CredHub centralizes and secures credential generation, storage, lifecycle management, and access
Java Other
kardolus Reinstate mode as a top-level parameter
[#159641697] Generate mode should not be nested under parameters
Latest commit c7aa6f0 Aug 9, 2018

README.md

CredHub

slack.cloudfoundry.org

CredHub manages credentials like passwords, certificates, certificate authorities, ssh keys, rsa keys and arbitrary values (strings and JSON blobs). CredHub provides a CLI and API to get, set, generate and securely store such credentials.

CredHub is intended to be deployed by BOSH using the credhub-release BOSH release. This repository is for development and is not intended to be directly deployable.

Additional repos:

Contributing to CredHub

The Cloud Foundry team uses GitHub and accepts contributions via pull request.

Contributor License Agreement

Follow these steps to make a contribution to any of our open source repositories:

  1. Ensure that you have completed our CLA Agreement for individuals or corporations.

  2. Set your name and email (these should match the information on your submitted CLA)

     git config --global user.name "Firstname Lastname"
     git config --global user.email "your_email@example.com"
    

Reporting a Vulnerability

We strongly encourage people to report security vulnerabilities privately to our security team before disclosing them in a public forum.

Please note that the e-mail address below should only be used for reporting undisclosed security vulnerabilities in open source Cloud Foundry codebases and managing the process of fixing such vulnerabilities. We cannot accept regular bug reports or other security-related queries at this address.

The e-mail address to use to contact the CFF Security Team is security@cloudfoundry.org.

Our public PGP key can be obtained from a public key server such as pgp.mit.edu. Its fingerprint is: 3FC8 9AF3 940B E270 CF25 E122 9965 0006 EF9D C642. More information can be found at cloudfoundry.org/security.

General Workflow

  1. Fork the repository
  2. Create a feature branch (git checkout -b <my_new_branch>)
  3. Make changes on your branch
  4. Test your changes locally (see next section) and in a bosh-lite or other test environment.
  5. Push to your fork (git push origin <my_new_branch>) and submit a pull request

We favor pull requests with very small, single commits with a single purpose. Your pull request is much more likely to be accepted if it is small and focused with a clear message that conveys the intent of your change.

Development Configuration

Launching in production directly using the bootRun target is unsafe, as you will launch with a dev profile, which has checked-in secret keys in application-dev.yml.

Generally

Configuration for the server is spread across the application*.yml files.

  • Configuration shared by all environments (dev, test, or BOSH-deployed) is in application.yml.
  • Development-specific configuration is in application-dev.yml. This includes:
    • A UAA URL intended for development use only,
    • A JWT public verification key for use with that UAA, and
    • two dev-keys intended for development use only.
  • Per-database configuration is placed in application-dev-h2.yml,application-dev-mysql.yml, and application-dev-postgres.yml. For convenience, these per-database profiles include the dev profile.

By default, CredHub launches with the dev-h2 and dev profiles enabled.

Oracle JDK vs OpenJDK

CredHub relies on the JDK to have uncrippled cryptographic capability -- in the Oracle JDK, this requires the slightly deceptively named "Unlimited Strength Jurisdiction Policy".

By default, OpenJDK ships with "Unlimited Strength". Our credhub-release uses OpenJDK, and so inherits the full-strength capability.

But the Oracle JDK is often installed on workstations and does not have the Unlimited Strength policy.

How can I tell?

If you see an error like java.security.InvalidKeyException: Illegal key size, you probably haven't installed the additional policy for the Oracle JDK. CredHub is trying to use 256-bit keys, but is being blocked by the default policy.

Resolving

Oracle makes the Unlimited Strength policy available for separate download here.

Assuming you are on OS X, you can then run:

unzip ~/Downloads/jce_policy-8.zip -d /tmp
sudo cp /tmp/UnlimitedJCEPolicyJDK8/*.jar "$(/usr/libexec/java_home)/jre/lib/security/"

You will need to restart CredHub locally for changes to take effect.

UAA and the JWT public signing key

CredHub requires a UAA server to manage authentication.

In application-dev.yml there are two relevant settings:

  1. auth-server.url. This needs to point to a running UAA server (remote or BOSH-lite, it's up to you).
  2. security.oauth2.resource.jwt.key-value. This is the public verification key, corresponding to a private JWT signing key held by your UAA server.

For convenience, the CredHub team runs a public UAA whose IP is in the default application-dev.yml manifest. The password grant values are credhub/password and the client credentials grant value are credhub_client/secret. This public UAA is for local development usage only! You will need to skip SSL validation in order to use it.

Running CredHub with local UAA

In order to run CredHub against a UAA running on your local machine, do the following:

  1. Start a UAA with Docker: docker run -d --mount type=bind,source=$PWD/config/uaa.yml,target=/uaa/uaa.yml -p 127.0.0.1:8080:8080 pcfseceng/uaa:latest
  2. Start CredHub server pointing at the local UAA: ./start_server.sh -Dspring.profiles.active=dev,dev-h2,dev-local-uaa

Starting the server with different databases

H2 (the default)

H2 datasource configuration is in application-dev-h2.yml.

./start_server.sh
PostgreSQL

Postgres datasource configuration is in application-dev-postgres.yml.

Before development, you'll need to create the target database.

createdb credhub_dev

Then to run in development mode with Postgres

./start_server.sh -Dspring.profiles.active=dev,dev-postgres
MariaDB

MariaDB datasource configuration is in application-dev-mysql.yml.

Log into your MariaDB server and create databases credhub_dev and credhub_test with privileges granted to root.

mysql -u root
create database credhub_test;
create database credhub_dev;

If you're on a Mac using Homebrew and you run into a problem where you install MariaDB and it isn't running (i.e., mysql -u root errors with a socket error), you may need to uninstall mysql, delete the /usr/local/var/mysql directory (Warning: this will delete all local mysql & mariadb data!), and then reinstall mariadb.

Then to run in development mode with MariaDB:

./start_server.sh -Dspring.profiles.active=dev,dev-mysql

Running tests with different databases

Testing with different databases requires you to set a system property with the profile corresponding to your desired database. For example, to test with H2, you'll need to run the tests with the -Dspring.profiles.active=unit-test-h2 profile.

During development, it is helpful to set up different IntelliJ testing profiles that use the following VM Options:

  • -ea -Dspring.profiles.active=unit-test-h2 for testing with H2
  • -ea -Dspring.profiles.active=unit-test-mysql for testing with MariaDB
  • -ea -Dspring.profiles.active=unit-test-postgres for testing with Postgres

Testing with the CLI and Acceptance Tests

Using the CLI locally

After having pulled the credhub-cli repo, run make, and then run the following command to target your locally running CredHub instance:

build/credhub login -s https://localhost:9000 -u credhub -p password --skip-tls-validation

Running the Acceptance Tests

First, be sure to pull and compile the credhub-cli, as described above.

Make sure your development server is running. When it starts up for the first time, it will create a server CA and server certificate for SSL, as well as a trusted client CA for testing mutual TLS authentication. These will be located in src/test/resources relative to the credhub repository.

Pull credhub-acceptance-tests and run:

CREDENTIAL_ROOT=/path/to/credhub/repo/plus/src/test/resources ./run_tests.sh

Assuming it works, that will generate some test client certificates for testing mutual TLS (in certs/ in the acceptance test directory) and run the acceptance test suite against your locally running credhub server.

Setting up FindBugs in Intellij

  1. Goto Preferences -> Plugins
  2. Search for and install FindBugs
  3. Goto Preferences -> Other Settings -> FindBugs-IDEA
  4. Click on import button and import config/findbugs/findbugs-idea.xml
  5. Click + under Plugins and select Find Security Bugs
  6. Click on filters
  7. Click + under Exclude filter files and select config/findbugs/findbugs-filter.xml