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; Copyright (c) Rich Hickey. All rights reserved.
; The use and distribution terms for this software are covered by the
; Eclipse Public License 1.0 (http://opensource.org/licenses/eclipse-1.0.php)
; which can be found in the file epl-v10.html at the root of this distribution.
; By using this software in any fashion, you are agreeing to be bound by
; the terms of this license.
; You must not remove this notice, or any other, from this software.

(in-ns 'clojure.core)

;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;; definterface ;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;

(defn namespace-munge
  "Convert a Clojure namespace name to a legal Java package name."
  {:added "1.2"}
  [ns]
  (.replace (str ns) \- \_))

;for now, built on gen-interface
(defmacro definterface
  [name & sigs]
  (let [tag (fn [x] (or (:tag (meta x)) Object))
        psig (fn [[name [& args]]]
               (vector name (vec (map tag args)) (tag name) (map meta args)))
        cname (with-meta (symbol (str (namespace-munge *ns*) "." name)) (meta name))]
    `(let []
       (gen-interface :name ~cname :methods ~(vec (map psig sigs)))
       (import ~cname))))

;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;; reify/deftype ;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;

(defn- parse-opts [s]
  (loop [opts {} [k v & rs :as s] s]
    (if (keyword? k)
      (recur (assoc opts k v) rs)
      [opts s])))

(defn- parse-impls [specs]
  (loop [ret {} s specs]
    (if (seq s)
      (recur (assoc ret (first s) (take-while seq? (next s)))
             (drop-while seq? (next s)))
      ret)))

(defn- parse-opts+specs [opts+specs]
  (let [[opts specs] (parse-opts opts+specs)
        impls (parse-impls specs)
        interfaces (-> (map #(if (var? (resolve %))
                               (:on (deref (resolve %)))
                               %)
                            (keys impls))
                       set
                       (disj 'Object 'java.lang.Object)
                       vec)
        methods (map (fn [[name params & body]]
                       (cons name (maybe-destructured params body)))
                     (apply concat (vals impls)))]
    (when-let [bad-opts (seq (remove #{:no-print} (keys opts)))]
      (throw (IllegalArgumentException. (apply print-str "Unsupported option(s) -" bad-opts))))
    [interfaces methods opts]))

(defmacro reify
  "reify is a macro with the following structure:

(reify options* specs*)
Currently there are no options.

Each spec consists of the protocol or interface name followed by zero
or more method bodies:

protocol-or-interface-or-Object
(methodName [args+] body)*

Methods should be supplied for all methods of the desired
protocol(s) and interface(s). You can also define overrides for
methods of Object. Note that the first parameter must be supplied to
correspond to the target object ('this' in Java parlance). Thus
methods for interfaces will take one more argument than do the
interface declarations. Note also that recur calls to the method
head should *not* pass the target object, it will be supplied
automatically and can not be substituted.

The return type can be indicated by a type hint on the method name,
and arg types can be indicated by a type hint on arg names. If you
leave out all hints, reify will try to match on same name/arity
method in the protocol(s)/interface(s) - this is preferred. If you
supply any hints at all, no inference is done, so all hints (or
default of Object) must be correct, for both arguments and return
type. If a method is overloaded in a protocol/interface, multiple
independent method definitions must be supplied. If overloaded with
same arity in an interface you must specify complete hints to
disambiguate - a missing hint implies Object.

recur works to method heads The method bodies of reify are lexical
closures, and can refer to the surrounding local scope:
(str (let [f \"foo\"]
(reify Object
(toString [this] f))))
== \"foo\"

(seq (let [f \"foo\"]
(reify clojure.lang.Seqable
(seq [this] (seq f)))))
== (\\f \\o \\o))"
  {:added "1.2"}
  [& opts+specs]
  (let [[interfaces methods] (parse-opts+specs opts+specs)]
    (with-meta `(reify* ~interfaces ~@methods) (meta &form))))

(defn hash-combine [x y]
  (clojure.lang.Util/hashCombine x (clojure.lang.Util/hash y)))

(defn munge [s]
  ((if (symbol? s) symbol str) (clojure.lang.Compiler/munge (str s))))

(defn- imap-cons
  [^IPersistentMap this o]
  (cond
   (instance? java.util.Map$Entry o)
     (let [^java.util.Map$Entry pair o]
       (.assoc this (.getKey pair) (.getValue pair)))
   (instance? clojure.lang.IPersistentVector o)
     (let [^clojure.lang.IPersistentVector vec o]
       (.assoc this (.nth vec 0) (.nth vec 1)))
   :else (loop [this this
                o o]
      (if (seq o)
        (let [^java.util.Map$Entry pair (first o)]
          (recur (.assoc this (.getKey pair) (.getValue pair)) (rest o)))
        this))))

(defn- emit-defrecord
  "Do not use this directly - use defrecord"
  {:added "1.2"}
  [tagname name fields interfaces methods]
  (let [tag (keyword (str *ns*) (str tagname))
        classname (with-meta (symbol (str (namespace-munge *ns*) "." name)) (meta name))
        interfaces (vec interfaces)
        interface-set (set (map resolve interfaces))
        methodname-set (set (map first methods))
        hinted-fields fields
        fields (vec (map #(with-meta % nil) fields))
        base-fields fields
        fields (conj fields '__meta '__extmap)]
    (when (some #{:volatile-mutable :unsynchronized-mutable} (mapcat (comp keys meta) hinted-fields))
      (throw (IllegalArgumentException. ":volatile-mutable or :unsynchronized-mutable not supported for record fields")))
    (let [gs (gensym)]
    (letfn
     [(eqhash [[i m]]
        [i
         (conj m
               `(hashCode [this#] (clojure.lang.APersistentMap/mapHash this#))
               `(equals [this# ~gs] (clojure.lang.APersistentMap/mapEquals this# ~gs)))])
      (iobj [[i m]]
            [(conj i 'clojure.lang.IObj)
             (conj m `(meta [this#] ~'__meta)
                   `(withMeta [this# ~gs] (new ~tagname ~@(replace {'__meta gs} fields))))])
      (ilookup [[i m]]
         [(conj i 'clojure.lang.ILookup 'clojure.lang.IKeywordLookup)
          (conj m `(valAt [this# k#] (.valAt this# k# nil))
                `(valAt [this# k# else#]
                   (case k# ~@(mapcat (fn [fld] [(keyword fld) fld])
                                       base-fields)
                         (get ~'__extmap k# else#)))
                `(getLookupThunk [this# k#]
                   (let [~'gclass (class this#)]
                     (case k#
                           ~@(let [hinted-target (with-meta 'gtarget {:tag tagname})]
                               (mapcat
                                (fn [fld]
                                  [(keyword fld)
                                   `(reify clojure.lang.ILookupThunk
                                           (get [~'thunk ~'gtarget]
                                                (if (identical? (class ~'gtarget) ~'gclass)
                                                  (. ~hinted-target ~(keyword fld))
                                                  ~'thunk)))])
                                base-fields))
                           nil))))])
      (imap [[i m]]
            [(conj i 'clojure.lang.IPersistentMap)
             (conj m
                   `(count [this#] (+ ~(count base-fields) (count ~'__extmap)))
                   `(empty [this#] (throw (UnsupportedOperationException. (str "Can't create empty: " ~(str classname)))))
                   `(cons [this# e#] ((var imap-cons) this# e#))
                   `(equiv [this# ~gs]
                        (boolean
                         (or (identical? this# ~gs)
                             (when (identical? (class this#) (class ~gs))
                               (let [~gs ~(with-meta gs {:tag tagname})]
                                 (and ~@(map (fn [fld] `(= ~fld (. ~gs ~fld))) base-fields)
                                       (= ~'__extmap (. ~gs ~'__extmap))))))))
                   `(containsKey [this# k#] (not (identical? this# (.valAt this# k# this#))))
                   `(entryAt [this# k#] (let [v# (.valAt this# k# this#)]
                                            (when-not (identical? this# v#)
                                              (clojure.lang.MapEntry. k# v#))))
                   `(seq [this#] (seq (concat [~@(map #(list `new `clojure.lang.MapEntry (keyword %) %) base-fields)]
                                              ~'__extmap)))
                   `(assoc [this# k# ~gs]
                     (condp identical? k#
                       ~@(mapcat (fn [fld]
                                   [(keyword fld) (list* `new tagname (replace {fld gs} fields))])
                                 base-fields)
                       (new ~tagname ~@(remove #{'__extmap} fields) (assoc ~'__extmap k# ~gs))))
                   `(without [this# k#] (if (contains? #{~@(map keyword base-fields)} k#)
                                            (dissoc (with-meta (into {} this#) ~'__meta) k#)
                                            (new ~tagname ~@(remove #{'__extmap} fields)
                                                 (not-empty (dissoc ~'__extmap k#))))))])
      (ijavamap [[i m]]
                [(conj i 'java.util.Map 'java.io.Serializable)
                 (conj m
                       `(size [this#] (.count this#))
                       `(isEmpty [this#] (= 0 (.count this#)))
                       `(containsValue [this# v#] (boolean (some #{v#} (vals this#))))
                       `(get [this# k#] (.valAt this# k#))
                       `(put [this# k# v#] (throw (UnsupportedOperationException.)))
                       `(remove [this# k#] (throw (UnsupportedOperationException.)))
                       `(putAll [this# m#] (throw (UnsupportedOperationException.)))
                       `(clear [this#] (throw (UnsupportedOperationException.)))
                       `(keySet [this#] (set (keys this#)))
                       `(values [this#] (vals this#))
                       `(entrySet [this#] (set this#)))])
      ]
     (let [[i m] (-> [interfaces methods] eqhash iobj ilookup imap ijavamap)]
       `(deftype* ~tagname ~classname ~(conj hinted-fields '__meta '__extmap)
          :implements ~(vec i)
          ~@m))))))

(defmacro defrecord
  "Alpha - subject to change
(defrecord name [fields*] options* specs*)
Currently there are no options.

Each spec consists of a protocol or interface name followed by zero
or more method bodies:

protocol-or-interface-or-Object
(methodName [args*] body)*

Dynamically generates compiled bytecode for class with the given
name, in a package with the same name as the current namespace, the
given fields, and, optionally, methods for protocols and/or
interfaces.

The class will have the (immutable) fields named by
fields, which can have type hints. Protocols/interfaces and methods
are optional. The only methods that can be supplied are those
declared in the protocols/interfaces. Note that method bodies are
not closures, the local environment includes only the named fields,
and those fields can be accessed directy.

Method definitions take the form:

(methodname [args*] body)

The argument and return types can be hinted on the arg and
methodname symbols. If not supplied, they will be inferred, so type
hints should be reserved for disambiguation.

Methods should be supplied for all methods of the desired
protocol(s) and interface(s). You can also define overrides for
methods of Object. Note that a parameter must be supplied to
correspond to the target object ('this' in Java parlance). Thus
methods for interfaces will take one more argument than do the
interface declarations. Note also that recur calls to the method
head should *not* pass the target object, it will be supplied
automatically and can not be substituted.

In the method bodies, the (unqualified) name can be used to name the
class (for calls to new, instance? etc).

The class will have implementations of several (clojure.lang)
interfaces generated automatically: IObj (metadata support) and
IPersistentMap, and all of their superinterfaces.

In addition, defrecord will define type-and-value-based equality and
hashCode.

When AOT compiling, generates compiled bytecode for a class with the
given name (a symbol), prepends the current ns as the package, and
writes the .class file to the *compile-path* directory.

Two constructors will be defined, one taking the designated fields
followed by a metadata map (nil for none) and an extension field
map (nil for none), and one taking only the fields (using nil for
meta and extension fields)."
  {:added "1.2"}

  [name [& fields] & opts+specs]
  (let [gname name
        [interfaces methods opts] (parse-opts+specs opts+specs)
        classname (symbol (str (namespace-munge *ns*) "." gname))
        tag (keyword (str *ns*) (str name))
        hinted-fields fields
        fields (vec (map #(with-meta % nil) fields))]
    `(let []
       ~(emit-defrecord name gname (vec hinted-fields) (vec interfaces) methods)
       (defmethod print-method ~classname [o# w#]
           ((var print-defrecord) o# w#))
       (import ~classname)
       #_(defn ~name
         ([~@fields] (new ~classname ~@fields nil nil))
         ([~@fields meta# extmap#] (new ~classname ~@fields meta# extmap#))))))

(defn- print-defrecord [o ^Writer w]
  (print-meta o w)
  (.write w "#:")
  (.write w (.getName (class o)))
  (print-map
    o
    pr-on w))

(defn- emit-deftype*
  "Do not use this directly - use deftype"
  [tagname name fields interfaces methods]
  (let [classname (with-meta (symbol (str (namespace-munge *ns*) "." name)) (meta name))]
    `(deftype* ~tagname ~classname ~fields
       :implements ~interfaces
       ~@methods)))

(defmacro deftype
  "Alpha - subject to change
(deftype name [fields*] options* specs*)
Currently there are no options.

Each spec consists of a protocol or interface name followed by zero
or more method bodies:

protocol-or-interface-or-Object
(methodName [args*] body)*

Dynamically generates compiled bytecode for class with the given
name, in a package with the same name as the current namespace, the
given fields, and, optionally, methods for protocols and/or
interfaces.

The class will have the (by default, immutable) fields named by
fields, which can have type hints. Protocols/interfaces and methods
are optional. The only methods that can be supplied are those
declared in the protocols/interfaces. Note that method bodies are
not closures, the local environment includes only the named fields,
and those fields can be accessed directy. Fields can be qualified
with the metadata :volatile-mutable true or :unsynchronized-mutable
true, at which point (set! afield aval) will be supported in method
bodies. Note well that mutable fields are extremely difficult to use
correctly, and are present only to facilitate the building of higher
level constructs, such as Clojure's reference types, in Clojure
itself. They are for experts only - if the semantics and
implications of :volatile-mutable or :unsynchronized-mutable are not
immediately apparent to you, you should not be using them.

Method definitions take the form:

(methodname [args*] body)

The argument and return types can be hinted on the arg and
methodname symbols. If not supplied, they will be inferred, so type
hints should be reserved for disambiguation.

Methods should be supplied for all methods of the desired
protocol(s) and interface(s). You can also define overrides for
methods of Object. Note that a parameter must be supplied to
correspond to the target object ('this' in Java parlance). Thus
methods for interfaces will take one more argument than do the
interface declarations. Note also that recur calls to the method
head should *not* pass the target object, it will be supplied
automatically and can not be substituted.

In the method bodies, the (unqualified) name can be used to name the
class (for calls to new, instance? etc).

When AOT compiling, generates compiled bytecode for a class with the
given name (a symbol), prepends the current ns as the package, and
writes the .class file to the *compile-path* directory.

One constructors will be defined, taking the designated fields."
  {:added "1.2"}

  [name [& fields] & opts+specs]
  (let [gname name
        [interfaces methods opts] (parse-opts+specs opts+specs)
        classname (symbol (str (namespace-munge *ns*) "." gname))
        tag (keyword (str *ns*) (str name))
        hinted-fields fields
        fields (vec (map #(with-meta % nil) fields))]
    `(let []
       ~(emit-deftype* name gname (vec hinted-fields) (vec interfaces) methods)
       (import ~classname))))




;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;; protocols ;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;

(defn- expand-method-impl-cache [^clojure.lang.MethodImplCache cache c f]
  (let [cs (into {} (remove (fn [[c e]] (nil? e)) (map vec (partition 2 (.table cache)))))
        cs (assoc cs c (clojure.lang.MethodImplCache$Entry. c f))
        [shift mask] (min-hash (keys cs))
        table (make-array Object (* 2 (inc mask)))
        table (reduce (fn [^objects t [c e]]
                        (let [i (* 2 (int (shift-mask shift mask (hash c))))]
                          (aset t i c)
                          (aset t (inc i) e)
                          t))
                      table cs)]
    (clojure.lang.MethodImplCache. (.protocol cache) (.methodk cache) shift mask table)))

(defn- super-chain [^Class c]
  (when c
    (cons c (super-chain (.getSuperclass c)))))

(defn- pref
  ([] nil)
  ([a] a)
  ([^Class a ^Class b]
     (if (.isAssignableFrom a b) b a)))

(defn find-protocol-impl [protocol x]
  (if (instance? (:on-interface protocol) x)
    x
    (let [c (class x)
          impl #(get (:impls protocol) %)]
      (or (impl c)
          (and c (or (first (remove nil? (map impl (butlast (super-chain c)))))
                     (when-let [t (reduce pref (filter impl (disj (supers c) Object)))]
                       (impl t))
                     (impl Object)))))))

(defn find-protocol-method [protocol methodk x]
  (get (find-protocol-impl protocol x) methodk))

(defn- protocol?
  [maybe-p]
  (boolean (:on-interface maybe-p)))

(defn- implements? [protocol atype]
  (and atype (.isAssignableFrom ^Class (:on-interface protocol) atype)))

(defn extends?
  "Returns true if atype extends protocol"
  {:added "1.2"}
  [protocol atype]
  (boolean (or (implements? protocol atype)
               (get (:impls protocol) atype))))

(defn extenders
  "Returns a collection of the types explicitly extending protocol"
  {:added "1.2"}
  [protocol]
  (keys (:impls protocol)))

(defn satisfies?
  "Returns true if x satisfies the protocol"
  {:added "1.2"}
  [protocol x]
  (boolean (find-protocol-impl protocol x)))

(defn -cache-protocol-fn [^clojure.lang.AFunction pf x ^Class c ^clojure.lang.IFn interf]
  (let [cache (.__methodImplCache pf)
        f (if (.isInstance c x)
            interf
            (find-protocol-method (.protocol cache) (.methodk cache) x))]
    (when-not f
      (throw (IllegalArgumentException. (str "No implementation of method: " (.methodk cache)
                                             " of protocol: " (:var (.protocol cache))
                                             " found for class: " (if (nil? x) "nil" (.getName (class x)))))))
    (set! (.__methodImplCache pf) (expand-method-impl-cache cache (class x) f))
    f))

(defn- emit-method-builder [on-interface method on-method arglists]
  (let [methodk (keyword method)
        gthis (with-meta (gensym) {:tag 'clojure.lang.AFunction})
        ginterf (gensym)]
    `(fn [cache#]
       (let [~ginterf
             (fn
               ~@(map
                  (fn [args]
                    (let [gargs (map #(gensym (str "gf__" % "__")) args)
                          target (first gargs)]
                      `([~@gargs]
                          (. ~(with-meta target {:tag on-interface}) ~(or on-method method) ~@(rest gargs)))))
                  arglists))
             ^clojure.lang.AFunction f#
             (fn ~gthis
               ~@(map
                  (fn [args]
                    (let [gargs (map #(gensym (str "gf__" % "__")) args)
                          target (first gargs)]
                      `([~@gargs]
                          (let [cache# (.__methodImplCache ~gthis)
                                f# (.fnFor cache# (clojure.lang.Util/classOf ~target))]
                            (if f#
                              (f# ~@gargs)
                              ((-cache-protocol-fn ~gthis ~target ~on-interface ~ginterf) ~@gargs))))))
                  arglists))]
         (set! (.__methodImplCache f#) cache#)
         f#))))

(defn -reset-methods [protocol]
  (doseq [[^clojure.lang.Var v build] (:method-builders protocol)]
    (let [cache (clojure.lang.MethodImplCache. protocol (keyword (.sym v)))]
      (.bindRoot v (build cache)))))

(defn- assert-same-protocol [protocol-var method-syms]
  (doseq [m method-syms]
    (let [v (resolve m)
          p (:protocol (meta v))]
      (when (and v (bound? v) (not= protocol-var p))
        (binding [*out* *err*]
          (println "Warning: protocol" protocol-var "is overwriting"
                   (if p
                     (str "method " (.sym v) " of protocol " (.sym p))
                     (str "function " (.sym v)))))))))

(defn- emit-protocol [name opts+sigs]
  (let [iname (symbol (str (munge (namespace-munge *ns*)) "." (munge name)))
        [opts sigs]
        (loop [opts {:on (list 'quote iname) :on-interface iname} sigs opts+sigs]
          (condp #(%1 %2) (first sigs)
            string? (recur (assoc opts :doc (first sigs)) (next sigs))
            keyword? (recur (assoc opts (first sigs) (second sigs)) (nnext sigs))
            [opts sigs]))
        sigs (reduce (fn [m s]
                       (let [name-meta (meta (first s))
                             mname (with-meta (first s) nil)
                             [arglists doc]
                               (loop [as [] rs (rest s)]
                                 (if (vector? (first rs))
                                   (recur (conj as (first rs)) (next rs))
                                   [(seq as) (first rs)]))]
                         (when (some #{0} (map count arglists))
                           (throw (IllegalArgumentException. (str "Protocol fn: " mname " must take at least one arg"))))
                         (assoc m (keyword mname)
                                (merge name-meta
                                       {:name (vary-meta mname assoc :doc doc :arglists arglists)
                                        :arglists arglists
                                        :doc doc}))))
                     {} sigs)
        meths (mapcat (fn [sig]
                        (let [m (munge (:name sig))]
                          (map #(vector m (vec (repeat (dec (count %))'Object)) 'Object)
                               (:arglists sig))))
                      (vals sigs))]
  `(do
     (defonce ~name {})
     (gen-interface :name ~iname :methods ~meths)
     (alter-meta! (var ~name) assoc :doc ~(:doc opts))
     (#'assert-same-protocol (var ~name) '~(map :name (vals sigs)))
     (alter-var-root (var ~name) merge
                     (assoc ~opts
                       :sigs '~sigs
                       :var (var ~name)
                       :method-map
                         ~(and (:on opts)
                               (apply hash-map
                                      (mapcat
                                       (fn [s]
                                         [(keyword (:name s)) (keyword (or (:on s) (:name s)))])
                                       (vals sigs))))
                       :method-builders
                        ~(apply hash-map
                                (mapcat
                                 (fn [s]
                                   [`(intern *ns* (with-meta '~(:name s) (merge '~s {:protocol (var ~name)})))
                                    (emit-method-builder (:on-interface opts) (:name s) (:on s) (:arglists s))])
                                 (vals sigs)))))
     (-reset-methods ~name)
     '~name)))

(defmacro defprotocol
  "A protocol is a named set of named methods and their signatures:
(defprotocol AProtocolName

;optional doc string
\"A doc string for AProtocol abstraction\"

;method signatures
(bar [this a b] \"bar docs\")
(baz [this a] [this a b] [this a b c] \"baz docs\"))

No implementations are provided. Docs can be specified for the
protocol overall and for each method. The above yields a set of
polymorphic functions and a protocol object. All are
namespace-qualified by the ns enclosing the definition The resulting
functions dispatch on the type of their first argument, which is
required and corresponds to the implicit target object ('this' in
Java parlance). defprotocol is dynamic, has no special compile-time
effect, and defines no new types or classes. Implementations of
the protocol methods can be provided using extend.

defprotocol will automatically generate a corresponding interface,
with the same name as the protocol, i.e. given a protocol:
my.ns/Protocol, an interface: my.ns.Protocol. The interface will
have methods corresponding to the protocol functions, and the
protocol will automatically work with instances of the interface.

Note that you should not use this interface with deftype or
reify, as they support the protocol directly:

(defprotocol P
(foo [this])
(bar-me [this] [this y]))

(deftype Foo [a b c]
P
(foo [this] a)
(bar-me [this] b)
(bar-me [this y] (+ c y)))
(bar-me (Foo. 1 2 3) 42)
=> 45

(foo
(let [x 42]
(reify P
(foo [this] 17)
(bar-me [this] x)
(bar-me [this y] x))))
=> 17"
  {:added "1.2"}
  [name & opts+sigs]
  (emit-protocol name opts+sigs))

(defn extend
  "Implementations of protocol methods can be provided using the extend construct:

(extend AType
AProtocol
{:foo an-existing-fn
:bar (fn [a b] ...)
:baz (fn ([a]...) ([a b] ...)...)}
BProtocol
{...}
...)
extend takes a type/class (or interface, see below), and one or more
protocol + method map pairs. It will extend the polymorphism of the
protocol's methods to call the supplied methods when an AType is
provided as the first argument.

Method maps are maps of the keyword-ized method names to ordinary
fns. This facilitates easy reuse of existing fns and fn maps, for
code reuse/mixins without derivation or composition. You can extend
an interface to a protocol. This is primarily to facilitate interop
with the host (e.g. Java) but opens the door to incidental multiple
inheritance of implementation since a class can inherit from more
than one interface, both of which extend the protocol. It is TBD how
to specify which impl to use. You can extend a protocol on nil.

If you are supplying the definitions explicitly (i.e. not reusing
exsting functions or mixin maps), you may find it more convenient to
use the extend-type or extend-protocol macros.

Note that multiple independent extend clauses can exist for the same
type, not all protocols need be defined in a single extend call.

See also:
extends?, satisfies?, extenders"
  {:added "1.2"}
  [atype & proto+mmaps]
  (doseq [[proto mmap] (partition 2 proto+mmaps)]
    (when-not (protocol? proto)
      (throw (IllegalArgumentException.
              (str proto " is not a protocol"))))
    (when (implements? proto atype)
      (throw (IllegalArgumentException.
              (str atype " already directly implements " (:on-interface proto) " for protocol:"
                   (:var proto)))))
    (-reset-methods (alter-var-root (:var proto) assoc-in [:impls atype] mmap))))

(defn- emit-impl [[p fs]]
  [p (zipmap (map #(-> % first keyword) fs)
             (map #(cons 'fn (drop 1 %)) fs))])

(defn- emit-hinted-impl [c [p fs]]
  (let [hint (fn [specs]
               (let [specs (if (vector? (first specs))
                                        (list specs)
                                        specs)]
                 (map (fn [[[target & args] & body]]
                        (cons (apply vector (vary-meta target assoc :tag c) args)
                              body))
                      specs)))]
    [p (zipmap (map #(-> % first keyword) fs)
               (map #(cons 'fn (hint (drop 1 %))) fs))]))

(defn- emit-extend-type [c specs]
  (let [impls (parse-impls specs)]
    `(extend ~c
             ~@(mapcat (partial emit-hinted-impl c) impls))))

(defmacro extend-type
  "A macro that expands into an extend call. Useful when you are
supplying the definitions explicitly inline, extend-type
automatically creates the maps required by extend. Propagates the
class as a type hint on the first argument of all fns.

(extend-type MyType
Countable
(cnt [c] ...)
Foo
(bar [x y] ...)
(baz ([x] ...) ([x y & zs] ...)))

expands into:

(extend MyType
Countable
{:cnt (fn [c] ...)}
Foo
{:baz (fn ([x] ...) ([x y & zs] ...))
:bar (fn [x y] ...)})"
  {:added "1.2"}
  [t & specs]
  (emit-extend-type t specs))

(defn- emit-extend-protocol [p specs]
  (let [impls (parse-impls specs)]
    `(do
       ~@(map (fn [[t fs]]
                `(extend-type ~t ~p ~@fs))
              impls))))

(defmacro extend-protocol
  "Useful when you want to provide several implementations of the same
protocol all at once. Takes a single protocol and the implementation
of that protocol for one or more types. Expands into calls to
extend-type:

(extend-protocol Protocol
AType
(foo [x] ...)
(bar [x y] ...)
BType
(foo [x] ...)
(bar [x y] ...)
AClass
(foo [x] ...)
(bar [x y] ...)
nil
(foo [x] ...)
(bar [x y] ...))

expands into:

(do
(clojure.core/extend-type AType Protocol
(foo [x] ...)
(bar [x y] ...))
(clojure.core/extend-type BType Protocol
(foo [x] ...)
(bar [x y] ...))
(clojure.core/extend-type AClass Protocol
(foo [x] ...)
(bar [x y] ...))
(clojure.core/extend-type nil Protocol
(foo [x] ...)
(bar [x y] ...)))"
  {:added "1.2"}

  [p & specs]
  (emit-extend-protocol p specs))

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