Kube-router is a turnkey solution for Kubernetes networking with aim to provide operational simplicity and high performance.
kube-router does it all.
With all features enabled, kube-router is a lean yet powerful alternative to several network components used in typical Kubernetes clusters. All this from a single DaemonSet/Binary. It doesn't get any easier.
IPVS/LVS based service proxy |
kube-router uses the Linux kernel's LVS/IPVS features to implement its K8s Services Proxy. Kube-router fully leverages power off LVS/IPVS to provide rich set of scheduling options and unique features like DSR (Direct Server Return), L3 load balancing with ECMP for deployments where high throughput, minimal latency and high-availability are crucial.
Read more about the advantages of IPVS for container load balancing:
- Kubernetes network services proxy with IPVS/LVS
- Highly-available and scalable ingress for baremetal Kubernetes clusters
Pod Networking |
kube-router handles Pod networking efficiently with direct routing thanks to the BGP protocol and the GoBGP Go library. It uses the native Kubernetes API to maintain distributed pod networking state. That means no dependency on a separate datastore to maintain in your cluster.
kube-router's elegant design also means there is no dependency on another CNI plugin. The official "bridge" plugin provided by the CNI project is all you need -- and chances are you already have it in your CNI binary directory!
Read more about the advantages and potential of BGP with Kubernetes:
Network Policy Controller |
Enabling Kubernetes Network Policies is easy with kube-router -- just add a flag to kube-router. It uses ipsets with iptables to ensure your firewall rules have as little performance impact on your cluster as possible.
Kube-router supports the networking.k8s.io/NetworkPolicy API or network policy V1/GA semantics and also network policy beta semantics.
Read more about kube-router's approach to Kubernetes Network Policies:
Advanced BGP Capabilities
If you have other networking devices or SDN systems that talk BGP, kube-router will fit in perfectly. From a simple full node-to-node mesh to per-node peering configurations, most routing needs can be attained. The configuration is Kubernetes native (annotations) just like the rest of kube-router, so use the tools you already know! Since kube-router uses GoBGP, you have access to a modern BGP API platform as well right out of the box. Kube-router also provides a way to expose services outside the cluster by advertising ClusterIP and externalIPs to configured BGP peers. Kube-routes also support MD5 password based authentication and uses strict export policies so you can be assured routes are advertised to underlay only as you intended.
For more details please refer to the BGP documentation.
Standard Linux Networking
A key design tenet of Kube-router is to use standard Linux networking stack and toolset. There is no overlays or SDN pixie dust, but just plain good old networking. You can use standard Linux networking tools like iptables, ipvsadm, ipset, iproute, traceroute, tcpdump etc. to troubleshoot or observe data path. When kube-router is ran as a daemonset, image also ships with these tools automatically configured for your cluster.
Although it does the work of several of its peers in one binary, kube-router does it all with a relatively tiny codebase, partly because IPVS is already there on your Kuberneres nodes waiting to help you do amazing things. kube-router brings that and GoBGP's modern BGP interface to you in an elegant package designed from the ground up for Kubernetes.
A primary motivation for kube-router is performance. The combination of BGP for inter-node Pod networking and IPVS for load balanced proxy Services is a perfect recipe for high-performance cluster networking at scale. BGP ensures that the data path is dynamic and efficient, and IPVS provides in-kernel load balancing that has been thouroughly tested and optimized.
Kube-router is being used in several production clusters by diverse set of users ranging from financial firms, gaming companies to universities. For almost a year we have listened to users and incorporated feedback. The core functionality is stable. We are working toward GA release.
We encourage all kinds of contributions, be they documentation, code, fixing typos, tests — anything at all. Please read the contribution guide.
Support & Feedback
Kube-router build upon following libraries:
- Iptables: https://github.com/coreos/go-iptables
- GoBGP: https://github.com/osrg/gobgp
- Netlink: https://github.com/vishvananda/netlink
- Ipset: https://github.com/janeczku/go-ipset
- IPVS: https://github.com/docker/libnetwork/
E2E Tests sponsored by DigitalOcean
Testing and development by ShopGun