Development repository for nginx cookbook
Clone or download
tas50 Release 9.0
Signed-off-by: Tim Smith <>
Latest commit da2a01b Nov 13, 2018

nginx Cookbook

Cookbook Build Status

Installs nginx from package OR source code and sets up configuration handling similar to Debian's Apache2 scripts.



The following cookbooks are direct dependencies because they're used for common "default" functionality.

  • build-essential for source installations
  • ohai for setting up the ohai plugin
  • yum-epel for setting up the EPEL repository on RHEL platforms
  • zypper for setting up the repository on Suse platforms


The following platforms are supported and tested with Test Kitchen:

  • Ubuntu 14.04+
  • CentOS 6+
  • Debian 7+
  • openSUSE
  • FreeBSD

Other Debian and RHEL family distributions are assumed to work.


  • Chef 13.3+


Node attributes for this cookbook are logically separated into different files. Some attributes are set only via a specific recipe.


These attributes are used in the nginx::auth_request recipe.

  • node['nginx']['auth_request']['url'] - The url to the auth_request module tar.gz file
  • node['nginx']['auth_request']['checksum'] - The checksum of the auth_request module tar.gz file


Generally used attributes. Some have platform specific values. See attributes/default.rb. "The Config" refers to "nginx.conf" the main config file.

  • node['nginx']['dir'] - Location for nginx configuration.
  • node['nginx']['conf_template'] - The source template to use when creating the nginx.conf.
  • node['nginx']['conf_cookbook'] - The cookbook where node['nginx']['conf_template'] resides.
  • node['nginx']['log_dir'] - Location for nginx logs.
  • node['nginx']['log_dir_perm'] - Permissions for nginx logs folder.
  • node['nginx']['user'] - User that nginx will run as.
  • node['nginx']['user_home'] - User home path, used during user creation.
  • node['nginx']['group'] - Group for nginx.
  • node['nginx']['port'] - Port for nginx to listen on.
  • node['nginx']['binary'] - Path to the nginx binary.
  • node['nginx']['init_style'] - How to run nginx as a service when using nginx::source. Values can be "upstart", "systemd", or "init". This attribute is not used in the package recipe because the package manager's init script style for the platform is assumed.
  • node['nginx']['cleanup_runit'] - Cleanup existing runit based nginx service installation. Uses the nginx_cleanup_runit resource. Default: true
  • node['nginx']['upstart']['foreground'] - Set this to true if you want upstart to run nginx in the foreground, set to false if you want upstart to detach and track the process via pid.
  • node['nginx']['upstart']['runlevels'] - String of runlevels in the format '2345' which determines which runlevels nginx will start at when entering and stop at when leaving.
  • node['nginx']['upstart']['respawn_limit'] - Respawn limit in upstart stanza format, count followed by space followed by interval in seconds.
  • node['nginx']['keepalive'] - Whether to use keepalive_timeout, any value besides "on" will leave that option out of the config.
  • node['nginx']['keepalive_requests'] - used for config value of keepalive_requests.
  • node['nginx']['keepalive_timeout'] - used for config value of keepalive_timeout.
  • node['nginx']['worker_processes'] - used for config value of worker_processes.
  • node['nginx']['worker_connections'] - used for config value of events { worker_connections }
  • node['nginx']['worker_rlimit_nofile'] - used for config value of worker_rlimit_nofile. Can replace any "ulimit -n" command. The value depend on your usage (cache or not) but must always be superior than worker_connections.
  • node['nginx']['worker_shutdown_timeout'] - used for config value of worker_shutdown_timeout.
  • node['nginx']['worker_connections'] - used for config value of events { worker_connections }
  • node['nginx']['multi_accept'] - used for config value of events { multi_accept }. Try to accept() as many connections as possible. Disable by default.
  • node['nginx']['event'] - used for config value of events { use }. Set the event-model. By default nginx looks for the most suitable method for your OS.
  • node['nginx']['accept_mutex_delay'] - used for config value of accept_mutex_delay
  • node['nginx']['server_tokens'] - used for config value of server_tokens.
  • node['nginx']['server_names_hash_bucket_size'] - used for config value of server_names_hash_bucket_size.
  • node['nginx']['disable_access_log'] - set to true to disable the general access log, may be useful on high traffic sites.
  • node['nginx']['access_log_options'] - Set to a string of additional options to be appended to the access log directive
  • node['nginx']['error_log_options'] - Set to a string of additional options to be appended to the error log directive
  • node['nginx']['default_site_enabled'] - enable the default site
  • node['nginx']['sendfile'] - Whether to use sendfile. Defaults to "on".
  • node['nginx']['tcp_nopush'] - Whether to use tcp_nopush. Defaults to "on".
  • node['nginx']['tcp_nodelay'] - Whether to use tcp_nodelay. Defaults to "on".
  • node['nginx']['install_method'] - Whether nginx is installed from packages or from source.
  • node['nginx']['types_hash_max_size'] - Used for the types_hash_max_size configuration directive.
  • node['nginx']['types_hash_bucket_size'] - Used for the types_hash_bucket_size configuration directive.
  • node['nginx']['proxy_read_timeout'] - defines a timeout (between two successive read operations) for reading a response from the proxied server.
  • node['nginx']['client_body_buffer_size'] - used for config value of client_body_buffer_size.
  • node['nginx']['client_max_body_size'] - specifies the maximum accepted body size of a client request, as indicated by the request header Content-Length.
  • node['nginx']['repo_source'] - when installed from a package this attribute affects which yum repositories, if any, will be added before installing the nginx package. The default value of 'epel' will use the yum-epel cookbook, 'nginx' will use the nginx::repo recipe, 'passenger' will use the 'nginx::repo_passenger' recipe, and setting no value will not add any additional repositories.
  • node['nginx']['sts_max_age'] - Enable Strict Transport Security for all apps (See: This attribute adds the following header: Strict-Transport-Security max-age=SECONDS to all incoming requests and takes an integer (in seconds) as its argument.
  • node['nginx']['default']['modules'] - Array specifying which modules to enable via the conf-enabled config include function. Currently the only valid value is "socketproxy".
  • node['nginx']['load_modules'] - Array of paths to modules to dynamically load on nginx startup using the load_module directive. Default is [].

authorized_ips module

  • node['nginx']['remote_ip_var'] - The remote ip variable name to use.
  • node['nginx']['authorized_ips'] - IPs authorized by the module

gzip module

  • node['nginx']['gzip'] - Whether to use gzip, can be "on" or "off"
  • node['nginx']['gzip_http_version'] - used for config value of gzip_http_version.
  • node['nginx']['gzip_comp_level'] - used for config value of gzip_comp_level.
  • node['nginx']['gzip_proxied'] - used for config value of gzip_proxied.
  • node['nginx']['gzip_vary'] - used for config value of gzip_vary.
  • node['nginx']['gzip_buffers'] - used for config value of gzip_buffers.
  • node['nginx']['gzip_types'] - used for config value of gzip_types - must be an Array.
  • node['nginx']['gzip_min_length'] - used for config value of gzip_min_length.
  • node['nginx']['gzip_disable'] - used for config value of gzip_disable.
  • node['nginx']['gzip_static'] - used for config value of gzip_static (http_gzip_static_module must be enabled)

Other configurations

  • node['nginx']['extra_configs'] - a Hash of key/values to nginx configuration.


These attributes are used in the nginx::ngx_devel_module recipe.

  • node['nginx']['devel']['version'] - The version of the nginx devel module
  • node['nginx']['devel']['url'] - The URL of the nginx devel module tar.gz file
  • node['nginx']['devel']['checksum'] - The checksum of the nginx devel module tar.gz file


These attributes are used in the nginx::http_echo_module recipe.

  • node['nginx']['echo']['version'] - The version of http_echo you want (default: 0.59)
  • node['nginx']['echo']['url'] - URL for the tarball.
  • node['nginx']['echo']['checksum'] - Checksum of the tarball.


These attributes are used in the nginx::http_geoip_module recipe. Please note that the country_dat_checksum and city_dat_checksum are based on downloads from a datacenter in Fremont, CA, USA. You really should override these with checksums for the geo tarballs from your node location.

Note The upstream,, may block access for repeated downloads of the data files. It is recommended that you download and host the data files, and change the URLs in the attributes.

  • node['nginx']['geoip']['path'] - Location where to install the geoip libraries.
  • node['nginx']['geoip']['enable_city'] - Whether to enable City data
  • node['nginx']['geoip']['country_dat_url'] - Country data tarball URL
  • node['nginx']['geoip']['country_dat_checksum'] - Country data tarball checksum
  • node['nginx']['geoip']['city_dat_url'] - City data tarball URL
  • node['nginx']['geoip']['city_dat_checksum'] - City data tarball checksum
  • node['nginx']['geoip']['lib_version'] - Version of the GeoIP library to install
  • node['nginx']['geoip']['lib_url'] - (Versioned) Tarball URL of the GeoIP library
  • node['nginx']['geoip']['lib_checksum'] - Checksum of the GeoIP library tarball



  • node['nginx']['realip']['header'] - Header to use for the RealIp Module; only accepts "X-Forwarded-For" or "X-Real-IP"
  • node['nginx']['realip']['addresses'] - Addresses to use for the http_realip configuration.
  • node['nginx']['realip']['real_ip_recursive'] - If recursive search is enabled, the original client address that matches one of the trusted addresses is replaced by the last non-trusted address sent in the request header field. Can be on "on" or "off" (default).


The ohai_plugin recipe includes an Ohai plugin. It will be automatically installed and activated, providing the following attributes via ohai, no matter how nginx is installed (source or package):

  • node['nginx']['version'] - version of nginx
  • node['nginx']['configure_arguments'] - options passed to ./configure when nginx was built
  • node['nginx']['prefix'] - installation prefix
  • node['nginx']['conf_path'] - configuration file path
  • node['nginx']['ohai_plugin_enabled'] - Toggles ohai_plugin recipe. Defaults to true.

In the source recipe, it is used to determine whether control attributes for building nginx have changed.


These attributes are used in the nginx::openssl_source recipe.

  • node['nginx']['openssl_source']['version'] - The version of OpenSSL you want to download and use (default: 1.0.1t)
  • node['nginx']['openssl_source']['url'] - The url for the OpenSSL source


These attributes are used in the nginx::passenger recipe.

  • node['nginx']['passenger']['version'] - passenger gem version
  • node['nginx']['passenger']['root'] - passenger gem root path
  • node['nginx']['passenger']['install_rake'] - set to false if rake already present on system
  • node['nginx']['passenger']['max_pool_size'] - maximum passenger pool size (default=10)
  • node['nginx']['passenger']['ruby'] - Ruby path for Passenger to use (default=$(which ruby))
  • node['nginx']['passenger']['spawn_method'] - passenger spawn method to use (default=smart-lv2)
  • node['nginx']['passenger']['buffer_response'] - turns on or off response buffering (default=on)
  • node['nginx']['passenger']['max_pool_size'] - passenger maximum pool size (default=6)
  • node['nginx']['passenger']['min_instances'] - minimum instances (default=1)
  • node['nginx']['passenger']['max_instances_per_app'] - maximum instances per app (default=0)
  • node['nginx']['passenger']['pool_idle_time'] - passenger pool idle time (default=300)
  • node['nginx']['passenger']['max_requests'] - maximum requests (default=0)
  • node['nginx']['passenger']['nodejs'] - Nodejs path for Passenger to use (default=nil)
  • node['nginx']['passenger']['show_version_in_header'] - Show passenger version in HTTP headers (default=on)

Basic configuration to use the official Phusion Passenger repositories:

  • node['nginx']['repo_source'] - 'passenger'
  • node['nginx']['package_name'] - 'nginx-extras'
  • node['nginx']['passenger']['install_method'] - 'package'


  • node['nginx']['enable_rate_limiting'] - set to true to enable rate limiting (limit_req_zone in nginx.conf)
  • node['nginx']['rate_limiting_zone_name'] - sets the zone in limit_req_zone.
  • node['nginx']['rate_limiting_backoff'] - Incorrect name, retained for compatibility reasons - sets the size of the shared memory zone (default=10m, 10 megabytes)
  • node['nginx']['rate_limit'] - set the rate limit amount for limit_req_zone.


  • node['nginx']['upstream_repository'] - the URL to use for the package repository resource; default is set based on platform type
  • node['nginx']['repo_signing_key'] - The URL from which package signing/gpg key is retrieved


These attributes are used in the nginx::socketproxy recipe.

  • node['nginx']['socketproxy']['root'] - The directory (on your server) where socketproxy apps are deployed.
  • node['nginx']['socketproxy']['default_app'] - Static assets directory for requests to "/" that don't meet any proxy_pass filter requirements.
  • node['nginx']['socketproxy']['apps']['app_name']['prepend_slash'] - Prepend a slash to requests to app "app_name" before sending them to the socketproxy socket.
  • node['nginx']['socketproxy']['apps']['app_name']['context_name'] - URI (e.g. "app_name" in order to achieve "") at which to host the application "app_name"
  • node['nginx']['socketproxy']['apps']['app_name']['subdir'] - Directory (under node['nginx']['socketproxy']['root']) in which to find the application.


These attributes are used in the nginx::source recipe. Some of them are dynamically modified during the run. See attributes/source.rb for default values.

  • node['nginx']['source']['url'] - (versioned) URL for the nginx source code. By default this will use the version specified as node['nginx']['version'].
  • node['nginx']['source']['prefix'] - (versioned) prefix for installing nginx from source
  • node['nginx']['source']['conf_path'] - location of the main config file, in node['nginx']['dir'] by default.
  • node['nginx']['source']['modules'] - Array of modules that should be compiled into nginx by including their recipes in nginx::source.
  • node['nginx']['source']['default_configure_flags'] - The default flags passed to the configure script when building nginx.
  • node['nginx']['configure_flags'] - Preserved for compatibility and dynamically generated from the node['nginx']['source']['default_configure_flags'] in the nginx::source recipe.
  • node['nginx']['source']['use_existing_user'] - set to true if you do not want nginx::source recipe to create system user with name node['nginx']['user'] and node['nginx']['user_home'].


These attributes are used in the nginx::http_stub_status_module recipe.

  • node['nginx']['status']['port'] - The port on which nginx will serve the status info (default: 8090)


These attributes are used in the nginx::syslog_module recipe.

  • node['nginx']['syslog']['git_repo'] - The git repository url to use for the syslog patches.
  • node['nginx']['syslog']['git_revision'] - The revision on the git repository to checkout.


These attributes are used in the nginx::upload_progress_module recipe.

  • node['nginx']['upload_progress']['url'] - URL for the tarball.
  • node['nginx']['upload_progress']['checksum'] - Checksum of the tarball.
  • node['nginx']['upload_progress']['javascript_output'] - Output in javascript. Default is true for backwards compatibility.
  • node['nginx']['upload_progress']['zone_name'] - Zone name which will be used to store the per-connection tracking information. Default is proxied.
  • node['nginx']['upload_progress']['zone_size'] - Zone size in bytes. Default is 1m (1 megabyte).



Enable or disable a Server Block in #{node['nginx']['dir']}/sites-available by calling nxensite or nxdissite (introduced by this cookbook) to manage the symbolic link in #{node['nginx']['dir']}/sites-enabled.


  • enable - Enable the nginx site (default)
  • disable - Disable the nginx site


  • site_name - (optional) Name of the site to enable. By default it's assumed that the name of the nginx_site resource is the site name, but this allows overriding that.
  • template - (optional) Path to the source for the template resource.
  • variables - (optional) Variables to be used with the template resource


Enable or disable a Stream Block in #{node['nginx']['dir']}/streams-available by calling nxenstream or nxdisstream (introduced by this cookbook) to manage the symbolic link in #{node['nginx']['dir']}/streams-enabled.


  • enable - Enable the nginx stream (default)
  • disable - Disable the nginx stream


  • stream_name - (optional) Name of the stream to enable.
  • template - (optional) Path to the source for the template resource.
  • variables - (optional) Variables to be used with the template resource


A simple resource to remove existing runit based nginx service installations. This is used in the default nginx recipe to stop runit based nginx services and cleanup runit service configs before setting up nginx under the system's own init system.


  • cleanup - Stop runit based nginx and remove runit configs (default)


This cookbook provides three distinct installation methods, all of which are controlled via attributes and executed using the nginx::default recipe.

Package installation using the repositories

Nginx provides repositories for RHEL, Debian/Ubuntu, and Suse platforms with up to date packages available on older distributions. Due to the age of many nginx packages shipping with distros we believe this is the ideal installation method. With no attributes set the repositories will be added to your system and nginx will be installed via package. This provides a solid out of the box install for most users.

Package installation using distro repositories

If you prefer to use the packages included in your distro or to roll your own packages you'll want to set node['nginx']['repo_source'] to nil or distro to skip the repository setup. The default recipe will still install nginx from packages, but you'll retain control over the package location.

Source installation to compile non-dynamic modules

If you need control over how nginx is built, or you need non-dynamic modules to be included you'll need to compile nginx from source. We highly recommend against using this method as it requires the installation of a full compilation toolchain and development dependencies on your nodes. Creating your own packages with nginx compiled as necessary is a preferred option. If that's not possible you can set node['nginx']['install_method'] to source and provide a version in node['nginx']['version'].

Specifying Modules to compile

The following recipes are used to build module support into nginx. To compile a module, add its recipe name to the array attribute node['nginx']['source']['modules'].

  • ipv6.rb - enables IPv6 support
  • headers_more_module -
  • `http_auth_request_module``
  • http_echo_module.rb - downloads the http_echo_module module and enables it as a module when compiling nginx.
  • http_geoip_module.rb - installs the GeoIP libraries and data files and enables the module for compilation.
  • http_gzip_static_module.rb - enables the module for compilation. Be sure to set node['nginx']['gzip_static'] = 'yes'.
  • http_mp4_module -
  • http_perl_module.rb - enables embedded Perl for compilation.
  • http_realip_module.rb - enables the module for compilation and creates the configuration.
  • http_spdy_module -
  • http_ssl_module.rb - enables SSL for compilation.
  • http_stub_status_module.rb - provides nginx_status configuration and enables the module for compilation.
  • http_v2_module
  • ipv6 -
  • naxsi_module - enables the naxsi module for the web application firewall for nginx.
  • ngx_devel_module -
  • ngx_lua_module -
  • openssl_source.rb - downloads and uses custom OpenSSL source when compiling nginx
  • pagespeed_module-
  • passenger - builds the passenger gem and configuration for "mod_passenger".
  • set_misc -
  • syslog_module - enables syslog support for nginx. This only works with source builds. See -
  • upload_progress_module.rb - builds the upload_progress module and enables it as a module when compiling nginx.



Enable or disable a Server Block in #{node['nginx']['dir']}/sites-available by calling nxensite or nxdissite (introduced by this cookbook) to manage the symbolic link in #{node['nginx']['dir']}/sites-enabled.


  • enable - Enable the nginx site (default)
  • disable - Disable the nginx site


  • name - (optional) Name of the site to enable. By default it's assumed that the name of the nginx_site resource is the site name, but this allows overriding that.
  • template - (optional) Path to the source for the template resource.
  • cookbook - (optional) The cookbook that contains the template source.
  • variables - (optional) Variables to be used with the template resource

Adding New Modules

Previously we'd add each possible module to this cookbook itself. That's not necessary using wrapper cookbooks and we'd prefer to not add any addition module recipes at this time. Instead in your nginx wrapper cookbook setup any necessary packages and then include the follow code to add the module to the list of modules to compile:

node.run_state['nginx_configure_flags'] =
  node.run_state['nginx_configure_flags'] | ['--with-SOMETHING', "--with-SOME_OPT='things'"]


This cookbook is maintained by Chef's Community Cookbook Engineering team. Our goal is to improve cookbook quality and to aid the community in contributing to cookbooks. To learn more about our team, process, and design goals see our team documentation. To learn more about contributing to cookbooks like this see our contributing documentation, or if you have general questions about this cookbook come chat with us in #cookbok-engineering on the Chef Community Slack


Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
You may obtain a copy of the License at

Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
limitations under the License.