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README.md

CiscoNodeUtils - Cisco Node Utilities

Gem Version Build Status

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Documentation Workflow Map

This workflow map aids users, developers and maintainers of the CiscoNodeUtils project in selecting the appropriate document(s) for their task.

Please see Learning Resources for additional references.

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Table of Contents

  1. Overview
  2. Installation
  3. Configuration
  4. Documentation
  5. Examples
  6. Changelog
  7. Learning Resources
  8. License Information

Overview

The CiscoNodeUtils gem provides utilities for management of Cisco network nodes. It is designed to work with Puppet and Chef as well as other open source management tools.

This CiscoNodeUtils gem release supports the following:

Platform OS OS Version
Cisco Nexus N9k NX-OS 7.0(3)I2(5) and later
Cisco Nexus N3k NX-OS 7.0(3)I2(5) and later
Cisco Nexus N3K-F NX-OS 7.0(3)F3(2) and later
Cisco Nexus N5k NX-OS 7.3(0)N1(1) and later
Cisco Nexus N6k NX-OS 7.3(0)N1(1) and later
Cisco Nexus N7k NX-OS 7.3(0)D1(1) and later
Cisco Nexus N9K-F NX-OS 7.0(3)F1(1) and later

Please note: For Cisco Nexus 9k platforms, a virtual Nexus N9000 may be helpful for development and testing. Users with a valid cisco.com user ID can download the software on CCO. If you do not have a cisco.com user ID please register for one at https://tools.cisco.com/IDREG/guestRegistration

Installation

To install the CiscoNodeUtils, use the following command:

$ gem install cisco_node_utils

(Add sudo if you're installing under a POSIX system as root)

Alternatively, if you've checked the source out directly, you can call rake install from the root project directory.

Configuration

Depending on the installation environment (Linux, NX-OS), this gem may require configuration in order to be used. Two configuration file locations are supported:

  • /etc/cisco_node_utils.yaml (system and/or root user configuration)
  • ~/cisco_node_utils.yaml (per-user configuration)

If both files exist and are readable, configuration in the user-specific file will take precedence over the system configuration.

This file specifies the host, port, username, and/or password to be used to connect to one or more nodes.

  • When installing this gem on NX-OS nodes, this file is generally not needed, as the default client behavior is sufficient. This file can be used however to override the default cookie.
    • Nodes defined with a single cookie parameter will override the default cookie.
  • When developing for or testing this gem, this file can specify one or more NX-OS nodes to run tests against. In this case:
    • A node labeled as default will be the default node to test against.
    • Nodes with other names can be selected at test execution time.
    • NX-OS nodes must be defined with a host (hostname or IP address), username, and password.

An example configuration file (illustrating each of the above scenarios) is provided with this gem at docs/cisco_node_utils.yaml.example.

For security purposes, it is highly recommended that access to this file be restricted to only the owning user (chmod 0600).

Configuration may also be specified at runtime and can be used in the absence of configuration files or to override them.

Example:

env = { host: '192.168.1.1', port: nil, username: 'admin', password: 'admin123', cookie: nil }
Cisco::Environment.add_env('default', env)

Documentation

Client

The Client class provides a low-level interface for communicating with the Cisco network node. It provides the base APIs create, get, and set.

  • Cisco::Client::NXAPI - client for communicating with NX-OS 7.0(3)I2(5) and later, using NX-API.

For a greater level of abstraction, the Node class is generally used, but the Client classes can be invoked directly if desired.

Node

The Node class is a singleton which wraps around the Client class to provide for management of a given Cisco network node. It provides the base APIs config_set, config_get, and config_get_default.

CommandReference

The CommandReference class abstracts away the differences between various supported Node types, be that API differences (CLI vs. YANG) or hardware differences (Nexus N9k vs. Nexus N3k). A series of YAML files describe various feature groupings. Each file describes a set of attributes of the given feature and the specifics of how to inspect and manage these attributes for any supported Node types. When a Node is connected, the platform identification of the Node is used to construct a CommandReference instance containing a set of CmdRef objects specific to this Node. The Node APIs config_set, config_get, and config_get_default all rely on the CmdRef.

See also README_YAML.

Feature Providers

Each feature supported by CiscoNodeUtils has its own class. For example, Cisco::RouterOspf is the class used to manage OSPF router configuration on a Node. Each feature class has getters and setters which are wrappers around the Node APIs config_set, config_get, and config_get_default.

Puppet and Chef

This library is designed as a shared backend between Puppet and Chef for the management of Cisco nodes. Puppet providers and Chef providers alike can use the feature provider classes from this module to do the majority of work in actually managing device configuration and state. This reduces the amount of code duplication between the Cisco Puppet modules and the Cisco Chef cookbooks.

Generally speaking, Puppet and Chef should only interact with the feature provider classes, and not directly call into CommandReference or Node.

Examples

These utilities can be used directly on a Cisco device (as used by Puppet and Chef) or can run on a workstation and point to a Cisco device (as used by the included minitest suite). The Client and Node APIs will read connection information (host, username, etc.) from a configuration file. When creating a Client you can choose which device in the config file to connect to by specifying a label (if no label is specified, "default" is assumed). If a configuration file cannot be found, the Client or Node will attempt to connect to the local device.

Note: Entries in the configuration file can specify local or remote devices.

Cisco Nexus Device (supports CLI configuration)

Low-level Client API

require 'cisco_node_utils'

# Create a connection to the following nodes:
# - 'default' device defined in the cisco_node_utils.yaml file
# - 'n9k' device defined in the cisco_node_utils.yaml file
client1 = Cisco::Client.create()
client2 = Cisco::Client.create('n9k')
# Warning: Make sure to exclude devices using the 'no_proxy' environment variable
# to ensure successful remote connections.

# Add runtime configuration for remote device and connect
env = { host: '192.168.1.1', port: nil, username: 'admin', password: 'admin123', cookie: nil }
Cisco::Environment.add_env('remote', env)
client3 = Cisco::Client.create('remote')

# Use connections to get and set device state.
client1.set(values: 'feature vtp')
client1.set(values: 'vtp domain mycompany.com')
puts client1.get(command: 'show vtp status | inc Domain')

puts client2.get(command: 'show version')
puts client3.get(command: 'show version')

High-level Node API

require 'cisco_node_utils'

# Create a connection to the following:
# - 'default' device defined in the cisco_node_utils.yaml
node = Cisco::Node.instance()
# OR:
# - 'n9k' device defined in the cisco_node_utils.yaml file
# Cisco::Environment.default_environment_name = 'n9k'
# node = Cisco::Node.instance()

# Warning: Make sure to exclude devices using the 'no_proxy' environment variable
# to ensure successful remote connections.

# Use connection to get and set device state.
node.config_set('feature', 'vtp', state: '')
node.config_set('vtp', 'domain', domain: 'mycompany.com')
puts node.config_get('vtp', 'domain')

Changelog

See CHANGELOG for a list of changes.

Learning Resources

License Information

Copyright (c) 2013-2018 Cisco and/or its affiliates.

Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with the License. You may obtain a copy of the License at

http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0

Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See the License for the specific language governing permissions and limitations under the License.

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