How to Install CKAN 2.0 on CentOS 6.3

Don edited this page May 15, 2013 · 6 revisions
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Table of Contents

Install CentOS 6

Perform a minimal installation of CentOS 6

After rebooting, you can optionally add the ntp package for time syncronization.

 yum install ntp
 ntpdate -s
 chkconfig ntpd on
 service ntpd start

Install and activate the CentOS Continuous Release (CR) Repository

 yum install centos-release-cr

Update and reboot your system

 yum update
 shutdown -r now

Install and activate the Extra Packages for Enterprise Linux (EPEL) Repository

 rpm -Uvh

Install required packages

 yum install xml-commons git subversion mercurial postgresql-server postgresql-devel \
 postgresql python-devel libxslt libxslt-devel libxml2 libxml2-devel python-virtualenv \
 gcc gcc-c++ make java-1.6.0-openjdk-devel java-1.6.0-openjdk tomcat6 xalan-j2 unzip \
 policycoreutils-python mod_wsgi

Configure PostgreSQL

Enable PostgreSQL to start on system boot

 chkconfig postgresql on

Initialize the PostgreSQL database

 service postgresql initdb

Modify pg_hba.conf

Edit /var/lib/pgsql/data/pg_hba.conf so it will accept passwords for login while still allowing the local postgres user to manage via ident login. The relevant changes to pg_hba.conf are as follows:

 local	 all         postgres                          ident
 local   all         all                               md5
 # IPv4 local connections:
 host    all         all          md5
 # IPv6 local connections:
 host    all         all         ::1/128               md5

Start PostgreSQL

 service postgresql start

Create a database for CKAN

Become the postgres user.

 su - postgres

Create a PostgreSQL database user named ckanuser with a password of pass.

 $ createuser -S -D -R -P ckanuser

Create a PostgreSQL database named ckantest with ckanuser as the owner.

 $ createdb -O ckanuser ckantest

Exit the postgres user environment.

 $ exit

Install CKAN

**Note: In the following instructions, replace [DNS] with the actual DNS name of your machine, ex:

Create a CKAN User

The ckan user is created with a shell of /sbin/nologin and a home directory of /usr/local/[DNS] to mirror what is shown in the CKAN Deployment documentation.

 useradd -m -s /sbin/nologin -d /usr/local/[DNS] -c "CKAN User" ckan

Open the newly created directory up for read access so that the content will eventually be able to be served out via httpd.

 chmod 755 /usr/local/[DNS]

Adjust the SELinux file contexts

Modify the defaults and the current file context of the newly created directory such that it is able to be served out via httpd.

 semanage fcontext --add --ftype -- --type httpd_sys_content_t "/usr/local/[DNS](/.*)?"
 semanage fcontext --add --ftype -d --type httpd_sys_content_t "/usr/local/[DNS](/.*)?"
 restorecon -vR /usr/local/[DNS]

Download and install CKAN

Become the ckan user.

 su -s /bin/bash - ckan

Install an isolated Python environment, called pyenv, to host CKAN from.

 $ virtualenv pyenv

Activate the newly installed Python environment.

 $ . pyenv/bin/activate

Download and install version 2.0 of CKAN.

 (pyenv)$ pip install --ignore-installed -e git+

Download and install the necessary Python modules to run CKAN into the isolated Python environment.

 (pyenv)$ pip install --ignore-installed -r pyenv/src/ckan/pip-requirements.txt

Deactivate and then activate the isolated Python environment to start using the added modules.

 (pyenv)$ deactivate
 $ . pyenv/bin/activate

Initial CKAN Configuration

Change to the pyenv/src/ckan directory and create an initial configuration file.

 (pyenv)$ cd pyenv/src/ckan
 (pyenv)$ paster make-config ckan development.ini

Edit the newly created development.ini file, changing the following lines as indicated.

 host = [DNS]
 sqlalchemy.url = postgresql://ckanuser:pass@localhost/ckantest
 ckan.site_url = [DNS]
 ckan.site_id = [DNS]
 ckan.plugins = stats synchronous_search
 solr_url =

Exit from running as the ckan user.

 $ exit

Install Apache SOLR

CKAN can not use the latest version of Apache SOLR and requires version 1.4.1.

Download and extract Apache SOLR

 curl | tar xzf -

Configure Apache SOLR

Create directories to hold multiple SOLR cores.

 mkdir -p /usr/share/solr/core0 /usr/share/solr/core1 /var/lib/solr/data/core0 \
 /var/lib/solr/data/core1 /etc/solr/core0 /etc/solr/core1

Copy the Apache SOLR war to the desired location.

 cp apache-solr-1.4.1/dist/apache-solr-1.4.1.war /usr/share/solr

Copy the example Apache SOLR configuration to the core0 directory.

 cp -r apache-solr-1.4.1/example/solr/conf /etc/solr/core0

Edit the configuration file, /etc/solr/core0/conf/solrconfig.xml, as follows:


Copy the core0 configuration to core1.

 cp -r /etc/solr/core0/conf /etc/solr/core1

Create a symbolic link between the configurations in /etc and /usr.

 ln -s /etc/solr/core0/conf /usr/share/solr/core0/conf
 ln -s /etc/solr/core1/conf /usr/share/solr/core1/conf

Add CKAN Schema to Apache SOLR

Remove the provided schema from the two configured cores and link the schema files in the CKAN source.

 rm -f /etc/solr/core0/conf/schema.xml
 ln -s /usr/local/[DNS]/pyenv/src/ckan/ckan/config/solr/schema-2.0.xml /etc/solr/core0/conf/schema.xml
 rm -f /etc/solr/core1/conf/schema.xml
 ln -s /usr/local/[DNS]/pyenv/src/ckan/ckan/config/solr/schema-1.4.xml /etc/solr/core1/conf/schema.xml

Configure Tomcat 6

Create Apache SOLR XML configuration files

Create a new file, called /etc/tomcat6/Catalina/localhost/solr.xml, with the following contents:

 <Context docBase="/usr/share/solr/apache-solr-1.4.1.war" debug="0" privileged="true" allowLinking="true" crossContext="true">
   <Environment name="solr/home" type="java.lang.String" value="/usr/share/solr" override="true" />

Create a new file, called /usr/share/solr/solr.xml, with the following contents:

 <solr persistent="true" sharedLib="lib">
     <cores adminPath="/admin/cores">
         <core name="ckan-schema-2.0" instanceDir="core0">
             <property name="dataDir" value="/var/lib/solr/data/core0" />
         <core name="ckan-schema-1.4" instanceDir="core1">
             <property name="dataDir" value="/var/lib/solr/data/core1" />

Set Permissions

Make tomcat the owner of the SOLR directories.

 chown -R tomcat:tomcat /usr/share/solr /var/lib/solr

Enable Tomcat 6

Configure Tomcat 6 to start on system boot.

 chkconfig tomcat6 on

Start Tomcat 6.

 service tomcat6 start

Final CKAN Configuration

Now that Apache SOLR is being served via Tomcat 6, the final steps of the CKAN configuration can now be performed

Initialize CKAN Database

Switch back to running as the ckan user, activate the isolated Python environment, and change to the CKAN source directory.

 su -s /bin/bash - ckan
 $ . pyenv/bin/activate
 (pyenv)$ cd pyenv/src/ckan

Initialize the CKAN database.

 (pyenv)$ paster --plugin=ckan db init

Add a user named admin to the CKAN database.

 (pyenv)$ paster --plugin=ckan user add admin --config=development.ini

Grant the admin user sysadmin rights.

 (pyenv)$ paster --plugin=ckan sysadmin add admin --config=development.ini

Configure CKAN for Deployment via httpd

Edit /usr/local/[DNS]/pyenv/src/ckan/development.ini and change its log location as follows:

 args = ("/var/log/ckan/[DNS]/ckan.log", "a", 20000000, 9)

Create a Python script called /usr/local/[DNS]/pyenv/bin/[DNS].py to run via mod_wsgi with the following contents:

 import os
 instance_dir = '/usr/local/[DNS]'
 config_file = '/usr/local/[DNS]/pyenv/src/ckan/development.ini'
 pyenv_bin_dir = os.path.join(instance_dir, 'pyenv', 'bin')
 activate_this = os.path.join(pyenv_bin_dir, '')
 execfile(activate_this, dict(=activate_this))
 from paste.deploy import loadapp
 config_filepath = os.path.join(instance_dir, config_file)
 from paste.script.util.logging_config import fileConfig
 application = loadapp('config:%s' % config_filepath)

Exit running as the ckan user.

 $ exit

Make the following directories and modify the permissions such that the apache user can write to them.

 mkdir -p /usr/local/[DNS]/pyenv/src/ckan/data /usr/local/[DNS]/pyenv/src/ckan/sstore /var/log/ckan/[DNS]
 chmod g+w /usr/local/[DNS]/pyenv/src/ckan/data /usr/local/[DNS]/pyenv/src/ckan/sstore /var/log/ckan/[DNS]
 chown apache:apache /usr/local/[DNS]/pyenv/src/ckan/data /usr/local/[DNS]/pyenv/src/ckan/sstore /var/log/ckan/[DNS]

Configure httpd

Create Virtual Host

Edit the file /etc/httpd/conf.d/wsgi.conf and add the following contents:

 <VirtualHost *:80>
 	ServerName [DNS]
 	ServerAlias [DNS]
 	WSGIScriptAlias / /usr/local/[DNS]/pyenv/bin/[DNS].py
 	WSGIPassAuthorization On
 	ErrorLog /var/log/httpd/[DNS].log
 	CustomLog /var/log/httpd/[DNS].custom.log combined

Enable httpd to make network connections

 setsebool -P httpd_can_network_connect 1

Enable httpd to start on system boot

 chkconfig httpd on

Start httpd

 service httpd start

Configure iptables

Enable port 80

Edit the file /etc/sysconfig/iptables by inserting the following line near the middle of the file:

 -A INPUT -m state --state NEW -m tcp -p tcp --dport 80 -j ACCEPT

Restart iptables

 service iptables restart

Connect to CKAN

Start your web browser and head to [DNS] and you should see CKAN running. Login as the username admin as created previously.