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README.md

sql_server Cookbook

AppVeyor Build status Cookbook Version

Provides resources for the installation and configuration of Microsoft SQL Server server and client. Includes several basic recipes that utilize install and configure resources. See the usage section below for more information.

Requirements

Platforms

  • Windows Server 2008 R2 (SP2)
  • Windows Server 2012 (R1, R2)

NOTE: Install of SQL Server 2016 and SQL Server 2017 is not supported on Server 2008 R2

Supported Server Verions

  • Microsoft SQL Server 2008 R2
  • Microsoft SQL Server 2012
  • Microsoft SQL Server 2014
  • Microsoft SQL Server 2016
  • Microsoft SQL Server 2017

Supported Client Versions

  • Microsoft SQL Server 2008 R2
  • Microsoft SQL Server 2012

Chef

  • Chef 12.7+

Cookbooks

  • windows

Resources

sql_server_install

Actions

  • :install - Installs the version of Microsoft SQL server specified. Default install is SQL 2012 Express.

Properties

  • feature - An Array of the SQL Instance or Server features that are going to be enabled / installed.

    • SQL 2012 Available Features list
      • Instance Features
        • SQLENGINE = Database Engine
        • REPLICATION = Replication
        • FULLTEXT = Full-Text and Semantic Extractions for search
        • DQ = Data Quality Services
        • AS = Analysis Services
        • RS = Reporting Services - Native
      • Shared Features
        • RS_SHP = Reporting Services - SharePoint
        • RS_SHPWFE = Reporting Services Add-in for SharePoint Products
        • DQC = Data Quality Client
        • BIDS = SQL Server data tools
        • CONN = Client tools connectivity
        • IS = Integration Services
        • BC = Client tools backwards compatibility
        • SDK = Client tools SDK
        • BOL = Documentation components
        • SSMS = Management tools
        • SSMS_ADV = Management tools - Advanced
        • DREPLAY_CTLR = Distributed replay controller
        • DREPLAY_CLT = Distributed replay client
        • SNAC_SDK = SQL client connectivity SDK
    • SQL 2014 Available Features list
      • Instance Features SAME AS 2012
      • Shared Features
        • REMOVED for standalone install
          • BIDS = SQL Server data tools
    • SQL 2016 Available Features list
      • Instance Features
        • ADVANCEDANALYTICS = R Services (In-Database)
        • POLYBASE = PolyBase Query Service for External Data Note: This Feature Requires Java Runtime Environment greater than 7 update 51. Only the standalone Polybase-enabled Instance is currently support by this cookbook.
      • Shared Features
        • SQL_SHARED_MR = R Server (Standalone)
        • MDS = Master Data Services
        • REMOVED for standalone install
          • SSMS = Management tools
          • SSMS_ADV = Management tools - Advanced
    • SQL 2017 Available Features list
      • Instance Features
        • ADVANCEDANALYTICS = Machine Learning services (In-Database)
          • SQL_INST_MPY = Machine Learning services (In-Database) with Python
          • SQL_INST_MR = Machine Learning services (In-Database) with R
      • Shared Features
        • SQL_SHARED_AA = Machine Learning Services (Standalone)
          • SQL_SHARED_MR = Machine Learning services (In-Database) with R
          • SQL_SHARED_MPY = Machine Learning services (In-Database) with Python
        • IS = Integrated Services
          • IS_MASTER - Scale Out Master
          • IS_WORKER - Scale Out Worker
  • version - Version of SQL to be installed. Valid otpions are 2008, 2008R2, 2012, 2014, 2016, or 2017. Default is 2012

  • source_url - Source of the SQL setup.exe install file. Default is built from the helper libraries.

  • package_name - Package name for the SQL install. If you specify a version this property is not necessary. Default is built from the helper libraries.

  • package_checksum - Package checksum in SHA256 format for the setup.exe file. Default is built from the helper libraries.

  • sql_reboot - Determines whether the node will be rebooted after the SQL Server installation. Default setting is true

  • security_mode - The Autentication mode for SQL. Valid options are Windows Athentication or Mixed Mode Authentication. Default value is Windows Authentication

  • sa_password - The SQL Administrator password when Mixed Mode Authentication is being used. SQL enforces a strong passwords for this value.

  • sysadmins - The list of Systems Administrators who can access the SQL Instance. This can either be a String or an Array.

  • agent_account - The Service Account that will be used to run the SQL Agent Service. Default is NT AUTHORITY\SYSTEM.

  • agent_startup - The Agent Service startup type. Valid options are Automatic, Manual, Disabled, or Automatic (Delayed Start). Default is Disabled.

  • agent_account_pwd - Agent Service Account password.

  • sql_account - Service Account used to run the SQL service. Default is NT AUTHORITY\NETWORK SERVICE

  • sql_account_pwd - Service Account password for the SQL service account.

  • browser_startup - Service startup type for the SQL Browser Service. Valid options are Automatic, Manual, Disabled, or Automatic (Delayed Start). Default is Disabled.

  • installer_timeout - Time out for the SQL installation. Default is 1500

  • accept_eula - Whether or not to accept the end user license agreement. Default is false Note: For SQL 2016 if this will also accept the license for using R if ADVANCEDANALYTICS or SQL_SHARED_MR is listed in the feature property array.

  • product_key - Product key for not Express or Evaluation versions.

  • update_enabled - Whether or not to download updates during install. Default is true.

  • update_source - The Source Location of Windows Update or WSUS. Default is MU. Example = c:/path/to/update

  • instance_name - Name for the instance to be installed. Default is SQLEXPRESS. For non-express installs that want the default install it should be set to MSSQLSERVER.

  • install_dir - Directory SQL binaries will be installed to. Default is C:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server

  • instance_dir - Directory the Instance will be stored. Default is C:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server

  • sql_data_dir - Directory for SQL data

  • sql_backup_dir - Directory for backups

  • sql_user_db_dir - Directory for the user database

  • sql_user_db_log_dir - Directory for the user database logs

  • sql_temp_db_dir - Directory for the temporary database

  • sql_temp_db_log_dir - Directory for the temporary database logs

  • filestream_level - Level to enable the filestream feature, Valid values are 0, 1, 2 or 3. Default is 0

  • filestream_share_name - Share name for the filestream feature. Default is MSSQLSERVER

  • sql_collation - SQL Collation type for the instance

  • netfx35_install - If the .Net 3.5 Windows Feature is installed. This is required to successfully install SQL 2012 and 2014. Default is true.

  • netfx35_source - Source location for the .Net 3.5 Windows Features install. Only required for offline installs

Distributed Replay

  • dreplay_ctlr_admins - List of admins for the Distributed Replay Controller. Default is Administrator. The DREPLAY_CTLR feature needs to be included in the feature Array for this property to work.
  • dreplay_client_name - Host name of the Distributed Replay Controller that the Client will point to. If the DREPLAY_CLT is in the feature list this property needs to be set.

Reporting Services

  • rs_account - Service Account name used to run SQL Reporting Services. To have reporting services it needs to be listed in the feature property array.
  • rs_account_pwd - Service Account password for the Reporting Services Service
  • rs_startup - Reporting Services service startup type. Valid options are Automatic, Manual, Disabled, or Automatic (Delayed Start). Default is Automatic.
  • rs_mode - Mode the Reporting Services is installed in. Default is FilesOnlyMode

Analysis Services

  • as_sysadmins - Analysis Services Systems Administrator list. Default is Administrator

PolyBase Query Services

  • polybase_port_range - Port Range for the PolyBase Query Service. Default is 16450-16460.

Integrated Services

  • is_master_port - Port for the Integrated Services Scale out Master. Default is 8391.
  • is_master_ssl_cert - The CNs in the certificate used to protect communications between the integration services scale out worker and scale out master.
  • is_master_cert_thumbprint - The certificate thumbprint for the scale out master ssl certificate.
  • is_worker_master_url - The url of the scale out master when installing a scale out worker.

Examples

Install SQL 2012 Express with all the defaults

sql_server_install 'Install SQL 2012 Express'

Install SQL 2014 Express

sql_server_install 'Install SQL 2014 Express' do
  version '2014'
end

Install SQL 2014 Evaluation from a local source with default instance name, Integrated Services, Reporting Services, and the SQL Management Tools.

sql_server_install 'Install SQL Server 2014 Evaluation' do
  source_url 'C:\\Sources\\SQL 2014 Eval\\setup.exe'
  version '2014'
  package_checksum '0FE903...420E8F'
  accept_eula true
  instance_name 'MSSQLSERVER'
  feature %w(SQLENGINE IS RS SSMS ADV_SSMS)
end

sql_server_configure

Actions

  • :service - Configures the ports that SQL be listening on and starts and enables the SQL Service.

Properties

  • version - SQL Version of the instance to be configured. Valid otpions are 2008, 2008R2, 2012, 2014, 2016, or 2017. Default is 2012
  • tcp_enabled - If TCP is enabled for the instance. Default is true
  • sql_port - Port SQL will listen on. Default is 1433
  • tcp_dynamic_ports - Sets the Dynamic port SQL will listen on. Default is an empty string
  • np_enabled - Whether named pipes is enabled. Default is false
  • sm_enabled - Whether shared memory is enabled for the instance
  • via_default_port - Configures the Virtual Interface Adapter default port. Default is 0:1433
  • via_enabled - Whether Virtual Interface Adapter is enabled. Default is false
  • via_listen_info - Configures the Virtual interface listening information. Default is 0:1433
  • agent_startup - Configures the SQL Agent Service startup type. Valid options are Automatic, Manual, Disabled, or Automatic (Delayed Start). Default is Disabled

Examples

Configure a SQL 2012 Express install with all the defaults

sql_server_configure 'SQLEXPRESS'

Configure a SQL 2014 Express install

sql_server_configure 'SQLEXPRESS' do
  version '2014'
end

Configure a SQL 2014 Evaluation install with a different port

sql_server_configure 'MSSQLSERVER' do
  version '2014'
  sql_port '1434'
end

Attributes

default

The following attributes are used by both client and server recipes.

  • node['sql_server']['accept_eula'] - indicate that you accept the terms of the end user license, default is 'false'
  • node['sql_server']['product_key'] - Specifies the product key for the edition of SQL Server, default is nil (not needed for SQL Server Express installs)

client

This file also contains download url, checksum and package name for all client installation packages. See the Usage section below for more details.

server

  • node['sql_server']['install_dir'] - main directory for installation, default is C:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server
  • node['sql_server']['instance_name'] - name of the default instance, default is SQLEXPRESS
  • node['sql_server']['instance_dir'] - root directory of the default instance, default is C:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server
  • node['sql_server']['shared_wow_dir'] - root directory of the shared WOW directory, default is C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft SQL Server
  • node['sql_server']['agent_account'] - Agent account name, default is NT AUTHORITY\NETWORK SERVICE
  • node['sql_server']['agent_startup'] - Agent service startup mode, default is Disabled
  • node['sql_server']['rs_mode'] - Reporting Services install mode, default is FilesOnlyMode
  • node['sql_server']['rs_account'] - Reporting Services account name, default is NT AUTHORITY\NETWORK SERVICE
  • node['sql_server']['rs_startup'] - Reporting Services startup mode, default is Automatic
  • node['sql_server']['browser_startup'] - Browser Service startup mode, default is Disabled
  • node['sql_server']['sysadmins'] - Windows accounts that are SQL administrators, default is Administrator
  • node['sql_server']['sql_account'] - SQL service account name, default is NT AUTHORITY\NETWORK SERVICE

This file also contains download url, checksum and package name for the server installation package.

configure

  • node['sql_server']['tcp_enabled'] - Enables TCP listener, default is true
  • node['sql_server']['port'] - Static TCP port server should listen on for client connections, default is 1433
  • node['sql_server']['tcp_dynamic_ports'] - Dynamic TCP ports server should listen on for client connections, default is ''
  • node['sql_server']['np_enabled'] - Enables Named pipes listener, default is false
  • node['sql_server']['sm_enabled'] - Enables Shared Memory listener, default is true
  • node['sql_server']['via_default_port'] - VIA default listener port, default is 0:1433
  • node['sql_server']['via_enabled'] - Enables VIA listener, default is false
  • node['sql_server']['via_listen_info'] - VIA listener info, default is 0:1433

Recipe Usage

We highly recommend writing your own wrapper cookbook utilizing the above resources, but this cookbook also ships with legacy recipes that can be used to install sql_server using recipes/attributes.

default

Includes the sql_server::client recipe.

client

Installs required the SQL Server Native Client and all required dependencies. These include:

The SQL Server Native Client contains the SQL Server ODBC driver and the SQL Server OLE DB provider in one native dynamic link library (DLL) supporting applications using native-code APIs (ODBC, OLE DB and ADO) to Microsoft SQL Server. In simple terms these packages should allow any other node to act as a client of a SQL Server instance.

configure

Configures SQL Server registry keys via attributes, and restart the Engine service if required.

Current supported settings are mostly connection listeners:

  • TCP or VIA listener ports
  • TCP, Named Pipes, Shared Memory or VIA listener activation.

NOTE: It could be very dangerous to change these settings on a production server!

This recipe is included by the sql_server::server recipe, but can be included independently if you setup SQL Server by yourself.

server

Installs SQL Server 2008 R2 Express, SQL Server 2012 Express, SQL Server 2014 Express, or SQL Server 2016 Express.

By default, the cookbook installs SQL Server 2012 Express. There are two options to install a different version.

NOTE: For this recipe to run you must set the following attributes in an environment, role, or wrapper cookbook.

node['sql_server']['agent_account_pwd']
node['sql_server']['rs_account_pwd']
node['sql_server']['sql_account_pwd']

NOTE: This recipe will request a reboot at the end of the Chef Client run if SQL Server was installed.. If you do not want to reboot after the installation, use the reboot resource to cancel the pending reboot.

Option 1: From a role, environment, or wrapper cookbook, set node['sql_server']['version'] to '2008R2' to install SQL Server 2008 R2 Express, '2012' to install SQL Server 2012 Express, '2014' to install SQL Server 2014 Express, or '2016' to install SQL Server 2016 Express.

Option 2: From a role, environment, or wrapper cookbook, set these node attributes to specify the URL, checksum, and name of the package (as it appears in the Windows Registry).

node['sql_server']['server']['url']
node['sql_server']['server']['checksum']
node['sql_server']['server']['package_name']

The installation is done using the package resource and ConfigurationFile generated from a template resource. The installation is slightly opinionated and does the following:

  • Enables Mixed Mode (Windows Authentication and SQL Server Authentication) authentication
  • sets a static TCP port which is configurable via an attribute, using the sql_server::configure recipe.

Installing any of the SQL Server server or client packages in an unattended/automated way requires you to explicitly indicate that you accept the terms of the end user license. The hooks have been added to all recipes to do this via an attribute. Create a role to set the node['sql_server']['accept_eula'] attribute to 'true'. For example:

name "sql_server"
description "SQL Server database master"
run_list(
  "recipe[sql_server::server]"
)
default_attributes(
  "sql_server" => {
    "accept_eula" => true
  }
)

Out of the box this recipe installs the Express edition of SQL Server 2012. If you would like to install the Standard edition create a role as follows:

name "sql_server_standard"
description "SQL Server Stadard edition database master"
run_list(
  "recipe[sql_server::server]"
)
default_attributes(
  "sql_server" => {
    "instance_name" => "MSSQLSERVER",
    "product_key" => "YOUR_PRODUCT_KEY_HERE",
    "accept_eula" => true,
    "server" => {
      "url" => "DOWNLOAD_LOCATION_OF_INSTALLATION_PACKAGE",
      "checksum" => "SHA256_OF_INSTALLATION_PACKAGE"
    }
  }
)

Depending on your base Windows installation you may also need to open the configured static port in the Windows Firewall. In the name of security we do not do this by default but the follow code should get the job done:

# unlock port in firewall
# this should leverage firewall_rule resource
# once COOK-689 is completed
firewall_rule_name = "#{node['sql_server']['instance_name']} Static Port"

execute "open-static-port" do
  command "netsh advfirewall firewall add rule name=\"#{firewall_rule_name}\" dir=in action=allow protocol=TCP localport=#{node['sql_server']['port']}"
  returns [0,1,42] # *sigh* cmd.exe return codes are wonky
  not_if { SqlServer::Helper.firewall_rule_enabled?(firewall_rule_name) }
end

Installing SQL Server remotely

SQL Server does not support remote installation over WinRM. For example, the installation fails when you run knife bootstrap windows winrm or knife winrm 'chef-client' with a run-list that includes server.rb. However, you can use a scheduled task or run chef-client as a service.

Learn more in this Learn Chef tutorial.

License & Authors

Author: Cookbook Engineering Team (cookbooks@chef.io)

Copyright: 2011-2018, Chef Software, Inc.

Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
You may obtain a copy of the License at

    http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0

Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
limitations under the License.
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