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# PyQuante - Python Quantum Chemistry
[Rick Muller]( v1.5.0

## What is PyQuante?
([Download Site](
[User Guide](userguide.html)) 
is an open-source suite of programs
for developing quantum chemistry methods. The program is written in
the [Python]( programming language, but has many
"rate-determining" modules also written in C for speed. The resulting
code is not nearly as fast as
[Gaussian](, or
[GAMESS](, but the
resulting code is much easier to understand and modify. 

The goal of
this software is not necessarily to provide a working quantum
chemistry program (although it will hopefully do that), but rather to
provide a well-engineered set of tools so that scientists can
construct their own quantum chemistry programs without going through
the tedium of having to write every low-level routine. More
information, including links to the download page, is available at
[the PyQuante Home Page]( 

Here is an example of what closed-shell Hartree-Fock scripts look

	def rhf(atoms,**opts):
    	"General wrapper for restricted closed-shell hartree fock"
    	ConvCriteria = opts.get('ConvCriteria',1e-5)
    	MaxIter = opts.get('MaxIter',20)
    	basis = opts.get('basis',None)
    	bfs = getbasis(atoms,basis)
    	S,h,Ints = getints(bfs,atoms)
    	orbs = get_guess(h,S)
    	nel = atoms.get_nel()
    	enuke = atoms.get_enuke()
    	nclosed,nopen = divmod(nel,2)
    	eold = 0.
    	for i in range(MaxIter):
        	D = mkdens(evecs,0,nocc)
        	G = get2JmK(Ints,D)
        	F = h+G
        	evals,evecs = GHeigenvectors(F,S)
        	energy = get_energy(h,F,D,enuke)
        	print energy
        	if abs(energy-eold) < ConvCriteria: break
        	eold = energy
    	return energy

Even without knowing any Python, it is easy to see what the various 
steps in the program are doing.

## Current features
- Hartree-Fock: Restriced closed-shell HF and unrestricted open-shell
- DFT: LDA (SVWN, Xalpha) and GGA (BLYP, PBE) functionals;
- Two electron integrals computed using Huzinaga, Rys, or
  Head-Gordon/Pople techniques. C and Python interfaces to all of
  these programs.
- MINDO/3 semiempirical energies and forces
- CI-Singles excited states
- DIIS convergence acceleration
- Second-order Moller-Plesset (MP2) perturbation theory

Upcoming release road map (your suggestions are welcome:
[Email Me](

- Spin polarized (aka unrestricted spin) DFT
- Divide-and-conquer linear scaling Hamiltonians
- Restricted open-shell Hartree-Fock and GVB 
- Forces
- Hybrid functionals

## Programming Philosophy
I always strive for simplicity over speed. Data structures change more
often than functions. My aim here is to be more rigid about functional
interfaces than data interfaces. Which means that I only program
functions in C, not data structures themselves, which I keep in python
so I can change them as the needs of the code evolve. I believe that
the first mistake people make in object-oriented programming is to
make a very rigid object structure that cannot evolve with the code.

Currently the only C routines are the integral code and the NumPy
routines. This may change out of necessity if there appear to be huge
bottlenecks keeping some of this in python, but I'd rather keep as
much code in python and only put routines in C if I really, really
need to.

## License
The software is released under the modified BSD license, which means
that everyone is free to download, use, and modify the code without

## Obtaining the Code
The program is available in tarball form from the 
[PyQuante Download Page]( The CVS archive for the program is also at Sourceforge, and is recommended for anyone wanting to stay on the bleeding edge; information on how to access the CVS archive is available [here](

##Building the Code 
Much of the code is written in python, and thus is platform
independent. The rest of the code now uses the python distutils
procedures for building the C modules. Type

	% sudo python install

and the code should build and install properly. I've tested this on
Linux, Windows/Cygwin, and Macintosh OS X.

Getting Started
There is a [User Guide](userguide.html) and other documentation in
the Doc subdirectory, and tests in the Tests subdirectory.
Subscription to the
[mailing list]( is highly recommended for further support. [Email me]( if you need additional help.

- Konrad Hinsen helped with the original file
- Tom Manz wrote the Epstein-Nesbet pair correlation theory that is 
  distributed in the module
- Daniel Rohr has written and debugged the EXX density functional
- Nigel Moriarty has made contributions to the semiempirical code
- Huub Van Dam was very helpful in implementing gradient-corrected 
  functionals. His[Density
  Functional Repository Web Site] is an essential reference for anyone 
  trying to implement density functionals. 

## Changelog
- 1.6.2: 2009-02-24
        * Removed the shebangs because they made the FC installation
	* Fixed a problem with MINDO in the

- 1.5.0: 2005-12-19
	* A User's Guide
	* EXX density functionals
	* Gradient-corrected density functionals
	* Fermi-Dirac finite-temperature occupations in DFT and HF
	* Minor interface improvements in the software routines

- 1.4.0: 2005-10-25
	* Fixed a serious bug in the AtomicGrid staggering (the spingrid=True)
	* Made charge a property of Molecule, and removed it from the
  		arguments in and
	* Started a major interface change where all non-essential
  		arguments to functions will be passed in keyword argument
  		dictionaries, since this provides *much* more flexibility.

- 1.3.1: 2005-07-07
	* Moved the cints, crys, chgp routines into the PyQuante subdirectory.
	* Renamed chgp.index to chgp.iiindex, which fixed a compile error under
  		gcc 4.0 (I think).

- 1.3.0: 2005-06-01
	* Added a capability to do three-center integrals over Gaussians,
  		which is useful for EXX and OEP.
	* Fixed a bug in cints.binomial() where the return type
  		was incorrectly specified.
	* Made the typing slightly stronger in CGBF and PGBF
	* Fixed a bug in mopac_doverlap submitted by Andrew Ryzhkov

- 1.2: 2004-10-19
	* Relicensed the code under the modified BSD license.

- 1.1.1: 2003-04-14
	* Got MP2 working, so I decided to release a new version of the code.

- 1.1.0: 2003-04-09
	* Got Pulay's DIIS convergence acceleration working; this is now the
  		default converger in both hartree_fock and dft.
	* Got a simple version of Configuration-Interaction Singles working.
	* Made the test suite a little bit more robust; hopefully the
  		variations in the results that other people complained about are
		now fixed.

- 1.0.5: 2002-12-12
	* Added a module, which performs semi-empirical calculations
  		using Dewar's MINDO/3 Hamiltonian
	* Added a module to run molecular dynamics. Currently
  		only the module supplies forces.
	* Added a module with a steepest descent minimizer
  		currently resides. 

- 1.0.4: 2002-09-28
	* Fixed a bug whereby the different integral modules cints, chgp, and
  		crys could not be imported at the same time. Reported by Konrad
	* Fixed a bug in crys related to the Rys polynomials. Reported by 
		Pat Nichols.

- 1.0.3: 2002-09-09
	* Fixed an underflow bug in
	* Slightly improved the test suite

- 1.0.2:	2002-09-08
	* Fixed a bug in CGBF/contr_coulomb where the return values were
  		multiplied by the wrong normalization constants (all a.norm()).
	* Wrote a test suite (Tests/, that also contains the
  		expected result of each program.
	* Put additional comments in,, and on the methods these are based upon.

- 1.0.1: 2002-09-01
	* Rearranged the files according to the "proper" Python distutils
  		module, according to Konrad Hinson's suggestions.

- 1.0.0: 2002-07-22
	* Original PyQuante release, naively called "1.0".

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