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Splunk-Pickaxe

Build Status

A tool for serializing and syncing your repo of Splunk objects across Splunk instances.

This provides a development workflow for Splunk components (e.g., dashboards, alerts, reports, etc) and an easy way to apply them consistently.

Check the changelog to see what has changed.

Getting Started

Install the gem,

gem install splunk-pickaxe

Create your repo,

mkdir my-splunk-repo
cd my-splunk-repo
pickaxe init

Update the .pickaxe.yml file with your app name from Splunk. This should be the name from the URL when you visit your Splunk app. (i.e. if your url is https://my-splunk.com/en-US/app/my_splunk_app/search my app is my_splunk_app).

You also need to add your Splunk environment(s). So your .pickaxe.yml should look like this,

namespace:
  # The application in which to create the Splunk knowledge objects
  app: MY_SPLUNK_APP

environments:
  ENVIRONMENT_NAME:
    url: SPLUNK_API_URL (i.e. https://search-head.my-splunk.com:8089)

Add some Splunk objects; see example repo or below for manually defining Splunk objects. Alternatively, to retrieve all Splunk objects from an environment, run:

pickaxe save ENVIRONMENT_NAME

Where ENVIRONMENT_NAME is the name of one of the environments configured in your .pickaxe.yml. These map to different Splunk instances.

You may then modify any of these objects. Afterwards, sync your repo with Splunk:

pickaxe sync ENVIRONMENT_NAME

By default these commands assume the user has a Splunk account and access to make these changes in the configured Splunk application. Your password will be requested when run. Alternatively you can make use of the options --user and --password.

Splunk Objects

Currently the following objects are supported,

Alerts

To add a new alert to the repo simply create a new ALERT.yml file under alerts. This YAML file should contain the following at minimum,

name: ALERT NAME
config:
  # Search query of events used to trigger alert
  search: >
    MY SEARCH

It will be populated with the alert defaults which includes,

  • Running hourly
  • Emailing everyone listed in your .pickaxe.yml
  • Alerting if the search results in any events

You can override these defaults or any other property by specifying the property under the config section. This doc contains all the properties for an alert.

By default the alert name will have the splunk environment name appended to it to differentiate its alert from others. This can be disabled in the alert's config by setting pickaxe.environment.in.name to false.

Common Overrides

  • To tweak the schedule set cron_schedule in the config section. By default its setup to run every hour. This should be a cron value (i.e. 0 10 * * 1 or run every Monday at 10am)
  • To tweak the length of the search or how far back the set dispatch.earliest_time in the config section. By default this is setup to search over the last hour. You could change this to -7d@h to search the last 7 days

Dashboards

To add a new dashboard create a new DASHBOARD.xml file under dashboards. The name of the file should be the name of the dashboard. If the file is my_dashboard.xml, this means the name is my_dashboard.

The file should contain the XML source of your dashboard. You can get this by selecting your dashboard in Splunk, then Edit -> Edit Source. Copy the XML and paste it into the file.

Eventtypes

To add a new eventtype create a new eventtype.yml file under eventtypes. The name of the file should be the name of the eventtype. If the file is my_eventtype.yml, this means the name is my_eventtype.

name: EVENTTYPE NAME
config:
  disabled: <1|0> Set to 1 to disable
  search: index=my_index more search things
  priority: <1-10> 1 is highest priority and 10 is lowest
  tags: <string> Enter a comma-separated list of tags
  ...

Macros

To add a new macro create a new macro.yml file under macros. The name of the file should be the name of the macro. If the file is my_macro.yml, this means the name is my_macro.

name: MACRO_NAME
config:
  disabled: <1|0> Set to 1 to disable
  definition: index=my_index search things

Reports

To add a new report to the repo simply create a new REPORT.yml file under reports. This YAML file should contain the following at minimum,

name: REPORT NAME
config:
  # Search query of events in the report
  search: >
    MY SEARCH

It will be populated with the alert defaults which includes,

  • Running hourly
  • Emailing everyone listed in your .pickaxe.yml

You can override these defaults or any other property by specifying the property under the config section. This doc contains all the properties for an report.

By default the report name will have the splunk environment name appended to it to differentiate its report from others. This can be disabled in the report's config by setting pickaxe.environment.in.name to false.

Common Overrides

  • To tweak the schedule set cron_schedule in the config section. By default its setup to run every hour. This should be a cron value (i.e. 0 10 * * 1 or run every Monday at 10am)
  • To tweak the length of the search or how far back the set dispatch.earliest_time in the config section. By default this is setup to search over the last hour. You could change this to -7d@h to search the last 7 days

Tags

To add a new tag to the repo simply create a new TAG.yml file under tags. This YAML file should contain the following at minimum,

name: TAG
fields:
  - source::/some/file
  - sourcetype::my_type
  ...

The important config here is the fields key which contains the array of fields you want in your tag. The value should be of the form FIELD::VALUE where FIELD can be things like source, sourcetype, eventtype or any other Splunk field.

Field Extractions

To add a new field extraction to the repo simply create a new field_extraction.yml file under field_extractions. This YAML file should contain the following,

name: my field extraction
config:
  # The props.conf stanza to which this field extraction applies, e.g. the
  # sourcetype or source that triggers this field extraction
  stanza: See Comment Above
  # If using EXTRACT type this is the regular expression
  # If using REPORT type specify a comma- or space-delimited list of transforms.conf
  # stanza names that define the field transformations to apply.
  value: See Comment Above
  # Use EXTRACT for inline regular expressions. Use REPORT for a transforms.conf stanza
  type: EXTRACT (or) REPORT

Generic Configuration

Most Splunk objects offer the following additional configuration,

  • envs: The list of environments the object should be deployed to
name: MY_OBJECT_NAME
envs:
  # Only deploy to dev environment
  - dev

By default if envs is not provided the object will be imported to all environments.

All Splunk objects are processed through ERB before being loaded to allow for dynamic configuration. The values from .pickaxe.yml provided within the environment configuration appropriate to the executed command will be added to the ERB binding during the rendering process.

.pickaxe.yml

namespace:
  # The application in which to create the Splunk knowledge objects
  app: MY_SPLUNK_APP

environments:
  ENVIRONMENT_NAME:
    url: SPLUNK_API_URL (i.e. https://search-head.my-splunk.com:8089)
    index_name: my_index

my_alert.yml

name: ALERT NAME
config:
  # Search query of events used to trigger alert
  search: >
    MY SEARCH USING <%= index_name %>

Environment variables from the OS can also be referenced.

my_alert.yml

name: ALERT NAME
config:
  # Search query of events used to trigger alert
  search: >
    MY SEARCH USING <%= ENV['INDEX_NAME'] %>

Config

The .pickaxe.yml file contains the config for your Splunk resources and should look like this,

namespace:
  # The application name to create the splunk dashboards, alerts, reports, tags, etc...
  app: my_splunk_app

environments:
  dev:
    url: https://logs-api.dev.my-splunk.com
  staging:
    url: https://logs-api.staging.my-splunk.com
  prod:
    url: https://logs-api.prod.my-splunk.com
    # Optional and will default to the root emails config
    emails:
      - my.prod.email@domain.com
    # Optional and will default to root namespace/app
    namespace:
      app: my_prod_splunk_app

# Used for any environments that don't specify emails config
emails:
  - my.email@domain.com

Backwards Compatibility

In previous version the config used to look like this,

namespace:
  app: my_splunk_app

environments:
  dev: https://logs-api.dev.my-splunk.com
  staging: https://logs-api.staging.my-splunk.com
  prod: https://logs-api.prod.my-splunk.com

emails:
  - my.email@domain.com

Specifically the value for each environment was a String that was the URL for the Splunk API. The new config format has the environment value as a Hash like this,

namespace:
  app: my_splunk_app

environments:
  dev:
    url: https://logs-api.dev.my-splunk.com
  staging:
    url: https://logs-api.staging.my-splunk.com
  prod:
    url: https://logs-api.prod.my-splunk.com

emails:
  - my.email@domain.com

The previous format is still supported but deprecated and will be removed in the future.

Contributing

See CONTRIBUTING.md

LICENSE

Copyright 2015 Cerner Innovation, Inc.

Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with the License. You may obtain a copy of the License at

http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0 Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See the License for the specific language governing permissions and limitations under the License.

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A tool for syncing a repo of splunk objects with a splunk instance

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