Skip to content
master
Switch branches/tags
Go to file
Code
This branch is 434 commits ahead, 18 commits behind cloudfoundry-community:master.

Latest commit

 

Git stats

Files

Permalink
Failed to load latest commit information.
Type
Name
Latest commit message
Commit time
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
ci
 
 
 
 
 
 
db
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Cloud Foundry AWS Service Broker

Cloud Foundry Service Broker to manage instances of various AWS services.

Current Services Supported

  • RDS
  • AWS Elasticache for Redis
  • AWS Elasticsearch

Setup

Environment Variables

There are important environment variables that should be overriden inside the manifest.yml file

Note: All environment variables prefixed with DB_ refer to attributes for the database the broker itself will use for internal uses.

  1. DB_URL: The hostname / IP address of the database.
  2. DB_PORT: The port number to access the database.
  3. DB_NAME: The database name.
  4. DB_USER: Username to access the database.
  5. DB_PASS: Password to access the database.
  6. DB_TYPE: The type of database. Currently supported types: postgres and sqlite3.
  7. DB_SSLMODE: The type of SSL Mode to use when connecting to the database. Supported modes: disabled, require and verify-ca.
  8. AWS_ACCESS_KEY_ID: The id credential (treat like a password) with access to make requests to the Amazon RDS .
  9. AWS_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY: The secret key (treat like a password) credential to access Amazon RDS.
  10. AWS_DEFAULT_REGION: Region you wish to provision services in.
  11. AUTH_USER: The username used by cf to authenticate to the broker
  12. AUTH_PASS: The password used by cf to authenticate to the broker
  13. ENC_KEY: This is an string that must be 16, 24, or 32 bytes long. It is an AES key that is used to encrypt the password.

Note the AWS Environment Variables should be generated by following the instructions here

Make sure the account has write access to RDS and EC2 (particularly for VPC and Subnet).

Example of permissions that suffice: AmazonRDSFullAccess and AmazonEC2FullAccess

You may need to adjust VPC routing, security groups, public accessibility (DNS names, etc) as well, depending on your needs.

Optional Environment Variables

There are some feature flags that you can turn on as well:

  1. ENABLE_FUNCTIONS: If this environment variable exists, it will enable users to create mysql databases like cf create-service _servicename_ production my-mysql-service -c '{"enable_functions": true}', which will set the log_bin_trust_function_creators=1 parameter for their db, enabling the creation of functions in their databases.
  2. PUBLICLY_ACCESSIBLE: If this environment variable exists, it will enable users to create databases with PubliclyAccessible: true by doing something like cf create-service _servicename_ production my-mysql-service -c '{"publicly_accessible": true}'. This is probably not something you want to set unless you really know what you are doing.

Catalog.yaml

Catalog.yaml contains a list of service(s) offered with plans. It contains no secrets. Prior to pushing, complete the catalog.yaml for your environment. It is architected where the service name (e.g. rds) is the mapping between it and the service details.

Secrets.yml

secrets.yml contains the all of the secrets for the different resources.

How to deploy it

  1. cf push
  2. cf create-service-broker BROKER_NAME AUTH_USER AUTH_PASS https://BROKER-URL
  3. cf enable-service-access SERVICE_NAME

In this case BROKER_NAME would be aws and it would contain many service names (one for rds, one for s3). Then SERVICE_NAME would be rds for example.

How to use it

To use the service you need to create a service instance and bind it:

  1. cf create-service SERVICE_NAME shared-psql MYDB
  2. cf bind-service APP MYDB

When you do that you will have all the credentials in the VCAP_SERVICES environment variable with the JSON key rds.

Also, you will have a DATABASE_URL environment variable that will be the connection string to the DB.

Credential handling

This section is primarily for auditors who need to understand how the broker, and related components, handle credentials so that they aren't stored or transmitted in the clear. All calls between entities are made over HTTPS, unless otherwise specified.

Broker environment variables:

There are important environment variables that should be overriden inside the manifest.yml file

Note: All environment variables prefixed with DB_ refer to attributes for the database the broker itself will use for internal uses.

  1. DB_URL: The hostname / IP address of the database.
  2. DB_PORT: The port number to access the database.
  3. DB_NAME: The database name.
  4. DB_USER: Username to access the database.
  5. DB_PASS: Password to access the database.
  6. DB_TYPE: The type of database. Currently supported types: postgres and sqlite3.
  7. DB_SSLMODE: The type of SSL Mode to use when connecting to the database. Supported modes: disabled, require and verify-ca.
  8. AWS_ACCESS_KEY_ID: The id credential (treat like a password) with access to make requests to the Amazon RDS .
  9. AWS_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY: The secret key (treat like a password) credential to access Amazon RDS.
  10. AWS_DEFAULT_REGION: Region you wish to provision services in.
  11. AUTH_USER: The username used by cf to authenticate to the broker
  12. AUTH_PASS: The password used by cf to authenticate to the broker
  13. ENC_KEY: This is an string that must be 16, 24, or 32 bytes long. It is an AES key that is used to encrypt the password.

Instantiation

The broker is deployed by Concourse CI onto CloudFoundry, using a manifest that is built by the cloud.gov secrets management system to specify the environment variables. When the app is deployed, Concourse registers the broker, specifying the AUTH_USER and AUTH_PASS.

The CF Cloud Controller stores the configuration for the app, including these environment variables, in an encrypted database table on the CCDB, as described in Cloud Foundry security concepts. The aws-broker app does not write these to static storage since Cloud Foundry makes them available as environment variables.

Provision a new instance

When an authenticated, authorized CloudFoundry user runs cf create-service aws-rds _plan_name_ _service_name_, the CloudFoundry platform uses the OSBAPI (open-service broker API) (https://github.com/openservicebrokerapi/servicebroker/blob/master/spec.md) to call the registered broker with a PUT request, /v2/service_instances/:instance_id where instance_id is a GUID. The request uses BASIC AUTH, e,g.:

curl -X PUT https://username:password@aws-broker..../v2/service_instances/:instance_id

The broker expects the AUTH_PASSand AUTH_USER as specified in the environment, which the Platform has provided (see above)

The response indicates if the provisioning request has been accepted.

Broker to AWS to provision an instance

The broker application calls the AWS API with the AWS Access Key and Secret Key, which were provided as environment variables at instantiation.

When the provisioning is complete, the broker takes the following actions:

  • For RDS and Redis, it creates a username/password in the AWS service, and stores the credentials in the broker database
  • For AWS Elasticsearch, it creates an IAM user with privileges to the new instance, then stores the credentials in the broker database

Storing credentials in the broker database

The broker uses a dedicated AWS RDS PostgreSQL database. The RDS instance data are encrypted at rest using AWS storage encryption. The communication between the broker and the database is over postgres StartTLS with TLS 1.2 enabled.

The broker is instantiated with encryption key, ENC_KEY, and all credentials are written to the database encrypted with that key and a random salt, as in the setPassword function of each _service_instance.go file, e.g.: https://github.com/cloud-gov/aws-broker/blob/20f70bb/services/redis/redisinstance.go#L50

Providing credentials to CloudFoundry applications

The CloudFoundry applications have access to the credentials only if the user binds an app to a service instance, as specified at https://github.com/openservicebrokerapi/servicebroker/blob/master/spec.md#binding of the OSBAPI standard. The credentials are fetched from the service broker and are stored in the environment of the application container, and not written the static storage. If the application instance is re-instantiated, the platform fetches the credentials for the application container from the broker.

Public domain

This project is in the worldwide public domain. As stated in CONTRIBUTING:

This project is in the public domain within the United States, and copyright and related rights in the work worldwide are waived through the CC0 1.0 Universal public domain dedication.

All contributions to this project will be released under the CC0 dedication. By submitting a pull request, you are agreeing to comply with this waiver of copyright interest.

About

Cloud Foundry AWS RDS Service Broker

Resources

License

Releases

No releases published

Packages

No packages published