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Node.JS MongoDB utility library with ORM-like functionality

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README.md

Mongoose: MongoDB ODM/ORM

The goal of Mongoose is to provide a extremely simple interface for MongoDB.

Features

  • Reduces the burden of dealing with nested callback from async operations.
  • Provides a simple yet rich API.
  • Ability to model your data with custom interfaces.
  • Allows for complex business logic in an async way (see Promises).

Installation

As a submodule of your project (recommended)

git submodule add git://github.com/LearnBoost/mongoose.git {path/to/mongoose} git submodule update --init --recursive

Example paths: support/mongoose, vendor/mongoose.

Cloning the repository (mainly for making changes to mongoose)

git clone git://github.com/LearnBoost/mongoose.git --recursive cd mongoose

With npm

npm install http://github.com/learnboost/mongoose/tree/0.0.2

With Kiwi

kiwi install mongoose

How to use

Setup

Simply require Mongoose:

require.paths.unshift('vendor/mongoose');
var mongoose = require('mongoose').Mongoose;

Defining a model

mongoose.model('User', {

    properties: ['first', 'last', 'age', 'updated_at'],

    cast: {
      age: Number,
      'nested.path': String
    },

    indexes: ['first'],

    setters: {
        first: function(v){
            return this.v.capitalize();
        }
    },

    getters: {
        full_name: function(){ 
            return this.first + ' ' + this.last 
        }
    },

    methods: {
        save: function(fn){
            this.updated_at = new Date();
            this.__super__(fn);
        }
    },

    static: {
        findOldPeople: function(){
            return this.find({age: { '$gt': 70 }});
        }
    }

});

Getting a model

Models are pseudo-classes that depend on an active connection. To connect:

var db = mongoose.connect('mongodb://localhost/db');

To get a model:

var User = db.model('User');

To create a new instance (document)

var u = new User();
u.name = 'John';
u.save(function(){
    sys.puts('Saved!');
});

To fetch some stuff

User.find({ name: 'john' }).all(function(array){

});

Operating on embedded objects

Embedded objects are hydrated like model instances. Assume a MongoDB document like this stored in a variable user

{
    name: 'John',
    blogposts: [
        {
            title: 'Hi',
            body: 'Hi there'
        }
    ]
}

To add a blogpost:

user.blogposts.push({ title: 'New post', body: 'The body' });
user.save();

To remove an existing one:

user.blogposts[0] = null;
user.save();

API

mongoose

Methods

  • model(name, definition)

    • definition determines how the class will be constructed. It's composed of the following keys. All of them are optional:

      • collection

        Optionally, the MongoDB collection name. Defaults to the model name in lowercase and plural. Does not need to be created in advance.

      • properties

        Defines the properties for how you structure the model.

        To define simple keys:

        properties: [ 'name', 'last' ]
        

        To define arrays:

        properties: [ 'name', {'tags': []} ]
        

        To define nested objects:

        properties: [ 'name', {contact: ['email', 'phone', ...]} ]
        

        To define array of embedded objects:

        properties: [ 'name', {blogposts: [['title', 'body', ...]]} ]

        _id is added automatically for all models.

      • getters

        Defines getters (can be nested). If the getter matches an existing property, the existing value will be passed as the first argument.

      • setters

        Defines setters (can be nested). If the setter matches an existing property, the return value will be set.

      • cast

        Defines type casting. By default, all properties beginning with _ are cast to ObjectID. (note: Casting an Array will cast all items in the Array. Currently, Arrays cast when 'save' is called.)

      • indexes

        An array of indexes.

        Simple indexes: ['name', 'last']

        Compound indexes: [{ name: 1, last: 1 }, ...]

        Indexes with options: ['simple', [{ name: 1 }, {unique: true}]]

        Notice that the objects that you pass are equivalent to those that you would pass to ensureIndex in MongoDB.

      • methods

        Methods that are added to the prototype of the model, or methods that override existing ones. For example save (you can call __super__ to access the parent)

      • static

        Static methods that are not instance-dependent (eg: findByAge())

Model

These are methods and properties that all model instances already include:

Properties

  • isNew

    Whether the instance exists as a document or the db (false), or hasn't been saved down before (true)

Methods

Note: if you override any of these by including them in the methods object of the model definition, the method is inherited and you can call super to access the parent.

  • save(fn)

    Saves down the document and fires the callback.

  • remove(fn)

    Removes the document and fires the callback.

Model (static)

These are the methods that can be accessed statically, and affect the collection as a whole.

  • find(props, subset, hydrate)

    Returns an instance of QueryWriter

    • props

      Optional, calls the QueryWriter where on each key/value. find({username: 'john'}) is equivalent to:

      model.find().where('username', 'john');
      
    • subset

      Optional, a subset of fields to retrieve. More information on MongoDB Docs

    • hydrate

      Possible values:

      - `true`. Returns a model instance (default)
      - `null`. Returns a plain object that is augmented to match the missing properties defined in the model.
      - `false`. Returns the object as it's retrieved from MongoDB.
      
  • findById(id, fn, hydrate)

    Returns an instance of QueryWriter

    • id

      Document id (hex or string allowed)

    • fn

      Optional callback. Called on success.

    • hydrate

      Same as above

  • update(id, doc, fn)

    Sets/updates only the properties of the passed document for the specified object id

    • id

      Document id (hex or string allowed)

    • fn (doc)

      Optional callback. Called on Success. Doc paramter will contain the hyrdrated document from the DB after the update.

    • hydrate

      Same as above

  • remove(where, fn)

    Executes the query (and triggers a remove of the matched documents)

    • where

      Valid where clause.

    • fn

      Optional callback. Called on success.

EmbeddedObject

Methods

  • remove

    Marks the embeded object for deletion

QueryWriter

QueryWriter allows you to construct queries with very simple syntax. All its methods return the QueryWriter instance, which means they're chainable.

Methods

Executers

These methods execute the query and return a QueryPromise.

  • exec

    Executes the query.

  • count

    Executes the query (and triggers a count)

    In addition, for the sake of simplicity, all the promise methods (see "Queueable methods") are mirrored in the QueryWriter and trigger .exec(). Then, the following two are equivalent:

    User.find({username: 'john'}).all(fn)
    

    and:

    User.find({username: 'john'}).exec().all(fn)
    
Modifiers
  • where

  • sort

  • limit

  • skip

  • snapshot

  • group

QueryPromise

A promise is a special object that acts as a queue if MongoDB has not resulted the results, and executes the methods you call on it once the results are available.

For example

User.find({ age: { '$gt': 5 } }).first(function(result){
    // gets first result
}).last(function(result){
    // gets last result
});

Methods

  • stash(fn)

    Stashes all the current queued methods, which will be called when complete is called. Methods that are queued after stash is called will only fire after complete is called again.

  • complete(result)

    Completes the promise. The result parameter is optional. It's either null or an array of documents. (internal use)

Queueable Methods

You can call all of these in a row, but the callbacks will only trigger when complete is called

  • all(fn)

    Fires with all the results as an array, or an empty array.

  • get(fn)

    Synonym to all

  • last(fn)

    Fires with the last document or null

  • first(fn)

    Fires with the first document of the resulset or null if no documents are returned

  • one(fn)

    Synonym to first

Credits

Nathan White <nathan@learnboost.com>

Guillermo Rauch <guillermo@learnboost.com>

License

(The MIT License)

Copyright (c) 2010 LearnBoost <dev@learnboost.com>

Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the 'Software'), to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:

The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.

THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED 'AS IS', WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.

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