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Repository files navigation — the right way to check curl the weather! is a console-oriented weather forecast service that supports various information representation methods like terminal-oriented ANSI-sequences for console HTTP clients (curl, httpie, or wget), HTML for web browsers, or PNG for graphical viewers.

Originally started as a small project, a wrapper for wego, intended to demonstrate the power of the console-oriented services, became a popular weather reporting service, handling tens of millions of queries daily.

You can see it running here:

Documentation | Usage | One-line output | Data-rich output format | Map view | Output formats | Moon phases | Internationalization | Installation


You can access the service from a shell or from a Web browser like this:

$ curl
Weather for City: Paris, France

     \   /     Clear
      .-.      10 – 11 °C
   ― (   ) ―   ↑ 11 km/h
      `-’      10 km
     /   \     0.0 mm

Here is an example weather report:

Weather Report

Or in PowerShell:


Want to get the weather information for a specific location? You can add the desired location to the URL in your request like this:

$ curl
$ curl
$ curl

If you omit the location name, you will get the report for your current location based on your IP address.

Use 3-letter airport codes in order to get the weather information at a certain airport:

$ curl      # Weather for IATA: muc, Munich International Airport, Germany
$ curl      # Weather for IATA: ham, Hamburg Airport, Germany

Let's say you'd like to get the weather for a geographical location other than a town or city - maybe an attraction in a city, a mountain name, or some special location. Add the character ~ before the name to look up that special location name before the weather is then retrieved:

$ curl
$ curl
$ curl

For these examples, you'll see a line below the weather forecast output that shows the geolocation results of looking up the location:

Location: Vostok Station, станция Восток, AAT, Antarctica [-78.4642714,106.8364678]
Location: Tour Eiffel, 5, Avenue Anatole France, Gros-Caillou, 7e, Paris, Île-de-France, 75007, France [48.8582602,2.29449905432]
Location: Kilimanjaro, Northern, Tanzania [-3.4762789,37.3872648]

You can also use IP-addresses (direct) or domain names (prefixed with @) to specify a location:

$ curl
$ curl

To get detailed information online, you can access the /:help page:

$ curl

Weather Units

By default the USCS units are used for the queries from the USA and the metric system for the rest of the world. You can override this behavior by adding ?u, ?m or ?M to a URL like this:

$ curl  # USCS (used by default in US)
$ curl  # metric (SI) (used by default everywhere except US)
$ curl  # metric (SI), but show wind speed in m/s

If you have several options to pass, write them without delimiters in between for the one-letter options, and use & as a delimiter for the long options with values:

$ curl ''

It would be a rough equivalent of -m2 --lang nl for the GNU CLI syntax.

Supported output formats and views currently supports five output formats:

  • ANSI for the terminal;
  • Plain-text for the terminal and scripts;
  • HTML for the browser;
  • PNG for the graphical viewers;
  • JSON for scripts and APIs;
  • Prometheus metrics for scripts and APIs.

The ANSI and HTML formats are selected based on the User-Agent string.

To force plain text, which disables colors:

$ curl

To restrict output to glyphs available in standard console fonts (e.g. Consolas and Lucida Console):

$ curl

The PNG format can be forced by adding .png to the end of the query:

$ wget

You can use all of the options with the PNG-format like in an URL, but you have to separate them with _ instead of ? and &:

$ wget

Useful options for the PNG format:

  • t for transparency (transparency=150);
  • transparency=0..255 for a custom transparency level.

Transparency is a useful feature when weather PNGs are used to add weather data to pictures:

$ convert source.jpg <( curl ) -geometry +50+50 -composite target.jpg

In this example:

  • source.jpg - source file;
  • target.jpg - target file;
  • Oymyakon - name of the location;
  • tqp0 - options (recommended).

Picture with weather data

You can embed a special widget, that displays the weather condition for the current or a selected location, into a HTML page using the wttr-switcher. That is how it looks like: wttr-switcher-example or on a real world web site:

Embedded example at

One-line output

One-line output format is convenient to be used to show weather info in status bar of different programs, such as tmux, weechat, etc.

For one-line output format, specify additional URL parameter format:

$ curl
Nuremberg: 🌦 +11⁰C

Available preconfigured formats: 1, 2, 3, 4 and the custom format using the percent notation (see below).

You can specify multiple locations separated with : (for repeating queries):

$ curl
Nuremberg: 🌦 +11⁰C

Or to process all this queries at once:

$ curl -s '{Nuremberg,Hamburg,Berlin}?format=3'
Nuremberg: 🌦 +11⁰C
Hamburg: 🌦 +8⁰C
Berlin: 🌦 +8⁰C

To specify your own custom output format, use the special %-notation:

    c    Weather condition,
    C    Weather condition textual name,
    x    Weather condition, plain-text symbol,
    h    Humidity,
    t    Temperature (Actual),
    f    Temperature (Feels Like),
    w    Wind,
    l    Location,
    m    Moon phase 🌑🌒🌓🌔🌕🌖🌗🌘,
    M    Moon day,
    p    Precipitation (mm/3 hours),
    P    Pressure (hPa),
    u    UV index (1-12),

    D    Dawn*,
    S    Sunrise*,
    z    Zenith*,
    s    Sunset*,
    d    Dusk*,
    T    Current time*,
    Z    Local timezone.

(*times are shown in the local timezone)

So, these two calls are the same:

    $ curl
    London: ⛅️ +7⁰C
    $ curl"%l:+%c+%t\n"
    London: ⛅️ +7⁰C


When using in tmux.conf, you have to escape % with %, i.e. write there %% instead of %.

The output does not contain new line by default, when the %-notation is used, but it does contain it when preconfigured format (1,2,3 etc.) are used. To have the new line in the output when the %-notation is used, use '\n' and single quotes when doing a query from the shell.

In programs, that are querying the service automatically (such as tmux), it is better to use some reasonable update interval. In tmux, you can configure it with status-interval.

If several, : separated locations, are specified in the query, specify update period as an additional query parameter period=:

set -g status-interval 60
WEATHER='#(curl -s\?format\="%%l:+%%c%%20%%t%%60%%w&period=60")'
set -g status-right "$WEATHER ..." in tmux status bar


To embed in to an IRC (WeeChat) client's existing status bar:

/alias add wttr /exec -pipe "/mute /set plugins.var.wttr";/wait 3 /item refresh wttr
/trigger add wttr timer 60000;0;0 "" "" "/wttr"
/item add wttr "" "${plugins.var.wttr}"
/eval /set ${},spacer,wttr
/eval /set weechat.startup.command_after_plugins ${weechat.startup.command_after_plugins};/wttr
/wttr in WeeChat status bar


Conky usage example:

${texeci 1800 curl
  | convert - -transparent black $HOME/.config/conky/out.png}
${image $HOME/.config/conky/out.png -p 0,0} in conky

Emojis support

To see emojis in terminal, you need:

  1. Terminal support for emojis (was added to Cairo 1.15.8);
  2. Font with emojis support.

For the emoji font, we recommend Noto Color Emoji, and a good alternative option would be the Emoji One font; both of them support all necessary emoji glyphs.

Font configuration:

$ cat ~/.config/fontconfig/fonts.conf
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<!DOCTYPE fontconfig SYSTEM "fonts.dtd">
      <family>Noto Color Emoji</family>
      <family>Noto Color Emoji</family>
      <family>Noto Color Emoji</family>

(to apply the configuration, run fc-cache -f -v).

In some cases, tmux and the terminal understanding of some emoji characters may differ, which may cause strange effects similar to that described in #579.

Data-rich output format (v2)

In the experimental data-rich output format, that is available under the view code v2, a lot of additional weather and astronomical information is available:

  • Temperature, and precipitation changes forecast throughout the days;
  • Moonphase for today and the next three days;
  • The current weather condition, temperature, humidity, wind speed and direction, pressure;
  • Timezone;
  • Dawn, sunrise, noon, sunset, dusk time for he selected location;
  • Precise geographical coordinates for the selected location.
  $ curlünchen


  $ curlünchen?format=v2

or, if you prefer Nerd Fonts instead of Emoji, v2d (day) or v2n (night):

  $ curlünchen

data-reach output format

(The mode is experimental, and it has several limitations currently:

  • It works only in terminal;
  • Only English is supported).

Currently, you need some tweaks for some terminals, to get the best possible visualization.


Depending on your configuration you might be taking all steps, or only a few. URXVT currently doesn't support emoji related fonts, but we can get almost the same effect using Font-Symbola. So add to your .Xresources file the following line:


You can add it after your preferred font and it will only show up when required. Then, if you see or feel like you're having spacing issues, add this: URxvt.letterSpace: 0 For some reason URXVT sometimes stops deciding right the word spacing and we need to force it this way.

The result, should look like:

URXVT Emoji line

Map view (v3)

In the experimental map view, that is available under the view code v3, weather information about a geographical region is available:

    $ curl

or directly in browser:

The map view currently supports three formats:

  • PNG (for browser and messengers);
  • Sixel (terminal inline images support);
  • IIP (terminal with iterm2 inline images protocol support).

Terminal with inline images protocols support:

Detailed article: Images in terminal

Terminal Environment Images support Protocol
uxterm X11 yes Sixel
mlterm X11 yes Sixel
kitty X11 yes Kitty
wezterm X11 yes IIP
Darktile X11 yes Sixel
Jexer X11 yes Sixel
GNOME Terminal X11 in-progress Sixel
alacritty X11 in-progress Sixel
foot Wayland yes Sixel
DomTerm Web yes Sixel
Yaft FB yes Sixel
iTerm2 Mac OS X yes IIP
mintty Windows yes Sixel
Windows Terminal Windows in-progress Sixel
RLogin Windows yes Sixel

Different output formats

JSON output

The JSON format is a feature providing access to data through an easy-to-parse format, without requiring the user to create a complex script to reinterpret's graphical output.

To fetch information in JSON format, use the following syntax:

$ curl

This will fetch information on the Detroit region in JSON format. The j1 format code is used to allow for the use of other layouts for the JSON output.

The result will look something like the following:

	"current_condition": [
		    "FeelsLikeC": "25",
		    "FeelsLikeF": "76",
		    "cloudcover": "100",
		    "humidity": "76",
		    "observation_time": "04:08 PM",
		    "precipMM": "0.2",
		    "pressure": "1019",
		    "temp_C": "22",
		    "temp_F": "72",
		    "uvIndex": 5,
		    "visibility": "16",
		    "weatherCode": "122",
		    "weatherDesc": [
			    "value": "Overcast"
		    "weatherIconUrl": [
			    "value": ""
		    "winddir16Point": "NNE",
		    "winddirDegree": "20",
		    "windspeedKmph": "7",
		    "windspeedMiles": "4"

Most of these values are self-explanatory, aside from weatherCode. The weatherCode is an enumeration which you can find at either the WorldWeatherOnline website or in the source code.

Prometheus Metrics Output

The Prometheus Metrics format is a feature providing access to data through an easy-to-parse format for monitoring systems, without requiring the user to create a complex script to reinterpret's graphical output.

To fetch information in Prometheus format, use the following syntax:

$ curl

This will fetch information on the Detroit region in Prometheus Metrics format. The p1 format code is used to allow for the use of other layouts for the Prometheus Metrics output.

A possible configuration for Prometheus could look like this:

    - job_name: 'wttr_in_detroit'
            - targets: ['']
        metrics_path: '/Detroit'
            format: ['p1']

The result will look something like the following:

# HELP temperature_feels_like_celsius Feels Like Temperature in Celsius
temperature_feels_like_celsius{forecast="current"} 7
# HELP temperature_feels_like_fahrenheit Feels Like Temperature in Fahrenheit
temperature_feels_like_fahrenheit{forecast="current"} 45


Moon phases can also be used to check the phase of the Moon. This example shows how to see the current Moon phase in the full-output mode:

$ curl

Get the moon phase for a particular date by adding @YYYY-MM-DD:

$ curl

The moon phase information uses pyphoon as its backend.

To get the moon phase information in the online mode, use %m:

$ curl

Keep in mind that the Unicode representation of moon phases suffers 2 caveats:

  • With some fonts, the representation 🌘 is ambiguous, for it either seem almost-shadowed or almost-lit, depending on whether your terminal is in light mode or dark mode. Relying on colored fonts like noto-fonts works around this problem.

  • The representation 🌘 is also ambiguous, for it means "last quarter" in northern hemisphere, but "first quarter" in souther hemisphere. It also means nothing in tropical zones. This is a limitation that Unicode is aware about. But it has not been worked around at yet.

See #247, #364 for the corresponding tracking issues, and pyphoon#1 for pyphoon. Any help is welcome.

Internationalization and localization supports multilingual locations names that can be specified in any language in the world (it may be surprising, but many locations in the world don't have an English name).

The query string should be specified in Unicode (hex-encoded or not). Spaces in the query string must be replaced with +:

$ curlстанция+Восток
Weather report: станция Восток

      .--.     -65 – -47 °C
   .-(    ).   ↑ 23 km/h
  (___.__)__)  15 km
               0.0 mm

The language used for the output (except the location name) does not depend on the input language and it is either English (by default) or the preferred language of the browser (if the query was issued from a browser) that is specified in the query headers (Accept-Language).

The language can be set explicitly when using console clients by using command-line options like this:

curl -H "Accept-Language: fr"
http GET Accept-Language:ru

The preferred language can be forced using the lang option:

$ curl

The third option is to choose the language using the DNS name used in the query:

$ curl is currently translated into 54 languages, and the number of supported languages is constantly growing.

See /:translation to learn more about the translation process, to see the list of supported languages and contributors, or to know how you can help to translate in your language.

Queries to in various languages


To install the application:

  1. Install external dependencies
  2. Install Python dependencies used by the service
  3. Configure IP2Location (optional)
  4. Get a WorldWeatherOnline API and configure wego
  5. Configure
  6. Configure the HTTP-frontend service

Install external dependencies has the following external dependencies:

  • golang, wego dependency
  • wego, weather client for terminal

After you install golang, install wego:

go install

Install Python dependencies

Python requirements:

  • Flask
  • geoip2
  • geopy
  • requests
  • gevent

If you want to get weather reports as PNG files, you'll also need to install:

  • PIL
  • pyte (>=0.6)
  • necessary fonts

You can install most of them using pip.

Some python package use LLVM, so install it first:

apt-get install llvm-7 llvm-7-dev

If virtualenv is used:

virtualenv -p python3 ve
ve/bin/pip3 install -r requirements.txt
ve/bin/python3 bin/

Also, you need to install the geoip2 database. You can use a free database GeoLite2 that can be downloaded from (

Configure IP2Location (optional)

If you want to use the IP2location service for IP-addresses that are not covered by GeoLite2, you have to obtain a API key of that service, and after that save into the ~/.ip2location.key file:

$ echo 'YOUR_IP2LOCATION_KEY' > ~/.ip2location.key

If you don't have this file, the service will be silently skipped (it is not a big problem, because the MaxMind database is pretty good).

Installation with Docker

  • Install Docker
  • Build Docker Image
  • These files should be mounted by the user at runtime:
/root/.ip2location.key (optional)

Get a WorldWeatherOnline key and configure wego

To get a WorldWeatherOnline API key, you must register here:

After you have a WorldWeatherOnline key, you can save it into the WWO key file: ~/.wwo.key

Also, you have to specify the key in the wego configuration:

$ cat ~/.wegorc
	"City": "London",
	"Numdays": 3,
	"Imperial": false,
	"Lang": "en"

The City parameter in ~/.wegorc is ignored.


Configure the following environment variables that define the path to the local installation, to the GeoLite database, and to the wego installation. For example:

export WTTR_MYDIR="/home/igor/"
export WTTR_GEOLITE="/home/igor/"
export WTTR_WEGO="/home/igor/go/bin/wego"
export WTTR_LISTEN_PORT="8002"

Configure the HTTP-frontend service

It's recommended that you also configure the web server that will be used to access the service:

server {
	listen [::]:80;
	server_name *;
	access_log  /var/log/nginx/  main;
	error_log  /var/log/nginx/;

	location / {

	    proxy_set_header   Host             $host;
	    proxy_set_header   X-Real-IP        $remote_addr;
	    proxy_set_header   X-Forwarded-For  $remote_addr;

	    client_max_body_size       10m;
	    client_body_buffer_size    128k;

	    proxy_connect_timeout      90;
	    proxy_send_timeout         90;
	    proxy_read_timeout         90;

	    proxy_buffer_size          4k;
	    proxy_buffers              4 32k;
	    proxy_busy_buffers_size    64k;
	    proxy_temp_file_write_size 64k;

	    expires                    off;