A simple node utility to serialize execution of asynchronous functions.
What does it do?
Asynchrony in nodejs is great, except that it makes your code looks horrible because of all the callbacks. If you use synchronous functions, which give you good-looking, easy-to-read code, they will block the thread and make your server not responsive.
serailize to the rescue!
serialize converts your asynchronous functions into serialized versions. Serialized functions are executed one after another, without explicitly chaining them with callback functions.
serialize does NOT execute the function synchronously (block the thread), it just serialize the execution of asynchronous functions. So that it makes the code looks synchronous, but it is actually ascynhronous underneath.
How to use it?
To create a serialized version of an asynchronous function, call
serialize with it. For example, if you want to make serialized versions of
fs.mkdir, you do:
var serialize = require('serialize'); fs.mkdir = serialize(fs.mkdir); fs.writeFile = serialize(fs.writeFile);
Then, you can use
fs.writeFile like they are synchronous functions:
fs.mkdir('new'); fs.mkdir('new/folder'); fs.writeFile('new/folder/hello.txt', "hello world", callback);
These function will be executed one after another, but they will not block the thread as their synchronous versions do. The
callback will be invoked after the last call completes.
If you want to restore
fs.mkdir to their original version, just do:
fs.mkdir = fs.mkdir.free(); fs.writeFile = fs.writeFile.free();
What if an error happens?
If an error happens, the error will be passed to the corresponding callback function, and the execution of all serialized calls after it will be aborted. If an error happens in a function call that does not have a callback, the error will be passed down to the first call that has a callback function.
For example, if the
fs.mkdir('new') call in the above code throws an error, because there's no callback attached to that call, the error will be passed down to the callback of
fs.writeFile(...). And, of course,
fs.writeFile(...) won't be executed because an error occurred before them.
What's more to it?
If you want to serialize calls to file system, and serialize calls to database, but allow calls to file system and calls to database to happen concurrently, how to do it?
You can serialize different functions into different queues. Functions belong to the same queue will be executed in serial, but functions between different queues can run concurrently.
To serialize a function to a queue other than the default queue, give a queue name as the second argument of
conn.query = serialize(conn.query, "db");
Is any function serializable?
Current version of
serialize can only serialize a function that satisfies the following conditions:
- It accepts a callback function, and invokes the callback when it is done;
- If an error occurs, it must invoke callback with the error as the first argument; the error must be an instance of
Note: Future version of
serialize may be able to serialize a function that emits
License - MIT
Copyright (c) 2013 Chaoran Yang (email@example.com)
Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:
The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.
THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.