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'\" t
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.TH SoX 7 "February 1, 2013" "soxformat" "Sound eXchange"
.SH NAME
SoX \- Sound eXchange, the Swiss Army knife of audio manipulation
.SH DESCRIPTION
This manual describes SoX supported file formats and audio device types;
the SoX manual set starts with
.BR sox (1).
.SP
Format types that can SoX can determine by a filename
extension are listed with their names preceded by a dot.
Format types that are optionally built into SoX
are marked `(optional)'.
.SP
Format types that can be handled by an
external library via an optional pseudo file type (currently
.BR sndfile )
are marked e.g. `(also with \fB\-t sndfile\fR)'. This might be
useful if you have a file that doesn't work with SoX's default format
readers and writers, and there's an external reader or writer for that
format.
.SP
To see if SoX has support for an optional format or device, enter
.B sox \-h
and look for its name under the list:
`AUDIO FILE FORMATS' or `AUDIO DEVICE DRIVERS'.
.SS SOX FORMATS & DEVICE DRIVERS
\&\fB.raw\fR (also with \fB\-t sndfile\fR),
\&\fB.f32\fR, \fB.f64\fR,
\&\fB.s8\fR, \fB.s16\fR, \fB.s24\fR, \fB.s32\fR,
.br
\&\fB.u8\fR, \fB.u16\fR, \fB.u24\fR, \fB.u32\fR,
\&\fB.ul\fR, \fB.al\fR, \fB.lu\fR, \fB.la\fR
.if t .sp -.5
.if n .sp -1
.TP
\
Raw (headerless) audio files. For
.BR raw ,
the sample rate and the data encoding must be given using command-line
format options; for the other listed types, the sample rate defaults to
8kHz (but may be overridden), and the data encoding is defined by the
given suffix. Thus \fBf32\fR and \fBf64\fR indicate files encoded as 32
and 64-bit (IEEE single and double precision) floating point PCM
respectively; \fBs8\fR, \fBs16\fR, \fBs24\fR, and \fBs32\fR indicate 8,
16, 24, and 32-bit signed integer PCM respectively; \fBu8\fR, \fBu16\fR,
\fBu24\fR, and \fBu32\fR indicate 8, 16, 24, and 32-bit unsigned integer
PCM respectively; \fBul\fR indicates `\(*m-law' (8-bit), \fBal\fR
indicates `A-law' (8-bit), and \fBlu\fR and \fBla\fR are inverse bit
order `\(*m-law' and inverse bit order `A-law' respectively. For all raw
formats, the number of channels defaults to 1 (but may be overridden).
.SP
Headerless audio files on a SPARC computer are likely to be of format
\fBul\fR; on a Mac, they're likely to be \fBu8\fR but with a
sample rate of 11025 or 22050\ Hz.
.SP
See
.B .ima
and
.B .vox
for raw ADPCM formats, and
.B .cdda
for raw CD digital audio.
.PP
\&\fB.f4\fR, \fB.f8\fR,
\&\fB.s1\fR, \fB.s2\fR, \fB.s3\fR, \fB.s4\fR,
.br
\&\fB.u1\fR, \fB.u2\fR, \fB.u3\fR, \fB.u4\fR,
\&\fB.sb\fR, \fB.sw\fR, \fB.sl\fR, \fB.ub\fR, \fB.uw\fR
.if t .sp -.5
.if n .sp -1
.TP
\
Deprecated aliases for
\fBf32\fR, \fBf64\fR, \fBs8\fR, \fBs16\fR, \fBs24\fR, \fBs32\fR,
.br
\fBu8\fR, \fBu16\fR, \fBu24\fR, \fBu32\fR,
\fBs8\fR, \fBs16\fR, \fBs32\fR, \fBu8\fR, and \fBu16\fR
respectively.
.TP
\&\fB.8svx\fR (also with \fB\-t sndfile\fR)
Amiga 8SVX musical instrument description format.
.TP
\&\fB.aiff\fR, \fB.aif\fR (also with \fB\-t sndfile\fR)
AIFF files as used on old Apple Macs, Apple IIc/IIgs and SGI.
SoX's AIFF support does not include multiple audio chunks,
or the 8SVX musical instrument description format.
AIFF files are multimedia archives and
can have multiple audio and picture chunks\*m
you may need a separate archiver to work with them.
With Mac OS X, AIFF has been superseded by CAF.
.TP
\&\fB.aiffc\fR, \fB.aifc\fR (also with \fB\-t sndfile\fR)
AIFF-C is a format based on AIFF that was created to allow
handling compressed audio. It can also handle little
endian uncompressed linear data that is often referred to
as
.B sowt
encoding. This encoding has also become the defacto format produced by modern
Macs as well as iTunes on any platform. AIFF-C files produced
by other applications typically have the file extension .aif and
require looking at its header to detect the true format.
The
.B sowt
encoding is the only encoding that SoX can handle with this format.
.SP
AIFF-C is defined in DAVIC 1.4 Part 9 Annex B.
This format is referred from ARIB STD-B24, which is specified for
Japanese data broadcasting. Any private chunks are not supported.
.TP
\fBalsa\fR (optional)
Advanced Linux Sound Architecture device driver; supports both playing and
recording audio. ALSA is only used in Linux-based operating systems, though
these often support OSS (see below) as well. Examples:
.EX
sox infile \-t alsa
sox infile \-t alsa default
sox infile \-t alsa plughw:0,0
sox \-b 16 \-t alsa hw:1 outfile
.EE
See also
.BR play (1),
.BR rec (1),
and
.BR sox (1)
.BR \-d .
.TP
.B .amb
Ambisonic B-Format: a specialisation of
.B .wav
with between 3 and 16 channels of audio for use with an Ambisonic decoder.
See http://www.ambisonia.com/Members/mleese/file-format-for-b-format for
details. It is up to the user to get the channels together in the right
order and at the correct amplitude.
.TP
\&\fB.amr\-nb\fR (optional)
Adaptive Multi Rate\*mNarrow Band speech codec; a lossy format used in 3rd
generation mobile telephony and defined in 3GPP TS 26.071 et al.
.SP
AMR-NB audio has a fixed sampling rate of 8 kHz and supports encoding
to the following bit-rates (as selected by the
.B \-C
option): 0 = 4\*d75 kbit/s, 1 = 5\*d15 kbit/s, 2 = 5\*d9 kbit/s, 3 =
6\*d7 kbit/s, 4 = 7\*d4 kbit/s 5 = 7\*d95 kbit/s, 6 = 10\*d2
kbit/s, 7 = 12\*d2 kbit/s.
.TP
\&\fB.amr\-wb\fR (optional)
Adaptive Multi Rate\*mWide Band speech codec; a lossy format used in 3rd
generation mobile telephony and defined in 3GPP TS 26.171 et al.
.SP
AMR-WB audio has a fixed sampling rate of 16 kHz and supports encoding
to the following bit-rates (as selected by the
.B \-C
option): 0 = 6\*d6 kbit/s, 1 = 8\*d85 kbit/s, 2 = 12\*d65 kbit/s, 3 =
14\*d25 kbit/s, 4 = 15\*d85 kbit/s 5 = 18\*d25 kbit/s, 6 = 19\*d85
kbit/s, 7 = 23\*d05 kbit/s, 8 = 23\*d85 kbit/s.
.TP
\fBao\fR (optional)
Xiph.org's Audio Output device driver; works only for playing audio. It
supports a wide range of devices and sound systems\*msee its documentation
for the full range. For the most part, SoX's use of libao cannot be
configured directly; instead, libao configuration files must be used.
.SP
The filename specified is used to determine which libao plugin to
use. Normally, you should specify `default' as the filename. If that
doesn't give the desired behavior then you can specify the short name
for a given plugin (such as \fBpulse\fR for pulse audio plugin).
Examples:
.EX
sox infile \-t ao
sox infile \-t ao default
sox infile \-t ao pulse
.EE
See also
.BR play (1)
and
.BR sox (1)
.BR \-d .
.TP
\&\fB.au\fR, \fB.snd\fR (also with \fB\-t sndfile\fR)
Sun Microsystems AU files.
There are many types of AU file;
DEC has invented its own with a different magic number
and byte order. To write a DEC file, use the
.B \-L
option with the output file options.
.SP
Some .au files are known to have invalid AU headers; these
are probably original Sun \(*m-law 8000\ Hz files and
can be dealt with using the
.B .ul
format (see below).
.SP
It is possible to override AU file header information
with the
.B \-r
and
.B \-c
options, in which case SoX will issue a warning to that effect.
.TP
.B .avr
Audio Visual Research format;
used by a number of commercial packages
on the Mac.
.TP
\&\fB.caf\fR (optional)
Apple's Core Audio File format.
.TP
\&\fB.cdda\fR, \fB.cdr\fR
`Red Book' Compact Disc Digital Audio (raw audio). CDDA has two audio
channels formatted as 16-bit signed integers (big endian)at a sample
rate of 44\*d1\ kHz. The number of (stereo) samples in each CDDA
track is always a multiple of 588.
.TP
\fBcoreaudio\fR (optional)
Mac OSX CoreAudio device driver: supports both playing and recording
audio. If a filename is not specific or if the name is "default" then
the default audio device is selected. Any other name will be used
to select a specific device. The valid names can be seen in the
System Preferences->Sound menu and then under the Output and Input tabs.
Examples:
.EX
sox infile \-t coreaudio
sox infile \-t coreaudio default
sox infile \-t coreaudio "Internal Speakers"
.EE
See also
.BR play (1),
.BR rec (1),
and
.BR sox (1)
.BR \-d .
.TP
\&\fB.cvsd\fR, \fB.cvs\fR
Continuously Variable Slope Delta modulation.
A headerless format used to compress speech audio for applications such as voice mail.
This format is sometimes used with bit-reversed samples\*mthe
.B \-X
format option can be used to set the bit-order.
.TP
\&\fB.cvu\fR
Continuously Variable Slope Delta modulation (unfiltered).
This is an alternative handler for CVSD that is unfiltered but can
be used with any bit-rate. E.g.
.EX
sox infile outfile.cvu rate 28k
play \-r 28k outfile.cvu sinc \-3.4k
.EE
.TP
.B .dat
Text Data files.
These files contain a textual representation of the
sample data. There is one line at the beginning
that contains the sample rate, and one line that
contains the number of channels.
Subsequent lines contain two or more numeric data intems:
the time since the beginning of the first sample and the sample value
for each channel.
.SP
Values are normalized so that the maximum and minimum
are 1 and \-1. This file format can be used to
create data files for external programs such as
FFT analysers or graph routines. SoX can also convert
a file in this format back into one of the other file
formats.
.SP
Example containing only 2 stereo samples of silence:
.SP
.EX
; Sample Rate 8012
; Channels 2
0 0 0
0.00012481278 0 0
.EE
.TP
\&\fB.dvms\fR, \fB.vms\fR
Used in Germany to compress speech audio for voice mail.
A self-describing variant of
.BR cvsd .
.TP
\&\fB.fap\fR (optional)
See
.BR .paf .
.TP
\&\fB.flac\fR (optional; also with \fB\-t sndfile\fR)
Xiph.org's Free Lossless Audio CODEC compressed audio.
FLAC is an open, patent-free CODEC designed for compressing
music. It is similar to MP3 and Ogg Vorbis, but lossless,
meaning that audio is compressed in FLAC without any loss in
quality.
.SP
SoX can read native FLAC files (.flac) but not Ogg FLAC files (.ogg).
[But see
.B .ogg
below for information relating to support for Ogg
Vorbis files.]
.SP
SoX can write native FLAC files according to a given or default
compression level. 8 is the default compression level and gives the
best (but slowest) compression; 0 gives the least (but fastest)
compression. The compression level is selected using the
.B \-C
option [see
.BR sox (1)]
with a whole number from 0 to 8.
.TP
.B .fssd
An alias for the
.B .u8
format.
.TP
.B .gsrt
Grandstream ring-tone files.
Whilst this file format can contain A-Law, \(*m-law, GSM, G.722,
G.723, G.726, G.728, or iLBC encoded audio, SoX supports reading and
writing only A-Law and \(*m-law. E.g.
.EX
sox music.wav \-t gsrt ring.bin
play ring.bin
.EE
.TP
\&\fB.gsm\fR (optional; also with \fB\-t sndfile\fR)
GSM 06.10 Lossy Speech Compression.
A lossy format for compressing speech which is used in the
Global Standard for Mobile telecommunications (GSM). It's good
for its purpose, shrinking audio data size, but it will introduce
lots of noise when a given audio signal is encoded and decoded
multiple times. This format is used by some voice mail applications.
It is rather CPU intensive.
.TP
.B .hcom
Macintosh HCOM files.
These are Mac FSSD files with Huffman compression.
.TP
.B .htk
Single channel 16-bit PCM format used by HTK,
a toolkit for building Hidden Markov Model speech processing tools.
.TP
\&\fB.ircam\fR (also with \fB\-t sndfile\fR)
Another name for
.BR .sf .
.TP
\&\fB.ima\fR (also with \fB\-t sndfile\fR)
A headerless file of IMA ADPCM audio data. IMA ADPCM claims 16-bit precision
packed into only 4 bits, but in fact sounds no better than
.BR .vox .
.TP
\&\fB.lpc\fR, \fB.lpc10\fR
LPC-10 is a compression scheme for speech developed in the United
States. See http://www.arl.wustl.edu/~jaf/lpc/ for details. There is
no associated file format, so SoX's implementation is headerless.
.TP
\&\fB.mat\fR, \fB.mat4\fR, \fB.mat5\fR (optional)
Matlab 4.2/5.0 (respectively GNU Octave 2.0/2.1) format (.mat is the same as .mat4).
.TP
.B .m3u
A
.I playlist
format; contains a list of audio files.
SoX can read, but not write this file format.
See [1] for details of this format.
.TP
.B .maud
An IFF-conforming audio file type, registered by
MS MacroSystem Computer GmbH, published along
with the `Toccata' sound-card on the Amiga.
Allows 8bit linear, 16bit linear, A-Law, \(*m-law
in mono and stereo.
.TP
\&\fB.mp3\fR, \fB.mp2\fR (optional read, optional write)
MP3 compressed audio; MP3 (MPEG Layer 3) is a part of the patent-encumbered
MPEG standards for audio and video compression. It is a lossy
compression format that achieves good compression rates with little
quality loss.
.SP
Because MP3 is patented, SoX cannot be distributed with MP3 support without
incurring the patent holder's fees. Users who require SoX with MP3 support
must currently compile and build SoX with the MP3 libraries (LAME & MAD)
from source code, or, in some cases, obtain pre-built dynamically loadable
libraries.
.SP
When reading MP3 files, up to 28 bits of precision is stored although
only 16 bits is reported to user. This is to allow default behavior
of writing 16 bit output files. A user can specify a higher precision
for the output file to prevent lossing this extra information. MP3
output files will use up to 24 bits of precision while encoding.
.SP
MP3 compression parameters can be selected using SoX's \fB\-C\fR option
as follows
(note that the current syntax is subject to change):
.SP
The primary parameter to the LAME encoder is the bit rate. If the
value of the \fB\-C\fR value is a positive integer, it's taken as
the bitrate in kbps (e.g. if you specify 128, it uses 128 kbps).
.SP
The second most important parameter is probably "quality" (really
performance), which allows balancing encoding speed vs. quality.
In LAME, 0 specifies highest quality but is very slow, while
9 selects poor quality, but is fast. (5 is the default and 2 is
recommended as a good trade-off for high quality encodes.)
.SP
Because the \fB\-C\fR value is a float, the fractional part is used
to select quality. 128.2 selects 128 kbps encoding with a quality
of 2. There is one problem with this approach. We need 128 to specify
128 kbps encoding with default quality, so 0 means use default. Instead
of 0 you have to use .01 (or .99) to specify the highest quality
(128.01 or 128.99).
.SP
LAME uses bitrate to specify a constant bitrate, but higher quality
can be achieved using Variable Bit Rate (VBR). VBR quality (really
size) is selected using a number from 0 to 9. Use a value of 0 for high
quality, larger files, and 9 for smaller files of lower quality. 4 is
the default.
.SP
In order to squeeze the selection of VBR into the the \fB\-C\fR value
float we use negative numbers to select VRR. -4.2 would select default
VBR encoding (size) with high quality (speed). One special case is 0,
which is a valid VBR encoding parameter but not a valid bitrate.
Compression value of 0 is always treated as a high quality vbr, as a
result both -0.2 and 0.2 are treated as highest quality VBR (size) and
high quality (speed).
.SP
See also
.B Ogg Vorbis
for a similar format.
.TP
\&\fB.nist\fR (also with \fB\-t sndfile\fR)
See \fB.sph\fR.
.TP
\&\fB.ogg\fR, \fB.vorbis\fR (optional)
Xiph.org's Ogg Vorbis compressed audio; an open, patent-free CODEC designed
for music and streaming audio. It is a lossy compression format (similar to
MP3, VQF & AAC) that achieves good compression rates with a minimum amount
of quality loss.
.SP
SoX can decode all types of Ogg Vorbis files, and can encode at different
compression levels/qualities given as a number from \-1 (highest
compression/lowest quality) to 10 (lowest compression, highest quality).
By default the encoding quality level is 3 (which gives an encoded rate
of approx. 112kbps), but this can be changed using the
.B \-C
option (see above) with a number from \-1 to 10; fractional numbers (e.g.
3\*d6) are also allowed.
Decoding is somewhat CPU intensive and encoding is very CPU intensive.
.SP
See also
.B .mp3
for a similar format.
.TP
\&\fB.opus\fR (optional)
Xiph.org's Opus compressed audio; an open, lossy, low-latency codec
offering a wide range of compression rates. It uses the Ogg container.
.SP
SoX can only read Opus files, not write them.
.TP
\fBoss\fR (optional)
Open Sound System /dev/dsp device driver; supports both playing and
recording audio. OSS support is available in Unix-like operating systems,
sometimes together with alternative sound systems (such as ALSA). Examples:
.EX
sox infile \-t oss
sox infile \-t oss /dev/dsp
sox \-b 16 \-t oss /dev/dsp outfile
.EE
See also
.BR play (1),
.BR rec (1),
and
.BR sox (1)
.BR \-d .
.TP
\&\fB.paf\fR, \fB.fap\fR (optional)
Ensoniq PARIS file format (big and little-endian respectively).
.TP
.B .pls
A
.I playlist
format; contains a list of audio files.
SoX can read, but not write this file format.
See [2] for details of this format.
.SP
Note: SoX support for SHOUTcast PLS relies on
.BR wget (1)
and is only partially supported: it's necessary to
specify the audio type manually, e.g.
.EX
play \-t mp3 \(dqhttp://a.server/pls?rn=265&file=filename.pls\(dq
.EE
and SoX does not know about alternative servers\*mhit Ctrl-C twice in
quick succession to quit.
.TP
.B .prc
Psion Record. Used in Psion EPOC PDAs (Series 5, Revo and similar) for
System alarms and recordings made by the built-in Record application.
When writing, SoX defaults to A-law, which is recommended; if you must
use ADPCM, then use the \fB\-e ima-adpcm\fR switch. The sound quality is poor
because Psion Record seems to insist on frames of 800 samples or
fewer, so that the ADPCM CODEC has to be reset at every 800 frames,
which causes the sound to glitch every tenth of a second.
.TP
\fBpulseaudio\fR (optional)
PulseAudio driver; supports both playing and recording of audio.
PulseAudio is a cross platform networked sound server.
If a file name is specified with this driver, it is ignored. Examples:
.EX
sox infile \-t pulseaudio
sox infile \-t pulseaudio default
.EE
See also
.BR play (1),
.BR rec (1),
and
.BR sox (1)
.BR \-d .
.TP
\&\fB.pvf\fR (optional)
Portable Voice Format.
.TP
\&\fB.sd2\fR (optional)
Sound Designer 2 format.
.TP
\&\fB.sds\fR (optional)
MIDI Sample Dump Standard.
.TP
\&\fB.sf\fR (also with \fB\-t sndfile\fR)
IRCAM SDIF (Institut de Recherche et Coordination Acoustique/Musique
Sound Description Interchange Format). Used by academic music software
such as the CSound package, and the MixView sound sample editor.
.TP
\&\fB.sln\fR
Asterisk PBX `signed linear' 8khz, 16-bit signed integer, little-endian
raw format.
.TP
\&\fB.sph\fR, \fB.nist\fR (also with \fB\-t sndfile\fR)
SPHERE (SPeech HEader Resources) is a file format defined by NIST
(National Institute of Standards and Technology) and is used with
speech audio. SoX can read these files when they contain
\(*m-law and PCM data. It will ignore any header information that
says the data is compressed using \fIshorten\fR compression and
will treat the data as either \(*m-law or PCM. This will allow SoX
and the command line \fIshorten\fR program to be run together using
pipes to encompasses the data and then pass the result to SoX for processing.
.TP
.B .smp
Turtle Beach SampleVision files.
SMP files are for use with the PC-DOS package SampleVision by Turtle Beach
Softworks. This package is for communication to several MIDI samplers. All
sample rates are supported by the package, although not all are supported by
the samplers themselves. Currently loop points are ignored.
.TP
.B .snd
See
.BR .au ,
.B .sndr
and
.BR .sndt .
.TP
\fBsndfile\fR (optional)
This is a pseudo-type that forces libsndfile to be used. For writing files, the
actual file type is then taken from the output file name; for reading
them, it is deduced from the file.
.TP
\fBsndio\fR (optional)
OpenBSD audio device driver; supports both playing and recording audio.
.EX
sox infile \-t sndio
.EE
See also
.BR play (1),
.BR rec (1),
and
.BR sox (1)
.BR \-d .
.TP
.B .sndr
Sounder files.
An MS-DOS/Windows format from the early '90s.
Sounder files usually have the extension `.SND'.
.TP
.B .sndt
SoundTool files.
An MS-DOS/Windows format from the early '90s.
SoundTool files usually have the extension `.SND'.
.TP
.B .sou
An alias for the
.B .u8
raw format.
.TP
.B .sox
SoX's native uncompressed PCM format, intended for storing (or piping)
audio at intermediate processing points (i.e. between SoX invocations).
It has much in common with the popular WAV, AIFF, and AU uncompressed PCM
formats, but has the following specific characteristics: the PCM samples
are always stored as 32 bit signed integers, the samples are stored (by
default) as `native endian', and the number of samples in the file is
recorded as a 64-bit integer. Comments are also supported.
.SP
See `Special Filenames' in
.BR sox (1)
for examples of using the
.B .sox
format with `pipes'.
.TP
\fBsunau\fR (optional)
Sun /dev/audio device driver; supports both playing and
recording audio. For example:
.EX
sox infile \-t sunau /dev/audio
.EE
or
.EX
sox infile \-t sunau \-e mu-law \-c 1 /dev/audio
.EE
for older sun equipment.
.SP
See also
.BR play (1),
.BR rec (1),
and
.BR sox (1)
.BR \-d .
.TP
.B .txw
Yamaha TX-16W sampler.
A file format from a Yamaha sampling keyboard which wrote IBM-PC
format 3\*d5\(dq floppies. Handles reading of files which do not have
the sample rate field set to one of the expected by looking at some
other bytes in the attack/loop length fields, and defaulting to
33\ kHz if the sample rate is still unknown.
.TP
.B .vms
See
.BR .dvms .
.TP
\&\fB.voc\fR (also with \fB\-t sndfile\fR)
Sound Blaster VOC files.
VOC files are multi-part and contain silence parts, looping, and
different sample rates for different chunks.
On input, the silence parts are filled out, loops are rejected,
and sample data with a new sample rate is rejected.
Silence with a different sample rate is generated appropriately.
On output, silence is not detected, nor are impossible sample rates.
SoX supports reading (but not writing) VOC files with multiple
blocks, and files containing \(*m-law, A-law, and 2/3/4-bit ADPCM samples.
.TP
.B .vorbis
See
.BR .ogg .
.TP
\&\fB.vox\fR (also with \fB\-t sndfile\fR)
A headerless file of Dialogic/OKI ADPCM audio data commonly comes with the
extension .vox. This ADPCM data has 12-bit precision packed into only 4-bits.
.SP
Note: some early Dialogic hardware does not always reset the ADPCM
encoder at the start of each vox file. This can result in clipping
and/or DC offset problems when it comes to decoding the audio. Whilst
little can be done about the clipping, a DC offset can be removed by
passing the decoded audio through a high-pass filter, e.g.:
.EX
sox input.vox output.wav highpass 10
.EE
.TP
\&\fB.w64\fR (optional)
Sonic Foundry's 64-bit RIFF/WAV format.
.TP
\&\fB.wav\fR (also with \fB\-t sndfile\fR)
Microsoft .WAV RIFF files.
This is the native audio file format of Windows, and widely used for uncompressed audio.
.SP
Normally \fB.wav\fR files have all formatting information
in their headers, and so do not need any format options
specified for an input file. If any are, they will
override the file header, and you will be warned to this effect.
You had better know what you are doing! Output format
options will cause a format conversion, and the \fB.wav\fR
will written appropriately.
.SP
SoX can read and write linear PCM, floating point, \(*m-law, A-law, MS ADPCM, and IMA (or DVI) ADPCM encoded samples.
WAV files can also contain audio encoded in many other ways (not currently
supported with SoX) e.g. MP3; in some cases such a file can still be
read by SoX by overriding the file type, e.g.
.EX
play \-t mp3 mp3\-encoded.wav
.EE
Big endian versions of RIFF files, called RIFX, are also supported.
To write a RIFX file, use the
.B \-B
option with the output file options.
.TP
\fBwaveaudio\fR (optional)
MS-Windows native audio device driver. Examples:
.EX
sox infile \-t waveaudio
sox infile \-t waveaudio default
sox infile \-t waveaudio 1
sox infile \-t waveaudio "High Definition Audio Device ("
.EE
If the device name is omitted, \fB-1\fR, or \fBdefault\fR, then you
get the `Microsoft Wave Mapper' device. Wave Mapper means `use the
system default audio devices'. You can control what `default' means
via the OS Control Panel.
.SP
If the device name given is some other number, you get that audio
device by index; so recording with device name \fB0\fR would get the
first input device (perhaps the microphone), \fB1\fR would get the
second (perhaps line in), etc. Playback using \fB0\fR will get the
first output device (usually the only audio device).
.SP
If the device name given is something other than a number, SoX tries
to match it (maximum 31 characters) against the names of the available
devices.
.SP
See also
.BR play (1),
.BR rec (1),
and
.BR sox (1)
.BR \-d .
.TP
.B .wavpcm
A non-standard, but widely used, variant of
.BR .wav .
Some applications cannot read a standard WAV file header for PCM-encoded
data with sample-size greater than 16-bits or with more than two
channels, but can read a non-standard
WAV header. It is likely that such applications will eventually be
updated to support the standard header, but in the mean time, this SoX
format can be used to create files with the non-standard header that
should work with these applications. (Note that SoX will automatically
detect and read WAV files with the non-standard header.)
.SP
The most common use of this file-type is likely to be along the following
lines:
.EX
sox infile.any \-t wavpcm \-e signed-integer outfile.wav
.EE
.TP
\&\fB.wv\fR (optional)
WavPack lossless audio compression. Note that, when converting
.B .wav
to this format and back again,
the RIFF header is not necessarily preserved losslessly (though the audio is).
.TP
\&\fB.wve\fR (also with \fB\-t sndfile\fR)
Psion 8-bit A-law. Used on Psion SIBO PDAs (Series 3 and similar).
This format is deprecated in SoX, but will continue to be used in
libsndfile.
.TP
.B .xa
Maxis XA files.
These are 16-bit ADPCM audio files used by Maxis games. Writing .xa files is
currently not supported, although adding write support should not be very
difficult.
.TP
\&\fB.xi\fR (optional)
Fasttracker 2 Extended Instrument format.
.SH SEE ALSO
.BR sox (1),
.BR soxi (1),
.BR libsox (3),
.BR octave (1),
.BR wget (1)
.SP
The SoX web page at http://sox.sourceforge.net
.br
SoX scripting examples at http://sox.sourceforge.net/Docs/Scripts
.SS References
.TP
[1]
Wikipedia,
.IR "M3U" ,
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/M3U
.TP
[2]
Wikipedia,
.IR "PLS" ,
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PLS_(file_format)
.SH LICENSE
Copyright 1998\-2013 Chris Bagwell and SoX Contributors.
.br
Copyright 1991 Lance Norskog and Sundry Contributors.
.SH AUTHORS
Chris Bagwell (cbagwell@users.sourceforge.net).
Other authors and contributors are listed in the ChangeLog file that
is distributed with the source code.
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