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If you find this method helpful for your research, please cite this paper:

  author    = {Anfeng Cheng and
               Chuan Zhou and
               Hong Yang and
               Jia Wu and
               Lei Li and
               Jianlong Tan and
               Li Guo},
  title     = {Deep Active Learning for Anchor User Prediction},
  booktitle = {The 28th International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence(IJCAI-19)},
  year      = {2019},
  url       = {}


  • python >= 3.6
  • pytorch >= 0.4
  • numpy
  • tqdm
  • networkx


The dataset used in this paper can be obtained from the original papers.

Dataset Paper
Foursquare and Twitter Xiangnan Kong, Jiawei Zhang, and Philip S Yu. Inferring anchor links across multiple heterogeneous social networks. In Proceedings of the 22nd ACM international conference on Information & Knowledge Management, pages 179–188. ACM, 2013.
Zhang J, Kong X, Philip S Y. Predicting social links for new users across aligned heterogeneous social networks[C]//2013 IEEE 13th International Conference on Data Mining. IEEE, 2013: 1289-1294.


How to use

Step 1. Structural Context Extract

Extract structural context for each users.

python --data_path 'XXX' --save_file_path 'XXX' --restart_probability 0.6
  • The data_path is the network structural data formulated with adj list (e.g. line1:user1_id, user2_id line2:user1_id user3_id).

  • The save_file_path is the extracted context. Each line donates the feature for one user ( index is user ID). (\mathbf{m}{A}^{i}​ or \mathbf{m}{B}^{i}​ in paper)

  • The restart_probability is the restart probability.

    Note : The user id must be int, continuous and must start from 0. The anchor user pair must have the same id in two network and they nust start with 0 (e.g. If the total number of anchor user is 100, the anchor ids are from 0 to 99).

Step 2. Representation of Pairs of Users Across Networks and Anchor User Pair Classification

Two separate parts, both can predict anchor users.

AUP: Evaluate by cosine similarity.

python --feature_A 'XXX' --feature_B 'XXX' --total_anchor NUM --train_ratio 0.5 --gpu_id 4
  • The feature_A/feature_B is the file of users' structural context.
  • The total_anchor is total number of anchor users.

AUP: Evaluate by classification.

​ Set the optional parameters is_classification=True(default=False) .

Note: Anchor users can be predicted with above steps(Recommendatory: Evaluate by cosine similarity).


If you have any problems about the paper or the code, please report them to me. Feel free to contact chenganfeng AT

We have updated the Fig.2 in our paper, we made a new typesetting on the figures in camera-ready and confused two evaluation metrics in Fig.2. We correct this in the revision which can be found in arxiv. Thanks the PHD student Rui Tang from sichuan university for pointing this. (2019-11-07 Anfeng Cheng)


Implementation of Paper "Deep Active Learning for Anchor User Prediction"



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