Skip to content
An rxjs message broker for WebRTC DataChannels, WebSockets and WebWorkers.
Branch: master
Clone or download
Fetching latest commit…
Cannot retrieve the latest commit at this time.
Type Name Latest commit message Commit time
Failed to load latest commit information.


An rxjs message broker for WebRTC DataChannels, WebSockets and WebWorkers.

tests dependencies version

This module is using the power of RxJS to wrap WebSockets or WebRTC DataChannels. It returns a Subject which can be used with all the operators RxJS provides, but does also have some special functionality.


To install rxjs-broker via npm you can execute the following command.

npm install rxjs-broker

rxjs-broker does provide two utility functions: connect() and wrap(). If you're using ES2015 modules you can import them like that.

import { connect, wrap } from 'rxjs-broker';

connect(url: string): WebSocketSubject

The connect() method takes an URL as parameter and returns a WebSocketSubject which extends the AnonymousSubject provided by RxJS. It also implements the IRemoteSubject interface which adds two additional methods. It gets explained in more detail below.

const webSocketSubject = connect('wss://');

wrap(dataChannel: DataChannel): DataChannelSubject

The wrap() method can be used to turn a WebRTC DataChannel into a DataChannelSubject which does also extend the AnonymousSubject and implements the IRemoteSubject interface.

// Let's image a variable called dataChannel containing a WebRTC DataChannel exists
const dataChannelSubject = wrap(dataChannel);


As mentioned above the IRemoteSubject interface is used to describe the common behavior of the DataChannelSubject and the WebSocketSubject. In TypeScript it looks like this:

interface IRemoteSubject<T> {

    close (): void;

    send (message: T): Promise<void>;



The close() method is meant to close the underlying WebSocket.

send(message): Promise

The send() method is basically a supercharged version of next(). It will stringify a given JSON message before sending it and returns a Promise which resolves when the message is actually on it's way.

mask(mask, maskableSubject): IRemoteSubject

rxjs-broker does also provide another standalone function called mask(). It can be imported like that.

import { mask } from 'rxjs-broker';

The mask() method takes a JSON object which gets used to extract incoming data and two enhance outgoing data. If there is for example a DataChannel which receives two types of message: control messages and measurement messages. They might look somehow like this:

    "type": "control",
    "message": {
        "heating": "off"
    "type": "measurement",
    "message": {
        "temperature": "30°"

In case you are not interested in the messages of type control and only want to receive and send messages of type measurement, you can use mask() to achieve exactly that.

const maskedSubject = mask({ type: 'measurement' }, dataChannelSubject);

// Will receive unwrapped messages like { temperature: '30°' }.
maskedSubject.subscribe((message) => {
    // ...

When you call next() or send() on the returned IRemoteSubject it also wraps the message with the provided mask. Considering the example introduced above, the usage of the send() method will look like this:

const maskedSubject = mask({ type: 'measurement' }, dataChannelSubject);

// Will send wrapped messages like { type: 'measurement', message: { temperature: '30°' } }.
maskedSubject.send({ temperature: '30°' });
You can’t perform that action at this time.