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// Copyright (c) 2012 The Chromium Authors. All rights reserved.
// Use of this source code is governed by a BSD-style license that can be
// found in the LICENSE file.
#ifndef COMPONENTS_SYNC_BASE_UNIQUE_POSITION_H_
#define COMPONENTS_SYNC_BASE_UNIQUE_POSITION_H_
#include <stddef.h>
#include <stdint.h>
#include <string>
namespace sync_pb {
class UniquePosition;
}
namespace syncer {
// A class to represent positions.
//
// Valid UniquePosition objects have the following properties:
//
// - a < b and b < c implies a < c (transitivity);
// - exactly one of a < b, b < a and a = b holds (trichotomy);
// - if a < b, there is a UniquePosition such that a < x < b (density);
// - there are UniquePositions x and y such that x < a < y (unboundedness);
// - if a and b were constructed with different unique suffixes, then a != b.
//
// As long as all UniquePositions used to sort a list were created with unique
// suffixes, then if any item changes its position in the list, only its
// UniquePosition value has to change to represent the new order, and all other
// values can stay the same.
//
// Note that the unique suffixes must be exactly |kSuffixLength| bytes long.
//
// The cost for all these features is potentially unbounded space usage. In
// practice, however, most ordinals should be not much longer than the suffix.
//
// This class currently has several bookmarks-related assumptions built in,
// though it could be adapted to be more generally useful.
class UniquePosition {
public:
static constexpr size_t kSuffixLength = 28;
static constexpr size_t kCompressBytesThreshold = 128;
static bool IsValidSuffix(const std::string& suffix);
static bool IsValidBytes(const std::string& bytes);
// Returns a valid, but mostly random suffix.
// Avoid using this; it can lead to inconsistent sort orderings if misused.
static std::string RandomSuffix();
// Returns an invalid position.
static UniquePosition CreateInvalid();
// Converts from a 'sync_pb::UniquePosition' protobuf to a UniquePosition.
// This may return an invalid position if the parsing fails.
static UniquePosition FromProto(const sync_pb::UniquePosition& proto);
// Creates a position with the given suffix. Ordering among positions created
// from this function is the same as that of the integer parameters that were
// passed in.
static UniquePosition FromInt64(int64_t i, const std::string& suffix);
// Returns a valid position. Its ordering is not defined.
static UniquePosition InitialPosition(const std::string& suffix);
// Returns positions compare smaller than, greater than, or between the input
// positions.
static UniquePosition Before(const UniquePosition& x,
const std::string& suffix);
static UniquePosition After(const UniquePosition& x,
const std::string& suffix);
static UniquePosition Between(const UniquePosition& before,
const UniquePosition& after,
const std::string& suffix);
// This constructor creates an invalid value.
UniquePosition();
bool LessThan(const UniquePosition& other) const;
bool Equals(const UniquePosition& other) const;
// Serializes the position's internal state to a protobuf.
sync_pb::UniquePosition ToProto() const;
// Serializes the protobuf representation of this object as a string.
void SerializeToString(std::string* blob) const;
// Returns a human-readable representation of this item's internal state.
std::string ToDebugString() const;
// Returns the suffix.
std::string GetSuffixForTest() const;
// Performs a lossy conversion to an int64_t position. Positions converted to
// and from int64_ts using this and the FromInt64 function should maintain
// their
// relative orderings unless the int64_t values conflict.
int64_t ToInt64() const;
bool IsValid() const;
// Returns memory usage estimate.
size_t EstimateMemoryUsage() const;
private:
friend class UniquePositionTest;
// Returns a string X such that (X ++ |suffix|) < |str|.
// |str| must be a trailing substring of a valid ordinal.
// |suffix| must be a valid unique suffix.
static std::string FindSmallerWithSuffix(const std::string& str,
const std::string& suffix);
// Returns a string X such that (X ++ |suffix|) > |str|.
// |str| must be a trailing substring of a valid ordinal.
// |suffix| must be a valid unique suffix.
static std::string FindGreaterWithSuffix(const std::string& str,
const std::string& suffix);
// Returns a string X such that |before| < (X ++ |suffix|) < |after|.
// |before| and after must be a trailing substrings of valid ordinals.
// |suffix| must be a valid unique suffix.
static std::string FindBetweenWithSuffix(const std::string& before,
const std::string& after,
const std::string& suffix);
// Expects a run-length compressed string as input. For internal use only.
explicit UniquePosition(const std::string& internal_rep);
// Expects an uncompressed prefix and suffix as input. The |suffix| parameter
// must be a suffix of |uncompressed|. For internal use only.
UniquePosition(const std::string& uncompressed, const std::string& suffix);
// Implementation of an order-preserving run-length compression scheme.
static std::string Compress(const std::string& input);
static std::string CompressImpl(const std::string& input);
static std::string Uncompress(const std::string& compressed);
static bool IsValidCompressed(const std::string& str);
// The position value after it has been run through the custom compression
// algorithm. See Compress() and Uncompress() functions above.
std::string compressed_;
bool is_valid_;
};
} // namespace syncer
#endif // COMPONENTS_SYNC_BASE_UNIQUE_POSITION_H_