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different ways of doing the same thing
mov ecx, 0xF0F0F0F0
shrd rcx, rcx, 32 ; fill up the rest
mov rcx, 0xF0F0F0F0F0F0F0F0
pcmpeqw mm0, mm0 ; set mm0 to all 0xFFF...
psllw mm0, 8
movq rax, mm0
mov eax, 0xF0F0F0F0
movd mm0, eax
punpcklbw mm0, mm0
mov al, 0xF0
movd mm0, eax
pxor mm1, mm1
pshufb mm0, mm1
vector idioms:
set a vector register to all 0's
pxor xmm0, xmm0
set a vector register to all 1's
pcmpeq[bwd] xmm0, xmm0
extend low {byte,word,dword,qword}-wise pattern to high
punpckl{bw,wd,dq,qdq} xmm0, xmm0
set each {byte,word,dword} to 1
pxor xmm0, xmm0
pcmpeq xmm1, xmm1
psub xmm0, xmm1
set each word to 2^n - 1 (similar version for dwords too)
pcmpeq xmm0, xmm0
psrlw xmm0, 16-n
set each word to -2^n
pcmpeq xmm0, xmm0
psllw xmm0, n
look in Intel Opt. Man. pg 280 ("building blocks") for more
also, see Agner Vol 2, section 13.4
repeatedly doing pshufb on itself to a register effectively amounts to
permuting it, based on itself. This could be interesting if there are
multiple permutation cycles (with different periods) inside the vector
in general, pshufb can compose permutations
to broadcast the lowest byte of xmm0, do
punpcklbw xmm0, xmm0
punpcklbw xmm0, xmm0 ; punpcklwd would work too, but prob be slower
punpcklbw xmm0, xmm0
punpcklbw xmm0, xmm0
or if a scratch register is available:
pxor xmm1, xmm1
pshufb xmm0, xmm1
to propagate the lowest word, do
punpcklwd xmm0, xmm0
punpcklwd xmm0, xmm0
punpcklwd xmm0, xmm0
not really simd, but worth stashing somewhere
use cqo to sign extend rax to rax:rdx useful to create a mask of the sign
bit of rax