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README.md

CircleCI Images CircleCI Build Status GitHub license CircleCI Community

Stay informed about CircleCI image changes/announcements

As part of regular maintenance, changes are occasionally made to various images, from updating images' contents, to changing how image variants are tagged. With the exception of bugfixes or security patches, these changes will always be announced in advance. Changes are posted in the Announcements section of CircleCI Discuss; relevant posts will always have a convenience-images tag:

By creating a Discuss account, you can subscribe to these posts, in order to receive notifications via email:

https://discuss.circleci.com

Overview

A set of convenience images that work better in context of CI. This repo contains the official set of images that CircleCI maintains. It contains language as well as services images:

  • Language images (e.g. ruby, python, node) are images targeted for common programming languages with the common tools pre-installed. They primarily extend the official images and install additional tools (e.g. browsers) that we find very useful in context of CI.
  • Service images (e.g. mongo, postgres) are images that have the services pre-configured with development/CI mode. They also primarily extend the corresponding official images but with sensible development/CI defaults (e.g. disable production checks, default to nojournal to speed up tests)

Official images

We extend Docker Official Repositories in order to start with the same consistent set of images.

This allows us to make things more standardized. From our scripts for checking for updates, the type of OS on the base image, and so forth. We can recommend using apt-get install rather than documenting various constraints depending on which stack you're using.

The official images on Docker Hub are curated by Docker as their way to provide convenience images which address both development and production needs. Since Docker sponsors a dedicated team responsible for reviewing each of the official images, we can take advantage of the community maintaining them independently without trying to track all of the sources and building automations for each one. For now we can take a shortcut, without building this infrastructure.

Finally, our convenience images are augmenting these official images, by adding some missing packages, that we install ourselves for common dependencies shared for the CI environment.

All of the official images on Docker Hub have an "_" for the username, for example: https://hub.docker.com/_/ruby

You can view all of the officially supported images here: https://hub.docker.com/explore/

CircleCI supported images are here: https://hub.docker.com/r/circleci/

To view the Dockerfiles for CircleCI images, visit the CircleCI-Public/circleci-dockerfiles repository.

How to add a bundle with images

A bundle is a top-level subfolder in this repository (e.g. postgres).

For the image Dockerfiles, we use a WIP templating mechanism. Each bundle should contain a generate-images script for generating the Dockerfiles. You can use postgres/generate-images and node/generate-images for inspiration. The pattern is executable script of the following sample:

#!/bin/bash

# the base image we should be tracking. It must be a Dockerhub official repo
BASE_REPO=node

# Specify the variants we need to publish.  Language stacks should have a
# `browsers` variant to have an image with firefox/chrome pre-installed
VARIANTS=(browsers)

# By default, we don't build the alpine images, since they are typically not dev friendly
# and makes our experience inconsistent.
# However, it's reasonable for services to include the alpine image (e.g. psql)
#
# uncomment for services

#INCLUDE_ALPINE=true

# if the image needs some basic customizations, you can embed the Dockerfile
# customizations by setting $IMAGE_CUSTOMIZATIONS. Like the following
#

IMAGE_CUSTOMIZATIONS='
RUN apt-get update && apt-get install -y node
'

# boilerplate
source ../shared/images/generate.sh

By default, the script uses ./shared/images/Dockerfile-basic.template template which is most appropriate for language based images. Language image variants (e.g. -browsers images that have language images with browsers installed) use the ./shared/images/Dockerfile-${variant}.template.

Service image should have their own template. The template can be kept in <bundle-name>/resources/Dockerfile-basic.template—like ./mongo/resources/Dockerfile-basic.template.

To build all images—push a commit with [build-images] text appearing in the commit message.

Also, add the bundle name to in Makefile BUNDLES field.

Development

This section is a work in progress

This project's build system is managed with Make. It generates Dockerfiles and builds images based off of upstream Docker Library base images, variant images that upstream may have, variant images that CircleCI provides, as well as tools common for testing projects in various programming languages.

Generate Dockerfiles

Use make <base-image>/generate_images to generate of all of the Dockerfiles for a specific base image. For example, to generate all of the Dockerfils for the circleci/golang image, you would run make golang/generate_images.

Use make images to generate Dockerfiles for every base image we have. This process is fairly fast with decent Internet connection.

Once generated, Dockerfiles for each image will be in the images folder for that base image (e.g. ./python/images/).

Build images

Build a single Dockerfile

You can build a single image, with a throway name and the docker build command.

docker build -t <throw-away-img-name> <directory-containing-dockerfile>

Here's how you would build the "regular" Go v1.11 CircleCI image:

docker build -t test/golang:latest golang/images/1.11.0/

The image name and tag (test/golang:latest) can be whatever name you want, it's just for local dev and can be deleted.

Build all Dockerfiles for a base image

Use make <base-image>/publish_images to docker build all of the Dockerfiles for that base image. There's a couple things to note here:

  1. Each base image has a lot of images. Building them will end up taking several GBs of disk space, and can take quite a while to run. Make sure you want to do this before you do it.
  2. The build script will also try to run docker push. If you don't work for CircleCI, this will fail and that's okay. It's safe to ignore.

Build all Dockerfiles for every base image

Don't do it. If you have an Ultrabook laptop, it won't be happy. If you really want to do it, look at the Makefile.

Testing

There is automated testing for every variant of every image!

Tests run with dgoss.

Tests are platform-specific (e.g., PHP and Android have their own distinct sets of tests)—see the goss.yaml file in each image directory.

The testing logic is currently in shared/images/build.sh, as it is nestled between the existing automated docker build and docker push functionality. In short, for a particular variant of an image, we make a copy of its Dockerfile, append some Dockerfile syntax to add a custom entrypoint that allows us to execute tests against the running container, build a special, temporary version of the image (added time is insignificant, as most of the Dockerfile steps are cached), and run the tests.

A particular variant is pushed to Docker Hub only if tests pass; if not, the same process restarts for the next variant, etc.

Tests run twice: once for stdout, and again, with JUnit formatting, for store_test_results (after some post-processing due to how goss outputs JUnit XML...). With test runtimes at essentially zero seconds, running everything twice has a negligible effect on job runtime.

By default, a given branch will push images to the ccitest Docker Hub org, with the branch name appended to all image tags. Once a given branch is merged to staging, staging will then push images to the ccistaging Docker Hub org. Finally, we can rebuild those images on the circleci Docker Hub org by merging changes from staging into the master branch. See below for note on forked pull requests.

Remaining work

  • Tests are very bare-bones right now and could use image-specific additions—please add things to each image's goss.yml file and the existing logic will take care of the rest!
  • The testing code is spread across the repository and is a bit confusing; some refactoring would help

Limitations

Licensing & Usage

The circleci-images repository is licensed under The MIT License. See LICENSE for the full license text.

The Docker images generated from this repository are designed to work with the CircleCI docker executor. While you may use the images anywhere Docker is available, your experience may vary.

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