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<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<style xmlns="http://purl.org/net/xbiblio/csl" class="in-text" version="1.0" demote-non-dropping-particle="sort-only" default-locale="en-GB">
<info>
<title>University of Bath - Harvard</title>
<id>http://www.zotero.org/styles/harvard-university-of-bath</id>
<link href="http://www.zotero.org/styles/harvard-university-of-bath" rel="self"/>
<link href="http://www.zotero.org/styles/harvard-bournemouth-university" rel="template"/>
<link href="https://library.bath.ac.uk/referencing/harvard-bath" rel="documentation"/>
<link href="https://github.com/alex-ball/bathbib/" rel="documentation"/>
<author>
<name>Alex Ball</name>
<email>ab318@bath.ac.uk</email>
</author>
<contributor>
<name>Rob Fuller</name>
<email>rob.fuller1@gmail.com</email>
</contributor>
<category citation-format="author-date"/>
<category field="generic-base"/>
<summary>Adaptation of Harvard referencing style used at the University of Bath.</summary>
<updated>2022-05-05T12:00:00+00:00</updated>
<rights license="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/">This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 License</rights>
</info>
<locale xml:lang="en">
<terms>
<term name="available at">available from</term>
<term name="chapter" form="short">
<single>c.</single>
<multiple>cc.</multiple>
</term>
<term name="editor" form="short">
<single>ed.</single>
<multiple>eds</multiple>
</term>
<term name="number" form="long">number</term>
<term name="number" form="short">no.</term>
<term name="translator" form="short">trans.</term>
<term name="version" form="short">v.</term>
</terms>
</locale>
<macro name="access">
<choose>
<if variable="URL DOI accessed" match="any">
<text term="available at" text-case="capitalize-first" suffix=": "/>
<choose>
<if variable="DOI">
<text variable="DOI" prefix="https://doi.org/"/>
</if>
<else-if variable="URL">
<text variable="URL"/>
</else-if>
<else>
<text variable="archive"/>
</else>
</choose>
<group prefix=" [" suffix="]">
<text term="accessed" text-case="capitalize-first" suffix=" "/>
<date variable="accessed">
<date-part name="day" suffix=" "/>
<date-part name="month" suffix=" "/>
<date-part name="year"/>
</date>
</group>
</if>
</choose>
</macro>
<macro name="archive">
<choose>
<if variable="archive">
<choose>
<if type="graphic manuscript map pamphlet" match="any">
<group delimiter=". ">
<group delimiter=", ">
<text variable="archive_collection"/>
<text variable="archive_location"/>
</group>
<group delimiter=", ">
<text variable="archive"/>
<text variable="archive-place"/>
</group>
</group>
</if>
<else-if type="broadcast motion_picture song" match="any"/>
<else>
<group delimiter=" ">
<text variable="archive" font-style="italic"/>
<choose>
<if type="bill report standard webpage" match="any">
<text macro="online"/>
</if>
</choose>
</group>
</else>
</choose>
</if>
</choose>
</macro>
<macro name="author">
<names variable="author">
<name and="text" delimiter-precedes-last="never" initialize-with="." name-as-sort-order="all"/>
<substitute>
<choose>
<if type="entry" variable="title container-title">
<text variable="container-title"/>
</if>
<else-if variable="editor">
<names variable="editor">
<name and="text" delimiter-precedes-last="never" initialize-with="." name-as-sort-order="all"/>
<label form="short" prefix=", " text-case="lowercase"/>
</names>
</else-if>
<else>
<text macro="title-label"/>
</else>
</choose>
</substitute>
</names>
</macro>
<macro name="author-short">
<names variable="author">
<name form="short" and="text" delimiter-precedes-last="never" initialize-with="."/>
<substitute>
<choose>
<if type="entry"/>
<else>
<names variable="editor"/>
</else>
</choose>
<text macro="title-short"/>
</substitute>
</names>
</macro>
<macro name="broadcast">
<group delimiter=". ">
<group delimiter=" ">
<group delimiter=", ">
<text variable="container-title" font-style="italic"/>
<text variable="number" font-style="italic"/>
</group>
<text macro="online"/>
</group>
<text variable="genre"/>
<group delimiter=", ">
<text variable="publisher"/>
<date variable="issued">
<date-part name="day" suffix=" "/>
<date-part name="month"/>
</date>
</group>
</group>
</macro>
<macro name="case-law">
<choose>
<if variable="number">
<group suffix="." delimiter=" ">
<text macro="author"/>
<text variable="number" prefix="(" suffix=")"/>
<text macro="year-date" prefix="[" suffix="]"/>
<text macro="title"/>
<choose>
<if variable="container-title">
<text variable="container-title" font-style="italic"/>
<group>
<text variable="collection-title"/>
<group delimiter="/">
<text variable="volume"/>
<text variable="page"/>
</group>
</group>
</if>
<else>
<text variable="collection-title"/>
<group delimiter="&#8211;">
<text variable="volume"/>
<text variable="page"/>
</group>
</else>
</choose>
</group>
</if>
<else>
<group suffix="." delimiter=". ">
<text macro="author"/>
<choose>
<if variable="volume">
<text macro="year-date" prefix="(" suffix=")"/>
</if>
<else>
<text macro="year-date" prefix="[" suffix="]"/>
</else>
</choose>
<text macro="title"/>
<choose>
<if variable="container-title">
<group delimiter=" ">
<text variable="container-title" font-style="italic"/>
<group>
<text variable="collection-title"/>
<group delimiter="/">
<text variable="volume"/>
<text variable="page"/>
</group>
</group>
</group>
</if>
<else>
<text variable="volume"/>
<group delimiter=" ">
<text variable="collection-title"/>
<text variable="page"/>
</group>
</else>
</choose>
</group>
</else>
</choose>
</macro>
<macro name="container">
<choose>
<if variable="container-title">
<group delimiter=", ">
<group delimiter=" ">
<choose>
<if type="bill book chapter musical_score paper-conference report speech standard webpage" match="any">
<choose>
<if variable="editor">
<text term="in" text-case="capitalize-first" suffix=":"/>
<names variable="editor">
<name and="text" delimiter-precedes-last="never" initialize-with="."/>
<label form="short" prefix=", " suffix="." text-case="lowercase"/>
</names>
</if>
</choose>
</if>
</choose>
<text variable="container-title" font-style="italic"/>
<choose>
<if type="entry" variable="title"/>
<else>
<text macro="online"/>
</else>
</choose>
</group>
<choose>
<if type="paper-conference">
<text variable="event"/>
<date variable="event-date" form="text"/>
<text variable="event-place"/>
</if>
</choose>
<group>
<text variable="volume"/>
<text variable="issue" prefix="(" suffix=")"/>
</group>
</group>
</if>
</choose>
</macro>
<macro name="credits">
<group delimiter=". ">
<choose>
<if type="bill book chapter musical_score paper-conference report speech standard webpage" match="any">
<choose>
<if variable="container-title" match="none">
<names variable="editor">
<label form="verb-short" text-case="capitalize-first" suffix=" "/>
<name and="text" delimiter-precedes-last="never" initialize-with="."/>
</names>
</if>
</choose>
</if>
<else>
<names variable="editor">
<label form="verb-short" text-case="capitalize-first" suffix=" "/>
<name and="text" delimiter-precedes-last="never" initialize-with="."/>
</names>
</else>
</choose>
<names variable="composer">
<label form="verb" text-case="capitalize-first" suffix=" "/>
<name and="text" delimiter-precedes-last="never" initialize="false" initialize-with="."/>
</names>
<names variable="director">
<label form="verb" text-case="capitalize-first" suffix=" "/>
<name and="text" delimiter-precedes-last="never" initialize="false" initialize-with="."/>
</names>
<names variable="interviewer">
<label form="verb" text-case="capitalize-first" suffix=" "/>
<name and="text" delimiter-precedes-last="never" initialize="false" initialize-with="."/>
</names>
<names variable="illustrator">
<label form="verb" text-case="capitalize-first" suffix=" "/>
<name and="text" delimiter-precedes-last="never" initialize="false" initialize-with="."/>
</names>
</group>
</macro>
<macro name="edition">
<choose>
<if is-numeric="edition">
<group delimiter=" ">
<number variable="edition" form="ordinal"/>
<text term="edition" form="short"/>
</group>
</if>
<else>
<text variable="edition"/>
</else>
</choose>
</macro>
<macro name="journal">
<group delimiter=", ">
<group delimiter=" ">
<text variable="container-title" font-style="italic"/>
<text macro="online"/>
</group>
<group>
<text variable="volume"/>
<text variable="issue" prefix="(" suffix=")"/>
</group>
<choose>
<if type="article-magazine article-newspaper" match="any">
<date variable="issued">
<date-part name="day" suffix=" "/>
<date-part name="month"/>
</date>
</if>
</choose>
<group>
<label variable="page" form="short"/>
<text variable="page"/>
</group>
</group>
</macro>
<macro name="online">
<choose>
<if variable="URL DOI accessed" match="any">
<text term="online" text-case="capitalize-first" prefix="[" suffix="]"/>
</if>
</choose>
</macro>
<macro name="publication">
<choose>
<if type="article article-journal article-magazine article-newspaper" match="any">
<text macro="journal"/>
</if>
<else-if type="broadcast">
<text macro="broadcast"/>
</else-if>
<else>
<group delimiter=". ">
<text macro="container"/>
<choose>
<if type="motion_picture song" match="any">
<choose>
<if variable="medium">
<text variable="medium"/>
</if>
<else>
<text variable="genre"/>
</else>
</choose>
</if>
</choose>
<text macro="credits"/>
<choose>
<if type="entry" match="none">
<text macro="edition"/>
</if>
</choose>
<choose>
<if variable="container-title" match="none">
<group>
<text variable="volume"/>
<text variable="issue" prefix="(" suffix=")"/>
</group>
</if>
</choose>
<choose>
<if type="report bill" match="any">
<text macro="series-genre" prefix="(" suffix=")"/>
</if>
<else-if type="thesis patent" match="any">
<text macro="series-genre"/>
</else-if>
<else>
<text macro="series"/>
</else>
</choose>
<text macro="status"/>
<text macro="publisher"/>
</group>
</else>
</choose>
</macro>
<macro name="publisher">
<group delimiter=", ">
<group delimiter=": ">
<text variable="publisher-place"/>
<text variable="publisher"/>
</group>
<group>
<label variable="page" form="short"/>
<text variable="page"/>
</group>
</group>
</macro>
<macro name="series">
<choose>
<if variable="collection-title">
<text variable="collection-title"/>
<text variable="number" prefix=", "/>
</if>
</choose>
</macro>
<macro name="series-genre">
<choose>
<if variable="collection-title genre number" match="any">
<group delimiter=", ">
<text variable="collection-title"/>
<group delimiter=" ">
<text variable="genre"/>
<text variable="number"/>
</group>
</group>
</if>
</choose>
</macro>
<macro name="status">
<text variable="status"/>
</macro>
<macro name="statute-law">
<group delimiter=" ">
<text macro="author"/>
<choose>
<if variable="container-title">
<text macro="year-date" prefix="[" suffix="]"/>
</if>
<else>
<text macro="year-date" font-style="italic"/>
</else>
</choose>
<text macro="title"/>
<choose>
<if type="regulation">
<text macro="online"/>
</if>
</choose>
</group>
<choose>
<if variable="container-title">
<group prefix=" " delimiter=" ">
<text variable="container-title" font-style="italic"/>
<group>
<text variable="collection-title"/>
<group delimiter="/">
<number variable="volume"/>
<text variable="page"/>
</group>
</group>
</group>
</if>
<else>
<choose>
<if variable="collection-title">
<group prefix=" (" suffix=")" delimiter=", ">
<text variable="collection-title"/>
<group>
<text term="chapter" form="short"/>
<number variable="chapter-number"/>
</group>
</group>
</if>
<else>
<group prefix=", ">
<text term="chapter" form="short"/>
<number variable="chapter-number"/>
</group>
</else>
</choose>
<choose>
<if variable="number">
<group prefix=", " delimiter=", ">
<group>
<text term="number" form="short" text-case="capitalize-first"/>
<number variable="number"/>
</group>
<text macro="publisher"/>
</group>
</if>
<else>
<text prefix=". " macro="publisher"/>
</else>
</choose>
</else>
</choose>
</macro>
<macro name="title">
<group delimiter=" ">
<choose>
<if type="entry">
<text variable="title" font-style="italic"/>
</if>
<else>
<choose>
<if type="bill book dataset graphic legal_case map motion_picture musical_score patent report software song speech standard webpage thesis" match="any">
<text variable="title" font-style="italic"/>
</if>
<else>
<choose>
<if variable="container-title">
<text variable="title"/>
</if>
<else>
<text variable="title" font-style="italic"/>
</else>
</choose>
</else>
</choose>
</else>
</choose>
<text variable="original-title" prefix="[" suffix="]"/>
<group prefix="(" suffix=")">
<text term="version" form="short"/>
<text variable="version"/>
</group>
<choose>
<if type="bill broadcast graphic motion_picture patent report song standard thesis" match="any">
<choose>
<if type="graphic song" match="any">
<choose>
<if variable="medium">
<text variable="medium" prefix="[" suffix="]"/>
</if>
<else-if variable="URL DOI accessed" match="any">
<text term="online" text-case="capitalize-first" prefix="[" suffix="]"/>
</else-if>
</choose>
</if>
<else-if type="motion_picture" match="any">
<choose>
<if variable="URL DOI accessed" match="any">
<text term="online" text-case="capitalize-first" prefix="[" suffix="]"/>
</if>
</choose>
</else-if>
<else-if variable="archive" match="none">
<choose>
<if variable="URL DOI accessed" match="any">
<text term="online" text-case="capitalize-first" prefix="[" suffix="]"/>
</if>
</choose>
</else-if>
</choose>
</if>
<else-if type="regulation"/>
<else-if type="entry" variable="title">
<choose>
<if variable="genre">
<text variable="genre" prefix="[" suffix="]"/>
</if>
<else>
<choose>
<if variable="URL DOI accessed" match="any">
<text term="online" text-case="capitalize-first" prefix="[" suffix="]"/>
</if>
</choose>
</else>
</choose>
</else-if>
<else-if variable="container-title" match="none">
<choose>
<if variable="genre">
<text variable="genre" prefix="[" suffix="]"/>
</if>
<else-if variable="container-title" match="none">
<choose>
<if variable="URL DOI accessed" match="any">
<text term="online" text-case="capitalize-first" prefix="[" suffix="]"/>
</if>
</choose>
</else-if>
</choose>
</else-if>
</choose>
</group>
</macro>
<macro name="title-block">
<choose>
<if type="entry">
<group delimiter=". ">
<text macro="edition"/>
<text macro="title"/>
</group>
</if>
<else-if type="graphic map" match="any">
<group delimiter=", ">
<text macro="title"/>
<text variable="scale"/>
</group>
</else-if>
<else-if type="book motion_picture musical_score song speech" match="any">
<group delimiter=" ">
<text macro="title"/>
<text macro="translator"/>
</group>
</else-if>
<else-if type="post">
<choose>
<if variable="container-title" match="none">
<group delimiter=", ">
<text macro="title"/>
<date variable="issued">
<date-part name="day" suffix=" "/>
<date-part name="month"/>
</date>
</group>
</if>
<else>
<text macro="title"/>
</else>
</choose>
</else-if>
<else>
<text macro="title"/>
</else>
</choose>
</macro>
<macro name="title-label">
<group delimiter=" ">
<choose>
<if type="book broadcast" match="any">
<text variable="title"/>
</if>
<else>
<choose>
<if type="bill dataset graphic legal_case map motion_picture musical_score patent report software song speech standard webpage thesis" match="any">
<text variable="title" font-style="italic"/>
</if>
<else>
<choose>
<if variable="container-title">
<text variable="title"/>
</if>
<else>
<text variable="title" font-style="italic"/>
</else>
</choose>
</else>
</choose>
</else>
</choose>
<text variable="original-title" prefix="[" suffix="]"/>
<group prefix="(" suffix=")">
<text term="version" form="short"/>
<text variable="version"/>
</group>
<choose>
<if type="bill broadcast graphic motion_picture patent report song standard thesis" match="any">
<choose>
<if type="graphic song" match="any">
<choose>
<if variable="medium">
<text variable="medium" prefix="[" suffix="]"/>
</if>
<else-if variable="URL DOI accessed" match="any">
<text term="online" text-case="capitalize-first" prefix="[" suffix="]"/>
</else-if>
</choose>
</if>
<else-if type="motion_picture" match="any">
<choose>
<if variable="URL DOI accessed" match="any">
<text term="online" text-case="capitalize-first" prefix="[" suffix="]"/>
</if>
</choose>
</else-if>
<else-if variable="archive" match="none">
<choose>
<if variable="URL DOI accessed" match="any">
<text term="online" text-case="capitalize-first" prefix="[" suffix="]"/>
</if>
</choose>
</else-if>
</choose>
</if>
<else-if type="regulation"/>
<else-if variable="container-title" match="none">
<choose>
<if variable="genre">
<text variable="genre" prefix="[" suffix="]"/>
</if>
<else-if variable="container-title" match="none">
<choose>
<if variable="URL DOI accessed" match="any">
<text term="online" text-case="capitalize-first" prefix="[" suffix="]"/>
</if>
</choose>
</else-if>
</choose>
</else-if>
</choose>
</group>
</macro>
<macro name="title-short">
<choose>
<if type="entry" variable="title container-title">
<text variable="container-title" form="short"/>
</if>
<else-if type="bill dataset entry graphic legal_case map motion_picture musical_score patent report software song speech standard webpage thesis" match="any">
<text variable="title" form="short" font-style="italic"/>
</else-if>
<else-if type="legislation pamphlet post regulation" match="any">
<choose>
<if variable="container-title">
<text variable="title" form="short"/>
</if>
<else>
<text variable="title" form="short" font-style="italic"/>
</else>
</choose>
</else-if>
<else>
<text variable="title" form="short"/>
</else>
</choose>
</macro>
<macro name="translator">
<names variable="translator" prefix="(" suffix=")">
<name and="text" delimiter-precedes-last="never" initialize-with="."/>
<label form="short" prefix=", " text-case="capitalize-first"/>
</names>
</macro>
<macro name="year">
<choose>
<if variable="issued">
<date variable="issued">
<date-part name="year"/>
</date>
</if>
<else>
<text term="no date" form="short"/>
</else>
</choose>
</macro>
<macro name="year-date">
<choose>
<if variable="issued">
<choose>
<if type="post">
<choose>
<if variable="container-title">
<date variable="issued">
<date-part name="day" suffix=" "/>
<date-part name="month" suffix=" "/>
<date-part name="year"/>
</date>
</if>
<else>
<date variable="issued">
<date-part name="year"/>
</date>
</else>
</choose>
</if>
<else>
<date variable="issued">
<date-part name="year"/>
</date>
</else>
</choose>
</if>
<else>
<text term="no date" form="short"/>
</else>
</choose>
</macro>
<citation et-al-min="4" et-al-use-first="1" disambiguate-add-year-suffix="true" disambiguate-add-names="true" disambiguate-add-givenname="true">
<layout prefix="(" suffix=")" delimiter="; ">
<group delimiter=", ">
<text macro="author-short"/>
<text macro="year"/>
<group>
<label variable="locator" form="short"/>
<text variable="locator"/>
</group>
</group>
</layout>
</citation>
<bibliography entry-spacing="1" hanging-indent="false">
<sort>
<key macro="author"/>
<key variable="issued"/>
<key variable="title"/>
</sort>
<layout>
<group delimiter=" ">
<choose>
<if type="legislation regulation" match="any">
<text macro="statute-law" suffix="."/>
</if>
<else-if type="legal_case">
<text macro="case-law" suffix="."/>
</else-if>
<else>
<group delimiter=". " suffix=".">
<group delimiter=", ">
<text macro="author"/>
<text macro="year-date"/>
</group>
<text macro="title-block"/>
<text macro="publication"/>
<text macro="archive"/>
</group>
</else>
</choose>
<group delimiter=". " suffix=".">
<text variable="annote"/>
<text macro="access"/>
</group>
</group>
</layout>
</bibliography>
</style>