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README.md

LabJack-nodejs

'LabJack-nodejs' makes LabJack's LJM library available for node.js. The library uses ffi to link to the LabJackLJM.dll or appropriate .dynlib file that must be installed with one of LabJack's installers. Currently, they are available for Windows, Mac OS X, Linux 32-bit & 64-bit, and a few builds for ARMv6 and ARMV7 architectures.

This library exposes the LJM driver slightly different than our standard LJM Library wrappers because it was created primarily for use in Kipling. If this library were to be re-written it would be split into two modules, one that directly exposes the LJM Library functions, and another that performs some of the abstractions. A breif summary of how this library exposes the LJM Library:

  • Created two different objects, device.js and driver.js, that can be imported individually.
  • Was created to function much like the LabJack Python driver for LabJack UD devices.
  • For more information about what each function does, please look at the LabJackM.h file that can be downloaded & installed from LabJacks Software & Driver page.

Currently this wrapper only supports the T7, T7-Pro, Digit-TL, andDigit-TLH LabJack devices. (Which are low cost, high-quality, multifunction USB / Ethernet / 802.11b/g Wifi DAQ devices.) Devices using the UD library (Windows only) aka U3, U6, and UE9 are not supported. Additionally, the U12 is not supported.

Notes:

If you are trying to perform device IO, consider looking at the ljswitchboard-ljm_device_curator project. It makes several more device abstractions and wraps this library in a promise interface. If you are trying to scan for devices consider using the ljswitchboard-device_scanner module.

Requirements

  • LabJack's LJM Library.
  • Ability to build native modules, for windows this requires visual studio.
  • Look at the ffi library for more requirements.
  • Look at the node-gyp installation notes for various requirements.
  • Also look at the ref library as it too is a native module.

Installation

Make sure that node-ffi and ref can be installed, it may be wise to create a dummy project and invoke:

$ npm install ffi

before trying to install LabJack-nodejs. Once you can do that simply install via npm:

$ npm install labjack-nodejs

Installation notes for windows:

Make sure that node-gyp is properlly installed. Peforming the standard npm install command will fail on windows. It will hopefully complain about not having proper "TargetFrameworkVersion or PlatformToolset variables not being set. If this is true, set them: "npm install --msvs_version=2012" or 2013.

This hint came from someone building couchbase

General Information (Async vs sync function calls)

This driver wrapper was created supporting both synchronous and asynchronous function calls to support both functional and object-oriented programing styles. The general format is shown below:

//Synchronous syntax:
var result = exampleFunctionSync(arg1);

//Asynchronous syntax (requiring function callbacks):
exampleFunction(
    arg1,
    function(err) {
        console.log('error', err);
    },
    function(result) {
        console.log('success', result);
    }
);

Basic Usage (Hello World, reading an analog input):

//Require LabJack-nodejs
var ljn = require('labjack-nodejs');

//Device object (to control a LabJack device)c
var createDeviceObject = ljn.getDevice();

//Device object (to control a LabJack device)
var device = new createDeviceObject();

// Open a device
device.openSync();

// Read an analog input
console.log('AIN0:', device.readSync('AIN0'));

// Close the device
device.closeSync();

Available functions in the labjack-nodejs library:

After creating a labjack-nodejs library reference:

var ljn = require('labjack-nodejs');

you get access to several attributes, the two most important ones are:

  • ljn.device()
  • ljn.getDevice()
  • ljn.getDeviceRef()
  • ljn.driver()
  • ljn.getDriver()

Look at the lib/labjack_nodejs.js file for what gets exported. There are a few subtile differences between the functions in terms of creating new objects.

In general, LJM functions that require the passing of a device handle are implemented in the device object. Functions that are device-agnostic are implemented in the driver object.

Available Functions in the device object (device.js):

After creating a device object:

var device = new createDeviceObject();

several functions are made available:

Device Opening/Closing

  • open/openSync
  • close/closeSync
  • getHandleInfo/getHandleInfoSync

Reading:

  • readRaw/readRawSync
  • read/readSync
  • readArray/readArraySync
  • readMany/readManySync

Writing:

  • writeRaw/writeRawSync
  • write/writeSync
  • writeArray/writeArraySync
  • writeMany/writeManySync

Both Directions:

  • rwMany/rwManySync

Special/Streaming

  • readUINT64/readUINT64Sync
  • streamSettings
  • streamStart/streamStartSync
  • streamRead/streamReadSync
  • streamStop/streamStopSync

open():

Uses LJM_Open and LJM_OpenS

device.openSync(); //opens the first found labjack device, LJM_OpenS('LJM_dtANY', 'LJM_ctANY', 'LJM_idANY')
device.openSync('LJM_dtANY', 'LJM_ctANY', 'LJM_idANY'); //Connect to first-found device
device.openSync('LJM_dtT7', 'LJM_USB', '470010642'); //Connect to T7 w/ serial number 470010642 connected via USB
device.openSync('LJM_dtT7', 'LJM_ETHERNET', '470010642'); //Connect to T7 w/ serial number 470010642 connected via ETHERNET
device.openSync('LJM_dtT7', 'LJM_WIFI', '470010642'); //Connect to T7 w/ serial number 470010642 connected via WIFI
device.openSync(7, 1, 470010642); //Connect to T7 w/ serial number 470010642 connected via USB

//example with callback:
var onSuccess = function(result) {
    //Code
}
var onError = function(error) {
    //Code
}
//Connect to first-found device w/ callbacks
device.open(
    'LJM_dtANY',
    'LJM_ctANY',
    'LJM_idANY',
    onError, 
    onSuccess
);

getHandleInfo():

Uses LJM_GetHandleInfo

devInfo = device.getHandleInfoSync(); //return the handle info in a dict:
//devInfo is a dictionary with attributes: deviceType, connectionType, serialNumber, ipAddress, port, maxBytesPerMB
devInfo.deviceType; //The device type (7 for T7s)
devInfo.connectionType; //The connection type, 1(USB), 3(ETHERNET), 4(WIFI)
devInfo.serialNumber; //The serial number of the open device
devInfo.ipAddress; //IP address string for the open device
devInfo.port;
devInfo.maxBytesPerMB;

readRaw(data array):

Uses LJM_ReadRaw

read(address 'number' or 'string'):

Uses LJM_eReadAddress, LJM_eReadName, LJM_eReadNameString, and LJM_eReadAddressString.

value = device.readSync('AIN0'); //returns the AIN0 channel reading
value = device.readSync(0); //returns the AIN0 channel reading
value = device.readSync('DEVICE_NAME_DEFAULT'); //returns the name of the device

//example with callback:
value = device.read(
    'AIN0',
    function (res) {
        console.log('err:', res);
    },
    function (res) {
        console.log('ain0Reading:', res);
    }
);

readMany(addresses 'number' or 'string' array):

Uses LJM_eReadAddresses and LJM_eReadNames

value = device.readManySync(['AIN0', 'AIN1']); //returns an array with AIN0 and AIN1 readings
value = device.readManySync([0, 1]); //returns an array with AIN0 and AIN1 readings

writeRaw(data array):

Uses LJM_WriteRaw

write(address 'number' or 'string', value 'number' or 'string'):

Uses LJM_eWriteAddress, LJM_eWriteName, LJM_eWriteAddressString, and LJM_eWriteNameString

errRes = device.writeSync('DAC0', 1.0); //instructs the T7 to set DAC0 analog output to 1V, returns an error number
errRes = device.writeSync(1000, 1.0); //instructs the T7 to set DAC0 analog output to 1V, returns an error number
value = device.writeSync('DEVICE_NAME_DEFAULT', 'NewDeviceName'); //writes a new device name to the device

//example with callback:
errRes = device.write(
    'DAC0',
    1.0,
    function (res) {
        console.log('err:', res);
    }, 
    function (res) {
        console.log('SUCCESS');
    });

writeMany(addresses array 'number' or 'string', values array 'number' or 'string')

writeMany(dict array {addr, vals}):

Uses LJM_eWriteAddresses LJM_eWriteNames

//Two Arrays
//using two separate arrays, one for addresses to write to and one of values
errRes = device.writeManySync(['DAC0', 'DAC1'], [1.0, 2.0]);
errRes = device.writeManySync([1000, 1002], [1.0, 2.0]);

close():

Uses LJM_Close

errRes = device.closeSync();

//example with callback:
device.close(
    function(res){
        console.log('Err:', res);
    },
    function(res){
        console.log('closed!');
    });

All Relevant 'libLabJackM' Functions:

  • LJM_Open
  • LJM_OpenS
  • LJM_GetHandleInfo
  • LJM_ResetConnection
  • LJM_Close
  • LJM_WriteRaw (NOT TESTED)
  • LJM_ReadRaw (NOT TESTED)
  • LJM_eWriteAddress
  • LJM_eReadAddress
  • LJM_eWriteName
  • LJM_eReadName
  • LJM_eReadAddresses
  • LJM_eReadNames
  • LJM_eWriteAddresses
  • LJM_eWriteNames
  • LJM_eAddresses
  • LJM_eNames
  • LJM_eStreamStart
  • LJM_eStreamRead
  • LJM_eStreamStop
  • LJM_eReadString
  • LJM_eWriteString

LJM_Driver (driver.js)

JavaScript wrapper for the rest of the LJM_Driver functions.

//Require LabJack-nodejs
var ljn = require('labjack-nodejs');

//Driver Object (to gain access to more general driver-related features)
var driver = ljn.driver();

Available Functions & what they use:

  • listAll/listAllSync
  • listAllExtended/listAllExtendedSync
  • errToStr/errToStrSync
  • loadConstants/loadConstantsSync
  • closeAll/closeAllSync
  • readLibrary/readLibrarySync
  • readLibraryS/readLibrarySSync
  • writeLibrary/writeLibrarySync
  • log/logSync
  • logS/logSSync
  • resetLog/resetLogSync
  • controlLog/controlLogSync
  • enableLog/enableLogSync
  • disableLog/disableLogSync

listAll(deviceType 'number' or 'string', connectionType 'number' or 'string'):

Uses LJM_ListAll and LJM_ListAllS

foundDevices = ljmDriver.listAllSync(); //find all T7s
foundDevices = ljmDriver.listAllSync('LJM_dtANY', 'LJM_ctANY'); //find all T7s
foundDevices = ljmDriver.listAllSync('LJM_dtT7', 'LJM_ctUSB'); //find all T7s connected via USB
foundDevices = ljmDriver.listAllSync(7, 1); //find all T7s connected via USB


//using callback functions
ljmDriver.listAll(
    function (err) {
        console.log('Error', err);
    }, 
    function (foundDevices) {
        console.log('Devices Found:');
        console.log(foundDevices);
    }
);

//Both methods return an array of dicts, ex:
//foundDevices.length is the number of devices found
//foundDevices[0].deviceType is a number
//foundDevices[0].connectionType is a number
//foundDevices[0].serialNumber is a number
//foundDevices[0].ipAddress is a string

errToStr(errorNumber):

Uses LJM_ErrorToString, converts an error number to a human-readable string-error. The errors can be found in the ljm_constants.json file.

console.log(ljmDriver.errToStrSync(0)); //returns the string 'Num 0, LJ_SUCCESS'
console.log(ljmDriver.errToStrSync(200)); //returns the string 'Num 200, LJME_WARNINGS_BEGIN'
console.log(ljmDriver.errToStrSync(1268)); //returns the string 'Num 1268, LJME_INVALID_INDEX'

loadConstants():

Uses LJM_LoadConstants

closeAll():

Uses LJM_CloseAll

readLibrary('string' parameter):

Uses LJM_ReadLibraryConfigS, helpful for using LJM's logging features

readLibraryS('string' parameter):

Uses LJM_ReadLibraryConfigStringS, helpful for using LJM's logging features

writeLibrary('string' parameter, value either 'number' or 'string'):

Uses LJM_WriteLibraryConfigS and LJM_WriteLibraryConfigStringS, helpful for using LJM's logging features

logS('number' logLevel, 'string' message to log):

Uses LJM_Log

resetLog():

Uses LJM_ResetLog

All Relevant 'libLabJackM' Functions:

  • LJM_AddressesToMBFB
  • LJM_MBFBComm
  • LJM_UpdateValues
  • LJM_NamesToAddresses
  • LJM_AddressesToTypes
  • LJM_AddressToType
  • LJM_ListAll
  • LJM_ListAllS
  • LJM_ErrorToString
  • LJM_LoadConstants
  • LJM_CloseAll
  • LJM_WriteLibraryConfigS
  • LJM_WriteLibraryConfigStringS
  • LJM_ReadLibraryConfigS
  • LJM_ReadLibraryConfigStringS
  • LJM_Log
  • LJM_ResetLog
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