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;;; tls.el --- TLS/SSL support via wrapper around GnuTLS
;; Copyright (C) 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2002, 2003, 2004,
;; 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
;; Author: Simon Josefsson <>
;; Keywords: comm, tls, gnutls, ssl
;; This file is part of GNU Emacs.
;; GNU Emacs is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
;; it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
;; the Free Software Foundation; either version 3, or (at your option)
;; any later version.
;; GNU Emacs is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
;; but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
;; GNU General Public License for more details.
;; You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
;; along with GNU Emacs; see the file COPYING. If not, write to the
;; Free Software Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor,
;; Boston, MA 02110-1301, USA.
;;; Commentary:
;; This package implements a simple wrapper around "gnutls-cli" to
;; make Emacs support TLS/SSL.
;; Usage is the same as `open-network-stream', i.e.:
;; (setq tmp (open-tls-stream "test" (current-buffer) "" 563))
;; ...
;; #<process test>
;; (process-send-string tmp "mode reader\n")
;; 200 Netscape-Collabra/3.52 03615 NNRP ready ...
;; nil
;; (process-send-string tmp "quit\n")
;; 205
;; nil
;; To use this package as a replacement for ssl.el by William M. Perry
;; <>, you need to evaluate the following:
;; (defalias 'open-ssl-stream 'open-tls-stream)
;;; Code:
(autoload 'format-spec "format-spec")
(autoload 'format-spec-make "format-spec"))
(defgroup tls nil
"Transport Layer Security (TLS) parameters."
:group 'comm)
(defcustom tls-end-of-info
;; `openssl s_client' regexp. See ssl/ssl_txt.c lines 219-220.
;; According to apps/s_client.c line 1515 `---' is always the last
;; line that is printed by s_client before the real data.
"^ Verify return code: .+\n---\n\\|"
;; `gnutls' regexp. See src/cli.c lines 721-.
"^- Simple Client Mode:\n"
"\\(\n\\|" ; ignore blank lines
;; According to GnuTLS v2.1.5 src/cli.c lines 640-650 and 705-715
;; in `main' the handshake will start after this message. If the
;; handshake fails, the programs will abort.
"^\\*\\*\\* Starting TLS handshake\n\\)*"
"Regexp matching end of TLS client informational messages.
Client data stream begins after the last character matched by
this. The default matches `openssl s_client' (version 0.9.8c)
and `gnutls-cli' (version 2.0.1) output."
:version "22.2"
:type 'regexp
:group 'tls)
(defcustom tls-program '("gnutls-cli -p %p %h"
"gnutls-cli -p %p %h --protocols ssl3"
"openssl s_client -connect %h:%p -no_ssl2")
"List of strings containing commands to start TLS stream to a host.
Each entry in the list is tried until a connection is successful.
%h is replaced with server hostname, %p with port to connect to.
The program should read input on stdin and write output to
stdout. Also see `tls-success' for what the program should output
after successful negotiation."
:type '(repeat string)
:version "22.1"
:group 'tls)
(defcustom tls-process-connection-type nil
"*Value for `process-connection-type' to use when starting TLS process."
:version "22.1"
:type 'boolean
:group 'tls)
(defcustom tls-success "- Handshake was completed\\|SSL handshake has read "
"*Regular expression indicating completed TLS handshakes.
The default is what GNUTLS's \"gnutls-cli\" or OpenSSL's
\"openssl s_client\" outputs."
:version "22.1"
:type 'regexp
:group 'tls)
(defcustom tls-certtool-program (executable-find "certtool")
"Name of GnuTLS certtool.
Used by `tls-certificate-information'."
:version "22.1"
:type 'string
:group 'tls)
(defun tls-certificate-information (der)
"Parse X.509 certificate in DER format into an assoc list."
(let ((certificate (concat "-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----\n"
(base64-encode-string der)
"\n-----END CERTIFICATE-----\n"))
(exit-code 0))
(with-current-buffer (get-buffer-create " *certtool*")
(insert certificate)
(setq exit-code (condition-case ()
(call-process-region (point-min) (point-max)
t (list (current-buffer) nil) t
(error -1)))
(if (/= exit-code 0)
(let ((vals nil))
(goto-char (point-min))
(while (re-search-forward "^\\([^:]+\\): \\(.*\\)" nil t)
(push (cons (match-string 1) (match-string 2)) vals))
(nreverse vals))))))
(defun open-tls-stream (name buffer host port)
"Open a TLS connection for a port to a host.
Returns a subprocess-object to represent the connection.
Input and output work as for subprocesses; `delete-process' closes it.
NAME is name for process. It is modified if necessary to make it unique.
BUFFER is the buffer (or buffer-name) to associate with the process.
Process output goes at end of that buffer, unless you specify
an output stream or filter function to handle the output.
BUFFER may be also nil, meaning that this process is not associated
with any buffer
Third arg is name of the host to connect to, or its IP address.
Fourth arg PORT is an integer specifying a port to connect to."
(let ((cmds tls-program)
(use-temp-buffer (null buffer))
process cmd done)
(if use-temp-buffer
(setq buffer (generate-new-buffer " TLS")))
(with-current-buffer buffer
(message "Opening TLS connection to `%s'..." host)
(while (and (not done) (setq cmd (pop cmds)))
(message "Opening TLS connection with `%s'..." cmd)
(let ((process-connection-type tls-process-connection-type)
(setq process (start-process
name buffer shell-file-name shell-command-switch
?h host
?p (if (integerp port)
(int-to-string port)
(while (and process
(memq (process-status process) '(open run))
(goto-char (point-min))
(not (setq done (re-search-forward tls-success nil t)))))
(unless (accept-process-output process 1)
(sit-for 1)))
(message "Opening TLS connection with `%s'...%s" cmd
(if done "done" "failed"))
(if (not done)
(delete-process process)
;; advance point to after all informational messages that
;; `openssl s_client' and `gnutls' print
(let ((start-of-data nil))
(not (setq start-of-data
;; the string matching `tls-end-of-info'
;; might come in separate chunks from
;; `accept-process-output', so start the
;; search where `tls-success' ended
(if (re-search-forward tls-end-of-info nil t)
(match-end 0)))))
(accept-process-output process 1))
(if start-of-data
;; move point to start of client data
(goto-char start-of-data)))
(setq done process))))
(message "Opening TLS connection to `%s'...%s"
host (if done "done" "failed")))
(when use-temp-buffer
(if done (set-process-buffer process nil))
(kill-buffer buffer))
(provide 'tls)
;;; arch-tag: 5596d1c4-facc-4bc4-94a9-9863b928d7ac
;;; tls.el ends here
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