Skip to content


Repository files navigation


CloudFlair is a tool to find origin servers of websites protected by CloudFlare (or CloudFront) which are publicly exposed and don't appropriately restrict network access to the relevant CDN IP ranges.

The tool uses Internet-wide scan data from Censys to find exposed IPv4 hosts presenting an SSL certificate associated with the target's domain name. API keys are required and can be retrieved from your Censys account.

For more detail about this common misconfiguration and how CloudFlair works, refer to the companion blog post at

Here's what CloudFlair looks like in action.

$ python

[*] The target appears to be behind CloudFlare.
[*] Looking for certificates matching "" using Censys
[*] 75 certificates matching "" found.
[*] Looking for IPv4 hosts presenting these certificates...
[*] 10 IPv4 hosts presenting a certificate issued to "" were found.

[*] Retrieving target homepage at

[*] Testing candidate origin servers
        responded with an unexpected HTTP status code 404
        timed out after 3 seconds

[*] Found 2 likely origin servers of!
  - (HTML content identical to
  - (HTML content identical to

(The IP addresses in this example have been obfuscated and replaced by randomly generated IPs)


  1. Register an account (free) on
  2. Browse to, and set two environment variables with your API ID and API secret
$ export CENSYS_API_ID=...
$ export CENSYS_API_SECRET=...
  1. Clone the repository
$ git clone
  1. Create a virtual env and install the dependencies
cd CloudFlair
python3 -m venv venv
source venv/bin/activate
pip install -r requirements.txt
  1. Run CloudFlair (see Usage below for more detail)

or for CloudFront

python --cloudfront


$ python --help

usage: [-h] [-o OUTPUT_FILE] [--censys-api-id CENSYS_API_ID] [--censys-api-secret CENSYS_API_SECRET] [--cloudfront] domain

positional arguments:
  domain                The domain to scan

  -h, --help            show this help message and exit
                        A file to output likely origin servers to (default: None)
  --censys-api-id CENSYS_API_ID
                        Censys API ID. Can also be defined using the CENSYS_API_ID environment variable (default: None)
  --censys-api-secret CENSYS_API_SECRET
                        Censys API secret. Can also be defined using the CENSYS_API_SECRET environment variable (default: None)
  --cloudfront          Check Cloudfront instead of CloudFlare. (default: False)

Docker image

A lightweight Docker image of CloudFlair (christophetd/cloudflair) is provided. A scan can easily be instantiated using the following command.

$ docker run --rm -e CENSYS_API_ID=your-id -e CENSYS_API_SECRET=your-secret christophetd/cloudflair

You can also create a file containing the definition of the environment variables, and use the Docker--env-file option.

$ cat censys.env

$ docker run --rm --env-file=censys.env christophetd/cloudflair


Tested on Python 3.6. Feel free to open an issue if you have bug reports or questions.