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A low-level Clojure wrapper for JDBC-based access to databases. This project is "Inactive". It has effectively been superseded by seancorfield/next.jdbc.

For higher level DSLs and migration libraries that are compatible, see the documentation.

Formerly known as clojure.contrib.sql.

This library is mature and stable. It is widely used and its use is described in many books and tutorials. It will continue to get bug fixes and minor releases. Based on my experience using and maintaining this library, I've created a faster, more modern JDBC wrapper called next.jdbc. I consider it to be the "next generation" of but it exposes a different API -- a better API, I think.



Releases and Dependency Information

Latest stable release: 0.7.12 -- requires Clojure 1.7 or later!

CLI/deps.edn dependency information:

org.clojure/java.jdbc {:mvn/version "0.7.12"}

Leiningen dependency information:

[org.clojure/java.jdbc "0.7.12"]

Maven dependency information:


Note: Earlier versions of Clojure are supported by older versions of e.g., version 0.6.1 supports Clojure 1.4 and later.

You will also need to add dependencies for the JDBC driver you intend to use. Here are links (to Maven Central) for each of the common database drivers that is known to be used with:

Note: different versions of various database drivers have different Java/JVM version requirements. In particular, recent versions of Apache Derby require at least Java 8 and recent versions of H2 require at least Java 7. Clojure's Continuous Integration system uses older versions so tests can be run on Java 6 (see pom.xml); local testing is done with more recent versions on Java 8.

Example Usage

(require '[ :as j])

;; there are many ways to write a db-spec but the easiest way is to
;; use :dbtype and then provide the :dbname and any of :user, :password,
;; :host, :port, and other options as needed:
(def mysql-db {:dbtype "mysql"
               :dbname "clojure_test"
               :user "clojure_test"
               :password "clojure_test"})

(def pg-db {:dbtype "postgresql"
            :dbname "mypgdatabase"
            :host ""
            :user "myuser"
            :password "secret"
            :ssl true
            :sslfactory "org.postgresql.ssl.NonValidatingFactory"})

;; if the dbtype is not known to, or you want to override the
;; default choice of JDBC driver class name, you can provide :classname and the
;; name of the class to use:

(def redshift42 {:dbtype "redshift"
                 :dbname "myredstore"
                 :classname ""

;; you can also specify a full connection string if you'd prefer:
(def pg-uri
  {:connection-uri (str "postgresql://"

(j/insert-multi! mysql-db :fruit
  [{:name "Apple" :appearance "rosy" :cost 24}
   {:name "Orange" :appearance "round" :cost 49}])
;; ({:generated_key 1} {:generated_key 2})

(j/query mysql-db
  ["select * from fruit where appearance = ?" "rosy"]
  {:row-fn :cost})
;; (24)

For more detail see the API reference or documentation.

Developer Information

  • GitHub project

  • Bug Tracker

  • Continuous Integration

  • Testing:

    • Currently by default tests run only against Derby and HSQLDB, the in-process databases.
  • To test against PostgreSQL, first create the user and database:

      $ sudo -u postgres createuser clojure_test -P clojure_test
      $ sudo -u postgres createdb clojure_test -O clojure_test
  • Or similarly with MySQL:

      $ mysql -u root
      mysql> create database clojure_test;
      mysql> grant all on clojure_test.* to clojure_test identified by "clojure_test";
  • Then run the tests with the TEST_DBS environment variable:

      $ TEST_DBS="mysql postgres" mvn test
  • Also see the shell script which uses the clj CLI and deps.edn for multi-version testing!

Change Log

  • Release 0.7.12 on 2021-02-01

    • Make the protocols ISQLValue, ISQLParameter, and IResultSetReadColumn extensible via metadata.
  • Release 0.7.11 on 2019-12-24

    • Address edge case in transaction rollback failure JDBC-179.
  • Release 0.7.10 on 2019-08-24

    • Use a US-locale lower-case function to avoid problems in certain locales (e.g., Turkish). A similar issue has been fixed recently in both HoneySQL and next.jdbc.
    • Clean up db-spec options that are passed to the JDBC connection manager as properties JDBC-178.
    • Relax restriction on create-table-ddl column specs to allow numbers (as well as keywords and strings) JDBC-177.
  • Release 0.7.9 on 2019-02-21

    • Fix behavior of multi-inserts when database does not support generated keys JDBC-176.
    • Added highly experimental support for datafy/nav (in namespace). This includes a convention-based approach to foreign keys with some assistance from a :schema option. This is subject to change and is provided mostly for informational purposes, as an example of the new functionality in Clojure 1.10. This includes a fix for the conventions from JDBC-175.
    • Add note about rewriting batched operations to insert-multi! for some drivers JDBC-174.
    • Support Oracle SID style URLs (dbtype can be oracle:sid which maps to oracle:thin and uses : as the separator before the dbname value) JDBC-173.
  • Release 0.7.8 on 2018-08-13

    • Support multiple JDBC driver class names (MySQL introduced a new driver class name with its 6.x connector) JDBC-172.
    • Allow with-db-connection and with-db-metadata to nest JDBC-171.
  • Release 0.7.7 on 2018-06-23

    • Support :as-arrays?, :result-set-fn, and :row-fn in operations that return generated keys as a result set (execute!, insert!, and insert-multi!) JDBC-169.
    • get-connection provides much better feedback if you accidentally call a function that expects a db-spec but pass a java.sql.Connection object instead (which is only required for prepare-statement).
  • Release 0.7.6 on 2018-04-24

    • execute! now supports :return-keys as a vector of column names, rather than just a simple Boolean value, for drivers that support that JDBC-166.
    • Add built-in support for H2 in-memory database (:dbtype "h2:mem").
    • Add missing spec for db-spec being a object.
    • Fix add-connection handling of string db-spec (becomes :connection-uri, not :connection-string).
    • Fix specs for with-db-* functions, to support options in the binding form JDBC-165.
    • Update tests so they work properly with string db-spec test databases.
    • Ensure no reflection warnings are present.
    • Switched local test infrastructure over to CLI and deps.edn (from Leiningen) as an example of multi-version testing without a "build tool".
  • Release 0.7.5 on 2017-12-29

    • Add support for :return-keys in execute! and :multi? in db-do-prepared-return-keys JDBC-163.
  • Release 0.7.4 on 2017-12-14

    • Improved discoverability of other java.jdbc documentation JDBC-160.
    • Optional specs updated with :keywordize? and :connection-uri changes from 0.7.2 and 0.7.3 releases.
    • Performance improvements, primarily in query and reducible-query.
    • Experimental :raw? result set handling in reducible-query.
    • modify-connection is more robust in the face of null connections and bad option values.
  • Release 0.7.3 on 2017-10-05

    • Added :keywordize? option alongside :identifiers that defaults to true but can be set to false to opt-out of converting identifiers to keywords (so column names etc will only be processed by the function passed as :identifiers) JDBC-159.
    • If an exception occurs during a transaction, and then rollback fails with another exception, both exceptions will now be combined into an ex-info. Previously the rollback exception obscured the transaction exception JDBC-158.
  • Release 0.7.2 on 2017-10-02

    • connection-uri was incorrectly spec'd as a but should be string? JDBC-156.
    • Allow for :user and :password to be passed with :connection-uri, so credentials can be omitted from the connection string.
    • Clarified docstring for get-connection to show where :user and :password can be passed.
  • Release 0.7.1 on 2017-08-30

    • Connection strings with empty values were not parsed correctly JDBC-155.
  • Release 0.7.0 on 2017-07-16

    • :conditional? option for create-table-ddl and drop-table-ddl to provide for existence check (or a function to manipulate the generated DDL).
    • Add better support for Oracle connections (default port to 1521, support :dbtype "oracle" -- as "oracle:thin" -- and :dbtype "oracle:oci", with @ instead of // before host).
  • Release 0.7.0-beta5 on 2017-07-05

    • get-connection now accepts an opts map with :auto-commit? and :read-only? options. If present, the appropriate methods will be called on the connection obtained. These options are valid in any function call that may call get-connection under the hood. This should allow for streaming results in a query for most databases JDBC-153.
    • Additional validation of options is performed in prepared-statement to avoid silently ignoring invalid combinations of :concurrency, :cursors, :result-type, and :return-keys.
  • Release 0.7.0-beta4 on 2017-07-04

    • opts are now correctly passed from reducible-query to db-query-with-resultset.
    • Updated the ::query-options spec to make it clear that ::prepare-options are also acceptable there.
  • Release 0.7.0-beta3 on 2017-07-04

    • Reflection warnings removed in reducible-result-set JDBC-152.
  • Release 0.7.0-beta2 on 2017-06-30 (a.k.a The Reducible Saga, Part 2)

    • Support for Clojure 1.5 and 1.6 has been dropped -- breaking change.
    • Or, put another way, now requires Clojure 1.7 or later!
    • All public functions now have specs in the optional namespace (requires clojure.spec.alpha).
    • reducible-query and reducible-result-set use IReduce and correctly support the no-init arity of reduce by using the first row of the ResultSet, if present, as the (missing) init value, and only calling f with no arguments if the ResultSet is empty. The init arity of reduce only ever calls f with two arguments.
  • Release 0.7.0-beta1 on 2017-06-29

    • Support for Clojure 1.4.0 has been dropped -- breaking change.
    • Optional spec support now uses clojure.spec.alpha.
    • reducible-query accepts a db-spec and a SQL/parameters vector and returns a reducible (IReduce on Clojure 1.7 or later; CollReduce on Clojure 1.5/1.6): when reduced, it runs the query, obtains a reducible result set, and then reduces that. A reducible query will run the query each time it is reduced. The helper function reducible-result-set is public: it accepts a ResultSet and produces a reducible that offers a single pass reduce over the rows. Both functions honor reduced values to short-circuit the process JDBC-99.
  • Release 0.7.0-alpha3 on 2017-03-23

    • classname is now accepted with dbtype / dbname so you can easily specify a JDBC driver class name for a database type that is not known JDBC-151.
    • redshift has been added as a dbtype with as the driver name.
  • Release 0.7.0-alpha2 on 2017-03-01

    • pgsql and the Impossibl PostgresSQL 'NG' driver are now supported (note that :max-rows does not work with this driver!); also, providing unknown dbtype or subprotocol in a db-spec should now throw a better exception JDBC-150.
    • quoted now accepts keywords for database / dialect (:ansi (including PostgresSQL), :mysql, :oracle, :sqlserver -- these match the keywords used in HoneySQL which is the recommended third party SQL DSL for java.jdbc) JDBC-149.
    • Reorder get-connection clauses to make it easier to combine keys in a db-spec JDBC-148.
    • Force load DriverManager before classForName call on drivers to avoid potential race condition on initialization JDBC-145.
  • Release 0.7.0-alpha1 on 2016-11-12 -- potentially breaking changes

    • The signatures of as-sql-name and quoted have changed slightly: the former no longer has the curried (single argument) version, and the latter no longer has the two argument version. This change came out of a discussion on Slack which indicated curried functions are non-idiomatic. If you relied on the curried version of as-sql-name, you will not need to use partial. If you relied on the two argument version of quoted, you will need to add an extra ( ) for the one argument call. I'd be fairly surprised if anyone is using as-sql-name at all since it is really an implementation detail. I'd also be surprised if anyone was using the two argument version of quoted since the natural usage is :entities (quoted [\[ \]]) to create a naming strategy (that provides SQL entity quoting).
    • Clarified that insert-multi! with a sequence of row maps may be substantially slower than with a sequence of row value vectors (the former performs an insert for each row, the latter performs a single insert for all the data together) JDBC-147.
    • All options are passed through all function calls, expanding the range of options you can pass into high-level functions such as insert! and update! JDBC-144.
    • Added get-isolation-level to return the current transaction's isolation level, if any JDBC-141.
    • Added support for read-columns option to allow more flexible customization of reading column values from a result set (particularly in a multi-database application). Also expands set-parameters support to options (previously it was just part of the db-spec) JDBC-137.
    • Expanded optional clojure.spec coverage to almost the whole library API.
  • Release 0.6.2-alpha3 on 2016-08-25

    • Fixed bad interaction between :qualifier and existing :identifiers functionality JDBC-140.
    • Updated the README and docstrings to reflect that :dbtype is the easiest / preferred way to write db-spec maps JDBC-139.
    • Fixed postgres / postgresql alias support JDBC-138. This also adds aliases for mssql (sqlserver), jtds (jtds:sqlserver), oracle (oracle:thin), and hsql (hsqldb).
  • Release 0.6.2-alpha2 on 2016-07-21

    • Update clojure.spec support to work with Clojure 1.9.0 Alpha 10.
  • Release 0.6.2-alpha1 on 2016-07-05

    • Experimental support for clojure.spec via the new namespace. Requires Clojure 1.9.0 Alpha 8 (or later).
    • All options to all functions can now have defaults within the db-spec itself JDBC-136.
    • query (and by extension find-by-keys and get-by-id) now support :explain? and :explain-fn options to help support basic performance analysis JDBC-135.
    • insert! and insert-multi! now respect :identifiers and :qualifier because inserting rows on PostgreSQL returns full rows, not just the newly inserted keys JDBC-134.
    • In addition to the :identifiers option, you can now use :qualifier to specify a namespace qualifier (string) to be used when constructing keywords from SQL column names JDBC-133.
  • Release 0.6.1 on 2016-05-12 -- IMPORTANT BUG FIX!

    • insert! and insert-multi! now default :transaction? to true (as they should have done in 0.6.0!) JDBC-128. These two functions also have improved docstrings to clarify the difference in behavior between inserting rows as maps compared to inserting rows as a series of column values.
    • PostgreSQL support has been improved: java.jdbc is now tested against PostgreSQL locally (as well as SQLite, Apache Derby, HSQLDB, H2, MySQL, MS SQL Server (both MS Type 4 driver and jTDS driver). JDBC-127 and JDBC-129.

    • find-by-keys now correctly handles nil values JDBC-126. 0.6.0 / 2016-05-11.
    • find-by-keys calls seq on :order-by to treat [] as no ORDER BY clause. 0.6.0 / 2016-05-11.
    • db-query-with-resultset now accepts an options map and passes it to prepare-statement JDBC-125. 0.6.0-rc2 / 2016-05-07.
      • Passing the prepare-statement options map as the first element of the [sql & params] vector is no longer supported and will throw an IllegalArgumentException. It was always very poorly documented and almost never used, as far as I can tell.
    • db-query-with-resultset no longer requires the sql-params argument to be a vector: a sequence is acceptable. This is in line with other functions that accept a sequence. 0.6.0-rc2 / 2016-05-07.
    • db-query-with-resultset now accepts a bare SQL string or PreparedStatement as the sql-params argument, when there are no parameters needed. This is in line with other functions that accept SQL or a PreparedStatement. 0.6.0-rc2 / 2016-05-07.
    • query's options map now is passed to db-query-with-resultset and thus can contain options to be used to construct the PreparedStatement JDBC-125. 0.6.0-rc2 / 2016-05-07.
    • Adds get-by-id and find-by-keys convenience functions (these were easy to add after the API changes in 0.6.0 and we rely very heavily on them at World Singles so putting them in the core for everyone seemed reasonable). 0.6.0-rc1 / 2016-05-04.
      • find-by-keys accepts an :order-by option that expects a sequence of orderings; an ordering is a column name (keyword) or a map from column name (keyword) to direction (:asc or :desc). 0.6.0-rc2 / 2016-05-07.
    • Ensures SQL / params are actually vectors prior to destructuring (this addresses an interop edge case from other languages) JDBC-124. 0.6.0-alpha2 / 2016-04-18.
    • Fix typo in insert-multi! argument validation exception JDBC-123. 0.6.0-alpha2 / 2016-04-18.
    • ALL DEPRECATED FUNCTIONALITY HAS BEEN REMOVED! JDBC-118. 0.6.0-alpha1 / 2016-04-13
      • See changes described in versions 0.5.5 through 0.5.8 for what was deprecated
      • Use version 0.5.8 as a bridge to identify any deprecated API calls on which your code relies!
      • db-transaction (deprecated in version 0.3.0) has been removed
      • The java.jdbc.deprecated namespace has been removed
  • Release 0.5.8 on 2016-04-12

    • db-do-commands now expects multiple commands to be be wrapped in a vector JDBC-122. The single command form is unchanged (but may be wrapped in a vector). Calling db-do-commands with multiple commands (not wrapped in a single vector) will produce a "DEPRECATED" warning printed to the console.
    • db-do-prepared and db-do-prepared-return-keys now expect to receive a db-spec, an optional transaction? boolean, a sql-params argument, and an optional options map. sql-params is a vector containing a SQL string or PreparedStatement followed by parameters -- like other APIs in this library. In addition, like the :multi? true version of execute!, db-do-prepared can accept a vector that has parameter groups: multiple vectors containing groups of parameter values JDBC-122. Calling db-do-prepared with unrolled arguments -- the SQL string / statement followed by parameter groups -- is deprecated and will produce "DEPRECATED" warnings printed to the console.
  • Release 0.5.7 on 2016-04-10

    • (insert! db table [:col] ["val"] {}) syntax, introduced in 0.5.6, threw an exception JDBC-121.
  • Release 0.5.6 on 2016-04-10

    • create-table-ddl now expects the column specs to be wrapped in a single vector and no longer needs the :options delimiter to specify the options map JDBC-120.
      • If column specs are not wrapped in a vector, you will get a "DEPRECATED" warning printed to the console.
    • insert! now supports only single row insertion; multi-row insertion is deprecated. insert-multi! has been added for multi-row insertion. :options is no longer needed as a delimiter for the options map JDBC-119.
      • If insert! is called with multiple rows, or :options is specified, you will get a "DEPRECATED" warning printed to the console.
    • NOTE: all deprecated functionality will go away in version 0.6.0!
  • Release 0.5.5 on 2016-04-09

    • Allow options map in all calls that previously took optional keyword arguments JDBC-117.
      • The unrolled keyword argument forms of call are deprecated -- and print a "DEPRECATED" message to the console! -- and will go away in 0.6.0.
  • Release 0.5.0 on 2016-03-27

    • Allow PreparedStatement in db-do-prepared-return-keys JDBC-115.
    • Remove exception wrapping JDBC-114.
    • Drop Clojure 1.3 compatibility.
  • Release 0.4.2 on 2015-09-15

    • Remove redundant type hints JDBC-113 - Michael Blume.
    • Avoid reflection on .prepareStatement JDBC-112 - Michael Blume.
    • Add metadata-query macro to make metadata query / results easier to work with for JDBC-107.
    • prepare-statement :return-keys may now be a vector of (auto-generated) column names to return, in addition to just being truthy or falsey. This allows keys to be returned for more databases. JDBC-104.
    • Officially support H2 (and test against it) to support JDBC-91 and clarify docstrings to improve debugging driver-specific restrictions on SQL.
  • Release 0.4.0 / 0.4.1 on 2015-07-26

    • db-do-prepared now allows transaction? to be omitted when a PreparedStatement is passed as the second argument JDBC-111 - Stefan Kamphausen.
    • Nested transaction checks isolation level is the same JDBC-110 - Donald Ball.
    • Default PostgreSQL port; Support more dbtype/dbname variants JDBC-109.
    • Drop Clojure 1.2 compatibility.
  • Release 0.3.7 on 2015-05-18

    • Bump all driver versions in project.clj and re-test.
    • Remove duplicate count calls in insert-sql JDBC-108 - Earl St Sauver.
    • Remove driver versions from README and link to Maven Central JDBC-106.
    • Fix links in CHANGES and README JDBC-103 - John Walker.
  • Release 0.3.6 on 2014-10-28

    • Arbitrary values allowed for :cursors, :concurrency, :result-type arguments to prepare-statement JDBC-102.
    • Allow :as-arrays? :cols-as-is to omit column name uniqueness when returning result sets as arrrays JDBC-101.
    • Add :timeout argument to prepare-statement JDBC-100.
  • Release 0.3.5 on 2014-08-01

    • Reflection warnings on executeUpdate addressed.
    • HSQLDB and SQLite in-memory strings are now accepted JDBC-94.
    • Add support for readonly transactions via :read-only? JDBC-93.
  • Release 0.3.4 on 2014-06-30

    • execute! can now accept a PreparedStatement JDBC-96.
    • Support simpler db-spec with :dbtype and :dbname (and optional :host and :port etc) JDBC-92.
    • Support oracle:oci and oracle:thin subprotocols JDBC-90.
  • Release 0.3.3 on 2014-01-30

    • Prevent exception/crash when query called with bare SQL string JDBC-89.
    • Add :row-fn and :result-set-fn to metadata-result function JDBC-87.
    • Support key/value configuration from URI (Phil Hagelberg).
  • Release 0.3.2 on 2013-12-30

    • Add nil protocol implementation to ISQLParameter
  • Release 0.3.1 on 2013-12-29 (broken; use 0.3.2 instead)

    • Improve docstrings and add :arglists for better auto-generated documentation.
    • Make insert-sql private - technically a breaking change but it should never have been public: sorry folks!
    • Provide better protocol for setting parameters in prepared statements JDBC-86.
    • Fix parens in two deprecated tests JDBC-85.
    • Made create-table-ddl less aggressive about applying as-sql-name so only first name in a column spec is affected.
  • Release 0.3.0 on 2013-12-16

    • Ensure canonical Boolean to workaround strange behavior in some JDBC drivers JDBC-84.
    • Rename recently introduced test to ensure unique names JDBC-83.
    • Rename unused arguments in protocol implementation to support Android JDBC-82.
    • Correctly handle empty param group sequence in execute! (which only seemed to affect SQLite) JDBC-65.
  • Release 0.3.0-rc1 on 2013-12-12

    • Deprecate db-transaction (new in 0.3.0) in favor of with-db-transaction JDBC-81.
    • Add with-db-metadata macro and metadata-result function to make it easier to work with SQL metadata JDBC-80.
    • Add with-db-connection macro to make it easier to run groups of operations against a single open connection JDBC-79.
    • Add ISQLValue protocol to make it easier to support custom SQL types for parameters in SQL statements JDBC-77.
    • Add support for :isolation in with-db-transaction JDBC-75.
    • Add :user as an alias for :username for DataSource connections JDBC-74.
  • Release 0.3.0-beta2 on 2013-11-24

    • The DSL namespaces introduced in 0.3.0-alpha1 have been retired - see java-jdbc/dsl for a migration path if you wish to continue using the DSL (although it is recommended you switch to another, more expressive DSL).
    • The older API (0.2.3) which was deprecated in earlier 0.3.0 builds has moved to to help streamline the API for 0.3.0 and clean up the documentation.
  • Release 0.3.0-beta1 on 2013-11-03

    • query as-arrays? now allows you to leverage lazy result fetching JDBC-72.
    • "h2" is recognized as a protocol shorthand for org.h2.Driver
    • Tests no longer use :1 literal JDBC-71.
    • Conditional use of javax.naming.InitialContext so it can be compiled on Android JDBC-69.
    • New db-query-with-resultset function replaces private db-with-query-results* and processes a raw ResultSet object JDBC-63.
    • Allow :set-parameters in db-spec to override set-parameters internal function to allow per-DB special handling of SQL parameters values (such as null for Teradata) JDBC-40.
  • Release 0.3.0-alpha5 on 2013-09-15

    • DDL now supports entities naming strategy JDBC-53.
    • Attempt to address potential memory leaks due to closures - see Christophe Grand's blog post on Macros, closures and unexpected object retention.
    • Documentation has moved to Using java.jdbc on
    • Added Leiningen support for easier development/testing (Maven is still the primary build tool).
    • Added create-index / drop-index DDL JDBC-62 - moquist
    • Make transaction? boolean optional in various db-do-* functions
    • Create namespace
    • Add create-table, drop-table, create-index and drop-index
    • Deprecate create-table, create-table-ddl and drop-table in main namespace
    • Update README to clarify PostgreSQL instructions.
    • Fix test suite for PostgreSQL JDBC-59
    • Improve hooks for Oracle data type handling JDBC-57
    • Fix reflection warnings JDBC-55
  • Release 0.3.0-alpha4 on 2013-05-11

    • Fix connection leaks JDBC-54
    • Allow order-by to accept empty sequence (and return empty string)
  • Release 0.3.0-alpha3 on 2013-05-04

    • Fix macro / import interaction by fully qualifying Connection type.
  • Release 0.3.0-alpha2 on 2013-05-03

    • Address JDBC-51 by declaring get-connection returns java.sql.Connection
    • Add IResultSetReadColumn protocol extension point for custom read conversions JDBC-46
    • Add :multi? to execute! so it can be used for repeated operations JDBC-52
    • Reverted specialized handling of NULL values (reopens JDBC-40)
    • Rename :as-arrays to :as-arrays? since it is boolean
    • Add curried version of
    • Officially deprecate resultset-seq
  • Release 0.3.0-alpha1 on 2013-04-07

    • Most of the old 0.2.x API has been deprecated and a new, more idiomatic API introduced, along with a minimal DSL to generate basic SQL
    • Specifics:
    • Add insert!, query, update!, delete! and execute! high-level API JDBC-20
    • Add optional SQL-generating DSL in (implied by JDBC-20)
    • Add db- prefixed versions of low-level API
    • Add db-transaction macro
    • Add result-set-seq as replacement for resultset-seq (which will be deprecated)
    • Transaction now correctly rollback on non-Exception Throwables JDBC-43
    • Rewrite old API functions in terms of new API, and deprecate old API JDBC-43
    • Add :as-arrays to query / result-set-seq JDBC-41
    • Better handling of NULL values JDBC-40 and JDBC-18 Note: JDBC-40 is being reverted in 0.3.0-alpha2 because it introduces regressions in PostgreSQL
    • db-do-commands allows you to execute SQL without a transaction wrapping it JDBC-38
    • Remove reflection warning from execute-batch
    • Add notes to README about 3rd party database driver dependencies
    • Add optional :identifiers argument to resultset-seq so you can explicitly pass in the naming strategy
  • Release 0.2.3 on 2012-06-18

    • as-str now treats a.b as two identifiers separated by . so quoting produces [a].[b] instead of [a.b]
    • Add :connection-uri option JDBC-34
  • Release 0.2.2 on 2012-06-10

    • Handle Oracle unknown row count affected JDBC-33
    • Handle jdbc: prefix in string db-specs JDBC-32
    • Handle empty columns in make column unique (Juergen Hoetzel) JDBC-31
  • Release 0.2.1 on 2012-05-10

    • Result set performance enhancement (Juergen Hoetzel) JDBC-29
    • Make do-prepared-return-keys (for Korma team) JDBC-30
  • Release 0.2.0 on 2012-04-23

    • Merge internal namespace into main jdbc namespace JDBC-19
  • Release 0.1.4 on 2012-04-15

    • Unwrap RTE for nested transaction exceptions (we already unwrapped top-level transaction RTEs).
    • Remove reflection warning unwrapping RunTimeException (Alan Malloy)
  • Release 0.1.3 on 2012-02-29

    • Fix generated keys inside transactions for SQLite3 JDBC-26
  • Release 0.1.2 on 2012-02-29

    • Handle prepared statement params correctly JDBC-23
    • Add support for SQLite3 JDBC-26
    • Replace replicate (deprecated) with repeat JDBC-27
    • Ensure MS SQL Server passes tests with both Microsoft and jTDS drivers
    • Build server now tests derby, hsqldb and sqlite by default
    • Update README per Stuart Sierra's outline for contrib projects
  • Release 0.1.1 on 2011-11-02

    • Accept string or URI in connection definition JDBC-21
    • Allow driver, port and subprotocol to be deduced JDBC-22
  • Release 0.1.0 on 2011-10-16

    • Remove dependence on deprecated structmap JDBC-15
  • Release 0.0.7 on 2011-10-11

    • Rename duplicate columns JDBC-9
    • Ensure do-preared traps invalid SQL JDBC-16
  • Release 0.0.6 on 2011-08-04

    • Improve exception handling (unwrap RTE)
    • Don't use batch for update (causes exceptions on Apache Derby) JDBC-12
    • Add test suite
  • Release 0.0.5 on 2011-07-18

    • Expose prepare-statement API
    • Allow with-query-results to accept a PreparedStatement or options for creating one, instead of SQL query string and parameters
    • Support databases that cannot return generated keys
  • Release 0.0.4 on 2011-07-17

    • Allow :table-spec {string} in create-table JDBC-4
    • Remove reflection warnings JDBC-8
    • Ensure transactions are not committed when Error occurs JDBC-11
  • Release 0.0.3 on 2011-07-01

    • Key generation compatibility with MS SQL Server, PostgreSQL JDBC-10
  • Release 0.0.2 on 2011-06-07

    • Clojure 1.2 compatibility JDBC-7
  • Release 0.0.1 on 2011-05-07

    • Initial release
  • Changes from clojure.contrib.sql:

    • Expose print-... functions; no longer write exceptions to \*out\*
    • Define resultset-seq to replace clojure.core/resultset-seq
    • Add naming / quoting strategies (see name mapping documentation
    • Return generated keys from insert operations, where possible
    • Add insert-record function
    • Clojure 1.3 compatibility

Copyright and License

Copyright (c) Sean Corfield, Stephen Gilardi, 2011-2023. All rights reserved. The use and distribution terms for this software are covered by the Eclipse Public License 1.0 ( which can be found in the file epl-v10.html at the root of this distribution. By using this software in any fashion, you are agreeing to be bound by the terms of this license. You must not remove this notice, or any other, from this software.