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"""Nginx Configuration"""
import logging
import re
import socket
import subprocess
import tempfile
import time
import OpenSSL
import zope.interface
from acme import challenges
from acme import crypto_util as acme_crypto_util
from acme.magic_typing import List, Dict, Set # pylint: disable=unused-import, no-name-in-module
from certbot import constants as core_constants
from certbot import crypto_util
from certbot import errors
from certbot import interfaces
from certbot import util
from certbot.compat import misc
from certbot.compat import os
from certbot.plugins import common
from certbot_nginx import constants
from certbot_nginx import display_ops
from certbot_nginx import http_01
from certbot_nginx import nginxparser
from certbot_nginx import obj # pylint: disable=unused-import
from certbot_nginx import parser
NAME_RANK = 0
START_WILDCARD_RANK = 1
END_WILDCARD_RANK = 2
REGEX_RANK = 3
NO_SSL_MODIFIER = 4
logger = logging.getLogger(__name__)
@zope.interface.implementer(interfaces.IAuthenticator, interfaces.IInstaller)
@zope.interface.provider(interfaces.IPluginFactory)
class NginxConfigurator(common.Installer):
# pylint: disable=too-many-instance-attributes,too-many-public-methods
"""Nginx configurator.
.. todo:: Add proper support for comments in the config. Currently,
config files modified by the configurator will lose all their comments.
:ivar config: Configuration.
:type config: :class:`~certbot.interfaces.IConfig`
:ivar parser: Handles low level parsing
:type parser: :class:`~certbot_nginx.parser`
:ivar str save_notes: Human-readable config change notes
:ivar reverter: saves and reverts checkpoints
:type reverter: :class:`certbot.reverter.Reverter`
:ivar tup version: version of Nginx
"""
description = "Nginx Web Server plugin"
DEFAULT_LISTEN_PORT = '80'
# SSL directives that Certbot can add when installing a new certificate.
SSL_DIRECTIVES = ['ssl_certificate', 'ssl_certificate_key', 'ssl_dhparam']
@classmethod
def add_parser_arguments(cls, add):
default_server_root = _determine_default_server_root()
add("server-root", default=constants.CLI_DEFAULTS["server_root"],
help="Nginx server root directory. (default: %s)" % default_server_root)
add("ctl", default=constants.CLI_DEFAULTS["ctl"], help="Path to the "
"'nginx' binary, used for 'configtest' and retrieving nginx "
"version number.")
@property
def nginx_conf(self):
"""Nginx config file path."""
return os.path.join(self.conf("server_root"), "nginx.conf")
def __init__(self, *args, **kwargs):
"""Initialize an Nginx Configurator.
:param tup version: version of Nginx as a tuple (1, 4, 7)
(used mostly for unittesting)
"""
version = kwargs.pop("version", None)
super(NginxConfigurator, self).__init__(*args, **kwargs)
# Verify that all directories and files exist with proper permissions
self._verify_setup()
# Files to save
self.save_notes = ""
# For creating new vhosts if no names match
self.new_vhost = None
# List of vhosts configured per wildcard domain on this run.
# used by deploy_cert() and enhance()
self._wildcard_vhosts = {} # type: Dict[str, List[obj.VirtualHost]]
self._wildcard_redirect_vhosts = {} # type: Dict[str, List[obj.VirtualHost]]
# Add number of outstanding challenges
self._chall_out = 0
# These will be set in the prepare function
self.parser = None
self.version = version
self._enhance_func = {"redirect": self._enable_redirect,
"ensure-http-header": self._set_http_header,
"staple-ocsp": self._enable_ocsp_stapling}
self.reverter.recovery_routine()
@property
def mod_ssl_conf(self):
"""Full absolute path to SSL configuration file."""
return os.path.join(self.config.config_dir, constants.MOD_SSL_CONF_DEST)
@property
def updated_mod_ssl_conf_digest(self):
"""Full absolute path to digest of updated SSL configuration file."""
return os.path.join(self.config.config_dir, constants.UPDATED_MOD_SSL_CONF_DIGEST)
# This is called in determine_authenticator and determine_installer
def prepare(self):
"""Prepare the authenticator/installer.
:raises .errors.NoInstallationError: If Nginx ctl cannot be found
:raises .errors.MisconfigurationError: If Nginx is misconfigured
"""
# Verify Nginx is installed
if not util.exe_exists(self.conf('ctl')):
raise errors.NoInstallationError(
"Could not find a usable 'nginx' binary. Ensure nginx exists, "
"the binary is executable, and your PATH is set correctly.")
# Make sure configuration is valid
self.config_test()
self.parser = parser.NginxParser(self.conf('server-root'))
install_ssl_options_conf(self.mod_ssl_conf, self.updated_mod_ssl_conf_digest)
self.install_ssl_dhparams()
# Set Version
if self.version is None:
self.version = self.get_version()
# Prevent two Nginx plugins from modifying a config at once
try:
util.lock_dir_until_exit(self.conf('server-root'))
except (OSError, errors.LockError):
logger.debug('Encountered error:', exc_info=True)
raise errors.PluginError('Unable to lock {0}'.format(self.conf('server-root')))
# Entry point in main.py for installing cert
def deploy_cert(self, domain, cert_path, key_path,
chain_path=None, fullchain_path=None):
"""Deploys certificate to specified virtual host.
.. note:: Aborts if the vhost is missing ssl_certificate or
ssl_certificate_key.
.. note:: This doesn't save the config files!
:raises errors.PluginError: When unable to deploy certificate due to
a lack of directives or configuration
"""
if not fullchain_path:
raise errors.PluginError(
"The nginx plugin currently requires --fullchain-path to "
"install a cert.")
vhosts = self.choose_vhosts(domain, create_if_no_match=True)
for vhost in vhosts:
self._deploy_cert(vhost, cert_path, key_path, chain_path, fullchain_path)
def _deploy_cert(self, vhost, cert_path, key_path, chain_path, fullchain_path): # pylint: disable=unused-argument
"""
Helper function for deploy_cert() that handles the actual deployment
this exists because we might want to do multiple deployments per
domain originally passed for deploy_cert(). This is especially true
with wildcard certificates
"""
cert_directives = [['\n ', 'ssl_certificate', ' ', fullchain_path],
['\n ', 'ssl_certificate_key', ' ', key_path]]
self.parser.update_or_add_server_directives(vhost,
cert_directives)
logger.info("Deploying Certificate to VirtualHost %s", vhost.filep)
self.save_notes += ("Changed vhost at %s with addresses of %s\n" %
(vhost.filep,
", ".join(str(addr) for addr in vhost.addrs)))
self.save_notes += "\tssl_certificate %s\n" % fullchain_path
self.save_notes += "\tssl_certificate_key %s\n" % key_path
def _choose_vhosts_wildcard(self, domain, prefer_ssl, no_ssl_filter_port=None):
"""Prompts user to choose vhosts to install a wildcard certificate for"""
if prefer_ssl:
vhosts_cache = self._wildcard_vhosts
preference_test = lambda x: x.ssl
else:
vhosts_cache = self._wildcard_redirect_vhosts
preference_test = lambda x: not x.ssl
# Caching!
if domain in vhosts_cache:
# Vhosts for a wildcard domain were already selected
return vhosts_cache[domain]
# Get all vhosts whether or not they are covered by the wildcard domain
vhosts = self.parser.get_vhosts()
# Go through the vhosts, making sure that we cover all the names
# present, but preferring the SSL or non-SSL vhosts
filtered_vhosts = {}
for vhost in vhosts:
# Ensure we're listening non-sslishly on no_ssl_filter_port
if no_ssl_filter_port is not None:
if not self._vhost_listening_on_port_no_ssl(vhost, no_ssl_filter_port):
continue
for name in vhost.names:
if preference_test(vhost):
# Prefer either SSL or non-SSL vhosts
filtered_vhosts[name] = vhost
elif name not in filtered_vhosts:
# Add if not in list previously
filtered_vhosts[name] = vhost
# Only unique VHost objects
dialog_input = set([vhost for vhost in filtered_vhosts.values()])
# Ask the user which of names to enable, expect list of names back
return_vhosts = display_ops.select_vhost_multiple(list(dialog_input))
for vhost in return_vhosts:
if domain not in vhosts_cache:
vhosts_cache[domain] = []
vhosts_cache[domain].append(vhost)
return return_vhosts
#######################
# Vhost parsing methods
#######################
def _choose_vhost_single(self, target_name):
matches = self._get_ranked_matches(target_name)
vhosts = [x for x in [self._select_best_name_match(matches)] if x is not None]
return vhosts
def choose_vhosts(self, target_name, create_if_no_match=False):
"""Chooses a virtual host based on the given domain name.
.. note:: This makes the vhost SSL-enabled if it isn't already. Follows
Nginx's server block selection rules preferring blocks that are
already SSL.
.. todo:: This should maybe return list if no obvious answer
is presented.
.. todo:: The special name "$hostname" corresponds to the machine's
hostname. Currently we just ignore this.
:param str target_name: domain name
:param bool create_if_no_match: If we should create a new vhost from default
when there is no match found. If we can't choose a default, raise a
MisconfigurationError.
:returns: ssl vhosts associated with name
:rtype: list of :class:`~certbot_nginx.obj.VirtualHost`
"""
if util.is_wildcard_domain(target_name):
# Ask user which VHosts to support.
vhosts = self._choose_vhosts_wildcard(target_name, prefer_ssl=True)
else:
vhosts = self._choose_vhost_single(target_name)
if not vhosts:
if create_if_no_match:
# result will not be [None] because it errors on failure
vhosts = [self._vhost_from_duplicated_default(target_name, True,
str(self.config.https_port))]
else:
# No matches. Raise a misconfiguration error.
raise errors.MisconfigurationError(
("Cannot find a VirtualHost matching domain %s. "
"In order for Certbot to correctly perform the challenge "
"please add a corresponding server_name directive to your "
"nginx configuration for every domain on your certificate: "
"https://nginx.org/en/docs/http/server_names.html") % (target_name))
# Note: if we are enhancing with ocsp, vhost should already be ssl.
for vhost in vhosts:
if not vhost.ssl:
self._make_server_ssl(vhost)
return vhosts
def ipv6_info(self, port):
"""Returns tuple of booleans (ipv6_active, ipv6only_present)
ipv6_active is true if any server block listens ipv6 address in any port
ipv6only_present is true if ipv6only=on option exists in any server
block ipv6 listen directive for the specified port.
:param str port: Port to check ipv6only=on directive for
:returns: Tuple containing information if IPv6 is enabled in the global
configuration, and existence of ipv6only directive for specified port
:rtype: tuple of type (bool, bool)
"""
# port should be a string, but it's easy to mess up, so let's
# make sure it is one
port = str(port)
vhosts = self.parser.get_vhosts()
ipv6_active = False
ipv6only_present = False
for vh in vhosts:
for addr in vh.addrs:
if addr.ipv6:
ipv6_active = True
if addr.ipv6only and addr.get_port() == port:
ipv6only_present = True
return (ipv6_active, ipv6only_present)
def _vhost_from_duplicated_default(self, domain, allow_port_mismatch, port):
"""if allow_port_mismatch is False, only server blocks with matching ports will be
used as a default server block template.
"""
if self.new_vhost is None:
default_vhost = self._get_default_vhost(domain, allow_port_mismatch, port)
self.new_vhost = self.parser.duplicate_vhost(default_vhost,
remove_singleton_listen_params=True)
self.new_vhost.names = set()
self._add_server_name_to_vhost(self.new_vhost, domain)
return self.new_vhost
def _add_server_name_to_vhost(self, vhost, domain):
vhost.names.add(domain)
name_block = [['\n ', 'server_name']]
for name in vhost.names:
name_block[0].append(' ')
name_block[0].append(name)
self.parser.update_or_add_server_directives(vhost, name_block)
def _get_default_vhost(self, domain, allow_port_mismatch, port):
"""Helper method for _vhost_from_duplicated_default; see argument documentation there"""
vhost_list = self.parser.get_vhosts()
# if one has default_server set, return that one
all_default_vhosts = []
port_matching_vhosts = []
for vhost in vhost_list:
for addr in vhost.addrs:
if addr.default:
all_default_vhosts.append(vhost)
if self._port_matches(port, addr.get_port()):
port_matching_vhosts.append(vhost)
break
if len(port_matching_vhosts) == 1:
return port_matching_vhosts[0]
elif len(all_default_vhosts) == 1 and allow_port_mismatch:
return all_default_vhosts[0]
# TODO: present a list of vhosts for user to choose from
raise errors.MisconfigurationError("Could not automatically find a matching server"
" block for %s. Set the `server_name` directive to use the Nginx installer." % domain)
def _get_ranked_matches(self, target_name):
"""Returns a ranked list of vhosts that match target_name.
The ranking gives preference to SSL vhosts.
:param str target_name: The name to match
:returns: list of dicts containing the vhost, the matching name, and
the numerical rank
:rtype: list
"""
vhost_list = self.parser.get_vhosts()
return self._rank_matches_by_name_and_ssl(vhost_list, target_name)
def _select_best_name_match(self, matches):
"""Returns the best name match of a ranked list of vhosts.
:param list matches: list of dicts containing the vhost, the matching name,
and the numerical rank
:returns: the most matching vhost
:rtype: :class:`~certbot_nginx.obj.VirtualHost`
"""
if not matches:
return None
elif matches[0]['rank'] in [START_WILDCARD_RANK, END_WILDCARD_RANK,
START_WILDCARD_RANK + NO_SSL_MODIFIER, END_WILDCARD_RANK + NO_SSL_MODIFIER]:
# Wildcard match - need to find the longest one
rank = matches[0]['rank']
wildcards = [x for x in matches if x['rank'] == rank]
return max(wildcards, key=lambda x: len(x['name']))['vhost']
# Exact or regex match
return matches[0]['vhost']
def _rank_matches_by_name(self, vhost_list, target_name):
"""Returns a ranked list of vhosts from vhost_list that match target_name.
This method should always be followed by a call to _select_best_name_match.
:param list vhost_list: list of vhosts to filter and rank
:param str target_name: The name to match
:returns: list of dicts containing the vhost, the matching name, and
the numerical rank
:rtype: list
"""
# Nginx chooses a matching server name for a request with precedence:
# 1. exact name match
# 2. longest wildcard name starting with *
# 3. longest wildcard name ending with *
# 4. first matching regex in order of appearance in the file
matches = []
for vhost in vhost_list:
name_type, name = parser.get_best_match(target_name, vhost.names)
if name_type == 'exact':
matches.append({'vhost': vhost,
'name': name,
'rank': NAME_RANK})
elif name_type == 'wildcard_start':
matches.append({'vhost': vhost,
'name': name,
'rank': START_WILDCARD_RANK})
elif name_type == 'wildcard_end':
matches.append({'vhost': vhost,
'name': name,
'rank': END_WILDCARD_RANK})
elif name_type == 'regex':
matches.append({'vhost': vhost,
'name': name,
'rank': REGEX_RANK})
return sorted(matches, key=lambda x: x['rank'])
def _rank_matches_by_name_and_ssl(self, vhost_list, target_name):
"""Returns a ranked list of vhosts from vhost_list that match target_name.
The ranking gives preference to SSLishness before name match level.
:param list vhost_list: list of vhosts to filter and rank
:param str target_name: The name to match
:returns: list of dicts containing the vhost, the matching name, and
the numerical rank
:rtype: list
"""
matches = self._rank_matches_by_name(vhost_list, target_name)
for match in matches:
if not match['vhost'].ssl:
match['rank'] += NO_SSL_MODIFIER
return sorted(matches, key=lambda x: x['rank'])
def choose_redirect_vhosts(self, target_name, port, create_if_no_match=False):
"""Chooses a single virtual host for redirect enhancement.
Chooses the vhost most closely matching target_name that is
listening to port without using ssl.
.. todo:: This should maybe return list if no obvious answer
is presented.
.. todo:: The special name "$hostname" corresponds to the machine's
hostname. Currently we just ignore this.
:param str target_name: domain name
:param str port: port number
:param bool create_if_no_match: If we should create a new vhost from default
when there is no match found. If we can't choose a default, raise a
MisconfigurationError.
:returns: vhosts associated with name
:rtype: list of :class:`~certbot_nginx.obj.VirtualHost`
"""
if util.is_wildcard_domain(target_name):
# Ask user which VHosts to enhance.
vhosts = self._choose_vhosts_wildcard(target_name, prefer_ssl=False,
no_ssl_filter_port=port)
else:
matches = self._get_redirect_ranked_matches(target_name, port)
vhosts = [x for x in [self._select_best_name_match(matches)]if x is not None]
if not vhosts and create_if_no_match:
vhosts = [self._vhost_from_duplicated_default(target_name, False, port)]
return vhosts
def _port_matches(self, test_port, matching_port):
# test_port is a number, matching is a number or "" or None
if matching_port == "" or matching_port is None:
# if no port is specified, Nginx defaults to listening on port 80.
return test_port == self.DEFAULT_LISTEN_PORT
return test_port == matching_port
def _vhost_listening_on_port_no_ssl(self, vhost, port):
found_matching_port = False
if not vhost.addrs:
# if there are no listen directives at all, Nginx defaults to
# listening on port 80.
found_matching_port = (port == self.DEFAULT_LISTEN_PORT)
else:
for addr in vhost.addrs:
if self._port_matches(port, addr.get_port()) and not addr.ssl:
found_matching_port = True
if found_matching_port:
# make sure we don't have an 'ssl on' directive
return not self.parser.has_ssl_on_directive(vhost)
return False
def _get_redirect_ranked_matches(self, target_name, port):
"""Gets a ranked list of plaintextish port-listening vhosts matching target_name
Filter all hosts for those listening on port without using ssl.
Rank by how well these match target_name.
:param str target_name: The name to match
:param str port: port number as a string
:returns: list of dicts containing the vhost, the matching name, and
the numerical rank
:rtype: list
"""
all_vhosts = self.parser.get_vhosts()
def _vhost_matches(vhost, port):
return self._vhost_listening_on_port_no_ssl(vhost, port)
matching_vhosts = [vhost for vhost in all_vhosts if _vhost_matches(vhost, port)]
return self._rank_matches_by_name(matching_vhosts, target_name)
def get_all_names(self):
"""Returns all names found in the Nginx Configuration.
:returns: All ServerNames, ServerAliases, and reverse DNS entries for
virtual host addresses
:rtype: set
"""
all_names = set() # type: Set[str]
for vhost in self.parser.get_vhosts():
all_names.update(vhost.names)
for addr in vhost.addrs:
host = addr.get_addr()
if common.hostname_regex.match(host):
# If it's a hostname, add it to the names.
all_names.add(host)
elif not common.private_ips_regex.match(host):
# If it isn't a private IP, do a reverse DNS lookup
try:
if addr.ipv6:
host = addr.get_ipv6_exploded()
socket.inet_pton(socket.AF_INET6, host)
else:
socket.inet_pton(socket.AF_INET, host)
all_names.add(socket.gethostbyaddr(host)[0])
except (socket.error, socket.herror, socket.timeout):
continue
return util.get_filtered_names(all_names)
def _get_snakeoil_paths(self):
"""Generate invalid certs that let us create ssl directives for Nginx"""
# TODO: generate only once
tmp_dir = os.path.join(self.config.work_dir, "snakeoil")
le_key = crypto_util.init_save_key(
key_size=1024, key_dir=tmp_dir, keyname="key.pem")
key = OpenSSL.crypto.load_privatekey(
OpenSSL.crypto.FILETYPE_PEM, le_key.pem)
cert = acme_crypto_util.gen_ss_cert(key, domains=[socket.gethostname()])
cert_pem = OpenSSL.crypto.dump_certificate(
OpenSSL.crypto.FILETYPE_PEM, cert)
cert_file, cert_path = util.unique_file(
os.path.join(tmp_dir, "cert.pem"), mode="wb")
with cert_file:
cert_file.write(cert_pem)
return cert_path, le_key.file
def _make_server_ssl(self, vhost):
"""Make a server SSL.
Make a server SSL by adding new listen and SSL directives.
:param vhost: The vhost to add SSL to.
:type vhost: :class:`~certbot_nginx.obj.VirtualHost`
"""
https_port = self.config.https_port
ipv6info = self.ipv6_info(https_port)
ipv6_block = ['']
ipv4_block = ['']
# If the vhost was implicitly listening on the default Nginx port,
# have it continue to do so.
if not vhost.addrs:
listen_block = [['\n ', 'listen', ' ', self.DEFAULT_LISTEN_PORT]]
self.parser.add_server_directives(vhost, listen_block)
if vhost.ipv6_enabled():
ipv6_block = ['\n ',
'listen',
' ',
'[::]:{0}'.format(https_port),
' ',
'ssl']
if not ipv6info[1]:
# ipv6only=on is absent in global config
ipv6_block.append(' ')
ipv6_block.append('ipv6only=on')
if vhost.ipv4_enabled():
ipv4_block = ['\n ',
'listen',
' ',
'{0}'.format(https_port),
' ',
'ssl']
snakeoil_cert, snakeoil_key = self._get_snakeoil_paths()
ssl_block = ([
ipv6_block,
ipv4_block,
['\n ', 'ssl_certificate', ' ', snakeoil_cert],
['\n ', 'ssl_certificate_key', ' ', snakeoil_key],
['\n ', 'include', ' ', self.mod_ssl_conf],
['\n ', 'ssl_dhparam', ' ', self.ssl_dhparams],
])
self.parser.add_server_directives(
vhost, ssl_block)
##################################
# enhancement methods (IInstaller)
##################################
def supported_enhancements(self): # pylint: disable=no-self-use
"""Returns currently supported enhancements."""
return ['redirect', 'ensure-http-header', 'staple-ocsp']
def enhance(self, domain, enhancement, options=None):
"""Enhance configuration.
:param str domain: domain to enhance
:param str enhancement: enhancement type defined in
:const:`~certbot.constants.ENHANCEMENTS`
:param options: options for the enhancement
See :const:`~certbot.constants.ENHANCEMENTS`
documentation for appropriate parameter.
"""
try:
return self._enhance_func[enhancement](domain, options)
except (KeyError, ValueError):
raise errors.PluginError(
"Unsupported enhancement: {0}".format(enhancement))
except errors.PluginError:
logger.warning("Failed %s for %s", enhancement, domain)
raise
def _has_certbot_redirect(self, vhost, domain):
test_redirect_block = _test_block_from_block(_redirect_block_for_domain(domain))
return vhost.contains_list(test_redirect_block)
def _set_http_header(self, domain, header_substring):
"""Enables header identified by header_substring on domain.
If the vhost is listening plaintextishly, separates out the relevant
directives into a new server block, and only add header directive to
HTTPS block.
:param str domain: the domain to enable header for.
:param str header_substring: String to uniquely identify a header.
e.g. Strict-Transport-Security, Upgrade-Insecure-Requests
:returns: Success
:raises .errors.PluginError: If no viable HTTPS host can be created or
set with header header_substring.
"""
vhosts = self.choose_vhosts(domain)
if not vhosts:
raise errors.PluginError(
"Unable to find corresponding HTTPS host for enhancement.")
for vhost in vhosts:
if vhost.has_header(header_substring):
raise errors.PluginEnhancementAlreadyPresent(
"Existing %s header" % (header_substring))
# if there is no separate SSL block, break the block into two and
# choose the SSL block.
if vhost.ssl and any([not addr.ssl for addr in vhost.addrs]):
_, vhost = self._split_block(vhost)
header_directives = [
['\n ', 'add_header', ' ', header_substring, ' '] +
constants.HEADER_ARGS[header_substring],
['\n']]
self.parser.add_server_directives(vhost, header_directives)
def _add_redirect_block(self, vhost, domain):
"""Add redirect directive to vhost
"""
redirect_block = _redirect_block_for_domain(domain)
self.parser.add_server_directives(
vhost, redirect_block, insert_at_top=True)
def _split_block(self, vhost, only_directives=None):
"""Splits this "virtual host" (i.e. this nginx server block) into
separate HTTP and HTTPS blocks.
:param vhost: The server block to break up into two.
:param list only_directives: If this exists, only duplicate these directives
when splitting the block.
:type vhost: :class:`~certbot_nginx.obj.VirtualHost`
:returns: tuple (http_vhost, https_vhost)
:rtype: tuple of type :class:`~certbot_nginx.obj.VirtualHost`
"""
http_vhost = self.parser.duplicate_vhost(vhost, only_directives=only_directives)
def _ssl_match_func(directive):
return 'ssl' in directive
def _ssl_config_match_func(directive):
return self.mod_ssl_conf in directive
def _no_ssl_match_func(directive):
return 'ssl' not in directive
# remove all ssl addresses and related directives from the new block
for directive in self.SSL_DIRECTIVES:
self.parser.remove_server_directives(http_vhost, directive)
self.parser.remove_server_directives(http_vhost, 'listen', match_func=_ssl_match_func)
self.parser.remove_server_directives(http_vhost, 'include',
match_func=_ssl_config_match_func)
# remove all non-ssl addresses from the existing block
self.parser.remove_server_directives(vhost, 'listen', match_func=_no_ssl_match_func)
return http_vhost, vhost
def _enable_redirect(self, domain, unused_options):
"""Redirect all equivalent HTTP traffic to ssl_vhost.
If the vhost is listening plaintextishly, separate out the
relevant directives into a new server block and add a rewrite directive.
.. note:: This function saves the configuration
:param str domain: domain to enable redirect for
:param unused_options: Not currently used
:type unused_options: Not Available
"""
port = self.DEFAULT_LISTEN_PORT
# If there are blocks listening plaintextishly on self.DEFAULT_LISTEN_PORT,
# choose the most name-matching one.
vhosts = self.choose_redirect_vhosts(domain, port)
if not vhosts:
logger.info("No matching insecure server blocks listening on port %s found.",
self.DEFAULT_LISTEN_PORT)
return
for vhost in vhosts:
self._enable_redirect_single(domain, vhost)
def _enable_redirect_single(self, domain, vhost):
"""Redirect all equivalent HTTP traffic to ssl_vhost.
If the vhost is listening plaintextishly, separate out the
relevant directives into a new server block and add a rewrite directive.
.. note:: This function saves the configuration
:param str domain: domain to enable redirect for
:param `~obj.Vhost` vhost: vhost to enable redirect for
"""
if vhost.ssl:
http_vhost, _ = self._split_block(vhost, ['listen', 'server_name'])
# Add this at the bottom to get the right order of directives
return_404_directive = [['\n ', 'return', ' ', '404']]
self.parser.add_server_directives(http_vhost, return_404_directive)
vhost = http_vhost
if self._has_certbot_redirect(vhost, domain):
logger.info("Traffic on port %s already redirecting to ssl in %s",
self.DEFAULT_LISTEN_PORT, vhost.filep)
else:
# Redirect plaintextish host to https
self._add_redirect_block(vhost, domain)
logger.info("Redirecting all traffic on port %s to ssl in %s",
self.DEFAULT_LISTEN_PORT, vhost.filep)
def _enable_ocsp_stapling(self, domain, chain_path):
"""Include OCSP response in TLS handshake
:param str domain: domain to enable OCSP response for
:param chain_path: chain file path
:type chain_path: `str` or `None`
"""
vhosts = self.choose_vhosts(domain)
for vhost in vhosts:
self._enable_ocsp_stapling_single(vhost, chain_path)
def _enable_ocsp_stapling_single(self, vhost, chain_path):
"""Include OCSP response in TLS handshake
:param str vhost: vhost to enable OCSP response for
:param chain_path: chain file path
:type chain_path: `str` or `None`
"""
if self.version < (1, 3, 7):
raise errors.PluginError("Version 1.3.7 or greater of nginx "
"is needed to enable OCSP stapling")
if chain_path is None:
raise errors.PluginError(
"--chain-path is required to enable "
"Online Certificate Status Protocol (OCSP) stapling "
"on nginx >= 1.3.7.")
stapling_directives = [
['\n ', 'ssl_trusted_certificate', ' ', chain_path],
['\n ', 'ssl_stapling', ' ', 'on'],
['\n ', 'ssl_stapling_verify', ' ', 'on'], ['\n']]
try:
self.parser.add_server_directives(vhost,
stapling_directives)
except errors.MisconfigurationError as error:
logger.debug(str(error))
raise errors.PluginError("An error occurred while enabling OCSP "
"stapling for {0}.".format(vhost.names))
self.save_notes += ("OCSP Stapling was enabled "
"on SSL Vhost: {0}.\n".format(vhost.filep))
self.save_notes += "\tssl_trusted_certificate {0}\n".format(chain_path)
self.save_notes += "\tssl_stapling on\n"
self.save_notes += "\tssl_stapling_verify on\n"
######################################
# Nginx server management (IInstaller)
######################################
def restart(self):
"""Restarts nginx server.
:raises .errors.MisconfigurationError: If either the reload fails.
"""
nginx_restart(self.conf('ctl'), self.nginx_conf)
def config_test(self): # pylint: disable=no-self-use
"""Check the configuration of Nginx for errors.
:raises .errors.MisconfigurationError: If config_test fails
"""
try:
util.run_script([self.conf('ctl'), "-c", self.nginx_conf, "-t"])
except errors.SubprocessError as err:
raise errors.MisconfigurationError(str(err))
def _verify_setup(self):
"""Verify the setup to ensure safe operating environment.
Make sure that files/directories are setup with appropriate permissions
Aim for defensive coding... make sure all input files
have permissions of root.
"""
uid = misc.os_geteuid()
util.make_or_verify_dir(
self.config.work_dir, core_constants.CONFIG_DIRS_MODE, uid)
util.make_or_verify_dir(
self.config.backup_dir, core_constants.CONFIG_DIRS_MODE, uid)
util.make_or_verify_dir(
self.config.config_dir, core_constants.CONFIG_DIRS_MODE, uid)
def get_version(self):
"""Return version of Nginx Server.
Version is returned as tuple. (ie. 2.4.7 = (2, 4, 7))
:returns: version
:rtype: tuple
:raises .PluginError:
Unable to find Nginx version or version is unsupported
"""
try:
proc = subprocess.Popen(
[self.conf('ctl'), "-c", self.nginx_conf, "-V"],
stdout=subprocess.PIPE,
stderr=subprocess.PIPE,
universal_newlines=True)
text = proc.communicate()[1] # nginx prints output to stderr
except (OSError, ValueError) as error:
logger.debug(str(error), exc_info=True)
raise errors.PluginError(
"Unable to run %s -V" % self.conf('ctl'))
version_regex = re.compile(r"nginx version: ([^/]+)/([0-9\.]*)", re.IGNORECASE)
version_matches = version_regex.findall(text)
sni_regex = re.compile(r"TLS SNI support enabled", re.IGNORECASE)
sni_matches = sni_regex.findall(text)
ssl_regex = re.compile(r" --with-http_ssl_module")
ssl_matches = ssl_regex.findall(text)
if not version_matches:
raise errors.PluginError("Unable to find Nginx version")
if not ssl_matches:
raise errors.PluginError(
"Nginx build is missing SSL module (--with-http_ssl_module).")
if not sni_matches:
raise errors.PluginError("Nginx build doesn't support SNI")
product_name, product_version = version_matches[0]
if product_name != 'nginx':
logger.warning("NGINX derivative %s is not officially supported by"
" certbot", product_name)
nginx_version = tuple([int(i) for i in product_version.split(".")])
# nginx < 0.8.48 uses machine hostname as default server_name instead of
# the empty string
if nginx_version < (0, 8, 48):
raise errors.NotSupportedError("Nginx version must be 0.8.48+")
return nginx_version
def more_info(self):
"""Human-readable string to help understand the module"""
return (
"Configures Nginx to authenticate and install HTTPS.{0}"
"Server root: {root}{0}"
"Version: {version}".format(
os.linesep, root=self.parser.config_root,
version=".".join(str(i) for i in self.version))
)
###################################################
# Wrapper functions for Reverter class (IInstaller)
###################################################
def save(self, title=None, temporary=False):
"""Saves all changes to the configuration files.
:param str title: The title of the save. If a title is given, the
configuration will be saved as a new checkpoint and put in a
timestamped directory.
:param bool temporary: Indicates whether the changes made will
be quickly reversed in the future (ie. challenges)
:raises .errors.PluginError: If there was an error in
an attempt to save the configuration, or an error creating a
checkpoint
"""
save_files = set(self.parser.parsed.keys())
self.add_to_checkpoint(save_files, self.save_notes, temporary)
self.save_notes = ""
# Change 'ext' to something else to not override existing conf files
self.parser.filedump(ext='')
if title and not temporary:
self.finalize_checkpoint(title)
def recovery_routine(self):
"""Revert all previously modified files.
Reverts all modified files that have not been saved as a checkpoint
:raises .errors.PluginError: If unable to recover the configuration
"""
super(NginxConfigurator, self).recovery_routine()
self.new_vhost = None
self.parser.load()
def revert_challenge_config(self):
"""Used to cleanup challenge configurations.
:raises .errors.PluginError: If unable to revert the challenge config.
"""
self.revert_temporary_config()
self.new_vhost = None
self.parser.load()
def rollback_checkpoints(self, rollback=1):
"""Rollback saved checkpoints.
:param int rollback: Number of checkpoints to revert
:raises .errors.PluginError: If there is a problem with the input or
the function is unable to correctly revert the configuration
"""
super(NginxConfigurator, self).rollback_checkpoints(rollback)
self.new_vhost = None
self.parser.load()
###########################################################################
# Challenges Section for IAuthenticator
###########################################################################
def get_chall_pref(self, unused_domain): # pylint: disable=no-self-use
"""Return list of challenge preferences."""
return [challenges.HTTP01, challenges.TLSSNI01]
# Entry point in main.py for performing challenges
def perform(self, achalls):
"""Perform the configuration related challenge.
This function currently assumes all challenges will be fulfilled.
If this turns out not to be the case in the future. Cleanup and
outstanding challenges will have to be designed better.
"""
self._chall_out += len(achalls)
responses = [None] * len(achalls)
http_doer = http_01.NginxHttp01(self)
for i, achall in enumerate(achalls):
# Currently also have chall_doer hold associated index of the
# challenge. This helps to put all of the responses back together
# when they are all complete.
http_doer.add_chall(achall, i)
http_response = http_doer.perform()
# Must restart in order to activate the challenges.
# Handled here because we may be able to load up other challenge types
self.restart()
# Go through all of the challenges and assign them to the proper place
# in the responses return value. All responses must be in the same order
# as the original challenges.
for i, resp in enumerate(http_response):
responses[http_doer.indices[i]] = resp
return responses
# called after challenges are performed
def cleanup(self, achalls):
"""Revert all challenges."""
self._chall_out -= len(achalls)
# If all of the challenges have been finished, clean up everything
if self._chall_out <= 0:
self.revert_challenge_config()
self.restart()
def _test_block_from_block(block):
test_block = nginxparser.UnspacedList(block)
parser.comment_directive(test_block, 0)
return test_block[:-1]
def _redirect_block_for_domain(domain):
updated_domain = domain
match_symbol = '='
if util.is_wildcard_domain(domain):
match_symbol = '~'
updated_domain = updated_domain.replace('.', r'\.')
updated_domain = updated_domain.replace('*', '[^.]+')
updated_domain = '^' + updated_domain + '$'
redirect_block = [[
['\n ', 'if', ' ', '($host', ' ', match_symbol, ' ', '%s)' % updated_domain, ' '],
[['\n ', 'return', ' ', '301', ' ', 'https://$host$request_uri'],
'\n ']],
['\n']]
return redirect_block
def nginx_restart(nginx_ctl, nginx_conf):
"""Restarts the Nginx Server.
.. todo:: Nginx restart is fatal if the configuration references
non-existent SSL cert/key files. Remove references to /etc/letsencrypt
before restart.
:param str nginx_ctl: Path to the Nginx binary.
"""
try:
proc = subprocess.Popen([nginx_ctl, "-c", nginx_conf, "-s", "reload"])
proc.communicate()
if proc.returncode != 0:
# Maybe Nginx isn't running
# Write to temporary files instead of piping because of communication issues on Arch
# https://github.com/certbot/certbot/issues/4324
with tempfile.TemporaryFile() as out:
with tempfile.TemporaryFile() as err:
nginx_proc = subprocess.Popen([nginx_ctl, "-c", nginx_conf],
stdout=out, stderr=err)
nginx_proc.communicate()
if nginx_proc.returncode != 0:
# Enter recovery routine...
raise errors.MisconfigurationError(
"nginx restart failed:\n%s\n%s" % (out.read(), err.read()))
except (OSError, ValueError):
raise errors.MisconfigurationError("nginx restart failed")
# Nginx can take a moment to recognize a newly added TLS SNI servername, so sleep
# for a second. TODO: Check for expected servername and loop until it
# appears or return an error if looping too long.
time.sleep(1)
def install_ssl_options_conf(options_ssl, options_ssl_digest):
"""Copy Certbot's SSL options file into the system's config dir if required."""
return common.install_version_controlled_file(options_ssl, options_ssl_digest,
constants.MOD_SSL_CONF_SRC, constants.ALL_SSL_OPTIONS_HASHES)
def _determine_default_server_root():
if os.environ.get("CERTBOT_DOCS") == "1":
default_server_root = "%s or %s" % (constants.LINUX_SERVER_ROOT,
constants.FREEBSD_DARWIN_SERVER_ROOT)
else:
default_server_root = constants.CLI_DEFAULTS["server_root"]
return default_server_root
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