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TypeScript/ES7 Decorators to create Vuex modules declaratively
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README.md

vuex-module-decorators

Usage Guide
Detailed Guide: https://championswimmer.in/vuex-module-decorators/

Typescript/ES7 Decorators to make Vuex modules a breeze

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CHANGELOG

  • There are major type-checking changes (could be breaking) in v0.9.7

  • There are major usage improvements (non backwards compatible) in 0.8.0

Please check CHANGELOG

Examples

Read the rest of the README to figure out how to use, or if you readily want to jump into a production codebase and see how this is used, you can check out -

Installation

npm install -D vuex-module-decorators

Babel 6/7

NOTE This is not necessary for vue-cli@3 projects, since @vue/babel-preset-app already includes this plugin

  1. You need to install babel-plugin-transform-decorators

TypeScript

  1. set experimentalDecorators to true
  2. For reduced code with decorators, set importHelpers: true in tsconfig.json
  3. (only for TypeScript 2) set emitHelpers: true in tsconfig.json

Configuration

Using with target: es5

NOTE Since version 0.9.3 we distribute as ES5, so this section is applicable only to v0.9.2 and below

This package generates code in es2015 format. If your Vue project targets ES6 or ES2015 then you need not do anything. But in case your project uses es5 target (to support old browsers), then you need to tell Vue CLI / Babel to transpile this package.

// in your vue.config.js
module.exports = {
  /* ... other settings */
  transpileDependencies: ['vuex-module-decorators']
}

Usage

The conventional old & boring way

Remember how vuex modules used to be made ?

const moduleA = {
  state: { ... },
  mutations: { ... },
  actions: { ... },
  getters: { ... }
}

const moduleB = {
  state: { ... },
  mutations: { ... },
  actions: { ... }
}

const store = new Vuex.Store({
  modules: {
    a: moduleA,
    b: moduleB
  }
})

Hello Decorators !

Well not anymore. Now you get better syntax. Inspired by vue-class-component

import { Module, VuexModule, Mutation, Action } from 'vuex-module-decorators'

@Module
export default class Counter2 extends VuexModule {
  count = 0

  @Mutation
  increment(delta: number) {
    this.count += delta
  }
  @Mutation
  decrement(delta: number) {
    this.count -= delta
  }

  // action 'incr' commits mutation 'increment' when done with return value as payload
  @Action({ commit: 'increment' })
  incr() {
    return 5
  }
  // action 'decr' commits mutation 'decrement' when done with return value as payload
  @Action({ commit: 'decrement' })
  decr() {
    return 5
  }
}

async MutationAction === magic

Want to see something even better ?

import { Module, VuexModule, MutationAction } from 'vuex-module-decorators'
import { ConferencesEntity, EventsEntity } from '@/models/definitions'

@Module
export default class HGAPIModule extends VuexModule {
  conferences: Array<ConferencesEntity> = []
  events: Array<EventsEntity> = []

  // 'events' and 'conferences' are replaced by returned object
  // whose shape must be `{events: [...], conferences: [...] }`
  @MutationAction({ mutate: ['events', 'conferences'] })
  async fetchAll() {
    const response: Response = await getJSON('https://hasgeek.github.io/events/api/events.json')
    return response
  }
}

Automatic getter detection

@Module
class MyModule extends VuexModule {
  wheels = 2

  @Mutation
  incrWheels(extra) {
    this.wheels += extra
  }

  get axles() {
    return this.wheels / 2
  }
}

this is turned into the equivalent

const module = {
  state: { wheels: 2 },
  mutations: {
    incrWheels(state, extra) {
      state.wheels += extra
    }
  },
  getters: {
    axles: (state) => state.wheels / 2
  }
}

Putting into the store

Use the modules just like you would earlier

import Vue from 'nativescript-vue'
import Vuex, { Module } from 'vuex'

import counter from './modules/Counter2'
import hgapi from './modules/HGAPIModule'

Vue.use(Vuex)

const store = new Vuex.Store({
  state: {},
  modules: {
    counter,
    hgapi
  }
})

Module re-use, use with NuxtJS

If you need to support module reuse or to use modules with NuxtJS, you can have a state factory function generated instead of a staic state object instance by using stateFactory option to @Module, like so:

@Module({ stateFactory: true })
class MyModule extends VuexModule {
  wheels = 2

  @Mutation
  incrWheels(extra) {
    this.wheels += extra
  }

  get axles() {
    return this.wheels / 2
  }
}

this is turned into the equivalent

const module = {
  state() {
    return { wheels: 2 }
  },

  mutations: {
    incrWheels(state, extra) {
      state.wheels += extra
    }
  },
  getters: {
    axles: (state) => state.wheels / 2
  }
}

Dynamic Modules

Vuex allows us to register modules into store at runtime after store is constructed. We can do the following to create dynamic modules

interface StoreType {
  mm: MyModule
}
// Declare empty store first
const store = new Vuex.Store<StoreType>({})

// Create module later in your code (it will register itself automatically)
// In the decorator we pass the store object into which module is injected
// NOTE: When you set dynamic true, make sure you give module a name
@Module({ dynamic: true, store: store, name: 'mm' })
class MyModule extends VuexModule {
  count = 0

  @Mutation
  incrCount(delta) {
    this.count += delta
  }
}

Accessing modules with NuxtJS

There are many possible ways to construct your modules. Here is one way for drop-in use with NuxtJS (you simply need to add your modules to ~/utils/store-accessor.ts and then just import the modules from ~/store):

~/store/index.ts:

import { Store } from 'vuex'
import { initialiseStores } from '~/utils/store-accessor'
const initializer = (store: Store<any>) => initialiseStores(store)
export const plugins = [initializer]
export * from '~/utils/store-accessor'

~/utils/store-accessor.ts:

import { Store } from 'vuex'
import { getModule } from 'vuex-module-decorators'
import example from '~/store/example'

let exampleStore: example

function initialiseStores(store: Store<any>): void {
  exampleStore = getModule(example, store)
}

export {
  initialiseStores,
  exampleStore,
}

Now you can access stores in a type-safe way by doing the following from a component or page - no extra initialization required.

import { exampleStore } from '~/store'
...
someMethod() {
  return exampleStore.exampleGetter
}
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