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Some helpful guides and tutorials for hackers to point hackers in the right direction at Citrus Hack 2019.
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Citrus Hack 2019 - Hacker Resources

Some helpful guides and tutorials to point hackers in the right direction at Citrus Hack 2019!

If you are still unsure where to start, want expert guidance, or just need a second opinion on what software to use, send a message to us on the #need-mentors channel on our Slack and we'll try our very best to help you get the ball rolling.

Text Editors/IDE's: Places to Edit Your Code

  1. Sublime Text 3 - light-weight, highly customizable, now has a companion app for git integration
  2. Visual Studio - integrated development environment, used to develop computer programs, as well as websites, web apps, web services and mobile apps, developed by Microsoft
  3. Visual Studio Code - light-weight, highly customizable source-code editor developed by Microsoft
  4. IntelliJ - optimized integrated environment for developing in Java, developed by JetBrains
  5. Android Studio - the official integrated development environment for Google's Android operating system
  6. XCode - optimized for building iOS apps, includes 10+ gigabytes of other useful general purpose languages/libraries/tools
  7. Atom - has plug-ins written in Node.js, embedded Git Control, developed by GitHub
  8. Vim - highly customizable, edit code without having to leave your terminal
  9. Emacs - extensible, customizable, self-documenting real-time display editor
  10. Arduino IDE - optimized for uploading code to Arduino microcontrollers

Prepping Your Terminal

The terminal on your computer, when the right resources are installed, is a powerful tool for running your code and building applications. Chances are, factory settings on your hacking machine aren't gonna cut it to streamline building your application/idea.

The following is a list of tools/technologies help you turn your ordinary computer into a certified hacking machine!

MacOS Specific

  • XCode
    • includes numerous general purpose languages and tools for many kinds of projects
    • even if you don't use the integrated environment, XCode is still very useful for getting an all-in-one starting package of languages installed
  • Homebrew
    • a package manager for MacOS and Linux
    • lets you install everything you might need that wasn't already included in XCode

Windows Specific

  • Ubuntu
    • a Linux subsystem for your Windows machine
    • allows you to run an emulated instance of Linux Ubuntu in a Windows environment

Operating System Agnostic (runs on any OS)

  • Pip
    • the recommended package manager/installer for the Python language
    • lets you quickly install and import libraries and packages to run in Python
  • npm
    • a package manager specifically for the JavaScript Language
    • the go to tool for getting packages for Node.JS
  • Git
    • version control and file version management system
    • lets you maintain consistent versions of code
    • useful for collaborating on a potentially large code base with several people
  • GitHub
    • a web-based hosting service for version control using Git
    • offers all of the distributed version control and source code management functionality of Git as well as adding its own features

General Purpose Programming Languages

  1. C++ - object-oriented, allows for low level data manipulation
  2. C# - intended to modernize paradigms set up by C++ and C, object-oriented
  3. Python - high level, emphasizes code readability
  4. Java - heavily class-based and object-oriented
  5. JavaScript - high level, the dominant programming language of the web


  • Git Commands - save, branch, checkout, track, upload, download, share, collaborate on, control versions of, revert, delete, nuke, etc. your code!
  • Markdown - the language of ReadMe documents

Web Development

Starting Out

  1. HTML - the "content" of a web page
  2. CSS - dictates the style and character of a web page
  3. JavaScript - high level, the dominant programming language of the web, makes webpages dynamic

More Advanced Stuff

Back-End Development: code that connects the web-page to a database, manages user connections, and powers the web application itself

Common Back-End Frameworks/Tools

  • JavaScript
    • Node.JS - JavaScript run-time environment that executes JavaScript code outside of a browser
    • Express - web application framework for Node.js, designed for building web applications and APIs
  • Python
    • Flask - micro web framework written in Python, easy to pick up
    • Django - model-view-template oriented, highly customizable ( was built with this!)
    • .NET - a software framework optimized for building any kind application for Windows, developed by Microsoft

Front-End Development: the practice of converting data to graphical interface for user to view and interact with data through digital interaction using HTML, CSS and JavaScript

Common Front-End Frameworks/Tools (used in conjunction with vanilla HTML/CSS/JavaScript)

    • Bootstrap - CSS/JS library that makes responsiveness between mobile and desktop web pages easy
    • Semantic UI - quickly build web pages with sleek, modern, and dynamically designed elements
    • Font Awesome - font and icon toolkit for simple yet effective icons and typography
    • jQuery - JavaScript library designed to simplify HTML DOM tree traversal and manipulation
  • pure JavaScript (all of which are extremely powerful and robust)
    • AngularJS - structural framework for dynamic web apps, good for single-page applications, maintained by Google
    • ReactJS - JavaScript library for building user interfaces, 'reacts' to user and dynamically changes the content of a web page, maintained by FaceBook
    • VueJS - open-source JavaScript library for building dynamic user interfaces, easy to pick up

Hardware Hacking

Hardware Lab

Arduino IDE

Note: Soldering is not allowed at Citrus Hack.

Virtual/Augmented Reality


  • a real-time 3D development platform
  • drag and drop static assets into your 3D scene
  • code dynamic elements events and elements using the C# language

Oculus - Unity SDK

  • the official software development kit for Oculus Rift hardware within Unity

VRTK - The All In One Virtual Reality Tool Kit for Unity

  • comes with integrated GearVR and OculusVR SDKs
  • prebuilt libraries for locomotion, object-interaction, clipping, and more

Mobile Development

React Native

  • build mobile apps in a React JS integrated environment
  • good for both Android and iOS applications
  • maintained by FaceBook


  • for iOS app development
  • Xcode is the proprietary development environment


  • for Android app development
  • Android Studio is the recommended development environment


  • an open-source mobile application development framework
  • good for both Android and iOS applications
  • maintained by Google
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