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# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
[core]
name = Mam, Tajumulco
hid = mpf
level = language
iso639-3 = mpf
macroareas =
North America
countries =
Guatemala (GT)
[sources]
glottolog =
[iso_retirement]
comment = The name is a dialect or dialect group name, and therefore incorrect for a
language designation. It should be changed to the general language name. There
is almost no disagreement among linguists about what the general language names
for Mayan languages are. The majority of the Ethnologue/ISO names are, however,
dialect names. Please see section 4 for an elaboration of the languages
according to family divisions and branches.
The “languages” to be merged are in fact dialects or dialect groups within a
single language. All historical linguists who work on Mayan agree on almost all
of the actual languages in terms of identity (there is some disagreement about
how the family is ramified), and agree that there are many fewer than are listed
in Ethnologue or by ISO. The ISO codes taken from Ethnologue represent some of
the dialects of different Mayan languages, but are not even a complete or
accurate listing of dialects. At any rate, the distinctions they make need to be
made at the level of dialect designations or codes, not language codes. If for
some reason it is decided to maintain dialect distinctions in the codes for
Mayan languages instead of merging the separate codes, then each language needs
a separate general code to designate the language as a whole rather than one of
its dialects. The languages about which there is still some discussion are: Achi
(most linguists agree that it is a dialect (group) of K’ichee’, but speakers
have chosen overwhelmingly to identify it as a separate language), Cholti’
(separate extinct language or ancestral language?), Motozintlec and Tuzantec
(dialects of Mocho’ or separate languages?). The classification originally made
by Terrence Kaufman and supported by the work of Lyle Campbell is that which is
generally accepted, while the classification made by John Robertson is in
agreement on most of the language names but disagrees on some of the family
divisions. The list of currently accepted names of Mayan languages, arranged
according to the family divisions and branches proposed by Kaufman, follows. I
am using Mayan spelling for the Guatemalan languages, since there is general
agreement among speakers of these languages to use these spellings. Language
names are preceded by a hyphen.
Huastecan division: -Huastec, -Chicomuceltec (extinct) Yucatecan division:
-Yucatec Maya, -Lacandon, -Itzaj, -Mopan
Western division, Greater Tzeltalan branch, Cholan: -Ch’olti’ (ancestral form of
Ch’orti’ or extinct lg?), -Ch’orti’, -Chol, -Chontal
Western division, Greater Tzeltalan branch, Tzeltalan: -Tzotzil, -Tzeltal
Western division, Greater Q’anjob’alan branch, Chujean: -Tojolab’al, -Chuj
Western division, Greater Q’anjob’alan branch, Q’anjob’alan Proper, Q’anjob’al
complex: -Q’anjob’al, -Akateko, -Popti’ (Jakalteko)
Western division, Greater Q’anjob’alan branch, Cotoque complex (2 languages or 2
dialects?): -Mocho’ (Motozintleco, Tuzanteco)
Eastern division, Greater Mamean branch, Mamean Proper: -Teko, -Mam
Eastern division, Greater Mamean branch, Ixilan: -Awakateko, -Ixil Eastern
division, Greater K’ichee’an branch: -Uspanteko
Eastern division, Greater K’ichee’an branch, K’ichee’an Proper: -Sipakapense,
-Sakapulteko, -K’ichee’, -Achi (also considered a dialect group within
K’ichee’), -Tz’utujiil, -Kaqchikel
Eastern division, Greater K’ichee’an branch, Poqom: -Poqomam, -Poqomchi’ Eastern
division, Greater K’ichee’an branch:-Q’eqchi’
code = mpf
name = Tajumulco Mam
effective = 2009-01-16
remedy = Merge with Mam [mam]
reason = merge
change_request = 2008-055
change_to =
mam