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---Implements the HTTP client protocol in a standard form that Nmap scripts can
-- take advantage of.
--
-- Because HTTP has so many uses, there are a number of interfaces to this library.
-- The most obvious and common ones are simply <code>get</code>, <code>post</code>,
-- and <code>head</code>; or, if more control is required, <code>generic_request</code>
-- can be used. These functions do what one would expect. The <code>get_url</code>
-- helper function can be used to parse and retrieve a full URL.
--
-- These functions return a table of values, including:
-- * <code>status-line</code> - A string representing the status, such as "HTTP/1.1 200 OK". In case of an error, a description will be provided in this line.
-- * <code>status</code>: The HTTP status value; for example, "200". If an error occurs during a request, then this value is going to be nil.
-- * <code>header</code> - An associative array representing the header. Keys are all lowercase, and standard headers, such as 'date', 'content-length', etc. will typically be present.
-- * <code>rawheader</code> - A numbered array of the headers, exactly as the server sent them. While header['content-type'] might be 'text/html', rawheader[3] might be 'Content-type: text/html'.
-- * <code>cookies</code> - A numbered array of the cookies the server sent. Each cookie is a table with the following keys: <code>name</code>, <code>value</code>, <code>path</code>, <code>domain</code>, and <code>expires</code>.
-- * <code>body</code> - The full body, as returned by the server.
--
-- If a script is planning on making a lot of requests, the pipelining functions can
-- be helpful. <code>pipeline_add</code> queues requests in a table, and
-- <code>pipeline</code> performs the requests, returning the results as an array,
-- with the responses in the same order as the queries were added. As a simple example:
--<code>
-- -- Start by defining the 'all' variable as nil
-- local all = nil
--
-- -- Add two 'GET' requests and one 'HEAD' to the queue. These requests are not performed
-- -- yet. The second parameter represents the 'options' table, which we don't need.
-- all = http.pipeline_add('/book', nil, all)
-- all = http.pipeline_add('/test', nil, all)
-- all = http.pipeline_add('/monkeys', nil, all)
--
-- -- Perform all three requests as parallel as Nmap is able to
-- local results = http.pipeline('nmap.org', 80, all)
--</code>
--
-- At this point, <code>results</code> is an array with three elements. Each element
-- is a table containing the HTTP result, as discussed above.
--
-- One more interface provided by the HTTP library helps scripts determine whether or not
-- a page exists. The <code>identify_404</code> function will try several URLs on the
-- server to determine what the server's 404 pages look like. It will attempt to identify
-- customized 404 pages that may not return the actual status code 404. If successful,
-- the function <code>page_exists</code> can then be used to determine whether or not
-- a page existed.
--
-- Some other miscellaneous functions that can come in handy are <code>response_contains</code>,
-- <code>can_use_head</code>, and <code>save_path</code>. See the appropriate documentation
-- for them.
--
-- The response to each function is typically a table with the following keys:
-- <code>status-line</code>: The HTTP status line; for example, "HTTP/1.1 200 OK" (note: this is followed by a newline). In case of an error, a description will be provided in this line.
-- <code>status</code>: The HTTP status value; for example, "200". If an error occurs during a request, then this value is going to be nil.
-- <code>header</code>: A table of header values, where the keys are lowercase and the values are exactly what the server sent
-- <code>rawheader</code>: A list of header values as "name: value" strings, in the exact format and order that the server sent them
-- <code>cookies</code>: A list of cookies that the server is sending. Each cookie is a table containing the keys <code>name</code>, <code>value</code>, and <code>path</code>. This table can be sent to the server in subsequent responses in the <code>options</code> table to any function (see below).
-- <code>body</code>: The body of the response
--
-- Many of the functions optionally allow an 'options' table. This table can alter the HTTP headers
-- or other values like the timeout. The following are valid values in 'options' (note: not all
-- options will necessarily affect every function):
-- * <code>timeout</code>: A timeout used for socket operations.
-- * <code>header</code>: A table containing additional headers to be used for the request. For example, <code>options['header']['Content-Type'] = 'text/xml'</code>
-- * <code>content</code>: The content of the message (content-length will be added -- set header['Content-Length'] to override). This can be either a string, which will be directly added as the body of the message, or a table, which will have each key=value pair added (like a normal POST request).
-- * <code>cookies</code>: A list of cookies as either a string, which will be directly sent, or a table. If it's a table, the following fields are recognized:
-- ** <code>name</code>
-- ** <code>value</code>
-- ** <code>path</code>
-- * <code>auth</code>: A table containing the keys <code>username</code> and <code>password</code>, which will be used for HTTP Basic authentication.
-- If a server requires HTTP Digest authentication, then there must also be a key <code>digest</code>, with value <code>true</code>.
-- * <code>bypass_cache</code>: Do not perform a lookup in the local HTTP cache.
-- * <code>no_cache</code>: Do not save the result of this request to the local HTTP cache.
-- * <code>no_cache_body</code>: Do not save the body of the response to the local HTTP cache.
-- * <code>redirect_ok</code>: Closure that overrides the default redirect_ok used to validate whether to follow HTTP redirects or not. False, if no HTTP redirects should be followed.
-- The following example shows how to write a custom closure that follows 5 consecutive redirects:
-- <code>
-- redirect_ok = function(host,port)
-- local c = 5
-- return function(url)
-- if ( c==0 ) then return false end
-- c = c - 1
-- return true
-- end
-- end
-- </code>
--
-- @args http.max-cache-size The maximum memory size (in bytes) of the cache.
--
-- @args http.useragent The value of the User-Agent header field sent with
-- requests. By default it is
-- <code>"Mozilla/5.0 (compatible; Nmap Scripting Engine; http://nmap.org/book/nse.html)"</code>.
-- A value of the empty string disables sending the User-Agent header field.
--
-- @args http.pipeline If set, it represents the number of HTTP requests that'll be
-- sent on one connection. This can be set low to make debugging easier, or it
-- can be set high to test how a server reacts (its chosen max is ignored).
-- @args http.max-pipeline If set, it represents the number of outstanding HTTP requests
-- that should be pipelined. Defaults to <code>http.pipeline</code> (if set), or to what
-- <code>getPipelineMax</code> function returns.
--
-- TODO
-- Implement cache system for http pipelines
--
local base64 = require "base64"
local comm = require "comm"
local coroutine = require "coroutine"
local nmap = require "nmap"
local os = require "os"
local sasl = require "sasl"
local stdnse = require "stdnse"
local string = require "string"
local table = require "table"
local url = require "url"
_ENV = stdnse.module("http", stdnse.seeall)
---Use ssl if we have it
local have_ssl, openssl = pcall(require,'openssl')
local USER_AGENT = stdnse.get_script_args('http.useragent') or "Mozilla/5.0 (compatible; Nmap Scripting Engine; http://nmap.org/book/nse.html)"
local MAX_REDIRECT_COUNT = 5
-- Recursively copy a table.
-- Only recurs when a value is a table, other values are copied by assignment.
local function tcopy (t)
local tc = {};
for k,v in pairs(t) do
if type(v) == "table" then
tc[k] = tcopy(v);
else
tc[k] = v;
end
end
return tc;
end
--- Recursively copy into a table any elements from another table whose key it
-- doesn't have.
local function table_augment(to, from)
for k, v in pairs(from) do
if type( to[k] ) == 'table' then
table_augment(to[k], from[k])
else
to[k] = from[k]
end
end
end
--- Get a value suitable for the Host header field.
local function get_host_field(host, port)
local hostname = stdnse.get_hostname(host)
local portno
if port == nil then
portno = 80
elseif type(port) == "table" then
portno = port.number
else
portno = port
end
if portno == 80 then
return hostname
else
return hostname .. ":" .. tostring(portno)
end
end
-- Skip *( SP | HT ) starting at offset. See RFC 2616, section 2.2.
-- @return the first index following the spaces.
-- @return the spaces skipped over.
local function skip_space(s, offset)
local _, i, space = s:find("^([ \t]*)", offset)
return i + 1, space
end
-- Get a token starting at offset. See RFC 2616, section 2.2.
-- @return the first index following the token, or nil if no token was found.
-- @return the token.
local function get_token(s, offset)
-- All characters except CTL and separators.
local _, i, token = s:find("^([^()<>@,;:\\\"/%[%]?={} \0\001-\031\127]+)", offset)
if i then
return i + 1, token
else
return nil
end
end
-- Get a quoted-string starting at offset. See RFC 2616, section 2.2. crlf is
-- used as the definition for CRLF in the case of LWS within the string.
-- @return the first index following the quoted-string, or nil if no
-- quoted-string was found.
-- @return the contents of the quoted-string, without quotes or backslash
-- escapes.
local function get_quoted_string(s, offset, crlf)
local result = {}
local i = offset
assert(s:sub(i, i) == "\"")
i = i + 1
while i <= s:len() do
local c = s:sub(i, i)
if c == "\"" then
-- Found the closing quote, done.
return i + 1, table.concat(result)
elseif c == "\\" then
-- This is a quoted-pair ("\" CHAR).
i = i + 1
c = s:sub(i, i)
if c == "" then
-- No character following.
error(string.format("\\ escape at end of input while parsing quoted-string."))
end
-- Only CHAR may follow a backslash.
if c:byte(1) > 127 then
error(string.format("Unexpected character with value > 127 (0x%02X) in quoted-string.", c:byte(1)))
end
else
-- This is qdtext, which is TEXT except for '"'.
-- TEXT is "any OCTET except CTLs, but including LWS," however "a CRLF is
-- allowed in the definition of TEXT only as part of a header field
-- continuation." So there are really two definitions of quoted-string,
-- depending on whether it's in a header field or not. This function does
-- not allow CRLF.
c = s:sub(i, i)
if c ~= "\t" and c:match("^[\0\001-\031\127]$") then
error(string.format("Unexpected control character in quoted-string: 0x%02X.", c:byte(1)))
end
end
result[#result + 1] = c
i = i + 1
end
return nil
end
-- Get a ( token | quoted-string ) starting at offset.
-- @return the first index following the token or quoted-string, or nil if
-- nothing was found.
-- @return the token or quoted-string.
local function get_token_or_quoted_string(s, offset, crlf)
if s:sub(offset, offset) == "\"" then
return get_quoted_string(s, offset)
else
return get_token(s, offset)
end
end
-- Returns the index just past the end of LWS.
local function skip_lws(s, pos)
local _, e
while true do
while string.match(s, "^[ \t]", pos) do
pos = pos + 1
end
_, e = string.find(s, "^\r?\n[ \t]", pos)
if not e then
return pos
end
pos = e + 1
end
end
---Validate an 'options' table, which is passed to a number of the HTTP functions. It is
-- often difficult to track down a mistake in the options table, and requires fiddling
-- with the http.lua source, but this should make that a lot easier.
local function validate_options(options)
local bad = false
if(options == nil) then
return true
end
for key, value in pairs(options) do
if(key == 'timeout') then
if(type(tonumber(value)) ~= 'number') then
stdnse.print_debug(1, 'http: options.timeout contains a non-numeric value')
bad = true
end
elseif(key == 'header') then
if(type(value) ~= 'table') then
stdnse.print_debug(1, "http: options.header should be a table")
bad = true
end
elseif(key == 'content') then
if(type(value) ~= 'string' and type(value) ~= 'table') then
stdnse.print_debug(1, "http: options.content should be a string or a table")
bad = true
end
elseif(key == 'cookies') then
if(type(value) == 'table') then
for _, cookie in ipairs(value) do
for cookie_key, cookie_value in pairs(cookie) do
if(cookie_key == 'name') then
if(type(cookie_value) ~= 'string') then
stdnse.print_debug(1, "http: options.cookies[i].name should be a string")
bad = true
end
elseif(cookie_key == 'value') then
if(type(cookie_value) ~= 'string') then
stdnse.print_debug(1, "http: options.cookies[i].value should be a string")
bad = true
end
elseif(cookie_key == 'path') then
if(type(cookie_value) ~= 'string') then
stdnse.print_debug(1, "http: options.cookies[i].path should be a string")
bad = true
end
elseif(cookie_key == 'expires') then
if(type(cookie_value) ~= 'string') then
stdnse.print_debug(1, "http: options.cookies[i].expires should be a string")
bad = true
end
else
stdnse.print_debug(1, "http: Unknown field in cookie table: %s", cookie_key)
bad = true
end
end
end
elseif(type(value) ~= 'string') then
stdnse.print_debug(1, "http: options.cookies should be a table or a string")
bad = true
end
elseif(key == 'auth') then
if(type(value) == 'table') then
if(value['username'] == nil or value['password'] == nil) then
stdnse.print_debug(1, "http: options.auth should contain both a 'username' and a 'password' key")
bad = true
end
else
stdnse.print_debug(1, "http: options.auth should be a table")
bad = true
end
elseif (key == 'digestauth') then
if(type(value) == 'table') then
local req_keys = {"username","realm","nonce","digest-uri","response"}
for _,k in ipairs(req_keys) do
if not value[k] then
stdnse.print_debug(1, "http: options.digestauth missing key: %s",k)
bad = true
break
end
end
else
bad = true
stdnse.print_debug(1, "http: options.digestauth should be a table")
end
elseif(key == 'bypass_cache' or key == 'no_cache' or key == 'no_cache_body') then
if(type(value) ~= 'boolean') then
stdnse.print_debug(1, "http: options.bypass_cache, options.no_cache, and options.no_cache_body must be boolean values")
bad = true
end
elseif(key == 'redirect_ok') then
if(type(value)~= 'function' and type(value)~='boolean') then
stdnse.print_debug(1, "http: options.redirect_ok must be a function or boolean")
bad = true
end
else
stdnse.print_debug(1, "http: Unknown key in the options table: %s", key)
end
end
return not(bad)
end
-- The following recv functions, and the function <code>next_response</code>
-- follow a common pattern. They each take a <code>partial</code> argument
-- whose value is data that has been read from the socket but not yet used in
-- parsing, and they return as their second return value a new value for
-- <code>partial</code>. The idea is that, for example, in reading from the
-- socket to get the Status-Line, you will probably read too much and read part
-- of the header. That part (the "partial") has to be retained when you go to
-- parse the header. The common use pattern is this:
-- <code>
-- local partial
-- status_line, partial = recv_line(socket, partial)
-- ...
-- header, partial = recv_header(socket, partial)
-- ...
-- </code>
-- On error, the functions return <code>nil</code> and the second return value
-- is an error message.
-- Receive a single line (up to <code>\n</code>).
local function recv_line(s, partial)
local _, e
local status, data
local pos
partial = partial or ""
pos = 1
while true do
_, e = string.find(partial, "\n", pos, true)
if e then
break
end
status, data = s:receive()
if not status then
return status, data
end
pos = #partial
partial = partial .. data
end
return string.sub(partial, 1, e), string.sub(partial, e + 1)
end
local function line_is_empty(line)
return line == "\r\n" or line == "\n"
end
-- Receive up to and including the first blank line, but return everything up
-- to and not including the final blank line.
local function recv_header(s, partial)
local lines = {}
partial = partial or ""
while true do
local line
line, partial = recv_line(s, partial)
if not line then
return line, partial
end
if line_is_empty(line) then
break
end
lines[#lines + 1] = line
end
return table.concat(lines), partial
end
-- Receive until the connection is closed.
local function recv_all(s, partial)
local parts
partial = partial or ""
parts = {partial}
while true do
local status, part = s:receive()
if not status then
break
else
parts[#parts + 1] = part
end
end
return table.concat(parts), ""
end
-- Receive exactly <code>length</code> bytes. Returns <code>nil</code> if that
-- many aren't available.
local function recv_length(s, length, partial)
local parts, last
partial = partial or ""
parts = {}
last = partial
length = length - #last
while length > 0 do
local status
parts[#parts + 1] = last
status, last = s:receive()
if not status then
return nil
end
length = length - #last
end
-- At this point length is 0 or negative, and indicates the degree to which
-- the last read "overshot" the desired length.
if length == 0 then
return table.concat(parts) .. last, ""
else
return table.concat(parts) .. string.sub(last, 1, length - 1), string.sub(last, length)
end
end
-- Receive until the end of a chunked message body, and return the dechunked
-- body.
local function recv_chunked(s, partial)
local chunks, chunk
local chunk_size
local pos
chunks = {}
repeat
local line, hex, _, i
line, partial = recv_line(s, partial)
if not line then
return nil, partial
end
pos = 1
pos = skip_space(line, pos)
-- Get the chunk-size.
_, i, hex = string.find(line, "^([%x]+)", pos)
if not i then
return nil, string.format("Chunked encoding didn't find hex; got %q.", string.sub(line, pos, pos + 10))
end
pos = i + 1
chunk_size = tonumber(hex, 16)
if not chunk_size or chunk_size < 0 then
return nil, string.format("Chunk size %s is not a positive integer.", hex)
end
-- Ignore chunk-extensions that may follow here.
-- RFC 2616, section 2.1 ("Implied *LWS") seems to allow *LWS between the
-- parts of a chunk-extension, but that is ambiguous. Consider this case:
-- "1234;a\r\n =1\r\n...". It could be an extension with a chunk-ext-name
-- of "a" (and no value), and a chunk-data beginning with " =", or it could
-- be a chunk-ext-name of "a" with a value of "1", and a chunk-data
-- starting with "...". We don't allow *LWS here, only ( SP | HT ), so the
-- first interpretation will prevail.
chunk, partial = recv_length(s, chunk_size, partial)
if not chunk then
return nil, partial
end
chunks[#chunks + 1] = chunk
line, partial = recv_line(s, partial)
if not line then
-- this warning message was initially an error but was adapted
-- to support broken servers, such as the Citrix XML Service
stdnse.print_debug(2, "Didn't find CRLF after chunk-data.")
elseif not string.match(line, "^\r?\n") then
return nil, string.format("Didn't find CRLF after chunk-data; got %q.", line)
end
until chunk_size == 0
return table.concat(chunks), partial
end
-- Receive a message body, assuming that the header has already been read by
-- <code>recv_header</code>. The handling is sensitive to the request method
-- and the status code of the response.
local function recv_body(s, response, method, partial)
local connection_close, connection_keepalive
local version_major, version_minor
local transfer_encoding
local content_length
local err
partial = partial or ""
-- First check for Connection: close and Connection: keep-alive. This is
-- necessary to handle some servers that don't follow the protocol.
connection_close = false
connection_keepalive = false
if response.header.connection then
local offset, token
offset = 0
while true do
offset, token = get_token(response.header.connection, offset + 1)
if not offset then
break
end
if string.lower(token) == "close" then
connection_close = true
elseif string.lower(token) == "keep-alive" then
connection_keepalive = true
end
end
end
-- The HTTP version may also affect our decisions.
version_major, version_minor = string.match(response["status-line"], "^HTTP/(%d+)%.(%d+)")
-- See RFC 2616, section 4.4 "Message Length".
-- 1. Any response message which "MUST NOT" include a message-body (such as
-- the 1xx, 204, and 304 responses and any response to a HEAD request) is
-- always terminated by the first empty line after the header fields...
--
-- Despite the above, some servers return a body with response to a HEAD
-- request. So if an HTTP/1.0 server returns a response without Connection:
-- keep-alive, or any server returns a response with Connection: close, read
-- whatever's left on the socket (should be zero bytes).
if string.upper(method) == "HEAD"
or (response.status >= 100 and response.status <= 199)
or response.status == 204 or response.status == 304 then
if connection_close or (version_major == "1" and version_minor == "0" and not connection_keepalive) then
return recv_all(s, partial)
else
return "", partial
end
end
-- 2. If a Transfer-Encoding header field (section 14.41) is present and has
-- any value other than "identity", then the transfer-length is defined by
-- use of the "chunked" transfer-coding (section 3.6), unless the message
-- is terminated by closing the connection.
if response.header["transfer-encoding"]
and response.header["transfer-encoding"] ~= "identity" then
return recv_chunked(s, partial)
end
-- The Citrix XML Service sends a wrong "Transfer-Coding" instead of
-- "Transfer-Encoding".
if response.header["transfer-coding"]
and response.header["transfer-coding"] ~= "identity" then
return recv_chunked(s, partial)
end
-- 3. If a Content-Length header field (section 14.13) is present, its decimal
-- value in OCTETs represents both the entity-length and the
-- transfer-length. The Content-Length header field MUST NOT be sent if
-- these two lengths are different (i.e., if a Transfer-Encoding header
-- field is present). If a message is received with both a
-- Transfer-Encoding header field and a Content-Length header field, the
-- latter MUST be ignored.
if response.header["content-length"] and not response.header["transfer-encoding"] then
content_length = tonumber(response.header["content-length"])
if not content_length then
return nil, string.format("Content-Length %q is non-numeric", response.header["content-length"])
end
return recv_length(s, content_length, partial)
end
-- 4. If the message uses the media type "multipart/byteranges", and the
-- ransfer-length is not otherwise specified, then this self- elimiting
-- media type defines the transfer-length. [sic]
-- Case 4 is unhandled.
-- 5. By the server closing the connection.
return recv_all(s, partial)
end
-- Sets response["status-line"] and response.status.
local function parse_status_line(status_line, response)
local version, status, reason_phrase
response["status-line"] = status_line
version, status, reason_phrase = string.match(status_line,
"^HTTP/(%d%.%d) *(%d+) *(.*)\r?\n$")
if not version then
return nil, string.format("Error parsing status-line %q.", status_line)
end
-- We don't have a use for the version; ignore it.
response.status = tonumber(status)
if not response.status then
return nil, string.format("Status code is not numeric: %s", status)
end
return true
end
-- Sets response.header and response.rawheader.
local function parse_header(header, response)
local pos
local name, words
local s, e
response.header = {}
response.rawheader = stdnse.strsplit("\r?\n", header)
pos = 1
while pos <= #header do
-- Get the field name.
e, name = get_token(header, pos)
if not name or e > #header or string.sub(header, e, e) ~= ":" then
return nil, string.format("Can't get header field name at %q", string.sub(header, pos, pos + 30))
end
pos = e + 1
-- Skip initial space.
pos = skip_lws(header, pos)
-- Get non-space words separated by LWS, then join them with a single space.
words = {}
while pos <= #header and not string.match(header, "^\r?\n", pos) do
s = pos
while not string.match(header, "^[ \t]", pos) and
not string.match(header, "^\r?\n", pos) do
pos = pos + 1
end
words[#words + 1] = string.sub(header, s, pos - 1)
pos = skip_lws(header, pos)
end
-- Set it in our table.
name = string.lower(name)
if response.header[name] then
response.header[name] = response.header[name] .. ", " .. table.concat(words, " ")
else
response.header[name] = table.concat(words, " ")
end
-- Next field, or end of string. (If not it's an error.)
s, e = string.find(header, "^\r?\n", pos)
if not e then
return nil, string.format("Header field named %q didn't end with CRLF", name)
end
pos = e + 1
end
return true
end
-- Parse the contents of a Set-Cookie header field. The result is an array
-- containing tables of the form
--
-- { name = "NAME", value = "VALUE", Comment = "...", Domain = "...", ... }
--
-- Every key except "name" and "value" is optional.
--
-- This function attempts to support the cookie syntax defined in RFC 2109
-- along with the backwards-compatibility suggestions from its section 10,
-- "HISTORICAL". Values need not be quoted, but if they start with a quote they
-- will be interpreted as a quoted string.
local function parse_set_cookie(s)
local cookies
local name, value
local _, pos
cookies = {}
pos = 1
while true do
local cookie = {}
-- Get the NAME=VALUE part.
pos = skip_space(s, pos)
pos, cookie.name = get_token(s, pos)
if not cookie.name then
return nil, "Can't get cookie name."
end
pos = skip_space(s, pos)
if pos > #s or string.sub(s, pos, pos) ~= "=" then
return nil, string.format("Expected '=' after cookie name \"%s\".", cookie.name)
end
pos = pos + 1
pos = skip_space(s, pos)
if string.sub(s, pos, pos) == "\"" then
pos, cookie.value = get_quoted_string(s, pos)
else
_, pos, cookie.value = string.find(s, "([^;]*)[ \t]*", pos)
pos = pos + 1
end
if not cookie.value then
return nil, string.format("Can't get value of cookie named \"%s\".", cookie.name)
end
pos = skip_space(s, pos)
-- Loop over the attributes.
while pos <= #s and string.sub(s, pos, pos) == ";" do
pos = pos + 1
pos = skip_space(s, pos)
pos, name = get_token(s, pos)
if not name then
return nil, string.format("Can't get attribute name of cookie \"%s\".", cookie.name)
end
pos = skip_space(s, pos)
if pos <= #s and string.sub(s, pos, pos) == "=" then
pos = pos + 1
pos = skip_space(s, pos)
if string.sub(s, pos, pos) == "\"" then
pos, value = get_quoted_string(s, pos)
else
-- account for the possibility of the expires attribute being empty or improperly formatted
local last_pos = pos
if string.lower(name) == "expires" then
-- For version 0 cookies we must allow one comma for "expires".
_, pos, value = string.find(s, "([^,]*,[^;,]*)[ \t]*", pos)
else
_, pos, value = string.find(s, "([^;,]*)[ \t]*", pos)
end
-- account for the possibility of the expires attribute being empty or improperly formatted
if ( not(pos) ) then
_, pos, value = s:find("([^;]*)", last_pos)
end
pos = pos + 1
end
if not value then
return nil, string.format("Can't get value of cookie attribute \"%s\".", name)
end
else
value = true
end
cookie[name:lower()] = value
pos = skip_space(s, pos)
end
cookies[#cookies + 1] = cookie
if pos > #s then
break
end
if string.sub(s, pos, pos) ~= "," then
return nil, string.format("Syntax error after cookie named \"%s\".", cookie.name)
end
pos = pos + 1
pos = skip_space(s, pos)
end
return cookies
end
-- Read one response from the socket <code>s</code> and return it after
-- parsing.
local function next_response(s, method, partial)
local response
local status_line, header, body
local status, err
partial = partial or ""
response = {
status=nil,
["status-line"]=nil,
header={},
rawheader={},
body=""
}
status_line, partial = recv_line(s, partial)
if not status_line then
return nil, partial
end
status, err = parse_status_line(status_line, response)
if not status then
return nil, err
end
header, partial = recv_header(s, partial)
if not header then
return nil, partial
end
status, err = parse_header(header, response)
if not status then
return nil, err
end
body, partial = recv_body(s, response, method, partial)
if not body then
return nil, partial
end
response.body = body
-- We have the Status-Line, header, and body; now do any postprocessing.
response.cookies = {}
if response.header["set-cookie"] then
response.cookies, err = parse_set_cookie(response.header["set-cookie"])
if not response.cookies then
-- Ignore a cookie parsing error.
response.cookies = {}
end
end
return response, partial
end
--- Tries to extract the max number of requests that should be made on
-- a keep-alive connection based on "Keep-Alive: timeout=xx,max=yy" response
-- header.
--
-- If the value is not available, an arbitrary value is used. If the connection
-- is not explicitly closed by the server, this same value is attempted.
--
-- @param response The http response - Might be a table or a raw response
-- @return The max number of requests on a keep-alive connection
local function getPipelineMax(response)
-- Allow users to override this with a script-arg
local pipeline = stdnse.get_script_args({'http.pipeline', 'pipeline'})
if(pipeline) then
return tonumber(pipeline)
end
if response then
if response.header and response.header.connection ~= "close" then
if response.header["keep-alive"] then
local max = string.match( response.header["keep-alive"], "max=(%d*)")
if(max == nil) then
return 40
end
return tonumber(max)
else
return 40
end
end
end
return 1
end
--- Builds a string to be added to the request mod_options table
--
-- @param cookies A cookie jar just like the table returned parse_set_cookie.
-- @param path If the argument exists, only cookies with this path are included to the request
-- @return A string to be added to the mod_options table
local function buildCookies(cookies, path)
local cookie = ""
if type(cookies) == 'string' then return cookies end
for i, ck in ipairs(cookies or {}) do
if not path or string.match(ck["path"],".*" .. path .. ".*") then
if i ~= 1 then cookie = cookie .. " " end
cookie = cookie .. ck["name"] .. "=" .. ck["value"] .. ";"
end
end
return cookie
end
-- HTTP cache.
-- Cache of GET and HEAD requests. Uses <"host:port:path", record>.
-- record is in the format:
-- result: The result from http.get or http.head
-- last_used: The time the record was last accessed or made.
-- get: Was the result received from a request to get or recently wiped?
-- size: The size of the record, equal to #record.result.body.
local cache = {size = 0};
local function check_size (cache)
local max_size = tonumber(stdnse.get_script_args({'http.max-cache-size', 'http-max-cache-size'}) or 1e6);
local size = cache.size;
if size > max_size then
stdnse.print_debug(1,
"Current http cache size (%d bytes) exceeds max size of %d",
size, max_size);
table.sort(cache, function(r1, r2)
return (r1.last_used or 0) < (r2.last_used or 0);
end);
for i, record in ipairs(cache) do
if size <= max_size then break end
local result = record.result;
if type(result.body) == "string" then
size = size - record.size;
record.size, record.get, result.body = 0, false, "";
end
end
cache.size = size;
end
stdnse.print_debug(2, "Final http cache size (%d bytes) of max size of %d",
size, max_size);
return size;
end
-- Unique value to signal value is being retrieved.
-- Also holds <mutex, thread> pairs, working thread is value
local WORKING = setmetatable({}, {__mode = "v"});
local function lookup_cache (method, host, port, path, options)
print( method, host, port, path, options)
if(not(validate_options(options))) then
return nil
end
options = options or {};
local bypass_cache = options.bypass_cache; -- do not lookup
local no_cache = options.no_cache; -- do not save result
local no_cache_body = options.no_cache_body; -- do not save body
if type(port) == "table" then port = port.number end
local key = stdnse.get_hostname(host)..":"..port..":"..path;
local mutex = nmap.mutex(tostring(lookup_cache)..key);
local state = {
mutex = mutex,
key = key,
method = method,
bypass_cache = bypass_cache,
no_cache = no_cache,
no_cache_body = no_cache_body,
};
while true do
mutex "lock";
local record = cache[key];
if bypass_cache or record == nil or method ~= record.method then
WORKING[mutex] = coroutine.running();
cache[key], state.old_record = WORKING, record;
return nil, state;
elseif record == WORKING then
local working = WORKING[mutex];
if working == nil or coroutine.status(working) == "dead" then
-- thread died before insert_cache could be called
cache[key] = nil; -- reset
end
mutex "done";
else
mutex "done";
record.last_used = os.time();
return tcopy(record.result), state;
end
end
end
local function response_is_cacheable(response)
-- if response.status is nil, then an error must have occured during the request
-- and we probably don't want to cache the response
if not response.status then
return false
end
-- 206 Partial Content. RFC 2616, 1.34: "...a cache that does not support the
-- Range and Content-Range headers MUST NOT cache 206 (Partial Content)
-- responses."
if response.status == 206 then
return false
end
-- RFC 2616, 13.4. "A response received with any [status code other than 200,
-- 203, 206, 300, 301 or 410] (e.g. status codes 302 and 307) MUST NOT be
-- returned in a reply to a subsequent request unless there are cache-control
-- directives or another header(s) that explicitly allow it."
-- We violate the standard here and allow these other codes to be cached,
-- with the exceptions listed below.
-- 401 Unauthorized. Caching this would prevent us from retrieving it later
-- with the correct credentials.
if response.status == 401 then
return false
end
return true
end
local function insert_cache (state, response)
local key = assert(state.key);
local mutex = assert(state.mutex);
if response == nil or state.no_cache or not response_is_cacheable(response) then
cache[key] = state.old_record;
else
local record = {
result = tcopy(response),
last_used = os.time(),
method = state.method,
size = type(response.body) == "string" and #response.body or 0,
};
response = record.result; -- only modify copy
cache[key], cache[#cache+1] = record, record;
if state.no_cache_body then
response.body = "";
end
if type(response.body) == "string" then
cache.size = cache.size + #response.body;
check_size(cache);
end
end
mutex "done";
end
-- Return true if the given method requires a body in the request. In case no
-- body was supplied we must send "Content-Length: 0".
local function request_method_needs_content_length(method)
return method == "POST"
end
-- For each of the following request functions, <code>host</code> may either be
-- a string or a table, and <code>port</code> may either be a number or a
-- table.
--
-- The format of the return value is a table with the following structure:
-- {status = 200, status-line = "HTTP/1.1 200 OK", header = {}, rawheader = {}, body ="<html>...</html>"}
-- The header table has an entry for each received header with the header name
-- being the key. The table also has an entry named "status" which contains the
-- http status code of the request.
-- In case of an error, the status is nil and status-line describes the problem.
local function http_error(status_line)
return {
status = nil,
["status-line"] = status_line,
header = {},
rawheader = {},
body = nil,
}
end
--- Build an HTTP request from parameters and return it as a string.
--
-- @param host The host this request is intended for.
-- @param port The port this request is intended for.
-- @param method The method to use.
-- @param path The path for the request.
-- @param options A table of options, which may include the keys:
-- * <code>header</code>: A table containing additional headers to be used for the request.
-- * <code>content</code>: The content of the message (content-length will be added -- set header['Content-Length'] to override)
-- * <code>cookies</code>: A table of cookies in the form returned by <code>parse_set_cookie</code>.
-- * <code>auth</code>: A table containing the keys <code>username</code> and <code>password</code>.
-- @return A request string.
-- @see generic_request
local function build_request(host, port, method, path, options)
if(not(validate_options(options))) then
return nil
end
options = options or {}
-- Private copy of the options table, used to add default header fields.
local mod_options = {
header = {
Connection = "close",
Host = get_host_field(host, port),
["User-Agent"] = USER_AGENT
}
}
if options.cookies then
local cookies = buildCookies(options.cookies, path)
if #cookies > 0 then
mod_options.header["Cookie"] = cookies
end
end
if options.auth and not options.auth.digest then
local username = options.auth.username
local password = options.auth.password
local credentials = "Basic " .. base64.enc(username .. ":" .. password)
mod_options.header["Authorization"] = credentials
end
if options.digestauth then
local order = {"username", "realm", "nonce", "digest-uri", "algorithm", "response", "qop", "nc", "cnonce"}
local no_quote = {algorithm=true, qop=true, nc=true}
local creds = {}
for _,k in ipairs(order) do
local v = options.digestauth[k]
if v then
if no_quote[k] then
table.insert(creds, ("%s=%s"):format(k,v))
else
if k == "digest-uri" then
table.insert(creds, ('%s="%s"'):format("uri",v))
else
table.insert(creds, ('%s="%s"'):format(k,v))
end
end
end
end
local credentials = "Digest "..table.concat(creds, ", ")
mod_options.header["Authorization"] = credentials
end
local body
-- Build a form submission from a table, like "k1=v1&k2=v2".
if type(options.content) == "table" then
local parts = {}
local k, v
for k, v in pairs(options.content) do
parts[#parts + 1] = url.escape(k) .. "=" .. url.escape(v)
end
body = table.concat(parts, "&")
mod_options.header["Content-Type"] = "application/x-www-form-urlencoded"
elseif options.content then
body = options.content
elseif request_method_needs_content_length(method) then
body = ""
end
if body then
mod_options.header["Content-Length"] = #body
end
-- Add any other header fields into the local copy.
table_augment(mod_options, options)
-- We concat this string manually to allow null bytes in requests
local request_line = method.." "..path.." HTTP/1.1"
local header = {}
for name, value in pairs(mod_options.header) do
-- we concat this string manually to allow null bytes in requests
header[#header + 1] = name..": "..value
end
return request_line .. "\r\n" .. stdnse.strjoin("\r\n", header) .. "\r\n\r\n" .. (body or "")
end
--- Send a string to a host and port and return the HTTP result. This function
-- is like <code>generic_request</code>, to be used when you have a ready-made
-- request, not a collection of request parameters.
--
-- @param host The host to connect to.
-- @param port The port to connect to.
-- @param options A table of other parameters. It may have any of these fields:
-- * <code>timeout</code>: A timeout used for socket operations.
-- * <code>header</code>: A table containing additional headers to be used for the request.
-- * <code>content</code>: The content of the message (content-length will be added -- set header['Content-Length'] to override)
-- * <code>cookies</code>: A table of cookies in the form returned by <code>parse_set_cookie</code>.
-- * <code>auth</code>: A table containing the keys <code>username</code> and <code>password</code>.
-- @return A response table, see module documentation for description.
-- @see generic_request
local function request(host, port, data, options)
if(not(validate_options(options))) then
return http_error("Options failed to validate.")
end
local method
local header
local response
options = options or {}
if type(port) == 'table' then
if port.protocol and port.protocol ~= 'tcp' then
stdnse.print_debug(1, "http.request() supports the TCP protocol only, your request to %s cannot be completed.", host)
return http_error("Unsupported protocol.")
end
end
method = string.match(data, "^(%S+)")
local socket, partial, opts = comm.tryssl(host, port, data, { timeout = options.timeout })
if not socket then
return http_error("Error creating socket.")
end
repeat
response, partial = next_response(socket, method, partial)
if not response then
return http_error("There was an error in next_response function.")
end
-- See RFC 2616, sections 8.2.3 and 10.1.1, for the 100 Continue status.
-- Sometimes a server will tell us to "go ahead" with a POST body before
-- sending the real response. If we got one of those, skip over it.
until not (response.status >= 100 and response.status <= 199)
socket:close()
-- if SSL was used to retrieve the URL mark this in the response
response.ssl = ( opts == 'ssl' )
return response
end
---Do a single request with a given method. The response is returned as the standard
-- response table (see the module documentation).
--
-- The <code>get</code>, <code>head</code>, and <code>post</code> functions are simple
-- wrappers around <code>generic_request</code>.
--
-- Any 1XX (informational) responses are discarded.
--
-- @param host The host to connect to.
-- @param port The port to connect to.
-- @param method The method to use; for example, 'GET', 'HEAD', etc.
-- @param path The path to retrieve.
-- @param options [optional] A table that lets the caller control socket timeouts, HTTP headers, and other parameters. For full documentation, see the module documentation (above).
-- @return A response table, see module documentation for description.
-- @see request
function generic_request(host, port, method, path, options)
if(not(validate_options(options))) then
return http_error("Options failed to validate.")
end
local digest_auth = options and options.auth and options.auth.digest
if digest_auth and not have_ssl then
stdnse.print_debug("http: digest auth requires openssl.")
end
if digest_auth and have_ssl then
-- If we want to do digest authentication, we have to make an initial
-- request to get realm, nonce and other fields.
local options_with_auth_removed = tcopy(options)
options_with_auth_removed["auth"] = nil
local r = generic_request(host, port, method, path, options_with_auth_removed)
local h = r.header['www-authenticate']
if not r.status or (h and not string.find(h:lower(), "digest.-realm")) then
stdnse.print_debug("http: the target doesn't support digest auth or there was an error during request.")
return http_error("The target doesn't support digest auth or there was an error during request.")
end
-- Compute the response hash
local dmd5 = sasl.DigestMD5:new(h, options.auth.username, options.auth.password, method, path)
local _, digest_table = dmd5:calcDigest()
options.digestauth = digest_table
end
return request(host, port, build_request(host, port, method, path, options), options)
end
---Uploads a file using the PUT method and returns a result table. This is a simple wrapper
-- around <code>generic_request</code>
--
-- @param host The host to connect to.
-- @param port The port to connect to.
-- @param path The path to retrieve.
-- @param options [optional] A table that lets the caller control socket timeouts, HTTP headers, and other parameters. For full documentation, see the module documentation (above).
-- @param putdata The contents of the file to upload
-- @return A response table, see module documentation for description.
-- @see http.generic_request
function put(host, port, path, options, putdata)
if(not(validate_options(options))) then
return http_error("Options failed to validate.")
end
if ( not(putdata) ) then
return http_error("No file to PUT.")
end
local mod_options = {
content = putdata,
}
table_augment(mod_options, options or {})
return generic_request(host, port, "PUT", path, mod_options)
end
-- Check if the given URL is okay to redirect to. Return a table with keys
-- "host", "port", and "path" if okay, nil otherwise.
-- @param url table as returned by url.parse
-- @param host table as received by the action function
-- @param port table as received by the action function
-- @return loc table containing the new location
function redirect_ok(host, port)
-- A battery of tests a URL is subjected to in order to decide if it may be
-- redirected to. They incrementally fill in loc.host, loc.port, and loc.path.
local rules = {
-- Check if there's any credentials in the url
function (url, host, port)
-- bail if userinfo is present
return ( url.userinfo and false ) or true
end,
-- Check if the location is within the domain or host
function (url, host, port)
local hostname = stdnse.get_hostname(host)
if ( hostname == host.ip and host.ip == url.host.ip ) then
return true
end
local domain = hostname:match("^[^%.]-%.(.*)") or hostname
local match = ("^.*%s$"):format(domain)
if ( url.host:match(match) ) then
return true
end
return false
end,
-- Check whether the new location has the same port number
function (url, host, port)
-- port fixup, adds default ports 80 and 443 in case no url.port was
-- defined, we do this based on the url scheme
local url_port = url.port
if ( not(url_port) ) then
if ( url.scheme == "http" ) then
url_port = 80
elseif( url.scheme == "https" ) then
url_port = 443
end
end
if (not url_port) or tonumber(url_port) == port.number then
return true
end
return false
end,
-- Check whether the url.scheme matches the port.service
function (url, host, port)
-- if url.scheme is present then it must match the scanned port
if url.scheme and url.port then return true end
if url.scheme and url.scheme ~= port.service then return false end
return true
end,
-- make sure we're actually being redirected somewhere and not to the same url
function (url, host, port)
-- path cannot be unchanged unless host has changed
-- loc.path must be set if returning true
if ( not url.path or url.path == "/" ) and url.host == ( host.targetname or host.ip) then return false end
if not url.path then return true end
return true
end,
}
local counter = MAX_REDIRECT_COUNT
-- convert a numeric port to a table
if ( "number" == type(port) ) then
port = { number = port }
end
return function(url)
if ( counter == 0 ) then return false end
counter = counter - 1
for i, rule in ipairs( rules ) do
if ( not(rule( url, host, port )) ) then
--stdnse.print_debug("Rule failed: %d", i)
return false
end
end
return true
end
end
-- Handles a HTTP redirect
-- @param host table as received by the script action function
-- @param port table as received by the script action function
-- @param path string
-- @param response table as returned by http.get or http.head
-- @return url table as returned by <code>url.parse</code> or nil if there's no
-- redirect taking place
local function parse_redirect(host, port, path, response)
if ( not(tostring(response.status):match("^30[127]$")) or
not(response.header) or
not(response.header.location) ) then
return nil
end
port = ( "number" == type(port) ) and { number = port } or port
local u = url.parse(response.header.location)
if ( not(u.host) and not(u.scheme) ) then
-- we're dealing with a relative url
u.host, u.port = stdnse.get_hostname(host), port.number
u.path = ((u.path:sub(1,1) == "/" and "" ) or "/" ) .. u.path -- ensuring leading slash
end
if ( not(u.path) ) then
u.path = "/"
end
if ( u.query ) then
u.path = ("%s?%s"):format( u.path, u.query )
end
-- do port fixup
if ( not(u.port) ) then
if ( u.scheme == "http" ) then u.port = 80 end
if ( u.scheme == "https") then u.port = 443 end
end
return u
end
-- Retrieves the correct function to use to validate HTTP redirects
-- @param host table as received by the action function
-- @param port table as received by the action function
-- @param options table as passed to http.get or http.head
-- @return redirect_ok function used to validate HTTP redirects
local function get_redirect_ok(host, port, options)
if ( options ) then
if ( options.redirect_ok == false ) then
return function() return false end
elseif( "function" == type(options.redirect_ok) ) then
return options.redirect_ok(host, port)
else
return redirect_ok(host, port)
end
else
return redirect_ok(host, port)
end
end
---Fetches a resource with a GET request and returns the result as a table. This is a simple
-- wraper around <code>generic_request</code>, with the added benefit of having local caching
-- and support for HTTP redirects. Redirects are followed only if they pass all the
-- validation rules of the redirect_ok function. This function may be overrided by supplying
-- a custom function in the <code>redirect_ok</code> field of the options array. The default
-- function redirects the request if the destination is:
-- * Within the same host or domain
-- * Has the same port number
-- * Stays within the current scheme
-- * Does not exceed <code>MAX_REDIRECT_COUNT</code> count of redirects
--
-- Caching and redirects can be controlled in the <code>options</code> array, see module
-- documentation for more information.
--
-- @param host The host to connect to.
-- @param port The port to connect to.
-- @param path The path to retrieve.
-- @param options [optional] A table that lets the caller control socket timeouts, HTTP headers, and other parameters. For full documentation, see the module documentation (above).
-- @return A response table, see module documentation for description.
-- @see http.generic_request
function get(host, port, path, options)
if(not(validate_options(options))) then
return http_error("Options failed to validate.")
end
local redir_check = get_redirect_ok(host, port, options)
local response, state, location
local u = { host = host, port = port, path = path }
repeat
response, state = lookup_cache("GET", u.host, u.port, u.path, options);
if ( response == nil ) then
response = generic_request(u.host, u.port, "GET", u.path, options)
insert_cache(state, response);
end
u = parse_redirect(host, port, path, response)
if ( not(u) ) then
break
end
location = location or {}
table.insert(location, response.header.location)
until( not(redir_check(u)) )
response.location = location
return response
end
---Parses a URL and calls <code>http.get</code> with the result. The URL can contain
-- all the standard fields, protocol://host:port/path
--
-- @param u The URL of the host.
-- @param options [optional] A table that lets the caller control socket timeouts, HTTP headers, and other parameters. For full documentation, see the module documentation (above).
-- @return A response table, see module documentation for description.
-- @see http.get
function get_url( u, options )
if(not(validate_options(options))) then
return http_error("Options failed to validate.")
end
local parsed = url.parse( u )
local port = {}
port.service = parsed.scheme
port.number = parsed.port
if not port.number then
if parsed.scheme == 'https' then
port.number = 443
else
port.number = 80
end
end
local path = parsed.path or "/"
if parsed.query then
path = path .. "?" .. parsed.query
end
return get( parsed.host, port, path, options )
end
---Fetches a resource with a HEAD request. Like <code>get</code>, this is a simple
-- wrapper around <code>generic_request</code> with response caching. This function
-- also has support for HTTP redirects. Redirects are followed only if they pass
-- all the validation rules of the redirect_ok function. This function may be
-- overrided by supplying a custom function in the <code>redirect_ok</code> field
-- of the options array. The default function redirects the request if the
-- destination is:
-- * Within the same host or domain
-- * Has the same port number
-- * Stays within the current scheme
-- * Does not exceed <code>MAX_REDIRECT_COUNT</code> count of redirects
--
-- Caching and redirects can be controlled in the <code>options</code> array,
-- see module documentation for more information.
--
-- @param host The host to connect to.
-- @param port The port to connect to.
-- @param path The path to retrieve.
-- @param options [optional] A table that lets the caller control socket timeouts, HTTP headers, and other parameters. For full documentation, see the module documentation (above).
-- @return A response table, see module documentation for description.
-- @see http.generic_request
function head(host, port, path, options)
if(not(validate_options(options))) then
return http_error("Options failed to validate.")
end
local redir_check = get_redirect_ok(host, port, options)
local response, state, location
local u = { host = host, port = port, path = path }
repeat
response, state = lookup_cache("HEAD", host, port, path, options);
if response == nil then
response = generic_request(host, port, "HEAD", path, options)
insert_cache(state, response);
end
u = parse_redirect(host, port, path, response)
if ( not(u) ) then
break
end
location = location or {}
table.insert(location, response.header.location)
until( not(redir_check(u)) )
response.location = location
return response
end
---Fetches a resource with a POST request. Like <code>get</code>, this is a simple
-- wrapper around <code>generic_request</code> except that postdata is handled
-- properly.
--
-- @param host The host to connect to.
-- @param port The port to connect to.
-- @param path The path to retrieve.
-- @param options [optional] A table that lets the caller control socket timeouts, HTTP headers, and other parameters. For full documentation, see the module documentation (above).
-- @param ignored Ignored for backwards compatibility.
-- @param postdata A string or a table of data to be posted. If a table, the keys and values must be strings, and they will be encoded into an application/x-www-form-encoded form submission.
-- @return A response table, see module documentation for description.
-- @see http.generic_request
function post( host, port, path, options, ignored, postdata )
if(not(validate_options(options))) then
return http_error("Options failed to validate.")
end
local mod_options = {
content = postdata,
}
table_augment(mod_options, options or {})
return generic_request(host, port, "POST", path, mod_options)
end
-- Deprecated pipeline functions
function pGet( host, port, path, options, ignored, allReqs )
stdnse.print_debug(1, "WARNING: pGet() is deprecated. Use pipeline_add() instead.")
return pipeline_add(path, options, allReqs, 'GET')
end
function pHead( host, port, path, options, ignored, allReqs )
stdnse.print_debug(1, "WARNING: pHead() is deprecated. Use pipeline_add instead.")
return pipeline_add(path, options, allReqs, 'HEAD')
end
function addPipeline(host, port, path, options, ignored, allReqs, method)
stdnse.print_debug(1, "WARNING: addPipeline() is deprecated! Use pipeline_add instead.")
return pipeline_add(path, options, allReqs, method)
end
function pipeline(host, port, allReqs)
stdnse.print_debug(1, "WARNING: pipeline() is deprecated. Use pipeline_go() instead.")
return pipeline_go(host, port, allReqs)
end
---Adds a pending request to the HTTP pipeline. The HTTP pipeline is a set of requests that will
-- all be sent at the same time, or as close as the server allows. This allows more efficient
-- code, since requests are automatically buffered and sent simultaneously.
--
-- The <code>all_requests</code> argument contains the current list of queued requests (if this
-- is the first time calling <code>pipeline_add</code>, it should be <code>nil</code>). After
-- adding the request to end of the queue, the queue is returned and can be passed to the next
-- <code>pipeline_add</code> call.
--
-- When all requests have been queued, call <code>pipeline_go</code> with the all_requests table
-- that has been built.
--
-- @param path The path to retrieve.
-- @param options [optional] A table that lets the caller control socket timeouts, HTTP headers, and other parameters. For full documentation, see the module documentation (above).
-- @param all_requests [optional] The current pipeline queue (retunred from a previous <code>add_pipeline</code> call), or nil if it's the first call.
-- @param method [optional] The HTTP method ('get', 'head', 'post', etc). Default: 'get'.
-- @return Table with the pipeline get requests (plus this new one)
-- @see http.pipeline_go
function pipeline_add(path, options, all_requests, method)
if(not(validate_options(options))) then
return nil
end
method = method or 'GET'
all_requests = all_requests or {}
local mod_options = {
header = {
["Connection"] = "keep-alive"
}
}
table_augment(mod_options, options or {})
local object = { method=method, path=path, options=mod_options }
table.insert(all_requests, object)
return all_requests
end
---Performs all queued requests in the all_requests variable (created by the
-- <code>pipeline_add</code> function). Returns an array of responses, each of
-- which is a table as defined in the module documentation above.
--
-- @param host The host to connect to.
-- @param port The port to connect to.
-- @param all_requests A table with all the previously built pipeline requests
-- @return A list of responses, in the same order as the requests were queued. Each response is a table as described in the module documentation.
function pipeline_go(host, port, all_requests)
stdnse.print_debug("Total number of pipelined requests: " .. #all_requests)
local responses
local response
local partial
responses = {}
-- Check for an empty request
if (#all_requests == 0) then
stdnse.print_debug(1, "Warning: empty set of requests passed to http.pipeline()")
return responses
end
local socket, bopt
-- We'll try a first request with keep-alive, just to check if the server
-- supports and how many requests we can send into one socket!
local request = build_request(host, port, all_requests[1].method, all_requests[1].path, all_requests[1].options)
socket, partial, bopt = comm.tryssl(host, port, request, {connect_timeout=5000, request_timeout=3000, recv_before=false})
if not socket then
return nil
end
response, partial = next_response(socket, all_requests[1].method, partial)
if not response then
return nil
end
table.insert(responses, response)
local limit = getPipelineMax(response) -- how many requests to send on one connection
limit = limit > #all_requests and #all_requests or limit
local max_pipeline = stdnse.get_script_args("http.max-pipeline") or limit -- how many requests should be pipelined
local count = 1
stdnse.print_debug(1, "Number of requests allowed by pipeline: " .. limit)
while #responses < #all_requests do
local j, batch_end
-- we build a table with many requests, upper limited by the var "limit"
local requests = {}
if #responses + limit < #all_requests then
batch_end = #responses + limit
else
batch_end = #all_requests
end
j = #responses + 1
while j <= batch_end do
if j == batch_end then
all_requests[j].options.header["Connection"] = "close"
end
if j~= batch_end and all_requests[j].options.header["Connection"] ~= 'keep-alive' then
all_requests[j].options.header["Connection"] = 'keep-alive'
end
table.insert(requests, build_request(host, port, all_requests[j].method, all_requests[j].path, all_requests[j].options))
-- to avoid calling build_request more then one time on the same request,
-- we might want to build all the requests once, above the main while loop
j = j + 1
end
if count >= limit or not socket:get_info() then
socket:connect(host, port, bopt)
partial = ""
count = 0
end
socket:set_timeout(10000)
local start = 1
local len = #requests
local req_sent = 0
-- start sending the requests and pipeline them in batches of max_pipeline elements
while start <= len do
stdnse.print_debug(2, "HTTP pipeline: number of requests in current batch: %d, already sent: %d, responses from current batch: %d, all responses received: %d",len,start-1,count,#responses)
local req = {}
if max_pipeline == limit then
req = requests
else
for i=start,start+max_pipeline-1,1 do
table.insert(req, requests[i])
end
end
local num_req = #req
req = table.concat(req, "")
start = start + max_pipeline
socket:send(req)
req_sent = req_sent + num_req
local inner_count = 0
local fail = false
-- collect responses for the last batch
while inner_count < num_req and #responses < #all_requests do
response, partial = next_response(socket, all_requests[#responses + 1].method, partial)
if not response then
stdnse.print_debug("HTTP pipeline: there was a problem while receiving responses.")
stdnse.print_debug(3, "The request was:\n%s",req)
fail = true
break
end
count = count + 1
inner_count = inner_count + 1
responses[#responses + 1] = response
end
if fail then break end
end
socket:close()
if count == 0 then
stdnse.print_debug("Received 0 of %d expected responses.\nGiving up on pipeline.", limit);
break
elseif count < req_sent then
stdnse.print_debug("Received only %d of %d expected responses.\nDecreasing max pipelined requests to %d.", count, req_sent, count)
limit = count
end
end
stdnse.print_debug("Number of received responses: " .. #responses)
return responses
end
-- Parsing of specific headers. skip_space and the read_* functions return the
-- byte index following whatever they have just read, or nil on error.
-- Skip whitespace (that has already been folded from LWS). See RFC 2616,
-- section 2.2, definition of LWS.
local function skip_space(s, pos)
local _
_, pos = string.find(s, "^[ \t]*", pos)
return pos + 1
end
-- See RFC 2616, section 2.2.
local function read_token(s, pos)
local _, token
pos = skip_space(s, pos)
-- 1*<any CHAR except CTLs or separators>. CHAR is only byte values 0-127.
_, pos, token = string.find(s, "^([^\0\001-\031()<>@,;:\\\"/?={} \t%[%]\127-\255]+)", pos)
if token then
return pos + 1, token
else
return nil
end
end
-- See RFC 2616, section 2.2. Here we relax the restriction that TEXT may not
-- contain CTLs.
local function read_quoted_string(s, pos)
local chars = {}
if string.sub(s, pos, pos) ~= "\"" then
return nil
end
pos = pos + 1
pos = skip_space(s, pos)
while pos <= #s and string.sub(s, pos, pos) ~= "\"" do
local c
c = string.sub(s, pos, pos)
if c == "\\" then
if pos < #s then
pos = pos + 1
c = string.sub(s, pos, pos)
else
return nil
end
end
chars[#chars + 1] = c
pos = pos + 1
end
if pos > #s or string.sub(s, pos, pos) ~= "\"" then
return nil
end
return pos + 1, table.concat(chars)
end
local function read_token_or_quoted_string(s, pos)
pos = skip_space(s, pos)
if string.sub(s, pos, pos) == "\"" then
return read_quoted_string(s, pos)
else
return read_token(s, pos)
end
end
---
-- Finds forms in html code
-- returns table of found forms, in plaintext.
-- @param body A <code>response.body</code> in which to search for forms
-- @return A list of forms.
function grab_forms(body)
local forms = {}
if not body then return forms end
local form_start_expr = '<%s*[Ff][Oo][Rr][Mm]'
local form_end_expr = '</%s*[Ff][Oo][Rr][Mm]>'
local form_opening = string.find(body, form_start_expr)
local forms = {}
while form_opening do
local form_closing = string.find(body, form_end_expr, form_opening+1)
if form_closing == nil then --html code contains errors
break
end
forms[#forms+1] = string.sub(body, form_opening, form_closing-1)
if form_closing+1 <= #body then
form_opening = string.find(body, form_start_expr, form_closing+1)
else
break
end
end
return forms
end
---
-- Parses a form, that is, finds its action and fields.
-- @param form A plaintext representation of form
-- @return A dictionary with keys: <code>action</action>,
-- <code>method</code> if one is specified, <code>fields</code>
-- which is a list of fields found in the form each of which has a
-- <code>name</code> attribute and <code>type</code> if specified.
function parse_form(form)
local parsed = {}
local fields = {}
local form_action = string.match(form, '[Aa][Cc][Tt][Ii][Oo][Nn]="(.-)"')
if form_action then
parsed["action"] = form_action
else
return nil
end
-- determine if the form is using get or post
local form_method = string.match(form, '[Mm][Ee][Tt][Hh][Oo][Dd]="(.-)"')
if form_method then
parsed["method"] = string.lower(form_method)
end
-- now identify the fields
local input_type
local input_name
-- first find regular inputs
for f in string.gmatch(form, '<%s*[Ii][Nn][Pp][Uu][Tt].->') do
input_type = string.match(f, '[Tt][Yy][Pp][Ee]="(.-)"')
input_name = string.match(f, '[Nn][Aa][Mm][Ee]="(.-)"')
local next_field_index = #fields+1
if input_name then
fields[next_field_index] = {}
fields[next_field_index]["name"] = input_name
if input_type then
fields[next_field_index]["type"] = string.lower(input_type)
end
end
end
-- now search for textareas
for f in string.gmatch(form, '<%s*[Tt][Ee][Xx][Tt][Aa][Rr][Ee][Aa].->') do
input_name = string.match(f, '[Nn][Aa][Mm][Ee]="(.-)"')
local next_field_index = #fields+1
if input_name then
fields[next_field_index] = {}
fields[next_field_index]["name"] = input_name
fields[next_field_index]["type"] = "textarea"
end
end
parsed["fields"] = fields
return parsed
end
local MONTH_MAP = {
Jan = 1, Feb = 2, Mar = 3, Apr = 4, May = 5, Jun = 6,
Jul = 7, Aug = 8, Sep = 9, Oct = 10, Nov = 11, Dec = 12
}
--- Parses an HTTP date string, in any of the following formats from section
-- 3.3.1 of RFC 2616:
-- * Sun, 06 Nov 1994 08:49:37 GMT (RFC 822, updated by RFC 1123)
-- * Sunday, 06-Nov-94 08:49:37 GMT (RFC 850, obsoleted by RFC 1036)
-- * Sun Nov 6 08:49:37 1994 (ANSI C's <code>asctime()</code> format)
-- @param s the date string.
-- @return a table with keys <code>year</code>, <code>month</code>,
-- <code>day</code>, <code>hour</code>, <code>min</code>, <code>sec</code>, and
-- <code>isdst</code>, relative to GMT, suitable for input to
-- <code>os.time</code>.
function parse_date(s)
local day, month, year, hour, min, sec, tz, month_name
-- Handle RFC 1123 and 1036 at once.
day, month_name, year, hour, min, sec, tz = s:match("^%w+, (%d+)[- ](%w+)[- ](%d+) (%d+):(%d+):(%d+) (%w+)$")
if not day then
month_name, day, hour, min, sec, year = s:match("%w+ (%w+) ?(%d+) (%d+):(%d+):(%d+) (%d+)")
tz = "GMT"
end
if not day then
stdnse.print_debug(1, "http.parse_date: can't parse date \"%s\": unknown format.", s)
return nil
end
-- Look up the numeric code for month.
month = MONTH_MAP[month_name]
if not month then
stdnse.print_debug(1, "http.parse_date: unknown month name \"%s\".", month_name)
return nil
end
if tz ~= "GMT" then
stdnse.print_debug(1, "http.parse_date: don't know time zone \"%s\", only \"GMT\".", tz)
return nil
end
day = tonumber(day)
year = tonumber(year)
hour = tonumber(hour)
min = tonumber(min)
sec = tonumber(sec)
if year < 100 then
-- Two-digit year. Make a guess.
if year < 70 then
year = year + 2000
else
year = year + 1900
end
end
return { year = year, month = month, day = day, hour = hour, min = min, sec = sec, isdst = false }
end
-- See RFC 2617, section 1.2. This function returns a table with keys "scheme"
-- and "params".
local function read_auth_challenge(s, pos)
local _, scheme, params
pos, scheme = read_token(s, pos)
if not scheme then
return nil
end
params = {}
pos = skip_space(s, pos)
while pos < #s do
local name, val
local tmp_pos
-- We need to peek ahead at this point. It's possible that we've hit the
-- end of one challenge and the beginning of another. Section 14.33 says
-- that the header value can be 1#challenge, in other words several
-- challenges separated by commas. Because the auth-params are also
-- separated by commas, the only way we can tell is if we find a token not
-- followed by an equals sign.
tmp_pos = pos
tmp_pos, name = read_token(s, tmp_pos)
if not name then
pos = skip_space(s, pos + 1)
return pos, { scheme = scheme, params = nil }
end
tmp_pos = skip_space(s, tmp_pos)
if string.sub(s, tmp_pos, tmp_pos) ~= "=" then
-- No equals sign, must be the beginning of another challenge.
break
end
tmp_pos = tmp_pos + 1
pos = tmp_pos
pos, val = read_token_or_quoted_string(s, pos)
if not val then
return nil
end
if params[name] then
return nil
end
params[name] = val
pos = skip_space(s, pos)
if string.sub(s, pos, pos) == "," then
pos = skip_space(s, pos + 1)
if pos > #s then
return nil
end
end
end
return pos, { scheme = scheme, params = params }
end
---Parses the WWW-Authenticate header as described in RFC 2616, section 14.47
-- and RFC 2617, section 1.2. The return value is an array of challenges. Each
-- challenge is a table with the keys <code>scheme</code> and
-- <code>params</code>.
-- @param s The header value text.
-- @return An array of challenges, or <code>nil</code> on error.
function parse_www_authenticate(s)
local challenges = {}
local pos
pos = 1
while pos <= #s do
local challenge
pos, challenge = read_auth_challenge(s, pos)
if not challenge then
return nil
end
challenges[#challenges + 1] = challenge
end
return challenges
end
---Take the data returned from a HTTP request and return the status string.
-- Useful for <code>stdnse.print_debug</code> messages and even advanced output.
--
-- @param data The response table from any HTTP request
-- @return The best status string we could find: either the actual status string, the status code, or <code>"<unknown status>"</code>.
function get_status_string(data)
-- Make sure we have valid data
if(data == nil) then
return "<unknown status>"
elseif(data['status-line'] == nil) then
if(data['status'] ~= nil) then
return data['status']
end
return "<unknown status>"
end
-- We basically want everything after the space
local space = string.find(data['status-line'], ' ')
if(space == nil) then
return data['status-line']
else
return (string.sub(data['status-line'], space + 1)):gsub('\r?\n', '')
end
end
---Determine whether or not the server supports HEAD by requesting / and
-- verifying that it returns 200, and doesn't return data. We implement the
-- check like this because can't always rely on OPTIONS to tell the truth.
--
-- Note: If <code>identify_404</code> returns a 200 status, HEAD requests
-- should be disabled. Sometimes, servers use a 200 status code with a message
-- explaining that the page wasn't found. In this case, to actually identify
-- a 404 page, we need the full body that a HEAD request doesn't supply.
-- This is determined automatically if the <code>result_404</code> field is
-- set.
--
-- @param host The host object.
-- @param port The port to use.
-- @param result_404 [optional] The result when an unknown page is requested.
-- This is returned by <code>identify_404</code>. If the 404 page returns a
-- 200 code, then we disable HEAD requests.
-- @param path The path to request; by default, / is used.
-- @return A boolean value: true if HEAD is usable, false otherwise.
-- @return If HEAD is usable, the result of the HEAD request is returned (so
-- potentially, a script can avoid an extra call to HEAD
function can_use_head(host, port, result_404, path)
-- If the 404 result is 200, don't use HEAD.
if(result_404 == 200) then
return false
end
-- Default path
if(path == nil) then
path = '/'
end
-- Perform a HEAD request and see what happens.
local data = head( host, port, path )
if data then
if data.status and data.status == 302 and data.header and data.header.location then
stdnse.print_debug(1, "HTTP: Warning: Host returned 302 and not 200 when performing HEAD.")
return false
end
if data.status and data.status == 200 and data.header then
-- check that a body wasn't returned
if #data.body > 0 then
stdnse.print_debug(1, "HTTP: Warning: Host returned data when performing HEAD.")
return false
end
stdnse.print_debug(1, "HTTP: Host supports HEAD.")
return true, data
end
stdnse.print_debug(1, "HTTP: Didn't receive expected response to HEAD request (got %s).", get_status_string(data))
return false
end
stdnse.print_debug(1, "HTTP: HEAD request completely failed.")
return false
end
--- Try and remove anything that might change within a 404. For example:
-- * A file path (includes URI)
-- * A time
-- * A date
-- * An execution time (numbers in general, really)
--
-- The intention is that two 404 pages from different URIs and taken hours
-- apart should, whenever possible, look the same.
--
-- During this function, we're likely going to over-trim things. This is fine
-- -- we want enough to match on that it'll a) be unique, and b) have the best
-- chance of not changing. Even if we remove bits and pieces from the file, as
-- long as it isn't a significant amount, it'll remain unique.
--
-- One case this doesn't cover is if the server generates a random haiku for
-- the user.
--
-- @param body The body of the page.
function clean_404(body)
-- Remove anything that looks like time
body = string.gsub(body, '%d?%d:%d%d:%d%d', "")
body = string.gsub(body, '%d%d:%d%d', "")
body = string.gsub(body, 'AM', "")
body = string.gsub(body, 'am', "")
body = string.gsub(body, 'PM', "")
body = string.gsub(body, 'pm', "")
-- Remove anything that looks like a date (this includes 6 and 8 digit numbers)
-- (this is probably unnecessary, but it's getting pretty close to 11:59 right now, so you never know!)
body = string.gsub(body, '%d%d%d%d%d%d%d%d', "") -- 4-digit year (has to go first, because it overlaps 2-digit year)
body = string.gsub(body, '%d%d%d%d%-%d%d%-%d%d', "")
body = string.gsub(body, '%d%d%d%d/%d%d/%d%d', "")
body = string.gsub(body, '%d%d%-%d%d%-%d%d%d%d', "")
body = string.gsub(body, '%d%d%/%d%d%/%d%d%d%d', "")
body = string.gsub(body, '%d%d%d%d%d%d', "") -- 2-digit year
body = string.gsub(body, '%d%d%-%d%d%-%d%d', "")
body = string.gsub(body, '%d%d%/%d%d%/%d%d', "")
-- Remove anything that looks like a path (note: this will get the URI too) (note2: this interferes with the date removal above, so it can't be moved up)
body = string.gsub(body, "/[^ ]+", "") -- Unix - remove everything from a slash till the next space
body = string.gsub(body, "[a-zA-Z]:\\[^ ]+", "") -- Windows - remove everything from a "x:\" pattern till the next space
-- If we have SSL available, save us a lot of memory by hashing the page (if SSL isn't available, this will work fine, but
-- take up more memory). If we're debugging, don't hash (it makes things far harder to debug).
if(have_ssl and nmap.debugging() == 0) then
return openssl.md5(body)
end
return body
end
---Try requesting a non-existent file to determine how the server responds to
-- unknown pages ("404 pages"), which a) tells us what to expect when a
-- non-existent page is requested, and b) tells us if the server will be
-- impossible to scan. If the server responds with a 404 status code, as it is
-- supposed to, then this function simply returns 404. If it contains one of a
-- series of common status codes, including unauthorized, moved, and others, it
-- is returned like a 404.
--
-- I (Ron Bowes) have observed one host that responds differently for three
-- scenarios:
-- * A non-existent page, all lowercase (a login page)
-- * A non-existent page, with uppercase (a weird error page that says, "Filesystem is corrupt.")
-- * A page in a non-existent directory (a login page with different font colours)
--
-- As a result, I've devised three different 404 tests, one to check each of
-- these conditions. They all have to match, the tests can proceed; if any of
-- them are different, we can't check 404s properly.
--
-- @param host The host object.
-- @param port The port to which we are establishing the connection.
-- @return status Did we succeed?
-- @return result If status is false, result is an error message. Otherwise, it's the code to expect (typically, but not necessarily, '404').
-- @return body Body is a hash of the cleaned-up body that can be used when detecting a 404 page that doesn't return a 404 error code.
function identify_404(host, port)
local data
local bad_responses = { 301, 302, 400, 401, 403, 499, 501, 503 }
-- The URLs used to check 404s
local URL_404_1 = '/nmaplowercheck' .. os.time(os.date('*t'))
local URL_404_2 = '/NmapUpperCheck' .. os.time(os.date('*t'))
local URL_404_3 = '/Nmap/folder/check' .. os.time(os.date('*t'))
data = get(host, port, URL_404_1)
if(data == nil) then
stdnse.print_debug(1, "HTTP: Failed while testing for 404 status code")
return false, "Failed while testing for 404 error message"
end
if(data.status and data.status == 404) then
stdnse.print_debug(1, "HTTP: Host returns proper 404 result.")
return true, 404
end
if(data.status and data.status == 200) then
stdnse.print_debug(1, "HTTP: Host returns 200 instead of 404.")
-- Clean up the body (for example, remove the URI). This makes it easier to validate later
if(data.body) then
-- Obtain a couple more 404 pages to test different conditions
local data2 = get(host, port, URL_404_2)
local data3 = get(host, port, URL_404_3)
if(data2 == nil or data3 == nil) then
stdnse.print_debug(1, "HTTP: Failed while testing for extra 404 error messages")
return false, "Failed while testing for extra 404 error messages"
end
-- Check if the return code became something other than 200.
-- Status code: -1 represents unknown.
-- If the status is nil or the string "unknown" we switch to -1.
if(data2.status ~= 200) then
if(type(data2.status) ~= "number") then
data2.status = -1
end
stdnse.print_debug(1, "HTTP: HTTP 404 status changed for second request (became %d).", data2.status)
return false, string.format("HTTP 404 status changed for second request (became %d).", data2.status)
end
-- Check if the return code became something other than 200
if(data3.status ~= 200) then
if(type(data3.status) ~= "number") then
data3.status = -1
end
stdnse.print_debug(1, "HTTP: HTTP 404 status changed for third request (became %d).", data3.status)
return false, string.format("HTTP 404 status changed for third request (became %d).", data3.status)
end
-- Check if the returned bodies (once cleaned up) matches the first returned body
local clean_body = clean_404(data.body)
local clean_body2 = clean_404(data2.body)
local clean_body3 = clean_404(data3.body)
if(clean_body ~= clean_body2) then
stdnse.print_debug(1, "HTTP: Two known 404 pages returned valid and different pages; unable to identify valid response.")
stdnse.print_debug(1, "HTTP: If you investigate the server and it's possible to clean up the pages, please post to nmap-dev mailing list.")
return false, string.format("Two known 404 pages returned valid and different pages; unable to identify valid response.")
end
if(clean_body ~= clean_body3) then
stdnse.print_debug(1, "HTTP: Two known 404 pages returned valid and different pages; unable to identify valid response (happened when checking a folder).")
stdnse.print_debug(1, "HTTP: If you investigate the server and it's possible to clean up the pages, please post to nmap-dev mailing list.")
return false, string.format("Two known 404 pages returned valid and different pages; unable to identify valid response (happened when checking a folder).")
end
return true, 200, clean_body
end
stdnse.print_debug(1, "HTTP: The 200 response didn't contain a body.")
return true, 200
end
-- Loop through any expected error codes
for _,code in pairs(bad_responses) do
if(data.status and data.status == code) then
stdnse.print_debug(1, "HTTP: Host returns %s instead of 404 File Not Found.", get_status_string(data))
return true, code
end
end
stdnse.print_debug(1, "Unexpected response returned for 404 check: %s", get_status_string(data))
return true, data.status
end
--- Determine whether or not the page that was returned is a 404 page. This is
--actually a pretty simple function, but it's best to keep this logic close to
--<code>identify_404</code>, since they will generally be used together.
--
-- @param data The data returned by the HTTP request
-- @param result_404 The status code to expect for non-existent pages. This is returned by <code>identify_404</code>.
-- @param known_404 The 404 page itself, if <code>result_404</code> is 200. If <code>result_404</code> is something else, this parameter is ignored and can be set to <code>nil</code>. This is returned by <code>identify_404</code>.
-- @param page The page being requested (used in error messages).
-- @param displayall [optional] If set to true, don't exclude non-404 errors (such as 500).
-- @return A boolean value: true if the page appears to exist, and false if it does not.
function page_exists(data, result_404, known_404, page, displayall)
if(data and data.status) then
-- Handle the most complicated case first: the "200 Ok" response
if(data.status == 200) then
if(result_404 == 200) then
-- If the 404 response is also "200", deal with it (check if the body matches)
if(#data.body == 0) then
-- I observed one server that returned a blank string instead of an error, on some occasions
stdnse.print_debug(1, "HTTP: Page returned a totally empty body; page likely doesn't exist")
return false
elseif(clean_404(data.body) ~= known_404) then
stdnse.print_debug(1, "HTTP: Page returned a body that doesn't match known 404 body, therefore it exists (%s)", page)
return true
else
return false
end
else
-- If 404s return something other than 200, and we got a 200, we're good to go
stdnse.print_debug(1, "HTTP: Page was '%s', it exists! (%s)", get_status_string(data), page)
return true
end
else
-- If the result isn't a 200, check if it's a 404 or returns the same code as a 404 returned
if(data.status ~= 404 and data.status ~= result_404) then
-- If this check succeeded, then the page isn't a standard 404 -- it could be a redirect, authentication request, etc. Unless the user
-- asks for everything (with a script argument), only display 401 Authentication Required here.
stdnse.print_debug(1, "HTTP: Page didn't match the 404 response (%s) (%s)", get_status_string(data), page)
if(data.status == 401) then -- "Authentication Required"
return true
elseif(displayall) then
return true
end
return false
else
-- Page was a 404, or looked like a 404
return false
end
end
else
stdnse.print_debug(1, "HTTP: HTTP request failed (is the host still up?)")
return false
end
end
---Check if the response variable, which could be a return from a http.get, http.post, http.pipeline,
-- etc, contains the given text. The text can be:
-- * Part of a header ('content-type', 'text/html', '200 OK', etc)
-- * An entire header ('Content-type: text/html', 'Content-length: 123', etc)
-- * Part of the body
--
-- The search text is treated as a Lua pattern.
--
--@param response The full response table from a HTTP request.
--@param pattern The pattern we're searching for. Don't forget to escape '-', for example, 'Content%-type'. The pattern can also contain captures, like 'abc(.*)def', which will be returned if successful.
--@param case_sensitive [optional] Set to <code>true</code> for case-sensitive searches. Default: not case sensitive.
--@return result True if the string matched, false otherwise
--@return matches An array of captures from the match, if any
function response_contains(response, pattern, case_sensitive)
local result, _
local m = {}
-- If they're searching for the empty string or nil, it's true
if(pattern == '' or pattern == nil) then
return true
end
-- Create a function that either lowercases everything or doesn't, depending on case sensitivity
local case = function(pattern) return string.lower(pattern or '') end
if(case_sensitive == true) then
case = function(pattern) return (pattern or '') end
end
-- Set the case of the pattern
pattern = case(pattern)
-- Check the status line (eg, 'HTTP/1.1 200 OK')
m = {string.match(case(response['status-line']), pattern)};
if(m and #m > 0) then
return true, m
end
-- Check the headers
for _, header in pairs(response['rawheader']) do
m = {string.match(case(header), pattern)}
if(m and #m > 0) then
return true, m
end
end
-- Check the body
m = {string.match(case(response['body']), pattern)}
if(m and #m > 0) then
return true, m
end
return false
end
---Take a URI or URL in any form and convert it to its component parts. The URL can optionally
-- have a protocol definition ('http://'), a server ('scanme.insecure.org'), a port (':80'), a
-- URI ('/test/file.php'), and a query string ('?username=ron&password=turtle'). At the minimum,
-- a path or protocol and url are required.
--
--@param url The incoming URL to parse
--@return result A table containing the result, which can have the following fields: protocol, hostname, port, uri, querystring. All fields are strings except querystring, which is a table containing name=value pairs.
function parse_url(url)
local result = {}
-- Save the original URL
result['original'] = url
-- Split the protocol off, if it exists
local colonslashslash = string.find(url, '://')
if(colonslashslash) then
result['protocol'] = string.sub(url, 1, colonslashslash - 1)
url = string.sub(url, colonslashslash + 3)
end
-- Split the host:port from the path
local slash, host_port
slash = string.find(url, '/')
if(slash) then
host_port = string.sub(url, 1, slash - 1)
result['path_query'] = string.sub(url, slash)
else
-- If there's no slash, then it's just a URL (if it has a http://) or a path (if it doesn't)
if(result['protocol']) then
result['host_port'] = url
else
result['path_query'] = url
end
end
if(host_port == '') then
host_port = nil
end
-- Split the host and port apart, if possible
if(host_port) then
local colon = string.find(host_port, ':')
if(colon) then
result['host'] = string.sub(host_port, 1, colon - 1)
result['port'] = tonumber(string.sub(host_port, colon + 1))
else
result['host'] = host_port
end
end
-- Split the path and querystring apart
if(result['path_query']) then
local question = string.find(result['path_query'], '?')
if(question) then
result['path'] = string.sub(result['path_query'], 1, question - 1)
result['raw_querystring'] = string.sub(result['path_query'], question + 1)
else
result['path'] = result['path_query']
end
-- Split up the query, if necessary
if(result['raw_querystring']) then
result['querystring'] = {}
local values = stdnse.strsplit('&', result['raw_querystring'])
for i, v in ipairs(values) do
local name, value = table.unpack(stdnse.strsplit('=', v))
result['querystring'][name] = value
end
end
-- Get the extension of the file, if any, or set that it's a folder
if(string.match(result['path'], "/$")) then
result['is_folder'] = true
else
result['is_folder'] = false
local split_str = stdnse.strsplit('%.', result['path'])
if(split_str and #split_str > 1) then
result['extension'] = split_str[#split_str]
end
end
end
return result
end
---This function should be called whenever a valid path (a path that doesn't contain a known
-- 404 page) is discovered. It will add the path to the registry in several ways, allowing
-- other scripts to take advantage of it in interesting ways.
--
--@param host The host the path was discovered on (not necessarily the host being scanned).
--@param port The port the path was discovered on (not necessarily the port being scanned).
--@param path The path discovered. Calling this more than once with the same path is okay; it'll update the data as much as possible instead of adding a duplicate entry
--@param status [optional] The status code (200, 404, 500, etc). This can be left off if it isn't known.
--@param links_to [optional] A table of paths that this page links to.
--@param linked_from [optional] A table of paths that link to this page.
--@param contenttype [optional] The content-type value for the path, if it's known.
function save_path(host, port, path, status, links_to, linked_from, contenttype)
-- Make sure we have a proper hostname and port
host = stdnse.get_hostname(host)
if(type(port) == 'table') then
port = port.number
end
-- Parse the path
local parsed = parse_url(path)
-- Add to the 'all_pages' key
stdnse.registry_add_array({parsed['host'] or host, 'www', parsed['port'] or port, 'all_pages'}, parsed['path'])
-- Add the URL with querystring to all_pages_full_query
stdnse.registry_add_array({parsed['host'] or host, 'www', parsed['port'] or port, 'all_pages_full_query'}, parsed['path_query'])
-- Add the URL to a key matching the response code
if(status) then
stdnse.registry_add_array({parsed['host'] or host, 'www', parsed['port'] or port, 'status_codes', status}, parsed['path'])
end
-- If it's a directory, add it to the directories list; otherwise, add it to the files list
if(parsed['is_folder']) then
stdnse.registry_add_array({parsed['host'] or host, 'www', parsed['port'] or port, 'directories'}, parsed['path'])
else
stdnse.registry_add_array({parsed['host'] or host, 'www', parsed['port'] or port, 'files'}, parsed['path'])
end
-- If we have an extension, add it to the extensions key
if(parsed['extension']) then
stdnse.registry_add_array({parsed['host'] or host, 'www', parsed['port'] or port, 'extensions', parsed['extension']}, parsed['path'])
end
-- Add an entry for the page and its arguments
if(parsed['querystring']) then
-- Add all scripts with a querystring to the 'cgi' and 'cgi_full_query' keys
stdnse.registry_add_array({parsed['host'] or host, 'www', parsed['port'] or port, 'cgi'}, parsed['path'])
stdnse.registry_add_array({parsed['host'] or host, 'www', parsed['port'] or port, 'cgi_full_query'}, parsed['path_query'])
-- Add the query string alone to the registry (probably not necessary)
stdnse.registry_add_array({parsed['host'] or host, 'www', parsed['port'] or port, 'cgi_querystring', parsed['path'] }, parsed['raw_querystring'])
-- Add the individual arguments for the page, along with their values
for key, value in pairs(parsed['querystring']) do
stdnse.registry_add_array({parsed['host'] or host, 'www', parsed['port'] or port, 'cgi_args', parsed['path']}, parsed['querystring'])
end
end
-- Save the pages it links to
if(links_to) then
if(type(links_to) == 'string') then
links_to = {links_to}
end
for _, v in ipairs(links_to) do
stdnse.registry_add_array({parsed['host'] or host, 'www', parsed['port'] or port, 'links_to', parsed['path_query']}, v)
end
end
-- Save the pages it's linked from (we save these in the 'links_to' key, reversed)
if(linked_from) then
if(type(linked_from) == 'string') then
linked_from = {linked_from}
end
for _, v in ipairs(linked_from) do
stdnse.registry_add_array({parsed['host'] or host, 'www', parsed['port'] or port, 'links_to', v}, parsed['path_query'])
end
end
-- Save it as a content-type, if we have one
if(contenttype) then
stdnse.registry_add_array({parsed['host'] or host, 'www', parsed['port'] or port, 'content-type', contenttype}, parsed['path_query'])
end
end
local function get_default_timeout( nmap_timing )
local timeout = {}
if nmap_timing >= 0 and nmap_timing <= 3 then
timeout.connect = 10000
timeout.request = 15000
end
if nmap_timing >= 4 then
timeout.connect = 5000
timeout.request = 10000
end
if nmap_timing >= 5 then
timeout.request = 7000
end
return timeout
end
return _ENV;
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