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# HG changeset patch
# User Vlad Krasnov <vlad@cloudflare.com>
# Date 1498167669 25200
# Thu Jun 22 14:41:09 2017 -0700
# Node ID 895cea03ac21fb18d2c2ba32389cd67dc74ddbd0
# Parent a39bc74873faf9e5bea616561b43f6ecc55229f9
HTTP/2: add support for HPACK encoding
Add support for full HPACK encoding as per RFC7541.
This modification improves header compression ratio by 5-10% for the first
response, and by 40-95% for consequential responses on the connection.
The implementation is similar to the one used by Cloudflare.
diff -r a39bc74873fa -r 895cea03ac21 auto/modules
--- a/auto/modules Mon Jun 19 14:25:42 2017 +0300
+++ b/auto/modules Thu Jun 22 14:41:09 2017 -0700
@@ -436,6 +436,10 @@
. auto/module
fi
+ if [ $HTTP_V2_HPACK_ENC = YES ]; then
+ have=NGX_HTTP_V2_HPACK_ENC . auto/have
+ fi
+
if :; then
ngx_module_name=ngx_http_static_module
ngx_module_incs=
diff -r a39bc74873fa -r 895cea03ac21 auto/options
--- a/auto/options Mon Jun 19 14:25:42 2017 +0300
+++ b/auto/options Thu Jun 22 14:41:09 2017 -0700
@@ -59,6 +59,7 @@
HTTP_GZIP=YES
HTTP_SSL=NO
HTTP_V2=NO
+HTTP_V2_HPACK_ENC=NO
HTTP_SSI=YES
HTTP_POSTPONE=NO
HTTP_REALIP=NO
@@ -221,6 +222,7 @@
--with-http_ssl_module) HTTP_SSL=YES ;;
--with-http_v2_module) HTTP_V2=YES ;;
+ --with-http_v2_hpack_enc) HTTP_V2_HPACK_ENC=YES ;;
--with-http_realip_module) HTTP_REALIP=YES ;;
--with-http_addition_module) HTTP_ADDITION=YES ;;
--with-http_xslt_module) HTTP_XSLT=YES ;;
@@ -430,6 +432,7 @@
--with-http_ssl_module enable ngx_http_ssl_module
--with-http_v2_module enable ngx_http_v2_module
+ --with-http_v2_hpack_enc enable ngx_http_v2_hpack_enc
--with-http_realip_module enable ngx_http_realip_module
--with-http_addition_module enable ngx_http_addition_module
--with-http_xslt_module enable ngx_http_xslt_module
diff -r a39bc74873fa -r 895cea03ac21 src/core/ngx_murmurhash.c
--- a/src/core/ngx_murmurhash.c Mon Jun 19 14:25:42 2017 +0300
+++ b/src/core/ngx_murmurhash.c Thu Jun 22 14:41:09 2017 -0700
@@ -50,3 +50,63 @@
return h;
}
+
+
+uint64_t
+ngx_murmur_hash2_64(u_char *data, size_t len, uint64_t seed)
+{
+ uint64_t h, k;
+
+ h = seed ^ len;
+
+ while (len >= 8) {
+ k = data[0];
+ k |= data[1] << 8;
+ k |= data[2] << 16;
+ k |= data[3] << 24;
+ k |= (uint64_t)data[4] << 32;
+ k |= (uint64_t)data[5] << 40;
+ k |= (uint64_t)data[6] << 48;
+ k |= (uint64_t)data[7] << 56;
+
+ k *= 0xc6a4a7935bd1e995ull;
+ k ^= k >> 47;
+ k *= 0xc6a4a7935bd1e995ull;
+
+ h ^= k;
+ h *= 0xc6a4a7935bd1e995ull;
+
+ data += 8;
+ len -= 8;
+ }
+
+ switch (len) {
+ case 7:
+ h ^= (uint64_t)data[6] << 48;
+ /* fall through */
+ case 6:
+ h ^= (uint64_t)data[5] << 40;
+ /* fall through */
+ case 5:
+ h ^= (uint64_t)data[4] << 32;
+ /* fall through */
+ case 4:
+ h ^= data[3] << 24;
+ /* fall through */
+ case 3:
+ h ^= data[2] << 16;
+ /* fall through */
+ case 2:
+ h ^= data[1] << 8;
+ /* fall through */
+ case 1:
+ h ^= data[0];
+ h *= 0xc6a4a7935bd1e995ull;
+ }
+
+ h ^= h >> 47;
+ h *= 0xc6a4a7935bd1e995ull;
+ h ^= h >> 47;
+
+ return h;
+}
diff -r a39bc74873fa -r 895cea03ac21 src/core/ngx_murmurhash.h
--- a/src/core/ngx_murmurhash.h Mon Jun 19 14:25:42 2017 +0300
+++ b/src/core/ngx_murmurhash.h Thu Jun 22 14:41:09 2017 -0700
@@ -15,5 +15,7 @@
uint32_t ngx_murmur_hash2(u_char *data, size_t len);
+uint64_t ngx_murmur_hash2_64(u_char *data, size_t len, uint64_t seed);
+
#endif /* _NGX_MURMURHASH_H_INCLUDED_ */
diff -r a39bc74873fa -r 895cea03ac21 src/http/v2/ngx_http_v2.c
--- a/src/http/v2/ngx_http_v2.c Mon Jun 19 14:25:42 2017 +0300
+++ b/src/http/v2/ngx_http_v2.c Thu Jun 22 14:41:09 2017 -0700
@@ -245,6 +245,8 @@
h2c->frame_size = NGX_HTTP_V2_DEFAULT_FRAME_SIZE;
+ h2c->max_hpack_table_size = NGX_HTTP_V2_DEFAULT_HPACK_TABLE_SIZE;
+
h2scf = ngx_http_get_module_srv_conf(hc->conf_ctx, ngx_http_v2_module);
h2c->pool = ngx_create_pool(h2scf->pool_size, h2c->connection->log);
@@ -2018,6 +2020,17 @@
h2c->frame_size = value;
break;
+ case NGX_HTTP_V2_HEADER_TABLE_SIZE_SETTING:
+
+ if (value > NGX_HTTP_V2_MAX_HPACK_TABLE_SIZE) {
+ h2c->max_hpack_table_size = NGX_HTTP_V2_MAX_HPACK_TABLE_SIZE;
+ } else {
+ h2c->max_hpack_table_size = value;
+ }
+
+ h2c->indicate_resize = 1;
+ break;
+
default:
break;
}
diff -r a39bc74873fa -r 895cea03ac21 src/http/v2/ngx_http_v2.h
--- a/src/http/v2/ngx_http_v2.h Mon Jun 19 14:25:42 2017 +0300
+++ b/src/http/v2/ngx_http_v2.h Thu Jun 22 14:41:09 2017 -0700
@@ -49,6 +49,13 @@
#define NGX_HTTP_V2_MAX_WINDOW ((1U << 31) - 1)
#define NGX_HTTP_V2_DEFAULT_WINDOW 65535
+#define HPACK_ENC_HTABLE_SZ 128 /* better to keep a PoT < 64k */
+#define HPACK_ENC_HTABLE_ENTRIES ((HPACK_ENC_HTABLE_SZ * 100) / 128)
+#define HPACK_ENC_DYNAMIC_KEY_TBL_SZ 10 /* 10 is sufficient for most */
+#define HPACK_ENC_MAX_ENTRY 512 /* longest header size to match */
+
+#define NGX_HTTP_V2_DEFAULT_HPACK_TABLE_SIZE 4096
+#define NGX_HTTP_V2_MAX_HPACK_TABLE_SIZE 16384 /* < 64k */
typedef struct ngx_http_v2_connection_s ngx_http_v2_connection_t;
typedef struct ngx_http_v2_node_s ngx_http_v2_node_t;
@@ -110,6 +117,46 @@
} ngx_http_v2_hpack_t;
+#if (NGX_HTTP_V2_HPACK_ENC)
+typedef struct {
+ uint64_t hash_val;
+ uint32_t index;
+ uint16_t pos;
+ uint16_t klen, vlen;
+ uint16_t size;
+ uint16_t next;
+} ngx_http_v2_hpack_enc_entry_t;
+
+
+typedef struct {
+ uint64_t hash_val;
+ uint32_t index;
+ uint16_t pos;
+ uint16_t klen;
+} ngx_http_v2_hpack_name_entry_t;
+
+
+typedef struct {
+ size_t size; /* size as defined in RFC 7541 */
+ uint32_t top; /* the last entry */
+ uint32_t pos;
+ uint16_t n_elems; /* number of elements */
+ uint16_t base; /* index of the oldest entry */
+ uint16_t last; /* index of the newest entry */
+
+ /* hash table for dynamic entries, instead using a generic hash table,
+ which would be too slow to process a significant amount of headers,
+ this table is not determenistic, and might ocasionally fail to insert
+ a value, at the cost of slightly worse compression, but significantly
+ faster performance */
+ ngx_http_v2_hpack_enc_entry_t htable[HPACK_ENC_HTABLE_SZ];
+ ngx_http_v2_hpack_name_entry_t heads[HPACK_ENC_DYNAMIC_KEY_TBL_SZ];
+ u_char storage[NGX_HTTP_V2_MAX_HPACK_TABLE_SIZE +
+ HPACK_ENC_MAX_ENTRY];
+} ngx_http_v2_hpack_enc_t;
+#endif
+
+
struct ngx_http_v2_connection_s {
ngx_connection_t *connection;
ngx_http_connection_t *http_connection;
@@ -122,6 +169,8 @@
size_t frame_size;
+ size_t max_hpack_table_size;
+
ngx_queue_t waiting;
ngx_http_v2_state_t state;
@@ -146,6 +195,11 @@
unsigned settings_ack:1;
unsigned blocked:1;
unsigned goaway:1;
+ unsigned indicate_resize:1;
+
+#if (NGX_HTTP_V2_HPACK_ENC)
+ ngx_http_v2_hpack_enc_t hpack_enc;
+#endif
};
@@ -347,4 +401,31 @@
#define ngx_http_v2_write_sid ngx_http_v2_write_uint32
+u_char *ngx_http_v2_string_encode(u_char *dst, u_char *src, size_t len,
+ u_char *tmp, ngx_uint_t lower);
+
+u_char *
+ngx_http_v2_write_int(u_char *pos, ngx_uint_t prefix, ngx_uint_t value);
+
+#define ngx_http_v2_write_name(dst, src, len, tmp) \
+ ngx_http_v2_string_encode(dst, src, len, tmp, 1)
+#define ngx_http_v2_write_value(dst, src, len, tmp) \
+ ngx_http_v2_string_encode(dst, src, len, tmp, 0)
+
+u_char *
+ngx_http_v2_write_header(ngx_http_v2_connection_t *h2c, u_char *pos,
+ u_char *key, size_t key_len, u_char *value, size_t value_len,
+ u_char *tmp);
+
+void
+ngx_http_v2_table_resize(ngx_http_v2_connection_t *h2c);
+
+#define ngx_http_v2_write_header_str(key, value) \
+ ngx_http_v2_write_header(h2c, pos, (u_char *) key, sizeof(key) - 1, \
+ (u_char *) value, sizeof(value) - 1, tmp);
+
+#define ngx_http_v2_write_header_tbl(key, val) \
+ ngx_http_v2_write_header(h2c, pos, (u_char *) key, sizeof(key) - 1, \
+ val.data, val.len, tmp);
+
#endif /* _NGX_HTTP_V2_H_INCLUDED_ */
diff -r a39bc74873fa -r 895cea03ac21 src/http/v2/ngx_http_v2_filter_module.c
--- a/src/http/v2/ngx_http_v2_filter_module.c Mon Jun 19 14:25:42 2017 +0300
+++ b/src/http/v2/ngx_http_v2_filter_module.c Thu Jun 22 14:41:09 2017 -0700
@@ -25,11 +25,6 @@
#define ngx_http_v2_indexed(i) (128 + (i))
#define ngx_http_v2_inc_indexed(i) (64 + (i))
-#define ngx_http_v2_write_name(dst, src, len, tmp) \
- ngx_http_v2_string_encode(dst, src, len, tmp, 1)
-#define ngx_http_v2_write_value(dst, src, len, tmp) \
- ngx_http_v2_string_encode(dst, src, len, tmp, 0)
-
#define NGX_HTTP_V2_ENCODE_RAW 0
#define NGX_HTTP_V2_ENCODE_HUFF 0x80
@@ -53,10 +48,6 @@
#define NGX_HTTP_V2_NO_TRAILERS (ngx_http_v2_out_frame_t *) -1
-static u_char *ngx_http_v2_string_encode(u_char *dst, u_char *src, size_t len,
- u_char *tmp, ngx_uint_t lower);
-static u_char *ngx_http_v2_write_int(u_char *pos, ngx_uint_t prefix,
- ngx_uint_t value);
static ngx_http_v2_out_frame_t *ngx_http_v2_create_headers_frame(
ngx_http_request_t *r, u_char *pos, u_char *end, ngx_uint_t fin);
static ngx_http_v2_out_frame_t *ngx_http_v2_create_trailers_frame(
@@ -142,6 +133,7 @@
ngx_http_core_loc_conf_t *clcf;
ngx_http_core_srv_conf_t *cscf;
u_char addr[NGX_SOCKADDR_STRLEN];
+ ngx_http_v2_connection_t *h2c;
static const u_char nginx[5] = "\x84\xaa\x63\x55\xe7";
#if (NGX_HTTP_GZIP)
@@ -150,11 +142,9 @@
#endif
static size_t nginx_ver_len = ngx_http_v2_literal_size(NGINX_VER);
- static u_char nginx_ver[ngx_http_v2_literal_size(NGINX_VER)];
static size_t nginx_ver_build_len =
ngx_http_v2_literal_size(NGINX_VER_BUILD);
- static u_char nginx_ver_build[ngx_http_v2_literal_size(NGINX_VER_BUILD)];
if (!r->stream) {
return ngx_http_next_header_filter(r);
@@ -415,7 +405,7 @@
}
tmp = ngx_palloc(r->pool, tmp_len);
- pos = ngx_pnalloc(r->pool, len);
+ pos = ngx_pnalloc(r->pool, len + 15 + 1);
if (pos == NULL || tmp == NULL) {
return NGX_ERROR;
@@ -423,6 +413,18 @@
start = pos;
+ h2c = r->stream->connection;
+
+ if (h2c->indicate_resize) {
+ *pos = 32;
+ pos = ngx_http_v2_write_int(pos, ngx_http_v2_prefix(5),
+ h2c->max_hpack_table_size);
+ h2c->indicate_resize = 0;
+#if (NGX_HTTP_V2_HPACK_ENC)
+ ngx_http_v2_table_resize(h2c);
+#endif
+ }
+
ngx_log_debug1(NGX_LOG_DEBUG_HTTP, fc->log, 0,
"http2 output header: \":status: %03ui\"",
r->headers_out.status);
@@ -431,67 +433,28 @@
*pos++ = status;
} else {
- *pos++ = ngx_http_v2_inc_indexed(NGX_HTTP_V2_STATUS_INDEX);
- *pos++ = NGX_HTTP_V2_ENCODE_RAW | 3;
- pos = ngx_sprintf(pos, "%03ui", r->headers_out.status);
+ ngx_sprintf(pos + 8, "%O3ui", r->headers_out.status);
+ pos = ngx_http_v2_write_header(h2c, pos, (u_char *)":status",
+ sizeof(":status") - 1, pos + 8, 3, tmp);
}
if (r->headers_out.server == NULL) {
-
if (clcf->server_tokens == NGX_HTTP_SERVER_TOKENS_ON) {
- ngx_log_debug1(NGX_LOG_DEBUG_HTTP, fc->log, 0,
- "http2 output header: \"server: %s\"",
- NGINX_VER);
+ pos = ngx_http_v2_write_header_str("server", NGINX_VER);
} else if (clcf->server_tokens == NGX_HTTP_SERVER_TOKENS_BUILD) {
- ngx_log_debug1(NGX_LOG_DEBUG_HTTP, fc->log, 0,
- "http2 output header: \"server: %s\"",
- NGINX_VER_BUILD);
+ pos = ngx_http_v2_write_header_str("server", NGINX_VER_BUILD);
} else {
- ngx_log_debug0(NGX_LOG_DEBUG_HTTP, fc->log, 0,
- "http2 output header: \"server: nginx\"");
- }
-
- *pos++ = ngx_http_v2_inc_indexed(NGX_HTTP_V2_SERVER_INDEX);
-
- if (clcf->server_tokens == NGX_HTTP_SERVER_TOKENS_ON) {
- if (nginx_ver[0] == '\0') {
- p = ngx_http_v2_write_value(nginx_ver, (u_char *) NGINX_VER,
- sizeof(NGINX_VER) - 1, tmp);
- nginx_ver_len = p - nginx_ver;
- }
-
- pos = ngx_cpymem(pos, nginx_ver, nginx_ver_len);
-
- } else if (clcf->server_tokens == NGX_HTTP_SERVER_TOKENS_BUILD) {
- if (nginx_ver_build[0] == '\0') {
- p = ngx_http_v2_write_value(nginx_ver_build,
- (u_char *) NGINX_VER_BUILD,
- sizeof(NGINX_VER_BUILD) - 1, tmp);
- nginx_ver_build_len = p - nginx_ver_build;
- }
-
- pos = ngx_cpymem(pos, nginx_ver_build, nginx_ver_build_len);
-
- } else {
- pos = ngx_cpymem(pos, nginx, sizeof(nginx));
+ pos = ngx_http_v2_write_header_str("server", "nginx");
}
}
if (r->headers_out.date == NULL) {
- ngx_log_debug1(NGX_LOG_DEBUG_HTTP, fc->log, 0,
- "http2 output header: \"date: %V\"",
- &ngx_cached_http_time);
-
- *pos++ = ngx_http_v2_inc_indexed(NGX_HTTP_V2_DATE_INDEX);
- pos = ngx_http_v2_write_value(pos, ngx_cached_http_time.data,
- ngx_cached_http_time.len, tmp);
+ pos = ngx_http_v2_write_header_tbl("date", ngx_cached_http_time);
}
if (r->headers_out.content_type.len) {
- *pos++ = ngx_http_v2_inc_indexed(NGX_HTTP_V2_CONTENT_TYPE_INDEX);
-
if (r->headers_out.content_type_len == r->headers_out.content_type.len
&& r->headers_out.charset.len)
{
@@ -517,64 +480,36 @@
r->headers_out.content_type.data = p - len;
}
- ngx_log_debug1(NGX_LOG_DEBUG_HTTP, fc->log, 0,
- "http2 output header: \"content-type: %V\"",
- &r->headers_out.content_type);
-
- pos = ngx_http_v2_write_value(pos, r->headers_out.content_type.data,
- r->headers_out.content_type.len, tmp);
+ pos = ngx_http_v2_write_header_tbl("content-type",
+ r->headers_out.content_type);
}
if (r->headers_out.content_length == NULL
&& r->headers_out.content_length_n >= 0)
{
- ngx_log_debug1(NGX_LOG_DEBUG_HTTP, fc->log, 0,
- "http2 output header: \"content-length: %O\"",
- r->headers_out.content_length_n);
-
- *pos++ = ngx_http_v2_inc_indexed(NGX_HTTP_V2_CONTENT_LENGTH_INDEX);
-
- p = pos;
- pos = ngx_sprintf(pos + 1, "%O", r->headers_out.content_length_n);
- *p = NGX_HTTP_V2_ENCODE_RAW | (u_char) (pos - p - 1);
+ p = ngx_sprintf(pos + 15, "%O", r->headers_out.content_length_n);
+ pos = ngx_http_v2_write_header(h2c, pos, (u_char *)"content-length",
+ sizeof("content-length") - 1, pos + 15,
+ p - (pos + 15), tmp);
}
if (r->headers_out.last_modified == NULL
&& r->headers_out.last_modified_time != -1)
{
- *pos++ = ngx_http_v2_inc_indexed(NGX_HTTP_V2_LAST_MODIFIED_INDEX);
-
- ngx_http_time(pos, r->headers_out.last_modified_time);
+ ngx_http_time(pos + 14, r->headers_out.last_modified_time);
len = sizeof("Wed, 31 Dec 1986 18:00:00 GMT") - 1;
-
- ngx_log_debug2(NGX_LOG_DEBUG_HTTP, fc->log, 0,
- "http2 output header: \"last-modified: %*s\"",
- len, pos);
-
- /*
- * Date will always be encoded using huffman in the temporary buffer,
- * so it's safe here to use src and dst pointing to the same address.
- */
- pos = ngx_http_v2_write_value(pos, pos, len, tmp);
+ pos = ngx_http_v2_write_header(h2c, pos, (u_char *)"last-modified",
+ sizeof("last-modified") - 1, pos + 14,
+ len, tmp);
}
if (r->headers_out.location && r->headers_out.location->value.len) {
- ngx_log_debug1(NGX_LOG_DEBUG_HTTP, fc->log, 0,
- "http2 output header: \"location: %V\"",
- &r->headers_out.location->value);
-
- *pos++ = ngx_http_v2_inc_indexed(NGX_HTTP_V2_LOCATION_INDEX);
- pos = ngx_http_v2_write_value(pos, r->headers_out.location->value.data,
- r->headers_out.location->value.len, tmp);
+ pos = ngx_http_v2_write_header_tbl("location", r->headers_out.location->value);
}
#if (NGX_HTTP_GZIP)
if (r->gzip_vary) {
- ngx_log_debug0(NGX_LOG_DEBUG_HTTP, fc->log, 0,
- "http2 output header: \"vary: Accept-Encoding\"");
-
- *pos++ = ngx_http_v2_inc_indexed(NGX_HTTP_V2_VARY_INDEX);
- pos = ngx_cpymem(pos, accept_encoding, sizeof(accept_encoding));
+ pos = ngx_http_v2_write_header_str("vary", "Accept-Encoding");
}
#endif
@@ -597,23 +532,9 @@
continue;
}
-#if (NGX_DEBUG)
- if (fc->log->log_level & NGX_LOG_DEBUG_HTTP) {
- ngx_strlow(tmp, header[i].key.data, header[i].key.len);
-
- ngx_log_debug3(NGX_LOG_DEBUG_HTTP, fc->log, 0,
- "http2 output header: \"%*s: %V\"",
- header[i].key.len, tmp, &header[i].value);
- }
-#endif
-
- *pos++ = 0;
-
- pos = ngx_http_v2_write_name(pos, header[i].key.data,
- header[i].key.len, tmp);
-
- pos = ngx_http_v2_write_value(pos, header[i].value.data,
- header[i].value.len, tmp);
+ pos = ngx_http_v2_write_header(h2c, pos, header[i].key.data,
+ header[i].key.len, header[i].value.data,
+ header[i].value.len, tmp);
}
frame = ngx_http_v2_create_headers_frame(r, start, pos, r->header_only);
@@ -643,11 +564,12 @@
static ngx_http_v2_out_frame_t *
ngx_http_v2_create_trailers_frame(ngx_http_request_t *r)
{
- u_char *pos, *start, *tmp;
- size_t len, tmp_len;
- ngx_uint_t i;
- ngx_list_part_t *part;
- ngx_table_elt_t *header;
+ u_char *pos, *start, *tmp;
+ size_t len, tmp_len;
+ ngx_uint_t i;
+ ngx_list_part_t *part;
+ ngx_table_elt_t *header;
+ ngx_http_v2_connection_t *h2c;
len = 0;
tmp_len = 0;
@@ -713,6 +635,8 @@
part = &r->headers_out.trailers.part;
header = part->elts;
+ h2c = r->stream->connection;
+
for (i = 0; /* void */; i++) {
if (i >= part->nelts) {
@@ -739,20 +663,16 @@
}
#endif
- *pos++ = 0;
-
- pos = ngx_http_v2_write_name(pos, header[i].key.data,
- header[i].key.len, tmp);
-
- pos = ngx_http_v2_write_value(pos, header[i].value.data,
- header[i].value.len, tmp);
+ pos = ngx_http_v2_write_header(h2c, pos, header[i].key.data,
+ header[i].key.len, header[i].value.data,
+ header[i].value.len, tmp);
}
return ngx_http_v2_create_headers_frame(r, start, pos, 1);
}
-static u_char *
+u_char *
ngx_http_v2_string_encode(u_char *dst, u_char *src, size_t len, u_char *tmp,
ngx_uint_t lower)
{
@@ -778,7 +698,7 @@
}
-static u_char *
+u_char *
ngx_http_v2_write_int(u_char *pos, ngx_uint_t prefix, ngx_uint_t value)
{
if (value < prefix) {
diff -r a39bc74873fa -r 895cea03ac21 src/http/v2/ngx_http_v2_table.c
--- a/src/http/v2/ngx_http_v2_table.c Mon Jun 19 14:25:42 2017 +0300
+++ b/src/http/v2/ngx_http_v2_table.c Thu Jun 22 14:41:09 2017 -0700
@@ -347,3 +347,434 @@
return NGX_OK;
}
+
+
+#if (NGX_HTTP_V2_HPACK_ENC)
+
+static ngx_int_t
+hpack_get_static_index(ngx_http_v2_connection_t *h2c, u_char *val, size_t len);
+
+static ngx_int_t
+hpack_get_dynamic_index(ngx_http_v2_connection_t *h2c, uint64_t key_hash,
+ uint8_t *key, size_t key_len);
+
+
+void
+ngx_http_v2_table_resize(ngx_http_v2_connection_t *h2c)
+{
+ ngx_http_v2_hpack_enc_entry_t *table;
+ uint64_t idx;
+
+ table = h2c->hpack_enc.htable;
+
+ while (h2c->hpack_enc.size > h2c->max_hpack_table_size) {
+ idx = h2c->hpack_enc.base;
+ h2c->hpack_enc.base = table[idx].next;
+ h2c->hpack_enc.size -= table[idx].size;
+ table[idx].hash_val = 0;
+ h2c->hpack_enc.n_elems--;
+ }
+}
+
+
+/* checks if a header is in the hpack table - if so returns the table entry,
+ otherwise encodes and inserts into the table and returns 0,
+ if failed to insert into table, returns -1 */
+static ngx_int_t
+ngx_http_v2_table_encode_strings(ngx_http_v2_connection_t *h2c,
+ size_t key_len, size_t val_len, uint8_t *key, uint8_t *val,
+ ngx_int_t *header_idx)
+{
+ uint64_t hash_val, key_hash, idx, lru;
+ int i;
+ size_t size = key_len + val_len + 32;
+ uint8_t *storage = h2c->hpack_enc.storage;
+
+ ngx_http_v2_hpack_enc_entry_t *table;
+ ngx_http_v2_hpack_name_entry_t *name;
+
+ *header_idx = NGX_ERROR;
+ /* step 1: compute the hash value of header */
+ if (size > HPACK_ENC_MAX_ENTRY || size > h2c->max_hpack_table_size) {
+ return NGX_ERROR;
+ }
+
+ key_hash = ngx_murmur_hash2_64(key, key_len, 0x01234);
+ hash_val = ngx_murmur_hash2_64(val, val_len, key_hash);
+
+ if (hash_val == 0) {
+ return NGX_ERROR;
+ }
+
+ /* step 2: check if full header in the table */
+ idx = hash_val;
+ i = -1;
+ while (idx) {
+ /* at most 8 locations are checked, but most will be done in 1 or 2 */
+ table = &h2c->hpack_enc.htable[idx % HPACK_ENC_HTABLE_SZ];
+ if (table->hash_val == hash_val
+ && table->klen == key_len
+ && table->vlen == val_len
+ && ngx_memcmp(key, storage + table->pos, key_len) == 0
+ && ngx_memcmp(val, storage + table->pos + key_len, val_len) == 0)
+ {
+ return (h2c->hpack_enc.top - table->index) + 61;
+ }
+
+ if (table->hash_val == 0 && i == -1) {
+ i = idx % HPACK_ENC_HTABLE_SZ;
+ break;
+ }
+
+ idx >>= 8;
+ }
+
+ /* step 3: check if key is in one of the tables */
+ *header_idx = hpack_get_static_index(h2c, key, key_len);
+
+ if (i == -1) {
+ return NGX_ERROR;
+ }
+
+ if (*header_idx == NGX_ERROR) {
+ *header_idx = hpack_get_dynamic_index(h2c, key_hash, key, key_len);
+ }
+
+ /* step 4: store the new entry */
+ table = h2c->hpack_enc.htable;
+
+ if (h2c->hpack_enc.top == 0xffffffff) {
+ /* just to be on the safe side, avoid overflow */
+ ngx_memset(&h2c->hpack_enc, 0, sizeof(ngx_http_v2_hpack_enc_t));
+ }
+
+ while ((h2c->hpack_enc.size + size > h2c->max_hpack_table_size)
+ || h2c->hpack_enc.n_elems == HPACK_ENC_HTABLE_ENTRIES) {
+ /* make space for the new entry first */
+ idx = h2c->hpack_enc.base;
+ h2c->hpack_enc.base = table[idx].next;
+ h2c->hpack_enc.size -= table[idx].size;
+ table[idx].hash_val = 0;
+ h2c->hpack_enc.n_elems--;
+ }
+
+ table[i] = (ngx_http_v2_hpack_enc_entry_t){.hash_val = hash_val,
+ .index = h2c->hpack_enc.top,
+ .pos = h2c->hpack_enc.pos,
+ .klen = key_len,
+ .vlen = val_len,
+ .size = size,
+ .next = 0};
+
+ table[h2c->hpack_enc.last].next = i;
+ if (h2c->hpack_enc.n_elems == 0) {
+ h2c->hpack_enc.base = i;
+ }
+
+ h2c->hpack_enc.last = i;
+ h2c->hpack_enc.top++;
+ h2c->hpack_enc.size += size;
+ h2c->hpack_enc.n_elems++;
+
+ /* update header name lookup */
+ if (*header_idx == NGX_ERROR ) {
+ lru = h2c->hpack_enc.top;
+
+ for (i=0; i<HPACK_ENC_DYNAMIC_KEY_TBL_SZ; i++) {
+
+ name = &h2c->hpack_enc.heads[i];
+
+ if ( name->hash_val == 0 || (name->hash_val == key_hash
+ && ngx_memcmp(storage + name->pos, key, key_len) == 0) )
+ {
+ name->hash_val = key_hash;
+ name->pos = h2c->hpack_enc.pos;
+ name->index = h2c->hpack_enc.top - 1;
+ break;
+ }
+
+ if (lru > name->index) {
+ lru = name->index;
+ idx = i;
+ }
+ }
+
+ if (i == HPACK_ENC_DYNAMIC_KEY_TBL_SZ) {
+ name = &h2c->hpack_enc.heads[idx];
+ name->hash_val = hash_val;
+ name->pos = h2c->hpack_enc.pos;
+ name->index = h2c->hpack_enc.top - 1;
+ }
+ }
+
+ ngx_memcpy(storage + h2c->hpack_enc.pos, key, key_len);
+ ngx_memcpy(storage + h2c->hpack_enc.pos + key_len, val, val_len);
+
+ h2c->hpack_enc.pos += size;
+ if (h2c->hpack_enc.pos > NGX_HTTP_V2_MAX_HPACK_TABLE_SIZE) {
+ h2c->hpack_enc.pos = 0;
+ }
+
+ return NGX_OK;
+}
+
+
+u_char *
+ngx_http_v2_write_header(ngx_http_v2_connection_t *h2c, u_char *pos,
+ u_char *key, size_t key_len,
+ u_char *value, size_t value_len,
+ u_char *tmp)
+{
+ ngx_int_t idx, header_idx;
+
+ ngx_log_debug4(NGX_LOG_DEBUG_HTTP, h2c->connection->log, 0,
+ "http2 output header: %*s: %*s", key_len, key, value_len,
+ value);
+
+ /* attempt to find the value in the dynamic table */
+ idx = ngx_http_v2_table_encode_strings(h2c, key_len, value_len, key, value,
+ &header_idx);
+
+ if (idx > 0) {
+ /* positive index indicates success */
+ ngx_log_debug1(NGX_LOG_DEBUG_HTTP, h2c->connection->log, 0,
+ "http2 hpack encode: Indexed Header Field: %ud", idx);
+
+ *pos = 128;
+ pos = ngx_http_v2_write_int(pos, ngx_http_v2_prefix(7), idx);
+
+ } else {
+
+ if (header_idx == NGX_ERROR) { /* if key is not present */
+
+ if (idx == NGX_ERROR) { /* if header was not added */
+ *pos++ = 0;
+
+ ngx_log_debug0(NGX_LOG_DEBUG_HTTP, h2c->connection->log, 0,
+ "http2 hpack encode: Literal Header Field without"
+ " Indexing — New Name");
+ } else { /* if header was added */
+ *pos++ = 64;
+
+ ngx_log_debug0(NGX_LOG_DEBUG_HTTP, h2c->connection->log, 0,
+ "http2 hpack encode: Literal Header Field with "
+ "Incremental Indexing — New Name");
+ }
+
+ pos = ngx_http_v2_write_name(pos, key, key_len, tmp);
+
+ } else { /* if key is present */
+
+ if (idx == NGX_ERROR) {
+ *pos = 0;
+ pos = ngx_http_v2_write_int(pos, ngx_http_v2_prefix(4), header_idx);
+
+ ngx_log_debug1(NGX_LOG_DEBUG_HTTP, h2c->connection->log, 0,
+ "http2 hpack encode: Literal Header Field without"
+ " Indexing — Indexed Name: %ud", header_idx);
+ } else {
+ *pos = 64;
+ pos = ngx_http_v2_write_int(pos, ngx_http_v2_prefix(6), header_idx);
+
+ ngx_log_debug1(NGX_LOG_DEBUG_HTTP, h2c->connection->log, 0,
+ "http2 hpack encode: Literal Header Field with "
+ "Incremental Indexing — Indexed Name: %ud", header_idx);
+ }
+ }
+
+ pos = ngx_http_v2_write_value(pos, value, value_len, tmp);
+ }
+
+ return pos;
+}
+
+
+static ngx_int_t
+hpack_get_dynamic_index(ngx_http_v2_connection_t *h2c, uint64_t key_hash,
+ uint8_t *key, size_t key_len)
+{
+ ngx_http_v2_hpack_name_entry_t *name;
+ int i;
+
+ for (i=0; i<HPACK_ENC_DYNAMIC_KEY_TBL_SZ; i++) {
+ name = &h2c->hpack_enc.heads[i];
+
+ if (name->hash_val == key_hash
+ && ngx_memcmp(h2c->hpack_enc.storage + name->pos, key, key_len) == 0)
+ {
+ if (name->index >= h2c->hpack_enc.top - h2c->hpack_enc.n_elems) {
+ return (h2c->hpack_enc.top - name->index) + 61;
+ }
+ break;
+ }
+ }
+
+ return NGX_ERROR;
+}
+
+
+/* decide if a given header is present in the static dictionary, this could be
+ done in several ways, but it seems the fastest one is "exhaustive" search */
+static ngx_int_t
+hpack_get_static_index(ngx_http_v2_connection_t *h2c, u_char *val, size_t len)
+{
+ /* the static dictionary of response only headers,
+ although response headers can be put by origin,
+ that would be rare */
+ static const struct {
+ u_char len;
+ const u_char val[28];
+ u_char idx;
+ } server_headers[] = {
+ { 3, "age", 21},//0
+ { 3, "via", 60},
+ { 4, "date", 33},//2
+ { 4, "etag", 34},
+ { 4, "link", 45},
+ { 4, "vary", 59},
+ { 5, "allow", 22},//6
+ { 6, "server", 54},//7
+ { 7, "expires", 36},//8
+ { 7, "refresh", 52},
+ { 8, "location", 46},//10
+ {10, "set-cookie", 55},//11
+ {11, "retry-after", 53},//12
+ {12, "content-type", 31},//13
+ {13, "content-range", 30},//14
+ {13, "accept-ranges", 18},
+ {13, "cache-control", 24},
+ {13, "last-modified", 44},
+ {14, "content-length", 28},//18
+ {16, "content-encoding", 26},//19
+ {16, "content-language", 27},
+ {16, "content-location", 29},
+ {16, "www-authenticate", 61},
+ {17, "transfer-encoding", 57},//23
+ {18, "proxy-authenticate", 48},//24
+ {19, "content-disposition", 25},//25
+ {25, "strict-transport-security", 56},//26
+ {27, "access-control-allow-origin", 20},//27
+ {99, "", 99},
+ }, *header;
+
+ /* for a given length, where to start the search
+ since minimal length is 3, the table has a -3
+ offset */
+ static const int8_t start_at[] = {
+ [3-3] = 0,
+ [4-3] = 2,
+ [5-3] = 6,
+ [6-3] = 7,
+ [7-3] = 8,
+ [8-3] = 10,
+ [9-3] = -1,
+ [10-3] = 11,
+ [11-3] = 12,
+ [12-3] = 13,
+ [13-3] = 14,
+ [14-3] = 18,
+ [15-3] = -1,
+ [16-3] = 19,
+ [17-3] = 23,
+ [18-3] = 24,
+ [19-3] = 25,
+ [20-3] = -1,
+ [21-3] = -1,
+ [22-3] = -1,
+ [23-3] = -1,
+ [24-3] = -1,
+ [25-3] = 26,
+ [26-3] = -1,
+ [27-3] = 27,
+ };
+
+ uint64_t pref;
+ size_t save_len = len, i;
+ int8_t start;
+
+ /* early exit for out of bounds lengths */
+ if (len < 3 || len > 27) {
+ return NGX_ERROR;
+ }
+
+ start = start_at[len - 3];
+ if (start == -1) {
+ /* exit for non existent lengths */
+ return NGX_ERROR;
+ }
+
+ header = &server_headers[start_at[len - 3]];
+
+ /* load first 8 bytes of key, for fast comparison */
+ if (len < 8) {
+ pref = 0;
+ if (len >= 4) {
+ pref = *(uint32_t *)(val + len - 4) | 0x20202020;
+ len -= 4;
+ }
+ while (len > 0) { /* 3 iterations at most */
+ pref = (pref << 8) ^ (val[len - 1] | 0x20);
+ len--;
+ }
+ } else {
+ pref = *(uint64_t *)val | 0x2020202020202020;
+ len -= 8;
+ }
+
+ /* iterate over headers with the right length */
+ while (header->len == save_len) {
+ /* quickly compare the first 8 bytes, most tests will end here */
+ if (pref != *(uint64_t *) header->val) {
+ header++;
+ continue;
+ }
+
+ if (len == 0) {
+ /* len == 0, indicates prefix held the entire key */
+ return header->idx;
+ }
+ /* for longer keys compare the rest */
+ i = 1 + (save_len + 7) % 8; /* align so we can compare in quadwords */
+
+ while (i + 8 <= save_len) { /* 3 iterations at most */
+ if ( *(uint64_t *)&header->val[i]
+ != (*(uint64_t *) &val[i]| 0x2020202020202020) )
+ {
+ header++;
+ i = 0;
+ break;
+ }
+ i += 8;
+ }
+
+ if (i == 0) {
+ continue;
+ }
+
+ /* found the corresponding entry in the static dictionary */
+ return header->idx;
+ }
+
+ return NGX_ERROR;
+}
+
+#else
+
+u_char *
+ngx_http_v2_write_header(ngx_http_v2_connection_t *h2c, u_char *pos,
+ u_char *key, size_t key_len,
+ u_char *value, size_t value_len,
+ u_char *tmp)
+{
+ ngx_log_debug4(NGX_LOG_DEBUG_HTTP, h2c->connection->log, 0,
+ "http2 output header: %*s: %*s", key_len, key, value_len,
+ value);
+
+ *pos++ = 64;
+ pos = ngx_http_v2_write_name(pos, key, key_len, tmp);
+ pos = ngx_http_v2_write_value(pos, value, value_len, tmp);
+
+ return pos;
+}
+
+#endif
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