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<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<style xmlns="http://purl.org/net/xbiblio/csl" class="note" version="1.0" demote-non-dropping-particle="never" default-locale="en-GB">
<info>
<title>OSCOLA (Oxford University Standard for Citation of Legal Authorities)</title>
<title-short>OSCOLA</title-short>
<id>http://www.zotero.org/styles/oscola</id>
<link href="http://www.zotero.org/styles/oscola" rel="self"/>
<link href="http://www.zotero.org/styles/australian-guide-to-legal-citation" rel="template"/>
<link href="http://www.law.ox.ac.uk/publications/oscola.php" rel="documentation"/>
<author>
<name>Sebastian Karcher</name>
</author>
<category citation-format="note"/>
<category field="law"/>
<summary>The OSCOLA Standards. For a Zotero Group showing data-entry in Zotero see: https://www.zotero.org/groups/oscola_samples/items/order/itemType</summary>
<updated>2013-11-15T01:14:57+00:00</updated>
<rights license="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/">This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 License</rights>
</info>
<locale>
<terms>
<term name="chapter" form="short">
<single>ch.</single>
<multiple>chs.</multiple>
</term>
<term name="section" form="short">
<single>s</single>
<multiple>ss</multiple>
</term>
<term name="paragraph" form="short">
<single>para</single>
<multiple>paras</multiple>
</term>
<term name="translator" form="short">
<single>tr.</single>
<multiple>trs.</multiple>
</term>
<term name="edition" form="short">edn.</term>
<term name="et-al">and others</term>
</terms>
</locale>
<!--Authors and Persons-->
<macro name="author-note">
<!--for bills & hearing this should start with jurisdiction once available-->
<choose>
<if type="interview">
<group delimiter=", ">
<names variable="interviewer">
<name delimiter-precedes-last="never" and="text" delimiter=", " initialize="false" initialize-with=""/>
</names>
<names variable="author" prefix="Interview with ">
<name delimiter-precedes-last="never" and="text" delimiter=", " initialize="false" initialize-with=""/>
</names>
</group>
</if>
<else-if type="personal_communication">
<group delimiter=" ">
<group delimiter=" from ">
<text variable="genre"/>
<names variable="author">
<name delimiter-precedes-last="never" and="text" delimiter=", " initialize="false" initialize-with=""/>
</names>
</group>
<names variable="recipient" prefix="to ">
<name delimiter-precedes-last="never" and="text" delimiter=", " initialize="false" initialize-with=""/>
</names>
</group>
</else-if>
<else-if type="broadcast">
<text variable="publisher"/>
</else-if>
<else-if type="legal_case legislation" match="any"/>
<else>
<names variable="author">
<name delimiter-precedes-last="never" and="text" delimiter=", " initialize="false" initialize-with=""/>
<label form="short" prefix=" (" suffix=")" strip-periods="true"/>
<substitute>
<names variable="editor"/>
<names variable="translator"/>
<text macro="title"/>
</substitute>
</names>
</else>
</choose>
</macro>
<macro name="author-short">
<choose>
<if type="interview">
<group delimiter=", ">
<names variable="interviewer">
<name delimiter-precedes-last="never" and="text" form="short" delimiter=", " initialize="false" initialize-with=""/>
</names>
<names variable="author" prefix="Interview with ">
<name delimiter-precedes-last="never" and="text" form="short" delimiter=", " initialize="false" initialize-with=""/>
</names>
</group>
</if>
<else-if type="personal_communication">
<group delimiter=" ">
<group delimiter=" from ">
<text variable="genre"/>
<names variable="author">
<name delimiter-precedes-last="never" and="text" delimiter=", " form="short" initialize="false" initialize-with=""/>
</names>
</group>
<names variable="recipient" prefix="to ">
<name delimiter-precedes-last="never" and="text" delimiter=", " initialize="false" form="short" initialize-with=""/>
</names>
</group>
</else-if>
<else-if type="broadcast">
<text variable="publisher"/>
</else-if>
<else>
<names variable="author">
<name delimiter-precedes-last="never" and="text" delimiter=", " initialize="false" initialize-with="" form="short"/>
<substitute>
<names variable="editor"/>
<names variable="translator"/>
<text macro="title"/>
</substitute>
</names>
</else>
</choose>
</macro>
<macro name="author">
<!--for bills & hearing this should start with jurisdiction once available-->
<choose>
<if type="interview">
<group delimiter=", ">
<names variable="interviewer">
<name delimiter-precedes-last="never" and="text" delimiter=", " initialize-with="" name-as-sort-order="all" sort-separator=" "/>
</names>
<names variable="author" prefix="Interview with ">
<name delimiter-precedes-last="never" and="text" delimiter=", " initialize="false" initialize-with=""/>
</names>
</group>
</if>
<else-if type="personal_communication">
<group delimiter=" ">
<group delimiter=", ">
<names variable="author">
<name delimiter-precedes-last="never" and="text" delimiter=", " initialize-with="" name-as-sort-order="all" sort-separator=" "/>
</names>
<text variable="genre"/>
</group>
<names variable="recipient" prefix="to ">
<name delimiter-precedes-last="never" and="text" delimiter=", " initialize="false" initialize-with=""/>
</names>
</group>
</else-if>
<else-if type="broadcast">
<text variable="publisher"/>
</else-if>
<else-if type="legal_case legislation" match="any"/>
<else>
<names variable="author">
<name delimiter-precedes-last="never" and="text" delimiter=", " name-as-sort-order="all" initialize-with="" sort-separator=" "/>
<label form="short" prefix=" (" suffix=")" strip-periods="true"/>
<substitute>
<names variable="editor"/>
<names variable="translator"/>
<text macro="title"/>
</substitute>
</names>
</else>
</choose>
</macro>
<macro name="editor">
<choose>
<if type="chapter paper-conference entry-encyclopedia" match="none">
<names variable="editor translator container-author" delimiter=", ">
<name delimiter-precedes-last="never" and="text" delimiter=", " initialize="false" initialize-with=""/>
<label form="short" prefix=" " strip-periods="true"/>
</names>
</if>
</choose>
</macro>
<macro name="editor-chapter">
<group>
<text term="in" suffix=" "/>
<names variable="editor translator container-author" delimiter=", ">
<name delimiter-precedes-last="never" and="text" delimiter=", " initialize="false" initialize-with=""/>
<label form="short" prefix=" (" suffix=")" strip-periods="true"/>
</names>
</group>
</macro>
<!-- Titles -->
<macro name="title">
<choose>
<if type="book motion_picture treaty" match="any">
<text variable="title" font-style="italic" text-case="title"/>
</if>
<else-if type="bill legislation" match="any">
<text variable="title"/>
</else-if>
<else-if type="legal_case">
<text variable="title" font-style="italic" strip-periods="true"/>
</else-if>
<else>
<text variable="title" quotes="true" text-case="title"/>
</else>
</choose>
</macro>
<macro name="title-short">
<choose>
<if type="book motion_picture treaty" match="any">
<text variable="title" font-style="italic" text-case="title" form="short"/>
</if>
<else-if type="bill legislation" match="any">
<text variable="title" form="short"/>
</else-if>
<else-if type="legal_case">
<choose>
<if variable="title-short">
<text variable="title-short" font-style="italic"/>
</if>
<else>
<text variable="title" font-style="italic"/>
</else>
</choose>
</else-if>
<else>
<text variable="title" quotes="true" text-case="title" form="short"/>
</else>
</choose>
</macro>
<!--Dates-->
<macro name="issued-year">
<date variable="issued" form="text" date-parts="year"/>
</macro>
<macro name="issued-full">
<date variable="issued" form="text"/>
</macro>
<macro name="date-parenthesis">
<choose>
<if type="legal_case article-journal article-magazine" match="any">
<choose>
<if variable="number authority" match="all">
<text macro="issued-year" prefix="[" suffix="]"/>
</if>
<else-if variable="volume">
<text macro="issued-year" prefix="(" suffix=")"/>
</else-if>
<else-if variable="container-title volume number" match="any">
<!--no year in square brackets for unreported case w/o medium neutral citation-->
<text macro="issued-year" prefix="[" suffix="]"/>
</else-if>
</choose>
</if>
<else-if type="legislation bill" match="any">
<text macro="issued-year"/>
</else-if>
</choose>
</macro>
<!--publication info -->
<macro name="publisher">
<choose>
<if type="book chapter broadcast personal_communication manuscript paper-conference article-newspaper report legislation motion_picture speech interview thesis entry-encyclopedia webpage" match="any">
<group delimiter=" ">
<group prefix="(" suffix=")" delimiter=", ">
<choose>
<if type="article-newspaper">
<text variable="publisher-place" strip-periods="true"/>
<date variable="issued" form="text"/>
</if>
<else-if type="broadcast personal_communication treaty" match="any">
<date variable="issued" form="text"/>
</else-if>
<else-if type="legislation bill" match="any">
<!--this should be jurisdiction we use code instead-->
<text variable="container-title" strip-periods="true"/>
</else-if>
<else>
<!--this won't work in Zotero yet, but does no harm -->
<names variable="director">
<label form="verb" text-case="capitalize-first" suffix=" "/>
<name delimiter-precedes-last="never" and="text" delimiter=", " initialize="false" initialize-with=""/>
</names>
<text macro="editor"/>
<choose>
<!--if none of these, this we don't want edition either. Might be Loose-Leaf-->
<if variable="publisher issued genre container-title" match="any">
<text macro="edition"/>
</if>
</choose>
<choose>
<if type="speech">
<text variable="event"/>
<text variable="event-place"/>
<text macro="issued-full"/>
</if>
<else-if type="thesis" match="any">
<text variable="genre" strip-periods="true"/>
<group delimiter=" ">
<text variable="publisher" strip-periods="true"/>
<text macro="issued-year"/>
</group>
</else-if>
<else-if type="webpage">
<text variable="container-title" font-style="italic"/>
<text macro="issued-full"/>
</else-if>
<else-if type="interview" match="any">
<text macro="issued-full"/>
</else-if>
<else>
<group delimiter=" ">
<text variable="publisher" strip-periods="true"/>
<text macro="issued-year"/>
</group>
</else>
</choose>
</else>
</choose>
</group>
<choose>
<if type="report interview manuscript" match="any">
<group delimiter=" ">
<text variable="genre" strip-periods="true"/>
<text variable="number"/>
</group>
</if>
</choose>
</group>
</if>
</choose>
</macro>
<macro name="looseleaf-note">
<choose>
<if type="book">
<choose>
<if variable="publisher issued" match="none">
<choose>
<if variable="locator">
<group delimiter=" ">
<label variable="locator" form="short" strip-periods="true"/>
<text variable="locator"/>
<text variable="edition" prefix="(" suffix=")"/>
</group>
</if>
</choose>
</if>
</choose>
</if>
</choose>
</macro>
<macro name="volume-book">
<choose>
<if type="book chapter report" match="any">
<group delimiter=" ">
<label variable="volume" form="short" strip-periods="true"/>
<text variable="volume"/>
</group>
</if>
</choose>
</macro>
<macro name="edition">
<choose>
<if is-numeric="edition">
<group delimiter=" ">
<number variable="edition" form="ordinal"/>
<label variable="edition" form="short" strip-periods="true"/>
</group>
</if>
<else>
<text variable="edition" strip-periods="true"/>
</else>
</choose>
</macro>
<macro name="book-container">
<choose>
<if type="chapter paper-conference entry-encyclopedia" match="any">
<group>
<text macro="editor-chapter" prefix=" "/>
<text variable="container-title" font-style="italic" prefix=", "/>
</group>
</if>
</choose>
</macro>
<macro name="broadcast-container">
<choose>
<if type="broadcast" match="any">
<text variable="container-title" font-style="italic"/>
</if>
</choose>
</macro>
<macro name="bill-number">
<choose>
<if type="bill">
<text variable="number" prefix="[" suffix="]"/>
</if>
</choose>
</macro>
<macro name="article-case-info">
<choose>
<if type="article-journal article-magazine article-newspaper legal_case" match="any">
<group delimiter=", ">
<!--Assume that only cases with a Medium Neutral Citation have a docket number -->
<choose>
<if variable="authority number" match="all">
<group delimiter=" ">
<text variable="authority" form="short" strip-periods="true"/>
<text variable="number"/>
</group>
</if>
</choose>
<group delimiter=" ">
<text variable="volume"/>
<choose>
<if type="legal_case">
<choose>
<if variable="container-title">
<text variable="container-title" form="short" strip-periods="true"/>
</if>
</choose>
</if>
<else-if type="article-magazine article-newspaper" match="any">
<text variable="container-title" font-style="italic"/>
</else-if>
<else>
<text variable="container-title"/>
</else>
</choose>
</group>
</group>
</if>
</choose>
</macro>
<macro name="page-first">
<choose>
<if type="chapter report paper-conference" match="none">
<text variable="page-first"/>
</if>
</choose>
</macro>
<macro name="court">
<choose>
<if type="legal_case">
<choose>
<if variable="number" match="none">
<text variable="authority" prefix="(" suffix=")" strip-periods="true"/>
</if>
</choose>
</if>
</choose>
</macro>
<macro name="locator-basic">
<group delimiter=" ">
<choose>
<if locator="page" match="none">
<label variable="locator" form="short" strip-periods="true"/>
</if>
</choose>
<text variable="locator"/>
</group>
</macro>
<macro name="locator-space">
<choose>
<if type="legal_case">
<choose>
<if locator="paragraph">
<text variable="locator" prefix="[" suffix="]"/>
</if>
<else-if variable="number container-title volume page" match="all"/>
<else-if variable="authority">
<text variable="locator"/>
</else-if>
</choose>
</if>
<else-if type="legislation book article-journal article-magazine" match="none">
<text macro="locator-basic"/>
</else-if>
<else-if type="book">
<choose>
<if variable="issued publisher" match="any">
<text macro="locator-basic"/>
</if>
</choose>
</else-if>
</choose>
</macro>
<macro name="locator-comma">
<choose>
<if type="legal_case">
<choose>
<if locator="paragraph" match="none">
<choose>
<if variable="authority" match="none">
<text variable="locator"/>
</if>
<else-if variable="number container-title volume page" match="all">
<text variable="locator"/>
</else-if>
</choose>
</if>
</choose>
</if>
<else-if type="legislation article-journal article-magazine" match="any">
<text macro="locator-basic"/>
</else-if>
</choose>
</macro>
<!--Others -->
<macro name="treaty-catchall">
<choose>
<if type="treaty">
<text variable="genre"/>
</if>
</choose>
</macro>
<macro name="URL">
<choose>
<if type="legal_case legislation bill" match="none">
<choose>
<if variable="URL">
<group delimiter=" ">
<text variable="URL" prefix="&lt;" suffix="&gt;"/>
<group delimiter=" ">
<text term="accessed"/>
<date variable="accessed" form="text"/>
</group>
</group>
</if>
</choose>
</if>
</choose>
</macro>
<macro name="author-count">
<names variable="author">
<name form="count"/>
<substitute>
<names variable="editor"/>
</substitute>
</names>
</macro>
<macro name="sort-type">
<!--This should just sort secondary sources first. I'm leaving the rest from AGLC for simplicity-->
<choose>
<if type="book chapter paper-conference article-magazine article-newspaper article-journal manuscript report speech entry-encyclopedia" match="any">
<text value="1"/>
</if>
<else-if type="legal_case">
<text value="2"/>
<text variable="title"/>
</else-if>
<else-if type="bill legislation" match="any">
<text value="3"/>
<choose>
<if type="legislation">
<text variable="title"/>
</if>
</choose>
</else-if>
<else-if type="treaty">
<text value="4"/>
</else-if>
<else>
<text value="1"/>
</else>
</choose>
</macro>
<citation et-al-min="4" et-al-use-first="1">
<layout suffix="." delimiter="; ">
<choose>
<if position="ibid-with-locator">
<group delimiter=" ">
<text term="ibid" strip-periods="true" text-case="lowercase"/>
<text variable="locator"/>
</group>
</if>
<else-if position="ibid">
<text term="ibid" strip-periods="true" text-case="lowercase"/>
</else-if>
<else-if position="subsequent">
<choose>
<if type="legal_case bill legislation treaty" match="any">
<!--don't use short form and above note for legal citations -->
<group delimiter=" ">
<text macro="author-note"/>
<text macro="title-short"/>
<text macro="looseleaf-note"/>
<text variable="first-reference-note-number" prefix="(n " suffix=")"/>
<text macro="locator-space"/>
</group>
</if>
<else>
<group delimiter=" ">
<group delimiter=", ">
<text macro="author-short"/>
<choose>
<if disambiguate="true">
<text macro="title-short"/>
</if>
</choose>
</group>
<text variable="first-reference-note-number" prefix="(n " suffix=")"/>
<text macro="locator-basic"/>
</group>
</else>
</choose>
</else-if>
<else>
<!--general whole citation -->
<group delimiter=" ">
<group delimiter=", ">
<group delimiter=" ">
<group delimiter=", ">
<text macro="author-note"/>
<group>
<text macro="title"/>
<text macro="book-container"/>
</group>
<text macro="broadcast-container"/>
<text macro="volume-book"/>
<text macro="looseleaf-note"/>
</group>
<group delimiter=" ">
<text macro="date-parenthesis"/>
<text macro="bill-number"/>
<text macro="article-case-info"/>
<text macro="publisher"/>
</group>
</group>
<text macro="treaty-catchall"/>
</group>
<group delimiter=", ">
<group delimiter=" ">
<text macro="page-first"/>
<text macro="court"/>
<text macro="locator-space"/>
</group>
<text macro="locator-comma"/>
</group>
<text macro="URL"/>
</group>
</else>
</choose>
</layout>
</citation>
<bibliography et-al-min="4" et-al-use-first="1" subsequent-author-substitute="&#8212;&#8212;">
<sort>
<key macro="sort-type"/>
<key macro="author" names-min="1" names-use-first="1"/>
<key macro="author-count" names-min="2" names-use-first="2"/>
<key macro="author"/>
<key variable="issued"/>
<key variable="title"/>
</sort>
<layout>
<group delimiter=" ">
<group delimiter=", ">
<group delimiter=" ">
<group delimiter=", ">
<text macro="author"/>
<group>
<text macro="title"/>
<text macro="book-container"/>
</group>
<text macro="broadcast-container"/>
<text macro="volume-book"/>
<text macro="looseleaf-note"/>
</group>
<group delimiter=" ">
<text macro="date-parenthesis"/>
<text macro="bill-number"/>
<text macro="article-case-info"/>
<text macro="publisher"/>
</group>
</group>
<text macro="treaty-catchall"/>
</group>
<group delimiter=" ">
<text macro="page-first"/>
<text macro="court"/>
</group>
<text macro="URL"/>
</group>
</layout>
</bibliography>
</style>