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/* mg.c
*
* Copyright (C) 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000,
* 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008 by Larry Wall and others
*
* You may distribute under the terms of either the GNU General Public
* License or the Artistic License, as specified in the README file.
*
*/
/*
* Sam sat on the ground and put his head in his hands. 'I wish I had never
* come here, and I don't want to see no more magic,' he said, and fell silent.
*
* [p.363 of _The Lord of the Rings_, II/vii: "The Mirror of Galadriel"]
*/
/*
=head1 Magical Functions
"Magic" is special data attached to SV structures in order to give them
"magical" properties. When any Perl code tries to read from, or assign to,
an SV marked as magical, it calls the 'get' or 'set' function associated
with that SV's magic. A get is called prior to reading an SV, in order to
give it a chance to update its internal value (get on $. writes the line
number of the last read filehandle into to the SV's IV slot), while
set is called after an SV has been written to, in order to allow it to make
use of its changed value (set on $/ copies the SV's new value to the
PL_rs global variable).
Magic is implemented as a linked list of MAGIC structures attached to the
SV. Each MAGIC struct holds the type of the magic, a pointer to an array
of functions that implement the get(), set(), length() etc functions,
plus space for some flags and pointers. For example, a tied variable has
a MAGIC structure that contains a pointer to the object associated with the
tie.
*/
#include "EXTERN.h"
#define PERL_IN_MG_C
#include "perl.h"
#if defined(HAS_GETGROUPS) || defined(HAS_SETGROUPS)
# ifdef I_GRP
# include <grp.h>
# endif
#endif
#if defined(HAS_SETGROUPS)
# ifndef NGROUPS
# define NGROUPS 32
# endif
#endif
#ifdef __hpux
# include <sys/pstat.h>
#endif
#if defined(HAS_SIGACTION) && defined(SA_SIGINFO)
Signal_t Perl_csighandler(int sig, siginfo_t *, void *);
#else
Signal_t Perl_csighandler(int sig);
#endif
#ifdef __Lynx__
/* Missing protos on LynxOS */
void setruid(uid_t id);
void seteuid(uid_t id);
void setrgid(uid_t id);
void setegid(uid_t id);
#endif
/*
* Use the "DESTRUCTOR" scope cleanup to reinstate magic.
*/
struct magic_state {
SV* mgs_sv;
U32 mgs_flags;
I32 mgs_ss_ix;
};
/* MGS is typedef'ed to struct magic_state in perl.h */
STATIC void
S_save_magic(pTHX_ I32 mgs_ix, SV *sv)
{
dVAR;
MGS* mgs;
PERL_ARGS_ASSERT_SAVE_MAGIC;
assert(SvMAGICAL(sv));
/* Turning READONLY off for a copy-on-write scalar (including shared
hash keys) is a bad idea. */
if (SvIsCOW(sv))
sv_force_normal_flags(sv, 0);
SAVEDESTRUCTOR_X(S_restore_magic, INT2PTR(void*, (IV)mgs_ix));
mgs = SSPTR(mgs_ix, MGS*);
mgs->mgs_sv = sv;
mgs->mgs_flags = SvMAGICAL(sv) | SvREADONLY(sv);
mgs->mgs_ss_ix = PL_savestack_ix; /* points after the saved destructor */
SvMAGICAL_off(sv);
SvREADONLY_off(sv);
if (!(SvFLAGS(sv) & (SVf_IOK|SVf_NOK|SVf_POK))) {
/* No public flags are set, so promote any private flags to public. */
SvFLAGS(sv) |= (SvFLAGS(sv) & (SVp_IOK|SVp_NOK|SVp_POK)) >> PRIVSHIFT;
}
}
/*
=for apidoc mg_magical
Turns on the magical status of an SV. See C<sv_magic>.
=cut
*/
void
Perl_mg_magical(pTHX_ SV *sv)
{
const MAGIC* mg;
PERL_ARGS_ASSERT_MG_MAGICAL;
PERL_UNUSED_CONTEXT;
if ((mg = SvMAGIC(sv))) {
SvRMAGICAL_off(sv);
do {
const MGVTBL* const vtbl = mg->mg_virtual;
if (vtbl) {
if (vtbl->svt_get && !(mg->mg_flags & MGf_GSKIP))
SvGMAGICAL_on(sv);
if (vtbl->svt_set)
SvSMAGICAL_on(sv);
if (vtbl->svt_clear)
SvRMAGICAL_on(sv);
}
} while ((mg = mg->mg_moremagic));
if (!(SvFLAGS(sv) & (SVs_GMG|SVs_SMG)))
SvRMAGICAL_on(sv);
}
}
/* is this container magic (%ENV, $1 etc), or value magic (pos, taint etc)? */
STATIC bool
S_is_container_magic(const MAGIC *mg)
{
assert(mg);
switch (mg->mg_type) {
case PERL_MAGIC_bm:
case PERL_MAGIC_fm:
case PERL_MAGIC_regex_global:
case PERL_MAGIC_nkeys:
#ifdef USE_LOCALE_COLLATE
case PERL_MAGIC_collxfrm:
#endif
case PERL_MAGIC_qr:
case PERL_MAGIC_taint:
case PERL_MAGIC_vec:
case PERL_MAGIC_vstring:
case PERL_MAGIC_utf8:
case PERL_MAGIC_substr:
case PERL_MAGIC_defelem:
case PERL_MAGIC_arylen:
case PERL_MAGIC_pos:
case PERL_MAGIC_backref:
case PERL_MAGIC_arylen_p:
case PERL_MAGIC_rhash:
case PERL_MAGIC_symtab:
return 0;
default:
return 1;
}
}
/*
=for apidoc mg_get
Do magic after a value is retrieved from the SV. See C<sv_magic>.
=cut
*/
int
Perl_mg_get(pTHX_ SV *sv)
{
dVAR;
const I32 mgs_ix = SSNEW(sizeof(MGS));
const bool was_temp = (bool)SvTEMP(sv);
int have_new = 0;
MAGIC *newmg, *head, *cur, *mg;
/* guard against sv having being freed midway by holding a private
reference. */
PERL_ARGS_ASSERT_MG_GET;
/* sv_2mortal has this side effect of turning on the TEMP flag, which can
cause the SV's buffer to get stolen (and maybe other stuff).
So restore it.
*/
sv_2mortal(SvREFCNT_inc_simple_NN(sv));
if (!was_temp) {
SvTEMP_off(sv);
}
save_magic(mgs_ix, sv);
/* We must call svt_get(sv, mg) for each valid entry in the linked
list of magic. svt_get() may delete the current entry, add new
magic to the head of the list, or upgrade the SV. AMS 20010810 */
newmg = cur = head = mg = SvMAGIC(sv);
while (mg) {
const MGVTBL * const vtbl = mg->mg_virtual;
if (!(mg->mg_flags & MGf_GSKIP) && vtbl && vtbl->svt_get) {
CALL_FPTR(vtbl->svt_get)(aTHX_ sv, mg);
/* guard against magic having been deleted - eg FETCH calling
* untie */
if (!SvMAGIC(sv))
break;
/* Don't restore the flags for this entry if it was deleted. */
if (mg->mg_flags & MGf_GSKIP)
(SSPTR(mgs_ix, MGS *))->mgs_flags = 0;
}
mg = mg->mg_moremagic;
if (have_new) {
/* Have we finished with the new entries we saw? Start again
where we left off (unless there are more new entries). */
if (mg == head) {
have_new = 0;
mg = cur;
head = newmg;
}
}
/* Were any new entries added? */
if (!have_new && (newmg = SvMAGIC(sv)) != head) {
have_new = 1;
cur = mg;
mg = newmg;
}
}
restore_magic(INT2PTR(void *, (IV)mgs_ix));
if (SvREFCNT(sv) == 1) {
/* We hold the last reference to this SV, which implies that the
SV was deleted as a side effect of the routines we called. */
SvOK_off(sv);
}
return 0;
}
/*
=for apidoc mg_set
Do magic after a value is assigned to the SV. See C<sv_magic>.
=cut
*/
int
Perl_mg_set(pTHX_ SV *sv)
{
dVAR;
const I32 mgs_ix = SSNEW(sizeof(MGS));
MAGIC* mg;
MAGIC* nextmg;
PERL_ARGS_ASSERT_MG_SET;
save_magic(mgs_ix, sv);
for (mg = SvMAGIC(sv); mg; mg = nextmg) {
const MGVTBL* vtbl = mg->mg_virtual;
nextmg = mg->mg_moremagic; /* it may delete itself */
if (mg->mg_flags & MGf_GSKIP) {
mg->mg_flags &= ~MGf_GSKIP; /* setting requires another read */
(SSPTR(mgs_ix, MGS*))->mgs_flags = 0;
}
if (PL_localizing == 2 && !S_is_container_magic(mg))
continue;
if (vtbl && vtbl->svt_set)
CALL_FPTR(vtbl->svt_set)(aTHX_ sv, mg);
}
restore_magic(INT2PTR(void*, (IV)mgs_ix));
return 0;
}
/*
=for apidoc mg_length
Report on the SV's length. See C<sv_magic>.
=cut
*/
U32
Perl_mg_length(pTHX_ SV *sv)
{
dVAR;
MAGIC* mg;
STRLEN len;
PERL_ARGS_ASSERT_MG_LENGTH;
for (mg = SvMAGIC(sv); mg; mg = mg->mg_moremagic) {
const MGVTBL * const vtbl = mg->mg_virtual;
if (vtbl && vtbl->svt_len) {
const I32 mgs_ix = SSNEW(sizeof(MGS));
save_magic(mgs_ix, sv);
/* omit MGf_GSKIP -- not changed here */
len = CALL_FPTR(vtbl->svt_len)(aTHX_ sv, mg);
restore_magic(INT2PTR(void*, (IV)mgs_ix));
return len;
}
}
{
/* You can't know whether it's UTF-8 until you get the string again...
*/
const U8 *s = (U8*)SvPV_const(sv, len);
if (DO_UTF8(sv)) {
len = utf8_length(s, s + len);
}
}
return len;
}
I32
Perl_mg_size(pTHX_ SV *sv)
{
MAGIC* mg;
PERL_ARGS_ASSERT_MG_SIZE;
for (mg = SvMAGIC(sv); mg; mg = mg->mg_moremagic) {
const MGVTBL* const vtbl = mg->mg_virtual;
if (vtbl && vtbl->svt_len) {
const I32 mgs_ix = SSNEW(sizeof(MGS));
I32 len;
save_magic(mgs_ix, sv);
/* omit MGf_GSKIP -- not changed here */
len = CALL_FPTR(vtbl->svt_len)(aTHX_ sv, mg);
restore_magic(INT2PTR(void*, (IV)mgs_ix));
return len;
}
}
switch(SvTYPE(sv)) {
case SVt_PVAV:
return AvFILLp((const AV *) sv); /* Fallback to non-tied array */
case SVt_PVHV:
/* FIXME */
default:
Perl_croak(aTHX_ "Size magic not implemented");
break;
}
return 0;
}
/*
=for apidoc mg_clear
Clear something magical that the SV represents. See C<sv_magic>.
=cut
*/
int
Perl_mg_clear(pTHX_ SV *sv)
{
const I32 mgs_ix = SSNEW(sizeof(MGS));
MAGIC* mg;
MAGIC *nextmg;
PERL_ARGS_ASSERT_MG_CLEAR;
save_magic(mgs_ix, sv);
for (mg = SvMAGIC(sv); mg; mg = nextmg) {
const MGVTBL* const vtbl = mg->mg_virtual;
/* omit GSKIP -- never set here */
nextmg = mg->mg_moremagic; /* it may delete itself */
if (vtbl && vtbl->svt_clear)
CALL_FPTR(vtbl->svt_clear)(aTHX_ sv, mg);
}
restore_magic(INT2PTR(void*, (IV)mgs_ix));
return 0;
}
/*
=for apidoc mg_find
Finds the magic pointer for type matching the SV. See C<sv_magic>.
=cut
*/
MAGIC*
Perl_mg_find(pTHX_ const SV *sv, int type)
{
PERL_UNUSED_CONTEXT;
if (sv) {
MAGIC *mg;
for (mg = SvMAGIC(sv); mg; mg = mg->mg_moremagic) {
if (mg->mg_type == type)
return mg;
}
}
return NULL;
}
/*
=for apidoc mg_copy
Copies the magic from one SV to another. See C<sv_magic>.
=cut
*/
int
Perl_mg_copy(pTHX_ SV *sv, SV *nsv, const char *key, I32 klen)
{
int count = 0;
MAGIC* mg;
PERL_ARGS_ASSERT_MG_COPY;
for (mg = SvMAGIC(sv); mg; mg = mg->mg_moremagic) {
const MGVTBL* const vtbl = mg->mg_virtual;
if ((mg->mg_flags & MGf_COPY) && vtbl->svt_copy){
count += CALL_FPTR(vtbl->svt_copy)(aTHX_ sv, mg, nsv, key, klen);
}
else {
const char type = mg->mg_type;
if (isUPPER(type) && type != PERL_MAGIC_uvar) {
sv_magic(nsv,
(type == PERL_MAGIC_tied)
? SvTIED_obj(sv, mg)
: (type == PERL_MAGIC_regdata && mg->mg_obj)
? sv
: mg->mg_obj,
toLOWER(type), key, klen);
count++;
}
}
}
return count;
}
/*
=for apidoc mg_localize
Copy some of the magic from an existing SV to new localized version of that
SV. Container magic (eg %ENV, $1, tie) gets copied, value magic doesn't (eg
taint, pos).
If setmagic is false then no set magic will be called on the new (empty) SV.
This typically means that assignment will soon follow (e.g. 'local $x = $y'),
and that will handle the magic.
=cut
*/
void
Perl_mg_localize(pTHX_ SV *sv, SV *nsv, bool setmagic)
{
dVAR;
MAGIC *mg;
PERL_ARGS_ASSERT_MG_LOCALIZE;
for (mg = SvMAGIC(sv); mg; mg = mg->mg_moremagic) {
const MGVTBL* const vtbl = mg->mg_virtual;
if (!S_is_container_magic(mg))
continue;
if ((mg->mg_flags & MGf_LOCAL) && vtbl->svt_local)
(void)CALL_FPTR(vtbl->svt_local)(aTHX_ nsv, mg);
else
sv_magicext(nsv, mg->mg_obj, mg->mg_type, vtbl,
mg->mg_ptr, mg->mg_len);
/* container types should remain read-only across localization */
SvFLAGS(nsv) |= SvREADONLY(sv);
}
if (SvTYPE(nsv) >= SVt_PVMG && SvMAGIC(nsv)) {
SvFLAGS(nsv) |= SvMAGICAL(sv);
if (setmagic) {
PL_localizing = 1;
SvSETMAGIC(nsv);
PL_localizing = 0;
}
}
}
/*
=for apidoc mg_free
Free any magic storage used by the SV. See C<sv_magic>.
=cut
*/
int
Perl_mg_free(pTHX_ SV *sv)
{
MAGIC* mg;
MAGIC* moremagic;
PERL_ARGS_ASSERT_MG_FREE;
for (mg = SvMAGIC(sv); mg; mg = moremagic) {
const MGVTBL* const vtbl = mg->mg_virtual;
moremagic = mg->mg_moremagic;
if (vtbl && vtbl->svt_free)
CALL_FPTR(vtbl->svt_free)(aTHX_ sv, mg);
if (mg->mg_ptr && mg->mg_type != PERL_MAGIC_regex_global) {
if (mg->mg_len > 0 || mg->mg_type == PERL_MAGIC_utf8)
Safefree(mg->mg_ptr);
else if (mg->mg_len == HEf_SVKEY)
SvREFCNT_dec(MUTABLE_SV(mg->mg_ptr));
}
if (mg->mg_flags & MGf_REFCOUNTED)
SvREFCNT_dec(mg->mg_obj);
Safefree(mg);
SvMAGIC_set(sv, moremagic);
}
SvMAGIC_set(sv, NULL);
SvMAGICAL_off(sv);
return 0;
}
#include <signal.h>
U32
Perl_magic_regdata_cnt(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
{
dVAR;
PERL_UNUSED_ARG(sv);
PERL_ARGS_ASSERT_MAGIC_REGDATA_CNT;
if (PL_curpm) {
register const REGEXP * const rx = PM_GETRE(PL_curpm);
if (rx) {
if (mg->mg_obj) { /* @+ */
/* return the number possible */
return RX_NPARENS(rx);
} else { /* @- */
I32 paren = RX_LASTPAREN(rx);
/* return the last filled */
while ( paren >= 0
&& (RX_OFFS(rx)[paren].start == -1
|| RX_OFFS(rx)[paren].end == -1) )
paren--;
return (U32)paren;
}
}
}
return (U32)-1;
}
int
Perl_magic_regdatum_get(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
{
dVAR;
PERL_ARGS_ASSERT_MAGIC_REGDATUM_GET;
if (PL_curpm) {
register const REGEXP * const rx = PM_GETRE(PL_curpm);
if (rx) {
register const I32 paren = mg->mg_len;
register I32 s;
register I32 t;
if (paren < 0)
return 0;
if (paren <= (I32)RX_NPARENS(rx) &&
(s = RX_OFFS(rx)[paren].start) != -1 &&
(t = RX_OFFS(rx)[paren].end) != -1)
{
register I32 i;
if (mg->mg_obj) /* @+ */
i = t;
else /* @- */
i = s;
if (i > 0 && RX_MATCH_UTF8(rx)) {
const char * const b = RX_SUBBEG(rx);
if (b)
i = utf8_length((U8*)b, (U8*)(b+i));
}
sv_setiv(sv, i);
}
}
}
return 0;
}
int
Perl_magic_regdatum_set(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
{
PERL_ARGS_ASSERT_MAGIC_REGDATUM_SET;
PERL_UNUSED_ARG(sv);
PERL_UNUSED_ARG(mg);
Perl_croak(aTHX_ "%s", PL_no_modify);
NORETURN_FUNCTION_END;
}
U32
Perl_magic_len(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
{
dVAR;
register I32 paren;
register I32 i;
register const REGEXP * rx;
const char * const remaining = mg->mg_ptr + 1;
PERL_ARGS_ASSERT_MAGIC_LEN;
switch (*mg->mg_ptr) {
case '\020':
if (*remaining == '\0') { /* ^P */
break;
} else if (strEQ(remaining, "REMATCH")) { /* $^PREMATCH */
goto do_prematch;
} else if (strEQ(remaining, "OSTMATCH")) { /* $^POSTMATCH */
goto do_postmatch;
}
break;
case '\015': /* $^MATCH */
if (strEQ(remaining, "ATCH")) {
goto do_match;
} else {
break;
}
case '`':
do_prematch:
paren = RX_BUFF_IDX_PREMATCH;
goto maybegetparen;
case '\'':
do_postmatch:
paren = RX_BUFF_IDX_POSTMATCH;
goto maybegetparen;
case '&':
do_match:
paren = RX_BUFF_IDX_FULLMATCH;
goto maybegetparen;
case '1': case '2': case '3': case '4':
case '5': case '6': case '7': case '8': case '9':
paren = atoi(mg->mg_ptr);
maybegetparen:
if (PL_curpm && (rx = PM_GETRE(PL_curpm))) {
getparen:
i = CALLREG_NUMBUF_LENGTH((REGEXP * const)rx, sv, paren);
if (i < 0)
Perl_croak(aTHX_ "panic: magic_len: %"IVdf, (IV)i);
return i;
} else {
if (ckWARN(WARN_UNINITIALIZED))
report_uninit(sv);
return 0;
}
case '+':
if (PL_curpm && (rx = PM_GETRE(PL_curpm))) {
paren = RX_LASTPAREN(rx);
if (paren)
goto getparen;
}
return 0;
case '\016': /* ^N */
if (PL_curpm && (rx = PM_GETRE(PL_curpm))) {
paren = RX_LASTCLOSEPAREN(rx);
if (paren)
goto getparen;
}
return 0;
}
magic_get(sv,mg);
if (!SvPOK(sv) && SvNIOK(sv)) {
sv_2pv(sv, 0);
}
if (SvPOK(sv))
return SvCUR(sv);
return 0;
}
#define SvRTRIM(sv) STMT_START { \
if (SvPOK(sv)) { \
STRLEN len = SvCUR(sv); \
char * const p = SvPVX(sv); \
while (len > 0 && isSPACE(p[len-1])) \
--len; \
SvCUR_set(sv, len); \
p[len] = '\0'; \
} \
} STMT_END
void
Perl_emulate_cop_io(pTHX_ const COP *const c, SV *const sv)
{
PERL_ARGS_ASSERT_EMULATE_COP_IO;
if (!(CopHINTS_get(c) & (HINT_LEXICAL_IO_IN|HINT_LEXICAL_IO_OUT)))
sv_setsv(sv, &PL_sv_undef);
else {
sv_setpvs(sv, "");
SvUTF8_off(sv);
if ((CopHINTS_get(c) & HINT_LEXICAL_IO_IN)) {
SV *const value = Perl_refcounted_he_fetch(aTHX_
c->cop_hints_hash,
0, "open<", 5, 0, 0);
assert(value);
sv_catsv(sv, value);
}
sv_catpvs(sv, "\0");
if ((CopHINTS_get(c) & HINT_LEXICAL_IO_OUT)) {
SV *const value = Perl_refcounted_he_fetch(aTHX_
c->cop_hints_hash,
0, "open>", 5, 0, 0);
assert(value);
sv_catsv(sv, value);
}
}
}
int
Perl_magic_get(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
{
dVAR;
register I32 paren;
register char *s = NULL;
register REGEXP *rx;
const char * const remaining = mg->mg_ptr + 1;
const char nextchar = *remaining;
PERL_ARGS_ASSERT_MAGIC_GET;
switch (*mg->mg_ptr) {
case '\001': /* ^A */
sv_setsv(sv, PL_bodytarget);
break;
case '\003': /* ^C, ^CHILD_ERROR_NATIVE */
if (nextchar == '\0') {
sv_setiv(sv, (IV)PL_minus_c);
}
else if (strEQ(remaining, "HILD_ERROR_NATIVE")) {
sv_setiv(sv, (IV)STATUS_NATIVE);
}
break;
case '\004': /* ^D */
sv_setiv(sv, (IV)(PL_debug & DEBUG_MASK));
break;
case '\005': /* ^E */
if (nextchar == '\0') {
#if defined(VMS)
{
# include <descrip.h>
# include <starlet.h>
char msg[255];
$DESCRIPTOR(msgdsc,msg);
sv_setnv(sv,(NV) vaxc$errno);
if (sys$getmsg(vaxc$errno,&msgdsc.dsc$w_length,&msgdsc,0,0) & 1)
sv_setpvn(sv,msgdsc.dsc$a_pointer,msgdsc.dsc$w_length);
else
sv_setpvs(sv,"");
}
#elif defined(OS2)
if (!(_emx_env & 0x200)) { /* Under DOS */
sv_setnv(sv, (NV)errno);
sv_setpv(sv, errno ? Strerror(errno) : "");
} else {
if (errno != errno_isOS2) {
const int tmp = _syserrno();
if (tmp) /* 2nd call to _syserrno() makes it 0 */
Perl_rc = tmp;
}
sv_setnv(sv, (NV)Perl_rc);
sv_setpv(sv, os2error(Perl_rc));
}
#elif defined(WIN32)
{
const DWORD dwErr = GetLastError();
sv_setnv(sv, (NV)dwErr);
if (dwErr) {
PerlProc_GetOSError(sv, dwErr);
}
else
sv_setpvs(sv, "");
SetLastError(dwErr);
}
#else
{
dSAVE_ERRNO;
sv_setnv(sv, (NV)errno);
sv_setpv(sv, errno ? Strerror(errno) : "");
RESTORE_ERRNO;
}
#endif
SvRTRIM(sv);
SvNOK_on(sv); /* what a wonderful hack! */
}
else if (strEQ(remaining, "NCODING"))
sv_setsv(sv, PL_encoding);
break;
case '\006': /* ^F */
sv_setiv(sv, (IV)PL_maxsysfd);
break;
case '\010': /* ^H */
sv_setiv(sv, (IV)PL_hints);
break;
case '\011': /* ^I */ /* NOT \t in EBCDIC */
sv_setpv(sv, PL_inplace); /* Will undefine sv if PL_inplace is NULL */
break;
case '\017': /* ^O & ^OPEN */
if (nextchar == '\0') {
sv_setpv(sv, PL_osname);
SvTAINTED_off(sv);
}
else if (strEQ(remaining, "PEN")) {
Perl_emulate_cop_io(aTHX_ &PL_compiling, sv);
}
break;
case '\020':
if (nextchar == '\0') { /* ^P */
sv_setiv(sv, (IV)PL_perldb);
} else if (strEQ(remaining, "REMATCH")) { /* $^PREMATCH */
goto do_prematch_fetch;
} else if (strEQ(remaining, "OSTMATCH")) { /* $^POSTMATCH */
goto do_postmatch_fetch;
}
break;
case '\023': /* ^S */
if (nextchar == '\0') {
if (PL_parser && PL_parser->lex_state != LEX_NOTPARSING)
SvOK_off(sv);
else if (PL_in_eval)
sv_setiv(sv, PL_in_eval & ~(EVAL_INREQUIRE));
else
sv_setiv(sv, 0);
}
break;
case '\024': /* ^T */
if (nextchar == '\0') {
#ifdef BIG_TIME
sv_setnv(sv, PL_basetime);
#else
sv_setiv(sv, (IV)PL_basetime);
#endif
}
else if (strEQ(remaining, "AINT"))
sv_setiv(sv, PL_tainting
? (PL_taint_warn || PL_unsafe ? -1 : 1)
: 0);
break;
case '\025': /* $^UNICODE, $^UTF8LOCALE, $^UTF8CACHE */
if (strEQ(remaining, "NICODE"))
sv_setuv(sv, (UV) PL_unicode);
else if (strEQ(remaining, "TF8LOCALE"))
sv_setuv(sv, (UV) PL_utf8locale);
else if (strEQ(remaining, "TF8CACHE"))
sv_setiv(sv, (IV) PL_utf8cache);
break;
case '\027': /* ^W & $^WARNING_BITS */
if (nextchar == '\0')
sv_setiv(sv, (IV)((PL_dowarn & G_WARN_ON) ? TRUE : FALSE));
else if (strEQ(remaining, "ARNING_BITS")) {
if (PL_compiling.cop_warnings == pWARN_NONE) {
sv_setpvn(sv, WARN_NONEstring, WARNsize) ;
}
else if (PL_compiling.cop_warnings == pWARN_STD) {
sv_setpvn(
sv,
(PL_dowarn & G_WARN_ON) ? WARN_ALLstring : WARN_NONEstring,
WARNsize
);
}
else if (PL_compiling.cop_warnings == pWARN_ALL) {
/* Get the bit mask for $warnings::Bits{all}, because
* it could have been extended by warnings::register */
HV * const bits=get_hv("warnings::Bits", 0);
if (bits) {
SV ** const bits_all = hv_fetchs(bits, "all", FALSE);
if (bits_all)
sv_setsv(sv, *bits_all);
}
else {
sv_setpvn(sv, WARN_ALLstring, WARNsize) ;
}
}
else {
sv_setpvn(sv, (char *) (PL_compiling.cop_warnings + 1),
*PL_compiling.cop_warnings);
}
SvPOK_only(sv);
}
break;
case '\015': /* $^MATCH */
if (strEQ(remaining, "ATCH")) {
case '1': case '2': case '3': case '4':
case '5': case '6': case '7': case '8': case '9': case '&':
if (PL_curpm && (rx = PM_GETRE(PL_curpm))) {
/*
* Pre-threads, this was paren = atoi(GvENAME((const GV *)mg->mg_obj));
* XXX Does the new way break anything?
*/
paren = atoi(mg->mg_ptr); /* $& is in [0] */
CALLREG_NUMBUF_FETCH(rx,paren,sv);
break;
}
sv_setsv(sv,&PL_sv_undef);
}
break;
case '+':
if (PL_curpm && (rx = PM_GETRE(PL_curpm))) {
if (RX_LASTPAREN(rx)) {
CALLREG_NUMBUF_FETCH(rx,RX_LASTPAREN(rx),sv);
break;
}
}
sv_setsv(sv,&PL_sv_undef);
break;
case '\016': /* ^N */
if (PL_curpm && (rx = PM_GETRE(PL_curpm))) {
if (RX_LASTCLOSEPAREN(rx)) {
CALLREG_NUMBUF_FETCH(rx,RX_LASTCLOSEPAREN(rx),sv);
break;
}
}
sv_setsv(sv,&PL_sv_undef);
break;
case '`':
do_prematch_fetch:
if (PL_curpm && (rx = PM_GETRE(PL_curpm))) {
CALLREG_NUMBUF_FETCH(rx,-2,sv);
break;
}
sv_setsv(sv,&PL_sv_undef);
break;
case '\'':
do_postmatch_fetch:
if (PL_curpm && (rx = PM_GETRE(PL_curpm))) {
CALLREG_NUMBUF_FETCH(rx,-1,sv);
break;
}
sv_setsv(sv,&PL_sv_undef);
break;
case '.':
if (GvIO(PL_last_in_gv)) {
sv_setiv(sv, (IV)IoLINES(GvIOp(PL_last_in_gv)));
}
break;
case '?':
{
sv_setiv(sv, (IV)STATUS_CURRENT);
#ifdef COMPLEX_STATUS
SvUPGRADE(sv, SVt_PVLV);
LvTARGOFF(sv) = PL_statusvalue;
LvTARGLEN(sv) = PL_statusvalue_vms;
#endif
}
break;
case '^':
if (GvIOp(PL_defoutgv))
s = IoTOP_NAME(GvIOp(PL_defoutgv));
if (s)
sv_setpv(sv,s);
else {
sv_setpv(sv,GvENAME(PL_defoutgv));
sv_catpvs(sv,"_TOP");
}
break;
case '~':
if (GvIOp(PL_defoutgv))
s = IoFMT_NAME(GvIOp(PL_defoutgv));
if (!s)
s = GvENAME(PL_defoutgv);
sv_setpv(sv,s);
break;
case '=':
if (GvIOp(PL_defoutgv))
sv_setiv(sv, (IV)IoPAGE_LEN(GvIOp(PL_defoutgv)));
break;
case '-':
if (GvIOp(PL_defoutgv))
sv_setiv(sv, (IV)IoLINES_LEFT(GvIOp(PL_defoutgv)));
break;
case '%':
if (GvIOp(PL_defoutgv))
sv_setiv(sv, (IV)IoPAGE(GvIOp(PL_defoutgv)));
break;
case ':':
break;
case '/':
break;
case '[':
sv_setiv(sv, (IV)CopARYBASE_get(PL_curcop));
break;
case '|':
if (GvIOp(PL_defoutgv))
sv_setiv(sv, (IV)(IoFLAGS(GvIOp(PL_defoutgv)) & IOf_FLUSH) != 0 );
break;
case '\\':
if (PL_ors_sv)
sv_copypv(sv, PL_ors_sv);
break;
case '!':
#ifdef VMS
sv_setnv(sv, (NV)((errno == EVMSERR) ? vaxc$errno : errno));
sv_setpv(sv, errno ? Strerror(errno) : "");
#else
{
dSAVE_ERRNO;
sv_setnv(sv, (NV)errno);
#ifdef OS2
if (errno == errno_isOS2 || errno == errno_isOS2_set)
sv_setpv(sv, os2error(Perl_rc));
else
#endif
sv_setpv(sv, errno ? Strerror(errno) : "");
RESTORE_ERRNO;
}
#endif
SvRTRIM(sv);
SvNOK_on(sv); /* what a wonderful hack! */
break;
case '<':
sv_setiv(sv, (IV)PL_uid);
break;
case '>':
sv_setiv(sv, (IV)PL_euid);
break;
case '(':
sv_setiv(sv, (IV)PL_gid);
goto add_groups;
case ')':
sv_setiv(sv, (IV)PL_egid);
add_groups:
#ifdef HAS_GETGROUPS
{
Groups_t *gary = NULL;
I32 i, num_groups = getgroups(0, gary);
Newx(gary, num_groups, Groups_t);
num_groups = getgroups(num_groups, gary);
for (i = 0; i < num_groups; i++)
Perl_sv_catpvf(aTHX_ sv, " %"IVdf, (IV)gary[i]);
Safefree(gary);
}
(void)SvIOK_on(sv); /* what a wonderful hack! */
#endif
break;
case '0':
break;
}
return 0;
}
int
Perl_magic_getuvar(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
{
struct ufuncs * const uf = (struct ufuncs *)mg->mg_ptr;
PERL_ARGS_ASSERT_MAGIC_GETUVAR;
if (uf && uf->uf_val)
(*uf->uf_val)(aTHX_ uf->uf_index, sv);
return 0;
}
int
Perl_magic_setenv(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
{
dVAR;
STRLEN len = 0, klen;
const char *s = SvOK(sv) ? SvPV_const(sv,len) : "";
const char * const ptr = MgPV_const(mg,klen);
my_setenv(ptr, s);
PERL_ARGS_ASSERT_MAGIC_SETENV;
#ifdef DYNAMIC_ENV_FETCH
/* We just undefd an environment var. Is a replacement */
/* waiting in the wings? */
if (!len) {
SV ** const valp = hv_fetch(GvHVn(PL_envgv), ptr, klen, FALSE);
if (valp)
s = SvOK(*valp) ? SvPV_const(*valp, len) : "";
}
#endif
#if !defined(OS2) && !defined(AMIGAOS) && !defined(WIN32) && !defined(MSDOS)
/* And you'll never guess what the dog had */
/* in its mouth... */
if (PL_tainting) {
MgTAINTEDDIR_off(mg);
#ifdef VMS
if (s && klen == 8 && strEQ(ptr, "DCL$PATH")) {
char pathbuf[256], eltbuf[256], *cp, *elt;
Stat_t sbuf;
int i = 0, j = 0;
my_strlcpy(eltbuf, s, sizeof(eltbuf));
elt = eltbuf;
do { /* DCL$PATH may be a search list */
while (1) { /* as may dev portion of any element */
if ( ((cp = strchr(elt,'[')) || (cp = strchr(elt,'<'))) ) {
if ( *(cp+1) == '.' || *(cp+1) == '-' ||
cando_by_name(S_IWUSR,0,elt) ) {
MgTAINTEDDIR_on(mg);
return 0;
}
}
if ((cp = strchr(elt, ':')) != NULL)
*cp = '\0';
if (my_trnlnm(elt, eltbuf, j++))
elt = eltbuf;
else
break;
}
j = 0;
} while (my_trnlnm(s, pathbuf, i++) && (elt = pathbuf));
}
#endif /* VMS */
if (s && klen == 4 && strEQ(ptr,"PATH")) {
const char * const strend = s + len;
while (s < strend) {
char tmpbuf[256];
Stat_t st;
I32 i;
#ifdef VMS /* Hmm. How do we get $Config{path_sep} from C? */
const char path_sep = '|';
#else
const char path_sep = ':';
#endif
s = delimcpy(tmpbuf, tmpbuf + sizeof tmpbuf,
s, strend, path_sep, &i);
s++;
if (i >= (I32)sizeof tmpbuf /* too long -- assume the worst */
#ifdef VMS
|| !strchr(tmpbuf, ':') /* no colon thus no device name -- assume relative path */
#else
|| *tmpbuf != '/' /* no starting slash -- assume relative path */
#endif
|| (PerlLIO_stat(tmpbuf, &st) == 0 && (st.st_mode & 2)) ) {
MgTAINTEDDIR_on(mg);
return 0;
}
}
}
}
#endif /* neither OS2 nor AMIGAOS nor WIN32 nor MSDOS */
return 0;
}
int
Perl_magic_clearenv(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
{
PERL_ARGS_ASSERT_MAGIC_CLEARENV;
PERL_UNUSED_ARG(sv);
my_setenv(MgPV_nolen_const(mg),NULL);
return 0;
}
int
Perl_magic_set_all_env(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
{
dVAR;
PERL_ARGS_ASSERT_MAGIC_SET_ALL_ENV;
PERL_UNUSED_ARG(mg);
#if defined(VMS)
Perl_die(aTHX_ "Can't make list assignment to %%ENV on this system");
#else
if (PL_localizing) {
HE* entry;
my_clearenv();
hv_iterinit(MUTABLE_HV(sv));
while ((entry = hv_iternext(MUTABLE_HV(sv)))) {
I32 keylen;
my_setenv(hv_iterkey(entry, &keylen),
SvPV_nolen_const(hv_iterval(MUTABLE_HV(sv), entry)));
}
}
#endif
return 0;
}
int
Perl_magic_clear_all_env(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
{
dVAR;
PERL_ARGS_ASSERT_MAGIC_CLEAR_ALL_ENV;
PERL_UNUSED_ARG(sv);
PERL_UNUSED_ARG(mg);
#if defined(VMS)
Perl_die(aTHX_ "Can't make list assignment to %%ENV on this system");
#else
my_clearenv();
#endif
return 0;
}
#ifndef PERL_MICRO
#ifdef HAS_SIGPROCMASK
static void
restore_sigmask(pTHX_ SV *save_sv)
{
const sigset_t * const ossetp = (const sigset_t *) SvPV_nolen_const( save_sv );
(void)sigprocmask(SIG_SETMASK, ossetp, NULL);
}
#endif
int
Perl_magic_getsig(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
{
dVAR;
/* Are we fetching a signal entry? */
int i = (I16)mg->mg_private;
PERL_ARGS_ASSERT_MAGIC_GETSIG;
if (!i) {
mg->mg_private = i = whichsig(MgPV_nolen_const(mg));
}
if (i > 0) {
if(PL_psig_ptr[i])
sv_setsv(sv,PL_psig_ptr[i]);
else {
Sighandler_t sigstate = rsignal_state(i);
#ifdef FAKE_PERSISTENT_SIGNAL_HANDLERS
if (PL_sig_handlers_initted && PL_sig_ignoring[i])
sigstate = SIG_IGN;
#endif
#ifdef FAKE_DEFAULT_SIGNAL_HANDLERS
if (PL_sig_handlers_initted && PL_sig_defaulting[i])
sigstate = SIG_DFL;
#endif
/* cache state so we don't fetch it again */
if(sigstate == (Sighandler_t) SIG_IGN)
sv_setpvs(sv,"IGNORE");
else
sv_setsv(sv,&PL_sv_undef);
PL_psig_ptr[i] = SvREFCNT_inc_simple_NN(sv);
SvTEMP_off(sv);
}
}
return 0;
}
int
Perl_magic_clearsig(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
{
PERL_ARGS_ASSERT_MAGIC_CLEARSIG;
PERL_UNUSED_ARG(sv);
magic_setsig(NULL, mg);
return sv_unmagic(sv, mg->mg_type);
}
Signal_t
#if defined(HAS_SIGACTION) && defined(SA_SIGINFO)
Perl_csighandler(int sig, siginfo_t *sip PERL_UNUSED_DECL, void *uap PERL_UNUSED_DECL)
#else
Perl_csighandler(int sig)
#endif
{
#ifdef PERL_GET_SIG_CONTEXT
dTHXa(PERL_GET_SIG_CONTEXT);
#else
dTHX;
#endif
#ifdef FAKE_PERSISTENT_SIGNAL_HANDLERS
(void) rsignal(sig, PL_csighandlerp);
if (PL_sig_ignoring[sig]) return;
#endif
#ifdef FAKE_DEFAULT_SIGNAL_HANDLERS
if (PL_sig_defaulting[sig])
#ifdef KILL_BY_SIGPRC
exit((Perl_sig_to_vmscondition(sig)&STS$M_COND_ID)|STS$K_SEVERE|STS$M_INHIB_MSG);
#else
exit(1);
#endif
#endif
if (
#ifdef SIGILL
sig == SIGILL ||
#endif
#ifdef SIGBUS
sig == SIGBUS ||
#endif
#ifdef SIGSEGV
sig == SIGSEGV ||
#endif
(PL_signals & PERL_SIGNALS_UNSAFE_FLAG))
/* Call the perl level handler now--
* with risk we may be in malloc() etc. */
#if defined(HAS_SIGACTION) && defined(SA_SIGINFO)
(*PL_sighandlerp)(sig, NULL, NULL);
#else
(*PL_sighandlerp)(sig);
#endif
else {
/* Set a flag to say this signal is pending, that is awaiting delivery after
* the current Perl opcode completes */
PL_psig_pend[sig]++;
#ifndef SIG_PENDING_DIE_COUNT
# define SIG_PENDING_DIE_COUNT 120
#endif
/* And one to say _a_ signal is pending */
if (++PL_sig_pending >= SIG_PENDING_DIE_COUNT)
Perl_croak(aTHX_ "Maximal count of pending signals (%lu) exceeded",
(unsigned long)SIG_PENDING_DIE_COUNT);
}
}
#if defined(FAKE_PERSISTENT_SIGNAL_HANDLERS) || defined(FAKE_DEFAULT_SIGNAL_HANDLERS)
void
Perl_csighandler_init(void)
{
int sig;
if (PL_sig_handlers_initted) return;
for (sig = 1; sig < SIG_SIZE; sig++) {
#ifdef FAKE_DEFAULT_SIGNAL_HANDLERS
dTHX;
PL_sig_defaulting[sig] = 1;
(void) rsignal(sig, PL_csighandlerp);
#endif
#ifdef FAKE_PERSISTENT_SIGNAL_HANDLERS
PL_sig_ignoring[sig] = 0;
#endif
}
PL_sig_handlers_initted = 1;
}
#endif
void
Perl_despatch_signals(pTHX)
{
dVAR;
int sig;
PL_sig_pending = 0;
for (sig = 1; sig < SIG_SIZE; sig++) {
if (PL_psig_pend[sig]) {
PERL_BLOCKSIG_ADD(set, sig);
PL_psig_pend[sig] = 0;
PERL_BLOCKSIG_BLOCK(set);
#if defined(HAS_SIGACTION) && defined(SA_SIGINFO)
(*PL_sighandlerp)(sig, NULL, NULL);
#else
(*PL_sighandlerp)(sig);
#endif
PERL_BLOCKSIG_UNBLOCK(set);
}
}
}
/* sv of NULL signifies that we're acting as magic_clearsig. */
int
Perl_magic_setsig(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
{
dVAR;
I32 i;
SV** svp = NULL;
/* Need to be careful with SvREFCNT_dec(), because that can have side
* effects (due to closures). We must make sure that the new disposition
* is in place before it is called.
*/
SV* to_dec = NULL;
STRLEN len;
#ifdef HAS_SIGPROCMASK
sigset_t set, save;
SV* save_sv;
#endif
register const char *s = MgPV_const(mg,len);
PERL_ARGS_ASSERT_MAGIC_SETSIG;
if (*s == '_') {
if (strEQ(s,"__DIE__"))
svp = &PL_diehook;
else if (strEQ(s,"__WARN__")
&& (sv ? 1 : PL_warnhook != PERL_WARNHOOK_FATAL)) {
/* Merge the existing behaviours, which are as follows:
magic_setsig, we always set svp to &PL_warnhook
(hence we always change the warnings handler)
For magic_clearsig, we don't change the warnings handler if it's
set to the &PL_warnhook. */
svp = &PL_warnhook;
} else if (sv)
Perl_croak(aTHX_ "No such hook: %s", s);
i = 0;
if (svp && *svp) {
if (*svp != PERL_WARNHOOK_FATAL)
to_dec = *svp;
*svp = NULL;
}
}
else {
i = (I16)mg->mg_private;
if (!i) {
i = whichsig(s); /* ...no, a brick */
mg->mg_private = (U16)i;
}
if (i <= 0) {
if (sv && ckWARN(WARN_SIGNAL))
Perl_warner(aTHX_ packWARN(WARN_SIGNAL), "No such signal: SIG%s", s);
return 0;
}
#ifdef HAS_SIGPROCMASK
/* Avoid having the signal arrive at a bad time, if possible. */
sigemptyset(&set);
sigaddset(&set,i);
sigprocmask(SIG_BLOCK, &set, &save);
ENTER;
save_sv = newSVpvn((char *)(&save), sizeof(sigset_t));
SAVEFREESV(save_sv);
SAVEDESTRUCTOR_X(restore_sigmask, save_sv);
#endif
PERL_ASYNC_CHECK();
#if defined(FAKE_PERSISTENT_SIGNAL_HANDLERS) || defined(FAKE_DEFAULT_SIGNAL_HANDLERS)
if (!PL_sig_handlers_initted) Perl_csighandler_init();
#endif
#ifdef FAKE_PERSISTENT_SIGNAL_HANDLERS
PL_sig_ignoring[i] = 0;
#endif
#ifdef FAKE_DEFAULT_SIGNAL_HANDLERS
PL_sig_defaulting[i] = 0;
#endif
to_dec = PL_psig_ptr[i];
if (sv) {
PL_psig_ptr[i] = SvREFCNT_inc_simple_NN(sv);
SvTEMP_off(sv); /* Make sure it doesn't go away on us */
/* Signals don't change name during the program's execution, so once
they're cached in the appropriate slot of PL_psig_name, they can
stay there.
Ideally we'd find some way of making SVs at (C) compile time, or
at least, doing most of the work. */
if (!PL_psig_name[i]) {
PL_psig_name[i] = newSVpvn(s, len);
SvREADONLY_on(PL_psig_name[i]);
}
} else {
SvREFCNT_dec(PL_psig_name[i]);
PL_psig_name[i] = NULL;
PL_psig_ptr[i] = NULL;
}
}
if (sv && (isGV_with_GP(sv) || SvROK(sv))) {
if (i) {
(void)rsignal(i, PL_csighandlerp);
}
else
*svp = SvREFCNT_inc_simple_NN(sv);
} else {
if (sv && SvOK(sv)) {
s = SvPV_force(sv, len);
} else {
sv = NULL;
}
if (sv && strEQ(s,"IGNORE")) {
if (i) {
#ifdef FAKE_PERSISTENT_SIGNAL_HANDLERS
PL_sig_ignoring[i] = 1;
(void)rsignal(i, PL_csighandlerp);
#else
(void)rsignal(i, (Sighandler_t) SIG_IGN);
#endif
}
}
else if (!sv || strEQ(s,"DEFAULT") || !len) {
if (i) {
#ifdef FAKE_DEFAULT_SIGNAL_HANDLERS
PL_sig_defaulting[i] = 1;
(void)rsignal(i, PL_csighandlerp);
#else
(void)rsignal(i, (Sighandler_t) SIG_DFL);
#endif
}
}
else {
/*
* We should warn if HINT_STRICT_REFS, but without
* access to a known hint bit in a known OP, we can't
* tell whether HINT_STRICT_REFS is in force or not.
*/
if (!strchr(s,':') && !strchr(s,'\''))
Perl_sv_insert_flags(aTHX_ sv, 0, 0, STR_WITH_LEN("main::"),
SV_GMAGIC);
if (i)
(void)rsignal(i, PL_csighandlerp);
else
*svp = SvREFCNT_inc_simple_NN(sv);
}
}
#ifdef HAS_SIGPROCMASK
if(i)
LEAVE;
#endif
if(to_dec)
SvREFCNT_dec(to_dec);
return 0;
}
#endif /* !PERL_MICRO */
int
Perl_magic_setisa(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
{
dVAR;
PERL_ARGS_ASSERT_MAGIC_SETISA;
PERL_UNUSED_ARG(sv);
/* Skip _isaelem because _isa will handle it shortly */
if (PL_delaymagic & DM_ARRAY && mg->mg_type == PERL_MAGIC_isaelem)
return 0;
return magic_clearisa(NULL, mg);
}
/* sv of NULL signifies that we're acting as magic_setisa. */
int
Perl_magic_clearisa(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
{
dVAR;
HV* stash;
PERL_ARGS_ASSERT_MAGIC_CLEARISA;
/* Bail out if destruction is going on */
if(PL_dirty) return 0;
if (sv)
av_clear(MUTABLE_AV(sv));
/* XXX Once it's possible, we need to
detect that our @ISA is aliased in
other stashes, and act on the stashes
of all of the aliases */
/* The first case occurs via setisa,
the second via setisa_elem, which
calls this same magic */
stash = GvSTASH(
SvTYPE(mg->mg_obj) == SVt_PVGV
? (const GV *)mg->mg_obj
: (const GV *)mg_find(mg->mg_obj, PERL_MAGIC_isa)->mg_obj
);
if (stash)
mro_isa_changed_in(stash);
return 0;
}
int
Perl_magic_setamagic(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
{
dVAR;
PERL_ARGS_ASSERT_MAGIC_SETAMAGIC;
PERL_UNUSED_ARG(sv);
PERL_UNUSED_ARG(mg);
PL_amagic_generation++;
return 0;
}
int
Perl_magic_getnkeys(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
{
HV * const hv = MUTABLE_HV(LvTARG(sv));
I32 i = 0;
PERL_ARGS_ASSERT_MAGIC_GETNKEYS;
PERL_UNUSED_ARG(mg);
if (hv) {
(void) hv_iterinit(hv);
if (! SvTIED_mg((const SV *)hv, PERL_MAGIC_tied))
i = HvKEYS(hv);
else {
while (hv_iternext(hv))
i++;
}
}
sv_setiv(sv, (IV)i);
return 0;
}
int
Perl_magic_setnkeys(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
{
PERL_ARGS_ASSERT_MAGIC_SETNKEYS;
PERL_UNUSED_ARG(mg);
if (LvTARG(sv)) {
hv_ksplit(MUTABLE_HV(LvTARG(sv)), SvIV(sv));
}
return 0;
}
/* caller is responsible for stack switching/cleanup */
STATIC int
S_magic_methcall(pTHX_ SV *sv, const MAGIC *mg, const char *meth, I32 flags, int n, SV *val)
{
dVAR;
dSP;
PERL_ARGS_ASSERT_MAGIC_METHCALL;
PUSHMARK(SP);
EXTEND(SP, n);
PUSHs(SvTIED_obj(sv, mg));
if (n > 1) {
if (mg->mg_ptr) {
if (mg->mg_len >= 0)
mPUSHp(mg->mg_ptr, mg->mg_len);
else if (mg->mg_len == HEf_SVKEY)
PUSHs(MUTABLE_SV(mg->mg_ptr));
}
else if (mg->mg_type == PERL_MAGIC_tiedelem) {
mPUSHi(mg->mg_len);
}
}
if (n > 2) {
PUSHs(val);
}
PUTBACK;
return call_method(meth, flags);
}
STATIC int
S_magic_methpack(pTHX_ SV *sv, const MAGIC *mg, const char *meth)
{
dVAR; dSP;
PERL_ARGS_ASSERT_MAGIC_METHPACK;
ENTER;
SAVETMPS;
PUSHSTACKi(PERLSI_MAGIC);
if (magic_methcall(sv, mg, meth, G_SCALAR, 2, NULL)) {
sv_setsv(sv, *PL_stack_sp--);
}
POPSTACK;
FREETMPS;
LEAVE;
return 0;
}
int
Perl_magic_getpack(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
{
PERL_ARGS_ASSERT_MAGIC_GETPACK;
if (mg->mg_ptr)
mg->mg_flags |= MGf_GSKIP;
magic_methpack(sv,mg,"FETCH");
return 0;
}
int
Perl_magic_setpack(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
{
dVAR; dSP;
PERL_ARGS_ASSERT_MAGIC_SETPACK;
ENTER;
PUSHSTACKi(PERLSI_MAGIC);
magic_methcall(sv, mg, "STORE", G_SCALAR|G_DISCARD, 3, sv);
POPSTACK;
LEAVE;
return 0;
}
int
Perl_magic_clearpack(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
{
PERL_ARGS_ASSERT_MAGIC_CLEARPACK;
return magic_methpack(sv,mg,"DELETE");
}
U32
Perl_magic_sizepack(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
{
dVAR; dSP;
I32 retval = 0;
PERL_ARGS_ASSERT_MAGIC_SIZEPACK;
ENTER;
SAVETMPS;
PUSHSTACKi(PERLSI_MAGIC);
if (magic_methcall(sv, mg, "FETCHSIZE", G_SCALAR, 2, NULL)) {
sv = *PL_stack_sp--;
retval = SvIV(sv)-1;
if (retval < -1)
Perl_croak(aTHX_ "FETCHSIZE returned a negative value");
}
POPSTACK;
FREETMPS;
LEAVE;
return (U32) retval;
}
int
Perl_magic_wipepack(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
{
dVAR; dSP;
PERL_ARGS_ASSERT_MAGIC_WIPEPACK;
ENTER;
PUSHSTACKi(PERLSI_MAGIC);
PUSHMARK(SP);
XPUSHs(SvTIED_obj(sv, mg));
PUTBACK;
call_method("CLEAR", G_SCALAR|G_DISCARD);
POPSTACK;
LEAVE;
return 0;
}
int
Perl_magic_nextpack(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg, SV *key)
{
dVAR; dSP;
const char * const meth = SvOK(key) ? "NEXTKEY" : "FIRSTKEY";
PERL_ARGS_ASSERT_MAGIC_NEXTPACK;
ENTER;
SAVETMPS;
PUSHSTACKi(PERLSI_MAGIC);
PUSHMARK(SP);
EXTEND(SP, 2);
PUSHs(SvTIED_obj(sv, mg));
if (SvOK(key))
PUSHs(key);
PUTBACK;
if (call_method(meth, G_SCALAR))
sv_setsv(key, *PL_stack_sp--);
POPSTACK;
FREETMPS;
LEAVE;
return 0;
}
int
Perl_magic_existspack(pTHX_ SV *sv, const MAGIC *mg)
{
PERL_ARGS_ASSERT_MAGIC_EXISTSPACK;
return magic_methpack(sv,mg,"EXISTS");
}
SV *
Perl_magic_scalarpack(pTHX_ HV *hv, MAGIC *mg)
{
dVAR; dSP;
SV *retval;
SV * const tied = SvTIED_obj(MUTABLE_SV(hv), mg);
HV * const pkg = SvSTASH((const SV *)SvRV(tied));
PERL_ARGS_ASSERT_MAGIC_SCALARPACK;
if (!gv_fetchmethod_autoload(pkg, "SCALAR", FALSE)) {
SV *key;
if (HvEITER_get(hv))
/* we are in an iteration so the hash cannot be empty */
return &PL_sv_yes;
/* no xhv_eiter so now use FIRSTKEY */
key = sv_newmortal();
magic_nextpack(MUTABLE_SV(hv), mg, key);
HvEITER_set(hv, NULL); /* need to reset iterator */
return SvOK(key) ? &PL_sv_yes : &PL_sv_no;
}
/* there is a SCALAR method that we can call */
ENTER;
PUSHSTACKi(PERLSI_MAGIC);
PUSHMARK(SP);
EXTEND(SP, 1);
PUSHs(tied);
PUTBACK;
if (call_method("SCALAR", G_SCALAR))
retval = *PL_stack_sp--;
else
retval = &PL_sv_undef;
POPSTACK;
LEAVE;
return retval;
}
int
Perl_magic_setdbline(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
{
dVAR;
GV * const gv = PL_DBline;
const I32 i = SvTRUE(sv);
SV ** const svp = av_fetch(GvAV(gv),
atoi(MgPV_nolen_const(mg)), FALSE);
PERL_ARGS_ASSERT_MAGIC_SETDBLINE;
if (svp && SvIOKp(*svp)) {
OP * const o = INT2PTR(OP*,SvIVX(*svp));
if (o) {
/* set or clear breakpoint in the relevant control op */
if (i)
o->op_flags |= OPf_SPECIAL;
else
o->op_flags &= ~OPf_SPECIAL;
}
}
return 0;
}
int
Perl_magic_getarylen(pTHX_ SV *sv, const MAGIC *mg)
{
dVAR;
AV * const obj = MUTABLE_AV(mg->mg_obj);
PERL_ARGS_ASSERT_MAGIC_GETARYLEN;
if (obj) {
sv_setiv(sv, AvFILL(obj) + CopARYBASE_get(PL_curcop));
} else {
SvOK_off(sv);
}
return 0;
}
int
Perl_magic_setarylen(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
{
dVAR;
AV * const obj = MUTABLE_AV(mg->mg_obj);
PERL_ARGS_ASSERT_MAGIC_SETARYLEN;
if (obj) {
av_fill(obj, SvIV(sv) - CopARYBASE_get(PL_curcop));
} else {
if (ckWARN(WARN_MISC))
Perl_warner(aTHX_ packWARN(WARN_MISC),
"Attempt to set length of freed array");
}
return 0;
}
int
Perl_magic_freearylen_p(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
{
dVAR;
PERL_ARGS_ASSERT_MAGIC_FREEARYLEN_P;
PERL_UNUSED_ARG(sv);
/* during global destruction, mg_obj may already have been freed */
if (PL_in_clean_all)
return 0;
mg = mg_find (mg->mg_obj, PERL_MAGIC_arylen);
if (mg) {
/* arylen scalar holds a pointer back to the array, but doesn't own a
reference. Hence the we (the array) are about to go away with it
still pointing at us. Clear its pointer, else it would be pointing
at free memory. See the comment in sv_magic about reference loops,
and why it can't own a reference to us. */
mg->mg_obj = 0;
}
return 0;
}
int
Perl_magic_getpos(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
{
dVAR;
SV* const lsv = LvTARG(sv);
PERL_ARGS_ASSERT_MAGIC_GETPOS;
PERL_UNUSED_ARG(mg);
if (SvTYPE(lsv) >= SVt_PVMG && SvMAGIC(lsv)) {
MAGIC * const found = mg_find(lsv, PERL_MAGIC_regex_global);
if (found && found->mg_len >= 0) {
I32 i = found->mg_len;
if (DO_UTF8(lsv))
sv_pos_b2u(lsv, &i);
sv_setiv(sv, i + CopARYBASE_get(PL_curcop));
return 0;
}
}
SvOK_off(sv);
return 0;
}
int
Perl_magic_setpos(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
{
dVAR;
SV* const lsv = LvTARG(sv);
SSize_t pos;
STRLEN len;
STRLEN ulen = 0;
MAGIC* found;
PERL_ARGS_ASSERT_MAGIC_SETPOS;
PERL_UNUSED_ARG(mg);
if (SvTYPE(lsv) >= SVt_PVMG && SvMAGIC(lsv))
found = mg_find(lsv, PERL_MAGIC_regex_global);
else
found = NULL;
if (!found) {
if (!SvOK(sv))
return 0;
#ifdef PERL_OLD_COPY_ON_WRITE
if (SvIsCOW(lsv))
sv_force_normal_flags(lsv, 0);
#endif
found = sv_magicext(lsv, NULL, PERL_MAGIC_regex_global, &PL_vtbl_mglob,
NULL, 0);
}
else if (!SvOK(sv)) {
found->mg_len = -1;
return 0;
}
len = SvPOK(lsv) ? SvCUR(lsv) : sv_len(lsv);
pos = SvIV(sv) - CopARYBASE_get(PL_curcop);
if (DO_UTF8(lsv)) {
ulen = sv_len_utf8(lsv);
if (ulen)
len = ulen;
}
if (pos < 0) {
pos += len;
if (pos < 0)
pos = 0;
}
else if (pos > (SSize_t)len)
pos = len;
if (ulen) {
I32 p = pos;
sv_pos_u2b(lsv, &p, 0);
pos = p;
}
found->mg_len = pos;
found->mg_flags &= ~MGf_MINMATCH;
return 0;
}
int
Perl_magic_getsubstr(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
{
STRLEN len;
SV * const lsv = LvTARG(sv);
const char * const tmps = SvPV_const(lsv,len);
I32 offs = LvTARGOFF(sv);
I32 rem = LvTARGLEN(sv);
PERL_ARGS_ASSERT_MAGIC_GETSUBSTR;
PERL_UNUSED_ARG(mg);
if (SvUTF8(lsv))
sv_pos_u2b(lsv, &offs, &rem);
if (offs > (I32)len)
offs = len;
if (rem + offs > (I32)len)
rem = len - offs;
sv_setpvn(sv, tmps + offs, (STRLEN)rem);
if (SvUTF8(lsv))
SvUTF8_on(sv);
return 0;
}
int
Perl_magic_setsubstr(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
{
dVAR;
STRLEN len;
const char * const tmps = SvPV_const(sv, len);
SV * const lsv = LvTARG(sv);
I32 lvoff = LvTARGOFF(sv);
I32 lvlen = LvTARGLEN(sv);
PERL_ARGS_ASSERT_MAGIC_SETSUBSTR;
PERL_UNUSED_ARG(mg);
if (DO_UTF8(sv)) {
sv_utf8_upgrade(lsv);
sv_pos_u2b(lsv, &lvoff, &lvlen);
sv_insert(lsv, lvoff, lvlen, tmps, len);
LvTARGLEN(sv) = sv_len_utf8(sv);
SvUTF8_on(lsv);
}
else if (lsv && SvUTF8(lsv)) {
const char *utf8;
sv_pos_u2b(lsv, &lvoff, &lvlen);
LvTARGLEN(sv) = len;
utf8 = (char*)bytes_to_utf8((U8*)tmps, &len);
sv_insert(lsv, lvoff, lvlen, utf8, len);
Safefree(utf8);
}
else {
sv_insert(lsv, lvoff, lvlen, tmps, len);
LvTARGLEN(sv) = len;
}
return 0;
}
int
Perl_magic_gettaint(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
{
dVAR;
PERL_ARGS_ASSERT_MAGIC_GETTAINT;
PERL_UNUSED_ARG(sv);
TAINT_IF((PL_localizing != 1) && (mg->mg_len & 1));
return 0;
}
int
Perl_magic_settaint(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
{
dVAR;
PERL_ARGS_ASSERT_MAGIC_SETTAINT;
PERL_UNUSED_ARG(sv);
/* update taint status */
if (PL_tainted)
mg->mg_len |= 1;
else
mg->mg_len &= ~1;
return 0;
}
int
Perl_magic_getvec(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
{
SV * const lsv = LvTARG(sv);
PERL_ARGS_ASSERT_MAGIC_GETVEC;
PERL_UNUSED_ARG(mg);
if (lsv)
sv_setuv(sv, do_vecget(lsv, LvTARGOFF(sv), LvTARGLEN(sv)));
else
SvOK_off(sv);
return 0;
}
int
Perl_magic_setvec(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
{
PERL_ARGS_ASSERT_MAGIC_SETVEC;
PERL_UNUSED_ARG(mg);
do_vecset(sv); /* XXX slurp this routine */
return 0;
}
int
Perl_magic_getdefelem(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
{
dVAR;
SV *targ = NULL;
PERL_ARGS_ASSERT_MAGIC_GETDEFELEM;
if (LvTARGLEN(sv)) {
if (mg->mg_obj) {
SV * const ahv = LvTARG(sv);
HE * const he = hv_fetch_ent(MUTABLE_HV(ahv), mg->mg_obj, FALSE, 0);
if (he)
targ = HeVAL(he);
}
else {
AV *const av = MUTABLE_AV(LvTARG(sv));
if ((I32)LvTARGOFF(sv) <= AvFILL(av))
targ = AvARRAY(av)[LvTARGOFF(sv)];
}
if (targ && (targ != &PL_sv_undef)) {
/* somebody else defined it for us */
SvREFCNT_dec(LvTARG(sv));
LvTARG(sv) = SvREFCNT_inc_simple_NN(targ);
LvTARGLEN(sv) = 0;
SvREFCNT_dec(mg->mg_obj);
mg->mg_obj = NULL;
mg->mg_flags &= ~MGf_REFCOUNTED;
}
}
else
targ = LvTARG(sv);
sv_setsv(sv, targ ? targ : &PL_sv_undef);
return 0;
}
int
Perl_magic_setdefelem(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
{
PERL_ARGS_ASSERT_MAGIC_SETDEFELEM;
PERL_UNUSED_ARG(mg);
if (LvTARGLEN(sv))
vivify_defelem(sv);
if (LvTARG(sv)) {
sv_setsv(LvTARG(sv), sv);
SvSETMAGIC(LvTARG(sv));
}
return 0;
}
void
Perl_vivify_defelem(pTHX_ SV *sv)
{
dVAR;
MAGIC *mg;
SV *value = NULL;
PERL_ARGS_ASSERT_VIVIFY_DEFELEM;
if (!LvTARGLEN(sv) || !(mg = mg_find(sv, PERL_MAGIC_defelem)))
return;
if (mg->mg_obj) {
SV * const ahv = LvTARG(sv);
HE * const he = hv_fetch_ent(MUTABLE_HV(ahv), mg->mg_obj, TRUE, 0);
if (he)
value = HeVAL(he);
if (!value || value == &PL_sv_undef)
Perl_croak(aTHX_ PL_no_helem_sv, SVfARG(mg->mg_obj));
}
else {
AV *const av = MUTABLE_AV(LvTARG(sv));
if ((I32)LvTARGLEN(sv) < 0 && (I32)LvTARGOFF(sv) > AvFILL(av))
LvTARG(sv) = NULL; /* array can't be extended */
else {
SV* const * const svp = av_fetch(av, LvTARGOFF(sv), TRUE);
if (!svp || (value = *svp) == &PL_sv_undef)
Perl_croak(aTHX_ PL_no_aelem, (I32)LvTARGOFF(sv));
}
}
SvREFCNT_inc_simple_void(value);
SvREFCNT_dec(LvTARG(sv));
LvTARG(sv) = value;
LvTARGLEN(sv) = 0;
SvREFCNT_dec(mg->mg_obj);
mg->mg_obj = NULL;
mg->mg_flags &= ~MGf_REFCOUNTED;
}
int
Perl_magic_killbackrefs(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
{
PERL_ARGS_ASSERT_MAGIC_KILLBACKREFS;
return Perl_sv_kill_backrefs(aTHX_ sv, MUTABLE_AV(mg->mg_obj));
}
int
Perl_magic_setmglob(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
{
PERL_ARGS_ASSERT_MAGIC_SETMGLOB;
PERL_UNUSED_CONTEXT;
mg->mg_len = -1;
SvSCREAM_off(sv);
return 0;
}
int
Perl_magic_setuvar(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
{
const struct ufuncs * const uf = (struct ufuncs *)mg->mg_ptr;
PERL_ARGS_ASSERT_MAGIC_SETUVAR;
if (uf && uf->uf_set)
(*uf->uf_set)(aTHX_ uf->uf_index, sv);
return 0;
}
int
Perl_magic_setregexp(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
{
const char type = mg->mg_type;
PERL_ARGS_ASSERT_MAGIC_SETREGEXP;
if (type == PERL_MAGIC_qr) {
} else if (type == PERL_MAGIC_bm) {
SvTAIL_off(sv);
SvVALID_off(sv);
} else {
assert(type == PERL_MAGIC_fm);
SvCOMPILED_off(sv);
}
return sv_unmagic(sv, type);
}
#ifdef USE_LOCALE_COLLATE
int
Perl_magic_setcollxfrm(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
{
PERL_ARGS_ASSERT_MAGIC_SETCOLLXFRM;
/*
* RenE<eacute> Descartes said "I think not."
* and vanished with a faint plop.
*/
PERL_UNUSED_CONTEXT;
PERL_UNUSED_ARG(sv);
if (mg->mg_ptr) {
Safefree(mg->mg_ptr);
mg->mg_ptr = NULL;
mg->mg_len = -1;
}
return 0;
}
#endif /* USE_LOCALE_COLLATE */
/* Just clear the UTF-8 cache data. */
int
Perl_magic_setutf8(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
{
PERL_ARGS_ASSERT_MAGIC_SETUTF8;
PERL_UNUSED_CONTEXT;
PERL_UNUSED_ARG(sv);
Safefree(mg->mg_ptr); /* The mg_ptr holds the pos cache. */
mg->mg_ptr = NULL;
mg->mg_len = -1; /* The mg_len holds the len cache. */
return 0;
}
int
Perl_magic_set(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
{
dVAR;
register const char *s;
register I32 paren;
register const REGEXP * rx;
const char * const remaining = mg->mg_ptr + 1;
I32 i;
STRLEN len;
PERL_ARGS_ASSERT_MAGIC_SET;
switch (*mg->mg_ptr) {
case '\015': /* $^MATCH */
if (strEQ(remaining, "ATCH"))
goto do_match;
case '`': /* ${^PREMATCH} caught below */
do_prematch:
paren = RX_BUFF_IDX_PREMATCH;
goto setparen;
case '\'': /* ${^POSTMATCH} caught below */
do_postmatch:
paren = RX_BUFF_IDX_POSTMATCH;
goto setparen;
case '&':
do_match:
paren = RX_BUFF_IDX_FULLMATCH;
goto setparen;
case '1': case '2': case '3': case '4':
case '5': case '6': case '7': case '8': case '9':
paren = atoi(mg->mg_ptr);
setparen:
if (PL_curpm && (rx = PM_GETRE(PL_curpm))) {
CALLREG_NUMBUF_STORE((REGEXP * const)rx,paren,sv);
break;
} else {
/* Croak with a READONLY error when a numbered match var is
* set without a previous pattern match. Unless it's C<local $1>
*/
if (!PL_localizing) {
Perl_croak(aTHX_ "%s", PL_no_modify);
}
}
case '\001': /* ^A */
sv_setsv(PL_bodytarget, sv);
break;
case '\003': /* ^C */
PL_minus_c = (bool)SvIV(sv);
break;
case '\004': /* ^D */
#ifdef DEBUGGING
s = SvPV_nolen_const(sv);
PL_debug = get_debug_opts(&s, 0) | DEBUG_TOP_FLAG;
DEBUG_x(dump_all());
#else
PL_debug = (SvIV(sv)) | DEBUG_TOP_FLAG;
#endif
break;
case '\005': /* ^E */
if (*(mg->mg_ptr+1) == '\0') {
#ifdef VMS
set_vaxc_errno(SvIV(sv));
#else
# ifdef WIN32
SetLastError( SvIV(sv) );
# else
# ifdef OS2
os2_setsyserrno(SvIV(sv));
# else
/* will anyone ever use this? */
SETERRNO(SvIV(sv), 4);
# endif
# endif
#endif
}
else if (strEQ(mg->mg_ptr+1, "NCODING")) {
if (PL_encoding)
SvREFCNT_dec(PL_encoding);
if (SvOK(sv) || SvGMAGICAL(sv)) {
PL_encoding = newSVsv(sv);
}
else {
PL_encoding = NULL;
}
}
break;
case '\006': /* ^F */
PL_maxsysfd = SvIV(sv);
break;
case '\010': /* ^H */
PL_hints = SvIV(sv);
break;
case '\011': /* ^I */ /* NOT \t in EBCDIC */
Safefree(PL_inplace);
PL_inplace = SvOK(sv) ? savesvpv(sv) : NULL;
break;
case '\017': /* ^O */
if (*(mg->mg_ptr+1) == '\0') {
Safefree(PL_osname);
PL_osname = NULL;
if (SvOK(sv)) {
TAINT_PROPER("assigning to $^O");
PL_osname = savesvpv(sv);
}
}
else if (strEQ(mg->mg_ptr, "\017PEN")) {
STRLEN len;
const char *const start = SvPV(sv, len);
const char *out = (const char*)memchr(start, '\0', len);
SV *tmp;
struct refcounted_he *tmp_he;
PL_compiling.cop_hints |= HINT_LEXICAL_IO_IN | HINT_LEXICAL_IO_OUT;
PL_hints
|= HINT_LOCALIZE_HH | HINT_LEXICAL_IO_IN | HINT_LEXICAL_IO_OUT;
/* Opening for input is more common than opening for output, so
ensure that hints for input are sooner on linked list. */
tmp = out ? newSVpvn_flags(out + 1, start + len - out - 1,
SVs_TEMP | SvUTF8(sv))
: newSVpvs_flags("", SVs_TEMP | SvUTF8(sv));
tmp_he
= Perl_refcounted_he_new(aTHX_ PL_compiling.cop_hints_hash,
newSVpvs_flags("open>", SVs_TEMP),
tmp);
/* The UTF-8 setting is carried over */
sv_setpvn(tmp, start, out ? (STRLEN)(out - start) : len);
PL_compiling.cop_hints_hash
= Perl_refcounted_he_new(aTHX_ tmp_he,
newSVpvs_flags("open<", SVs_TEMP),
tmp);
}
break;
case '\020': /* ^P */
if (*remaining == '\0') { /* ^P */
PL_perldb = SvIV(sv);
if (PL_perldb && !PL_DBsingle)
init_debugger();
break;
} else if (strEQ(remaining, "REMATCH")) { /* $^PREMATCH */
goto do_prematch;
} else if (strEQ(remaining, "OSTMATCH")) { /* $^POSTMATCH */
goto do_postmatch;
}
case '\024': /* ^T */
#ifdef BIG_TIME
PL_basetime = (Time_t)(SvNOK(sv) ? SvNVX(sv) : sv_2nv(sv));
#else
PL_basetime = (Time_t)SvIV(sv);
#endif
break;
case '\025': /* ^UTF8CACHE */
if (strEQ(mg->mg_ptr+1, "TF8CACHE")) {
PL_utf8cache = (signed char) sv_2iv(sv);
}
break;
case '\027': /* ^W & $^WARNING_BITS */
if (*(mg->mg_ptr+1) == '\0') {
if ( ! (PL_dowarn & G_WARN_ALL_MASK)) {
i = SvIV(sv);
PL_dowarn = (PL_dowarn & ~G_WARN_ON)
| (i ? G_WARN_ON : G_WARN_OFF) ;
}
}
else if (strEQ(mg->mg_ptr+1, "ARNING_BITS")) {
if ( ! (PL_dowarn & G_WARN_ALL_MASK)) {
if (!SvPOK(sv) && PL_localizing) {
sv_setpvn(sv, WARN_NONEstring, WARNsize);
PL_compiling.cop_warnings = pWARN_NONE;
break;
}
{
STRLEN len, i;
int accumulate = 0 ;
int any_fatals = 0 ;
const char * const ptr = SvPV_const(sv, len) ;
for (i = 0 ; i < len ; ++i) {
accumulate |= ptr[i] ;
any_fatals |= (ptr[i] & 0xAA) ;
}
if (!accumulate) {
if (!specialWARN(PL_compiling.cop_warnings))
PerlMemShared_free(PL_compiling.cop_warnings);
PL_compiling.cop_warnings = pWARN_NONE;
}
/* Yuck. I can't see how to abstract this: */
else if (isWARN_on(((STRLEN *)SvPV_nolen_const(sv)) - 1,
WARN_ALL) && !any_fatals) {
if (!specialWARN(PL_compiling.cop_warnings))
PerlMemShared_free(PL_compiling.cop_warnings);
PL_compiling.cop_warnings = pWARN_ALL;
PL_dowarn |= G_WARN_ONCE ;
}
else {
STRLEN len;
const char *const p = SvPV_const(sv, len);
PL_compiling.cop_warnings
= Perl_new_warnings_bitfield(aTHX_ PL_compiling.cop_warnings,
p, len);
if (isWARN_on(PL_compiling.cop_warnings, WARN_ONCE))
PL_dowarn |= G_WARN_ONCE ;
}
}
}
}
break;
case '.':
if (PL_localizing) {
if (PL_localizing == 1)
SAVESPTR(PL_last_in_gv);
}
else if (SvOK(sv) && GvIO(PL_last_in_gv))
IoLINES(GvIOp(PL_last_in_gv)) = SvIV(sv);
break;
case '^':
Safefree(IoTOP_NAME(GvIOp(PL_defoutgv)));
s = IoTOP_NAME(GvIOp(PL_defoutgv)) = savesvpv(sv);
IoTOP_GV(GvIOp(PL_defoutgv)) = gv_fetchsv(sv, GV_ADD, SVt_PVIO);
break;
case '~':
Safefree(IoFMT_NAME(GvIOp(PL_defoutgv)));
s = IoFMT_NAME(GvIOp(PL_defoutgv)) = savesvpv(sv);
IoFMT_GV(GvIOp(PL_defoutgv)) = gv_fetchsv(sv, GV_ADD, SVt_PVIO);
break;
case '=':
IoPAGE_LEN(GvIOp(PL_defoutgv)) = (SvIV(sv));
break;
case '-':
IoLINES_LEFT(GvIOp(PL_defoutgv)) = (SvIV(sv));
if (IoLINES_LEFT(GvIOp(PL_defoutgv)) < 0L)
IoLINES_LEFT(GvIOp(PL_defoutgv)) = 0L;
break;
case '%':
IoPAGE(GvIOp(PL_defoutgv)) = (SvIV(sv));
break;
case '|':
{
IO * const io = GvIOp(PL_defoutgv);
if(!io)
break;
if ((SvIV(sv)) == 0)
IoFLAGS(io) &= ~IOf_FLUSH;
else {
if (!(IoFLAGS(io) & IOf_FLUSH)) {
PerlIO *ofp = IoOFP(io);
if (ofp)
(void)PerlIO_flush(ofp);
IoFLAGS(io) |= IOf_FLUSH;
}
}
}
break;
case '/':
SvREFCNT_dec(PL_rs);
PL_rs = newSVsv(sv);
break;
case '\\':
if (PL_ors_sv)
SvREFCNT_dec(PL_ors_sv);
if (SvOK(sv) || SvGMAGICAL(sv)) {
PL_ors_sv = newSVsv(sv);
}
else {
PL_ors_sv = NULL;
}
break;
case '[':
CopARYBASE_set(&PL_compiling, SvIV(sv));
break;
case '?':
#ifdef COMPLEX_STATUS
if (PL_localizing == 2) {
SvUPGRADE(sv, SVt_PVLV);
PL_statusvalue = LvTARGOFF(sv);
PL_statusvalue_vms = LvTARGLEN(sv);
}
else
#endif
#ifdef VMSISH_STATUS
if (VMSISH_STATUS)
STATUS_NATIVE_CHILD_SET((U32)SvIV(sv));
else
#endif
STATUS_UNIX_EXIT_SET(SvIV(sv));
break;
case '!':
{
#ifdef VMS
# define PERL_VMS_BANG vaxc$errno
#else
# define PERL_VMS_BANG 0
#endif
SETERRNO(SvIOK(sv) ? SvIVX(sv) : SvOK(sv) ? sv_2iv(sv) : 0,
(SvIV(sv) == EVMSERR) ? 4 : PERL_VMS_BANG);
}
break;
case '<':
PL_uid = SvIV(sv);
if (PL_delaymagic) {
PL_delaymagic |= DM_RUID;
break; /* don't do magic till later */
}
#ifdef HAS_SETRUID
(void)setruid((Uid_t)PL_uid);
#else
#ifdef HAS_SETREUID
(void)setreuid((Uid_t)PL_uid, (Uid_t)-1);
#else
#ifdef HAS_SETRESUID
(void)setresuid((Uid_t)PL_uid, (Uid_t)-1, (Uid_t)-1);
#else
if (PL_uid == PL_euid) { /* special case $< = $> */
#ifdef PERL_DARWIN
/* workaround for Darwin's setuid peculiarity, cf [perl #24122] */
if (PL_uid != 0 && PerlProc_getuid() == 0)
(void)PerlProc_setuid(0);
#endif
(void)PerlProc_setuid(PL_uid);
} else {
PL_uid = PerlProc_getuid();
Perl_croak(aTHX_ "setruid() not implemented");
}
#endif
#endif
#endif
PL_uid = PerlProc_getuid();
PL_tainting |= (PL_uid && (PL_euid != PL_uid || PL_egid != PL_gid));
break;
case '>':
PL_euid = SvIV(sv);
if (PL_delaymagic) {
PL_delaymagic |= DM_EUID;
break; /* don't do magic till later */
}
#ifdef HAS_SETEUID
(void)seteuid((Uid_t)PL_euid);
#else
#ifdef HAS_SETREUID
(void)setreuid((Uid_t)-1, (Uid_t)PL_euid);
#else
#ifdef HAS_SETRESUID
(void)setresuid((Uid_t)-1, (Uid_t)PL_euid, (Uid_t)-1);
#else
if (PL_euid == PL_uid) /* special case $> = $< */
PerlProc_setuid(PL_euid);
else {
PL_euid = PerlProc_geteuid();
Perl_croak(aTHX_ "seteuid() not implemented");
}
#endif
#endif
#endif
PL_euid = PerlProc_geteuid();
PL_tainting |= (PL_uid && (PL_euid != PL_uid || PL_egid != PL_gid));
break;
case '(':
PL_gid = SvIV(sv);
if (PL_delaymagic) {
PL_delaymagic |= DM_RGID;
break; /* don't do magic till later */
}
#ifdef HAS_SETRGID
(void)setrgid((Gid_t)PL_gid);
#else
#ifdef HAS_SETREGID
(void)setregid((Gid_t)PL_gid, (Gid_t)-1);
#else
#ifdef HAS_SETRESGID
(void)setresgid((Gid_t)PL_gid, (Gid_t)-1, (Gid_t) 1);
#else
if (PL_gid == PL_egid) /* special case $( = $) */
(void)PerlProc_setgid(PL_gid);
else {
PL_gid = PerlProc_getgid();
Perl_croak(aTHX_ "setrgid() not implemented");
}
#endif
#endif
#endif
PL_gid = PerlProc_getgid();
PL_tainting |= (PL_uid && (PL_euid != PL_uid || PL_egid != PL_gid));
break;
case ')':
#ifdef HAS_SETGROUPS
{
const char *p = SvPV_const(sv, len);
Groups_t *gary = NULL;
while (isSPACE(*p))
++p;
PL_egid = Atol(p);
for (i = 0; i < NGROUPS; ++i) {
while (*p && !isSPACE(*p))
++p;
while (isSPACE(*p))
++p;
if (!*p)
break;
if(!gary)
Newx(gary, i + 1, Groups_t);
else
Renew(gary, i + 1, Groups_t);
gary[i] = Atol(p);
}
if (i)
(void)setgroups(i, gary);
Safefree(gary);
}
#else /* HAS_SETGROUPS */
PL_egid = SvIV(sv);
#endif /* HAS_SETGROUPS */
if (PL_delaymagic) {
PL_delaymagic |= DM_EGID;
break; /* don't do magic till later */
}
#ifdef HAS_SETEGID
(void)setegid((Gid_t)PL_egid);
#else
#ifdef HAS_SETREGID
(void)setregid((Gid_t)-1, (Gid_t)PL_egid);
#else
#ifdef HAS_SETRESGID
(void)setresgid((Gid_t)-1, (Gid_t)PL_egid, (Gid_t)-1);
#else
if (PL_egid == PL_gid) /* special case $) = $( */
(void)PerlProc_setgid(PL_egid);
else {
PL_egid = PerlProc_getegid();
Perl_croak(aTHX_ "setegid() not implemented");
}
#endif
#endif
#endif
PL_egid = PerlProc_getegid();
PL_tainting |= (PL_uid && (PL_euid != PL_uid || PL_egid != PL_gid));
break;
case ':':
PL_chopset = SvPV_force(sv,len);
break;
case '0':
LOCK_DOLLARZERO_MUTEX;
#ifdef HAS_SETPROCTITLE
/* The BSDs don't show the argv[] in ps(1) output, they
* show a string from the process struct and provide
* the setproctitle() routine to manipulate that. */
if (PL_origalen != 1) {
s = SvPV_const(sv, len);
# if __FreeBSD_version > 410001
/* The leading "-" removes the "perl: " prefix,
* but not the "(perl) suffix from the ps(1)
* output, because that's what ps(1) shows if the
* argv[] is modified. */
setproctitle("-%s", s);
# else /* old FreeBSDs, NetBSD, OpenBSD, anyBSD */
/* This doesn't really work if you assume that
* $0 = 'foobar'; will wipe out 'perl' from the $0
* because in ps(1) output the result will be like
* sprintf("perl: %s (perl)", s)
* I guess this is a security feature:
* one (a user process) cannot get rid of the original name.
* --jhi */
setproctitle("%s", s);
# endif
}
#elif defined(__hpux) && defined(PSTAT_SETCMD)
if (PL_origalen != 1) {
union pstun un;
s = SvPV_const(sv, len);
un.pst_command = (char *)s;
pstat(PSTAT_SETCMD, un, len, 0, 0);
}
#else
if (PL_origalen > 1) {
/* PL_origalen is set in perl_parse(). */
s = SvPV_force(sv,len);
if (len >= (STRLEN)PL_origalen-1) {
/* Longer than original, will be truncated. We assume that
* PL_origalen bytes are available. */
Copy(s, PL_origargv[0], PL_origalen-1, char);
}
else {
/* Shorter than original, will be padded. */
#ifdef PERL_DARWIN
/* Special case for Mac OS X: see [perl #38868] */
const int pad = 0;
#else
/* Is the space counterintuitive? Yes.
* (You were expecting \0?)
* Does it work? Seems to. (In Linux 2.4.20 at least.)
* --jhi */
const int pad = ' ';
#endif
Copy(s, PL_origargv[0], len, char);
PL_origargv[0][len] = 0;
memset(PL_origargv[0] + len + 1,
pad, PL_origalen - len - 1);
}
PL_origargv[0][PL_origalen-1] = 0;
for (i = 1; i < PL_origargc; i++)
PL_origargv[i] = 0;
}
#endif
UNLOCK_DOLLARZERO_MUTEX;
break;
}
return 0;
}
I32
Perl_whichsig(pTHX_ const char *sig)
{
register char* const* sigv;
PERL_ARGS_ASSERT_WHICHSIG;
PERL_UNUSED_CONTEXT;
for (sigv = (char* const*)PL_sig_name; *sigv; sigv++)
if (strEQ(sig,*sigv))
return PL_sig_num[sigv - (char* const*)PL_sig_name];
#ifdef SIGCLD
if (strEQ(sig,"CHLD"))
return SIGCLD;
#endif
#ifdef SIGCHLD
if (strEQ(sig,"CLD"))
return SIGCHLD;
#endif
return -1;
}
Signal_t
#if defined(HAS_SIGACTION) && defined(SA_SIGINFO)
Perl_sighandler(int sig, siginfo_t *sip, void *uap PERL_UNUSED_DECL)
#else
Perl_sighandler(int sig)
#endif
{
#ifdef PERL_GET_SIG_CONTEXT
dTHXa(PERL_GET_SIG_CONTEXT);
#else
dTHX;
#endif
dSP;
GV *gv = NULL;
SV *sv = NULL;
SV * const tSv = PL_Sv;
CV *cv = NULL;
OP *myop = PL_op;
U32 flags = 0;
XPV * const tXpv = PL_Xpv;
if (PL_savestack_ix + 15 <= PL_savestack_max)
flags |= 1;
if (PL_markstack_ptr < PL_markstack_max - 2)
flags |= 4;
if (PL_scopestack_ix < PL_scopestack_max - 3)
flags |= 16;
if (!PL_psig_ptr[sig]) {
PerlIO_printf(Perl_error_log, "Signal SIG%s received, but no signal handler set.\n",
PL_sig_name[sig]);
exit(sig);
}
/* Max number of items pushed there is 3*n or 4. We cannot fix
infinity, so we fix 4 (in fact 5): */
if (flags & 1) {
PL_savestack_ix += 5; /* Protect save in progress. */
SAVEDESTRUCTOR_X(S_unwind_handler_stack, (void*)&flags);
}
if (flags & 4)
PL_markstack_ptr++; /* Protect mark. */
if (flags & 16)
PL_scopestack_ix += 1;
/* sv_2cv is too complicated, try a simpler variant first: */
if (!SvROK(PL_psig_ptr[sig]) || !(cv = MUTABLE_CV(SvRV(PL_psig_ptr[sig])))
|| SvTYPE(cv) != SVt_PVCV) {
HV *st;
cv = sv_2cv(PL_psig_ptr[sig], &st, &gv, GV_ADD);
}
if (!cv || !CvROOT(cv)) {
if (ckWARN(WARN_SIGNAL))
Perl_warner(aTHX_ packWARN(WARN_SIGNAL), "SIG%s handler \"%s\" not defined.\n",
PL_sig_name[sig], (gv ? GvENAME(gv)
: ((cv && CvGV(cv))
? GvENAME(CvGV(cv))
: "__ANON__")));
goto cleanup;
}
if(PL_psig_name[sig]) {
sv = SvREFCNT_inc_NN(PL_psig_name[sig]);
flags |= 64;
#if !defined(PERL_IMPLICIT_CONTEXT)
PL_sig_sv = sv;
#endif
} else {
sv = sv_newmortal();
sv_setpv(sv,PL_sig_name[sig]);
}
PUSHSTACKi(PERLSI_SIGNAL);
PUSHMARK(SP);
PUSHs(sv);
#if defined(HAS_SIGACTION) && defined(SA_SIGINFO)
{
struct sigaction oact;
if (sigaction(sig, 0, &oact) == 0 && oact.sa_flags & SA_SIGINFO) {
if (sip) {
HV *sih = newHV();
SV *rv = newRV_noinc(MUTABLE_SV(sih));
/* The siginfo fields signo, code, errno, pid, uid,
* addr, status, and band are defined by POSIX/SUSv3. */
(void)hv_stores(sih, "signo", newSViv(sip->si_signo));
(void)hv_stores(sih, "code", newSViv(sip->si_code));
#if 0 /* XXX TODO: Configure scan for the existence of these, but even that does not help if the SA_SIGINFO is not implemented according to the spec. */
hv_stores(sih, "errno", newSViv(sip->si_errno));
hv_stores(sih, "status", newSViv(sip->si_status));
hv_stores(sih, "uid", newSViv(sip->si_uid));
hv_stores(sih, "pid", newSViv(sip->si_pid));
hv_stores(sih, "addr", newSVuv(PTR2UV(sip->si_addr)));
hv_stores(sih, "band", newSViv(sip->si_band));
#endif
EXTEND(SP, 2);
PUSHs(rv);
mPUSHp((char *)sip, sizeof(*sip));
}
}
}
#endif
PUTBACK;
call_sv(MUTABLE_SV(cv), G_DISCARD|G_EVAL);
POPSTACK;
if (SvTRUE(ERRSV)) {
#ifndef PERL_MICRO
#ifdef HAS_SIGPROCMASK
/* Handler "died", for example to get out of a restart-able read().
* Before we re-do that on its behalf re-enable the signal which was
* blocked by the system when we entered.
*/
sigset_t set;
sigemptyset(&set);
sigaddset(&set,sig);
sigprocmask(SIG_UNBLOCK, &set, NULL);
#else
/* Not clear if this will work */
(void)rsignal(sig, SIG_IGN);
(void)rsignal(sig, PL_csighandlerp);
#endif
#endif /* !PERL_MICRO */
Perl_die(aTHX_ NULL);
}
cleanup:
if (flags & 1)
PL_savestack_ix -= 8; /* Unprotect save in progress. */
if (flags & 4)
PL_markstack_ptr--;
if (flags & 16)
PL_scopestack_ix -= 1;
if (flags & 64)
SvREFCNT_dec(sv);
PL_op = myop; /* Apparently not needed... */
PL_Sv = tSv; /* Restore global temporaries. */
PL_Xpv = tXpv;
return;
}
static void
S_restore_magic(pTHX_ const void *p)
{
dVAR;
MGS* const mgs = SSPTR(PTR2IV(p), MGS*);
SV* const sv = mgs->mgs_sv;
if (!sv)
return;
if (SvTYPE(sv) >= SVt_PVMG && SvMAGIC(sv))
{
#ifdef PERL_OLD_COPY_ON_WRITE
/* While magic was saved (and off) sv_setsv may well have seen
this SV as a prime candidate for COW. */
if (SvIsCOW(sv))
sv_force_normal_flags(sv, 0);
#endif
if (mgs->mgs_flags)
SvFLAGS(sv) |= mgs->mgs_flags;
else
mg_magical(sv);
if (SvGMAGICAL(sv)) {
/* downgrade public flags to private,
and discard any other private flags */
const U32 pubflags = SvFLAGS(sv) & (SVf_IOK|SVf_NOK|SVf_POK);
if (pubflags) {
SvFLAGS(sv) &= ~( pubflags | (SVp_IOK|SVp_NOK|SVp_POK) );
SvFLAGS(sv) |= ( pubflags << PRIVSHIFT );
}
}
}
mgs->mgs_sv = NULL; /* mark the MGS structure as restored */
/* If we're still on top of the stack, pop us off. (That condition
* will be satisfied if restore_magic was called explicitly, but *not*
* if it's being called via leave_scope.)
* The reason for doing this is that otherwise, things like sv_2cv()
* may leave alloc gunk on the savestack, and some code
* (e.g. sighandler) doesn't expect that...
*/
if (PL_savestack_ix == mgs->mgs_ss_ix)
{
I32 popval = SSPOPINT;
assert(popval == SAVEt_DESTRUCTOR_X);
PL_savestack_ix -= 2;
popval = SSPOPINT;
assert(popval == SAVEt_ALLOC);
popval = SSPOPINT;
PL_savestack_ix -= popval;
}
}
static void
S_unwind_handler_stack(pTHX_ const void *p)
{
dVAR;
const U32 flags = *(const U32*)p;
PERL_ARGS_ASSERT_UNWIND_HANDLER_STACK;
if (flags & 1)
PL_savestack_ix -= 5; /* Unprotect save in progress. */
#if !defined(PERL_IMPLICIT_CONTEXT)
if (flags & 64)
SvREFCNT_dec(PL_sig_sv);
#endif
}
/*
=for apidoc magic_sethint
Triggered by a store to %^H, records the key/value pair to
C<PL_compiling.cop_hints_hash>. It is assumed that hints aren't storing
anything that would need a deep copy. Maybe we should warn if we find a
reference.
=cut
*/
int
Perl_magic_sethint(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
{
dVAR;
SV *key = (mg->mg_len == HEf_SVKEY) ? MUTABLE_SV(mg->mg_ptr)
: newSVpvn_flags(mg->mg_ptr, mg->mg_len, SVs_TEMP);
PERL_ARGS_ASSERT_MAGIC_SETHINT;
/* mg->mg_obj isn't being used. If needed, it would be possible to store
an alternative leaf in there, with PL_compiling.cop_hints being used if
it's NULL. If needed for threads, the alternative could lock a mutex,
or take other more complex action. */
/* Something changed in %^H, so it will need to be restored on scope exit.
Doing this here saves a lot of doing it manually in perl code (and
forgetting to do it, and consequent subtle errors. */
PL_hints |= HINT_LOCALIZE_HH;
PL_compiling.cop_hints_hash
= Perl_refcounted_he_new(aTHX_ PL_compiling.cop_hints_hash, key, sv);
return 0;
}
/*
=for apidoc magic_clearhint
Triggered by a delete from %^H, records the key to
C<PL_compiling.cop_hints_hash>.
=cut
*/
int
Perl_magic_clearhint(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
{
dVAR;
PERL_ARGS_ASSERT_MAGIC_CLEARHINT;
PERL_UNUSED_ARG(sv);
assert(mg->mg_len == HEf_SVKEY);
PERL_UNUSED_ARG(sv);
PL_hints |= HINT_LOCALIZE_HH;
PL_compiling.cop_hints_hash
= Perl_refcounted_he_new(aTHX_ PL_compiling.cop_hints_hash,
MUTABLE_SV(mg->mg_ptr), &PL_sv_placeholder);
return 0;
}
/*
* Local variables:
* c-indentation-style: bsd
* c-basic-offset: 4
* indent-tabs-mode: t
* End:
*
* ex: set ts=8 sts=4 sw=4 noet:
*/
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