6LBR integrate an extended version of the NAT64 module from Contiki. It allows to access the Border Router and all the nodes using IPv4 instead of IPv6. Contrary to Contiki, the IPv6 stack is still accessible when NAT64 is activated. Also, nodes (and 6LBR) can access any IPv4 address by using the special NAT 64 prefix
IPv4 towards Node
In order to access a node from an IPv4 host, NAT64 and static port mapping must be enabled (see below). The remote host can then access the node using the NAT64 IPv4 address and the configured mapped port for the given node.
For example, if a node has a CoAP server enabled on port 5683, and the NAT64 address configured is
192.168.1.200 and the mapped port is
10087, the node can be accessed using the following URI :
Node towards IPv4
In order to access an IPv4 host from a node, NAT64 must be enabled. The node can access the host by using a IP64 address build using the NAT64 prefix configured.
For example, if your node wants to access the host
10.0.1.5, it must use the following destination address :
::ffff:000a:0501, or if you are using RFC6052 prefix,
The NAT64 module in 6LBR will allocate a temporary port dedicated to that connection.
The IPv4 configuration can be static or configured via DHCP. By default the following configuration is used :
- NAT64 DHCP : disabled
- Address : 172.16.0.2
- Netmask : 255.255.255.0
- Gateway : 172.16.0.1
Dynamic port mapping
The dynamic port mapping is used for traffic initiated from a node, the port are dynamically allocated and freed when no longer used. The default port range is : 10000 - 20000
Static port mapping
The static port mapping is used for traffic initiated from an IPv4 host, but it can also be used for traffic initiated from a node.
On Native platforms, the static port mapping is configured in the Node Configuration file. If a node is defined but no port mapping is configured, a port is allocated in the 20000 - 25000 range for CoAP and in the 25000 to 30000 for HTTP.
On embedded platforms, the static port mapping can not be preconfigured, ports are allocated dynamically when the node is detected.
If enabled, the configured address can be found on the webserver main page. In the Network Status page, you can find the complete configuration status :
It also list all the dynamic port allocation.