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#include "asm.h"
# Start the first CPU: switch to 32-bit protected mode, jump into C.
# The BIOS loads this code from the first sector of the hard disk into
# memory at physical address 0x7c00 and starts executing in real mode
# with %cs=0 %ip=7c00.
.set PROT_MODE_CSEG, 0x8 # kernel code segment selector
.set PROT_MODE_DSEG, 0x10 # kernel data segment selector
.set CR0_PE_ON, 0x1 # protected mode enable flag
.globl start
start:
.code16 # Assemble for 16-bit mode
cli # Disable interrupts
cld # String operations increment
# Set up the important data segment registers (DS, ES, SS).
xorw %ax,%ax # Segment number zero
movw %ax,%ds # -> Data Segment
movw %ax,%es # -> Extra Segment
movw %ax,%ss # -> Stack Segment
# Enable A20:
# For backwards compatibility with the earliest PCs, physical
# address line 20 is tied low, so that addresses higher than
# 1MB wrap around to zero by default. This code undoes this.
seta20.1:
inb $0x64,%al # Wait for not busy
testb $0x2,%al
jnz seta20.1
movb $0xd1,%al # 0xd1 -> port 0x64
outb %al,$0x64
seta20.2:
inb $0x64,%al # Wait for not busy
testb $0x2,%al
jnz seta20.2
movb $0xdf,%al # 0xdf -> port 0x60
outb %al,$0x60
# Switch from real to protected mode, using a bootstrap GDT
# and segment translation that makes virtual addresses
# identical to physical addresses, so that the
# effective memory map does not change during the switch.
lgdt gdtdesc
movl %cr0, %eax
orl $CR0_PE_ON, %eax
movl %eax, %cr0
# Jump to next instruction, but in 32-bit code segment.
# Switches processor into 32-bit mode.
ljmp $PROT_MODE_CSEG, $protcseg
.code32 # Assemble for 32-bit mode
protcseg:
# Set up the protected-mode data segment registers
movw $PROT_MODE_DSEG, %ax # Our data segment selector
movw %ax, %ds # -> DS: Data Segment
movw %ax, %es # -> ES: Extra Segment
movw %ax, %fs # -> FS
movw %ax, %gs # -> GS
movw %ax, %ss # -> SS: Stack Segment
# Set up the stack pointer and call into C.
movl $start, %esp
call bootmain
# If bootmain returns (it shouldn't), loop.
spin:
jmp spin
# Bootstrap GDT
.p2align 2 # force 4 byte alignment
gdt:
SEG_NULLASM # null seg
SEG_ASM(STA_X|STA_R, 0x0, 0xffffffff) # code seg
SEG_ASM(STA_W, 0x0, 0xffffffff) # data seg
gdtdesc:
.word 0x17 # sizeof(gdt) - 1
.long gdt # address gdt
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