo wires. In general the rule is:
 * gpio to servo signaling wire
 * 5vdc to servo power wire
 * ground to servo ground
Any gpio on the expansion header will work, but if you use ones other
than 139, and 137 then the servodrive_write() function will have to
be updated to refelect the gpios in use.


A note about voltages: From what I have read servos are supposed to
have ~3volt control signals, beagle has 1.8volt gpios. For a while I
was considering some way to up the voltage, but after I tried servos
with 1.8volt control signals and I saw that they worked perfectly
fine, I instantly forgot all such considerations. :)



A quick client/server system to take input from a joystick and send it to a BeagleBoard over WiFi and have the BeagleBoard use the input to drive a pair of servos.



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