A Simple and Fast Implementation of Faster R-CNN
[Update:] I've further simplified the code to pytorch 1.5, torchvision 0.6, and replace the customized ops roipool and nms with the one from torchvision. if you want the old version code, please checkout branch v1.0
This project is a Simplified Faster R-CNN implementation based on chainercv and other projects . I hope it can serve as an start code for those who want to know the detail of Faster R-CNN. It aims to:
- Simplify the code (Simple is better than complex)
- Make the code more straightforward (Flat is better than nested)
- Match the performance reported in origin paper (Speed Counts and mAP Matters)
And it has the following features:
- It can be run as pure Python code, no more build affair.
- It's a minimal implemention in around 2000 lines valid code with a lot of comment and instruction.(thanks to chainercv's excellent documentation)
- It achieves higher mAP than the origin implementation (0.712 VS 0.699)
- It achieve speed compariable with other implementation (6fps and 14fps for train and test in TITAN XP)
- It's memory-efficient (about 3GB for vgg16)
VGG16 train on
trainval and test on
Note: the training shows great randomness, you may need a bit of luck and more epoches of training to reach the highest mAP. However, it should be easy to surpass the lower bound.
|train with caffe pretrained model||0.700-0.712|
|train with torchvision pretrained model||0.685-0.701|
|model converted from chainercv (reported 0.706)||0.7053|
|origin paper||K40||5 fps||NA|
|This||TITAN Xp||14-15 fps||6 fps|
: make sure you install cupy correctly and only one program run on the GPU. The training speed is sensitive to your gpu status. see troubleshooting for more info. Morever it's slow in the start of the program -- it need time to warm up.
It could be faster by removing visualization, logging, averaging loss etc.
3. Install dependencies
Here is an example of create environ from scratch with
# create conda env conda create --name simp python=3.7 conda activate simp # install pytorch conda install pytorch torchvision cudatoolkit=10.2 -c pytorch # install other dependancy pip install visdom scikit-image tqdm fire ipdb pprint matplotlib torchnet # start visdom nohup python -m visdom.server &
If you don't use anaconda, then:
install PyTorch with GPU (code are GPU-only), refer to official website
install other dependencies:
pip install visdom scikit-image tqdm fire ipdb pprint matplotlib torchnet
start visdom for visualization
nohup python -m visdom.server &
See demo.ipynb for more detail.
5.1 Prepare data
Download the training, validation, test data and VOCdevkit
wget http://host.robots.ox.ac.uk/pascal/VOC/voc2007/VOCtrainval_06-Nov-2007.tar wget http://host.robots.ox.ac.uk/pascal/VOC/voc2007/VOCtest_06-Nov-2007.tar wget http://host.robots.ox.ac.uk/pascal/VOC/voc2007/VOCdevkit_08-Jun-2007.tar
Extract all of these tars into one directory named
tar xvf VOCtrainval_06-Nov-2007.tar tar xvf VOCtest_06-Nov-2007.tar tar xvf VOCdevkit_08-Jun-2007.tar
It should have this basic structure
$VOCdevkit/ # development kit $VOCdevkit/VOCcode/ # VOC utility code $VOCdevkit/VOC2007 # image sets, annotations, etc. # ... and several other directories ...
voc_data_dircfg item in
utils/config.py, or pass it to program using argument like
5.2 [Optional]Prepare caffe-pretrained vgg16
If you want to use caffe-pretrain model as initial weight, you can run below to get vgg16 weights converted from caffe, which is the same as the origin paper use.
This scripts would download pretrained model and converted it to the format compatible with torchvision. If you are in China and can not download the pretrain model, you may refer to this issue
Then you could specify where caffe-pretraind model
vgg16_caffe.pth stored in
utils/config.py by setting
caffe_pretrain_path. The default path is ok.
If you want to use pretrained model from torchvision, you may skip this step.
NOTE, caffe pretrained model has shown slight better performance.
NOTE: caffe model require images in BGR 0-255, while torchvision model requires images in RGB and 0-1. See
data/dataset.pyfor more detail.
5.3 begin training
python train.py train --env='fasterrcnn' --plot-every=100
you may refer to
utils/config.py for more argument.
Some Key arguments:
--caffe-pretrain=False: use pretrain model from caffe or torchvision (Default: torchvison)
--plot-every=n: visualize prediction, loss etc every
--env: visdom env for visualization
--voc_data_dir: where the VOC data stored
--use-drop: use dropout in RoI head, default False
--use-Adam: use Adam instead of SGD, default SGD. (You need set a very low
--load-path: pretrained model path, default
None, if it's specified, it would be loaded.
you may open browser, visit
http://<ip>:8097 and see the visualization of training procedure as below:
received 0 items of ancdata
I don't have windows machine with GPU to debug and test it. It's welcome if anyone could make a pull request and test it.
This work builds on many excellent works, which include:
- Yusuke Niitani's ChainerCV (mainly)
- Ruotian Luo's pytorch-faster-rcnn which based on Xinlei Chen's tf-faster-rcnn
- faster-rcnn.pytorch by Jianwei Yang and Jiasen Lu.It mainly refer to longcw's faster_rcnn_pytorch
- All the above Repositories have referred to py-faster-rcnn by Ross Girshick and Sean Bell either directly or indirectly.
Licensed under MIT, see the LICENSE for more detail.
If you encounter any problem, feel free to open an issue, but too busy lately.
Correct me if anything is wrong or unclear.