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# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
import unittest, test.test_support
from test.script_helper import assert_python_ok, assert_python_failure
import sys, os, cStringIO
import struct
import operator
class SysModuleTest(unittest.TestCase):
def tearDown(self):
def test_original_displayhook(self):
import __builtin__
savestdout = sys.stdout
out = cStringIO.StringIO()
sys.stdout = out
dh = sys.__displayhook__
self.assertRaises(TypeError, dh)
if hasattr(__builtin__, "_"):
del __builtin__._
self.assertEqual(out.getvalue(), "")
self.assertTrue(not hasattr(__builtin__, "_"))
self.assertEqual(out.getvalue(), "42\n")
self.assertEqual(__builtin__._, 42)
del sys.stdout
self.assertRaises(RuntimeError, dh, 42)
sys.stdout = savestdout
def test_lost_displayhook(self):
olddisplayhook = sys.displayhook
del sys.displayhook
code = compile("42", "<string>", "single")
self.assertRaises(RuntimeError, eval, code)
sys.displayhook = olddisplayhook
def test_custom_displayhook(self):
olddisplayhook = sys.displayhook
def baddisplayhook(obj):
raise ValueError
sys.displayhook = baddisplayhook
code = compile("42", "<string>", "single")
self.assertRaises(ValueError, eval, code)
sys.displayhook = olddisplayhook
def test_original_excepthook(self):
savestderr = sys.stderr
err = cStringIO.StringIO()
sys.stderr = err
eh = sys.__excepthook__
self.assertRaises(TypeError, eh)
raise ValueError(42)
except ValueError, exc:
sys.stderr = savestderr
self.assertTrue(err.getvalue().endswith("ValueError: 42\n"))
# FIXME: testing the code for a lost or replaced excepthook in
# Python/pythonrun.c::PyErr_PrintEx() is tricky.
def test_exc_clear(self):
self.assertRaises(TypeError, sys.exc_clear, 42)
# Verify that exc_info is present and matches exc, then clear it, and
# check that it worked.
def clear_check(exc):
typ, value, traceback = sys.exc_info()
self.assertTrue(typ is not None)
self.assertTrue(value is exc)
self.assertTrue(traceback is not None)
with test.test_support.check_py3k_warnings():
typ, value, traceback = sys.exc_info()
self.assertTrue(typ is None)
self.assertTrue(value is None)
self.assertTrue(traceback is None)
def clear():
raise ValueError, 42
except ValueError, exc:
# Raise an exception and check that it can be cleared
# Verify that a frame currently handling an exception is
# unaffected by calling exc_clear in a nested frame.
raise ValueError, 13
except ValueError, exc:
typ1, value1, traceback1 = sys.exc_info()
typ2, value2, traceback2 = sys.exc_info()
self.assertTrue(typ1 is typ2)
self.assertTrue(value1 is exc)
self.assertTrue(value1 is value2)
self.assertTrue(traceback1 is traceback2)
# Check that an exception can be cleared outside of an except block
def test_exit(self):
# call with two arguments
self.assertRaises(TypeError, sys.exit, 42, 42)
# call without argument
with self.assertRaises(SystemExit) as cm:
rc, out, err = assert_python_ok('-c', 'import sys; sys.exit()')
self.assertEqual(rc, 0)
self.assertEqual(out, b'')
self.assertEqual(err, b'')
# call with integer argument
with self.assertRaises(SystemExit) as cm:
self.assertEqual(cm.exception.code, 42)
# call with tuple argument with one entry
# entry will be unpacked
with self.assertRaises(SystemExit) as cm:
self.assertEqual(cm.exception.code, 42)
# call with string argument
with self.assertRaises(SystemExit) as cm:
self.assertEqual(cm.exception.code, "exit")
# call with tuple argument with two entries
with self.assertRaises(SystemExit) as cm:
sys.exit((17, 23))
self.assertEqual(cm.exception.code, (17, 23))
# test that the exit machinery handles SystemExits properly
# both unnormalized...
rc, out, err = assert_python_failure('-c', 'raise SystemExit, 46')
self.assertEqual(rc, 46)
self.assertEqual(out, b'')
self.assertEqual(err, b'')
# ... and normalized
rc, out, err = assert_python_failure('-c', 'raise SystemExit(47)')
self.assertEqual(rc, 47)
self.assertEqual(out, b'')
self.assertEqual(err, b'')
def check_exit_message(code, expected, **env_vars):
rc, out, err = assert_python_failure('-c', code, **env_vars)
self.assertEqual(rc, 1)
self.assertEqual(out, b'')
"%s doesn't start with %s" % (repr(err), repr(expected)))
# test that stderr buffer is flushed before the exit message is written
# into stderr
r'import sys; sys.stderr.write("unflushed,"); sys.exit("message")',
# test that the unicode message is encoded to the stderr encoding
r'import sys; sys.exit(u"h\xe9")',
b"h\xe9", PYTHONIOENCODING='latin-1')
def test_getdefaultencoding(self):
if test.test_support.have_unicode:
self.assertRaises(TypeError, sys.getdefaultencoding, 42)
# can't check more than the type, as the user might have changed it
self.assertIsInstance(sys.getdefaultencoding(), str)
# testing sys.settrace() is done in
# testing sys.setprofile() is done in
def test_setcheckinterval(self):
self.assertRaises(TypeError, sys.setcheckinterval)
orig = sys.getcheckinterval()
for n in 0, 100, 120, orig: # orig last to restore starting state
self.assertEqual(sys.getcheckinterval(), n)
def test_recursionlimit(self):
self.assertRaises(TypeError, sys.getrecursionlimit, 42)
oldlimit = sys.getrecursionlimit()
self.assertRaises(TypeError, sys.setrecursionlimit)
self.assertRaises(ValueError, sys.setrecursionlimit, -42)
self.assertEqual(sys.getrecursionlimit(), 10000)
self.assertRaises(OverflowError, sys.setrecursionlimit, 1 << 31)
sys.setrecursionlimit((1 << 31) - 5)
# issue13546: isinstance(e, ValueError) used to fail
# when the recursion limit is close to 1<<31
raise ValueError()
except ValueError, e:
def test_getwindowsversion(self):
# Raise SkipTest if sys doesn't have getwindowsversion attribute
test.test_support.get_attribute(sys, "getwindowsversion")
v = sys.getwindowsversion()
self.assertEqual(len(v), 5)
self.assertIsInstance(v[0], int)
self.assertIsInstance(v[1], int)
self.assertIsInstance(v[2], int)
self.assertIsInstance(v[3], int)
self.assertIsInstance(v[4], str)
self.assertRaises(IndexError, operator.getitem, v, 5)
self.assertIsInstance(v.major, int)
self.assertIsInstance(v.minor, int)
self.assertIsInstance(, int)
self.assertIsInstance(v.platform, int)
self.assertIsInstance(v.service_pack, str)
self.assertIsInstance(v.service_pack_minor, int)
self.assertIsInstance(v.service_pack_major, int)
self.assertIsInstance(v.suite_mask, int)
self.assertIsInstance(v.product_type, int)
self.assertEqual(v[0], v.major)
self.assertEqual(v[1], v.minor)
self.assertEqual(v[3], v.platform)
self.assertEqual(v[4], v.service_pack)
# This is how calls it. Make sure tuple
# still has 5 elements
maj, min, buildno, plat, csd = sys.getwindowsversion()
@unittest.skipUnless(hasattr(sys, "setdlopenflags"),
'test needs sys.setdlopenflags()')
def test_dlopenflags(self):
self.assertTrue(hasattr(sys, "getdlopenflags"))
self.assertRaises(TypeError, sys.getdlopenflags, 42)
oldflags = sys.getdlopenflags()
self.assertRaises(TypeError, sys.setdlopenflags)
self.assertEqual(sys.getdlopenflags(), oldflags+1)
@test.test_support.impl_detail("reference counting")
def test_refcount(self):
# n here must be a global in order for this test to pass while
# tracing with a python function. Tracing calls PyFrame_FastToLocals
# which will add a copy of any locals to the frame object, causing
# the reference count to increase by 2 instead of 1.
global n
self.assertRaises(TypeError, sys.getrefcount)
c = sys.getrefcount(None)
n = None
self.assertEqual(sys.getrefcount(None), c+1)
del n
self.assertEqual(sys.getrefcount(None), c)
if hasattr(sys, "gettotalrefcount"):
self.assertIsInstance(sys.gettotalrefcount(), int)
def test_getframe(self):
self.assertRaises(TypeError, sys._getframe, 42, 42)
self.assertRaises(ValueError, sys._getframe, 2000000000)
SysModuleTest.test_getframe.im_func.func_code \
is sys._getframe().f_code
def test_current_frames(self):
have_threads = True
import thread
except ImportError:
have_threads = False
if have_threads:
# Test sys._current_frames() in a WITH_THREADS build.
def current_frames_with_threads(self):
import threading, thread
import traceback
# Spawn a thread that blocks at a known place. Then the main
# thread does sys._current_frames(), and verifies that the frames
# returned make sense.
entered_g = threading.Event()
leave_g = threading.Event()
thread_info = [] # the thread's id
def f123():
def g456():
t = threading.Thread(target=f123)
# At this point, t has finished its entered_g.set(), although it's
# impossible to guess whether it's still on that line or has moved on
# to its leave_g.wait().
self.assertEqual(len(thread_info), 1)
thread_id = thread_info[0]
d = sys._current_frames()
main_id = thread.get_ident()
self.assertIn(main_id, d)
self.assertIn(thread_id, d)
# Verify that the captured main-thread frame is _this_ frame.
frame = d.pop(main_id)
self.assertTrue(frame is sys._getframe())
# Verify that the captured thread frame is blocked in g456, called
# from f123. This is a litte tricky, since various bits of
# are also in the thread's call stack.
frame = d.pop(thread_id)
stack = traceback.extract_stack(frame)
for i, (filename, lineno, funcname, sourceline) in enumerate(stack):
if funcname == "f123":
else:"didn't find f123() on thread's call stack")
self.assertEqual(sourceline, "g456()")
# And the next record must be for g456().
filename, lineno, funcname, sourceline = stack[i+1]
self.assertEqual(funcname, "g456")
self.assertIn(sourceline, ["leave_g.wait()", "entered_g.set()"])
# Reap the spawned thread.
# Test sys._current_frames() when thread support doesn't exist.
def current_frames_without_threads(self):
# Not much happens here: there is only one thread, with artificial
# "thread id" 0.
d = sys._current_frames()
self.assertEqual(len(d), 1)
self.assertIn(0, d)
self.assertTrue(d[0] is sys._getframe())
def test_attributes(self):
self.assertIsInstance(sys.api_version, int)
self.assertIsInstance(sys.argv, list)
self.assertIn(sys.byteorder, ("little", "big"))
self.assertIsInstance(sys.builtin_module_names, tuple)
self.assertIsInstance(sys.copyright, basestring)
self.assertIsInstance(sys.exec_prefix, basestring)
self.assertIsInstance(sys.executable, basestring)
self.assertEqual(len(sys.float_info), 11)
self.assertEqual(sys.float_info.radix, 2)
self.assertEqual(len(sys.long_info), 2)
if test.test_support.check_impl_detail(cpython=True):
self.assertTrue(sys.long_info.bits_per_digit % 5 == 0)
self.assertTrue(sys.long_info.bits_per_digit >= 1)
self.assertTrue(sys.long_info.sizeof_digit >= 1)
self.assertEqual(type(sys.long_info.bits_per_digit), int)
self.assertEqual(type(sys.long_info.sizeof_digit), int)
self.assertIsInstance(sys.hexversion, int)
self.assertIsInstance(sys.maxint, int)
if test.test_support.have_unicode:
self.assertIsInstance(sys.maxunicode, int)
self.assertIsInstance(sys.platform, basestring)
self.assertIsInstance(sys.prefix, basestring)
self.assertIsInstance(sys.version, basestring)
vi = sys.version_info
self.assertIsInstance(vi[:], tuple)
self.assertEqual(len(vi), 5)
self.assertIsInstance(vi[0], int)
self.assertIsInstance(vi[1], int)
self.assertIsInstance(vi[2], int)
self.assertIn(vi[3], ("alpha", "beta", "candidate", "final"))
self.assertIsInstance(vi[4], int)
self.assertIsInstance(vi.major, int)
self.assertIsInstance(vi.minor, int)
self.assertIsInstance(vi.micro, int)
self.assertIn(vi.releaselevel, ("alpha", "beta", "candidate", "final"))
self.assertIsInstance(vi.serial, int)
self.assertEqual(vi[0], vi.major)
self.assertEqual(vi[1], vi.minor)
self.assertEqual(vi[2], vi.micro)
self.assertEqual(vi[3], vi.releaselevel)
self.assertEqual(vi[4], vi.serial)
self.assertTrue(vi > (1,0,0))
self.assertIsInstance(sys.float_repr_style, str)
self.assertIn(sys.float_repr_style, ('short', 'legacy'))
def test_43581(self):
# Can't use sys.stdout, as this is a cStringIO object when
# the test runs under regrtest.
self.assertTrue(sys.__stdout__.encoding == sys.__stderr__.encoding)
def test_sys_flags(self):
attrs = ("debug", "py3k_warning", "division_warning", "division_new",
"inspect", "interactive", "optimize", "dont_write_bytecode",
"no_site", "ignore_environment", "tabcheck", "verbose",
"unicode", "bytes_warning", "hash_randomization")
for attr in attrs:
self.assertTrue(hasattr(sys.flags, attr), attr)
self.assertEqual(type(getattr(sys.flags, attr)), int, attr)
def test_clear_type_cache(self):
def test_ioencoding(self):
import subprocess
env = dict(os.environ)
# Test character: cent sign, encoded as 0x4A (ASCII J) in CP424,
# not representable in ASCII.
env["PYTHONIOENCODING"] = "cp424"
p = subprocess.Popen([sys.executable, "-c", 'print unichr(0xa2)'],
stdout = subprocess.PIPE, env=env)
out = p.communicate()[0].strip()
self.assertEqual(out, unichr(0xa2).encode("cp424"))
env["PYTHONIOENCODING"] = "ascii:replace"
p = subprocess.Popen([sys.executable, "-c", 'print unichr(0xa2)'],
stdout = subprocess.PIPE, env=env)
out = p.communicate()[0].strip()
self.assertEqual(out, '?')
def test_call_tracing(self):
self.assertEqual(sys.call_tracing(str, (2,)), "2")
self.assertRaises(TypeError, sys.call_tracing, str, 2)
def test_executable(self):
# sys.executable should be absolute
self.assertEqual(os.path.abspath(sys.executable), sys.executable)
# Issue #7774: Ensure that sys.executable is an empty string if argv[0]
# has been set to an non existent program name and Python is unable to
# retrieve the real program name
import subprocess
# For a normal installation, it should work without 'cwd'
# argument. For test runs in the build directory, see #7774.
python_dir = os.path.dirname(os.path.realpath(sys.executable))
p = subprocess.Popen(
["nonexistent", "-c", 'import sys; print repr(sys.executable)'],
executable=sys.executable, stdout=subprocess.PIPE, cwd=python_dir)
executable = p.communicate()[0].strip()
self.assertIn(executable, ["''", repr(sys.executable)])
class SizeofTest(unittest.TestCase):
def setUp(self):
self.P = struct.calcsize('P')
self.longdigit = sys.long_info.sizeof_digit
import _testcapi
self.gc_headsize = _testcapi.SIZEOF_PYGC_HEAD
self.file = open(test.test_support.TESTFN, 'wb')
def tearDown(self):
check_sizeof = test.test_support.check_sizeof
def test_gc_head_size(self):
# Check that the gc header size is added to objects tracked by the gc.
size = test.test_support.calcobjsize
gc_header_size = self.gc_headsize
# bool objects are not gc tracked
self.assertEqual(sys.getsizeof(True), size('l'))
# but lists are
self.assertEqual(sys.getsizeof([]), size('P PP') + gc_header_size)
def test_errors(self):
class BadSizeof(object):
def __sizeof__(self):
raise ValueError
self.assertRaises(ValueError, sys.getsizeof, BadSizeof())
class InvalidSizeof(object):
def __sizeof__(self):
return None
self.assertRaises(TypeError, sys.getsizeof, InvalidSizeof())
sentinel = ["sentinel"]
self.assertIs(sys.getsizeof(InvalidSizeof(), sentinel), sentinel)
class OverflowSizeof(long):
def __sizeof__(self):
return int(self)
sys.maxsize + self.gc_headsize)
with self.assertRaises(OverflowError):
sys.getsizeof(OverflowSizeof(sys.maxsize + 1))
with self.assertRaises(ValueError):
with self.assertRaises((ValueError, OverflowError)):
sys.getsizeof(OverflowSizeof(-sys.maxsize - 1))
def test_default(self):
size = test.test_support.calcobjsize
self.assertEqual(sys.getsizeof(True, -1), size('l'))
def test_objecttypes(self):
# check all types defined in Objects/
size = test.test_support.calcobjsize
vsize = test.test_support.calcvobjsize
check = self.check_sizeof
# bool
check(True, size('l'))
# buffer
with test.test_support.check_py3k_warnings():
check(buffer(''), size('2P2Pil'))
# builtin_function_or_method
check(len, size('3P'))
# bytearray
samples = ['', 'u'*100000]
for sample in samples:
x = bytearray(sample)
check(x, vsize('iPP') + x.__alloc__())
# bytearray_iterator
check(iter(bytearray()), size('PP'))
# cell
def get_cell():
x = 42
def inner():
return x
return inner
check(get_cell().func_closure[0], size('P'))
# classobj (old-style class)
class class_oldstyle():
def method():
check(class_oldstyle, size('7P'))
# instance (old-style class)
check(class_oldstyle(), size('3P'))
# instancemethod (old-style class)
check(class_oldstyle().method, size('4P'))
# complex
check(complex(0,1), size('2d'))
# code
check(get_cell().func_code, size('4i8Pi3P'))
# BaseException
check(BaseException(), size('3P'))
# UnicodeEncodeError
check(UnicodeEncodeError("", u"", 0, 0, ""), size('5P2PP'))
# UnicodeDecodeError
check(UnicodeDecodeError("", "", 0, 0, ""), size('5P2PP'))
# UnicodeTranslateError
check(UnicodeTranslateError(u"", 0, 1, ""), size('5P2PP'))
# method_descriptor (descriptor object)
check(str.lower, size('2PP'))
# classmethod_descriptor (descriptor object)
# member_descriptor (descriptor object)
import datetime
check(datetime.timedelta.days, size('2PP'))
# getset_descriptor (descriptor object)
import __builtin__
check(__builtin__.file.closed, size('2PP'))
# wrapper_descriptor (descriptor object)
check(int.__add__, size('2P2P'))
# dictproxy
class C(object): pass
check(C.__dict__, size('P'))
# method-wrapper (descriptor object)
check({}.__iter__, size('2P'))
# dict
check({}, size('3P2P' + 8*'P2P'))
x = {1:1, 2:2, 3:3, 4:4, 5:5, 6:6, 7:7, 8:8}
check(x, size('3P2P' + 8*'P2P') + 16*struct.calcsize('P2P'))
# dictionary-keyiterator
check({}.iterkeys(), size('P2PPP'))
# dictionary-valueiterator
check({}.itervalues(), size('P2PPP'))
# dictionary-itemiterator
check({}.iteritems(), size('P2PPP'))
# ellipses
check(Ellipsis, size(''))
# EncodingMap
import codecs, encodings.iso8859_3
x = codecs.charmap_build(encodings.iso8859_3.decoding_table)
check(x, size('32B2iB'))
# enumerate
check(enumerate([]), size('l3P'))
# file
check(self.file, size('4P2i4P3i3P3i'))
# float
check(float(0), size('d'))
# sys.floatinfo
check(sys.float_info, vsize('') + self.P * len(sys.float_info))
# frame
import inspect
x = inspect.currentframe()
ncells = len(x.f_code.co_cellvars)
nfrees = len(x.f_code.co_freevars)
extras = x.f_code.co_stacksize + x.f_code.co_nlocals +\
ncells + nfrees - 1
check(x, vsize('12P3i' + CO_MAXBLOCKS*'3i' + 'P' + extras*'P'))
# function
def func(): pass
check(func, size('9P'))
class c():
def foo():
def bar(cls):
# staticmethod
check(foo, size('P'))
# classmethod
check(bar, size('P'))
# generator
def get_gen(): yield 1
check(get_gen(), size('Pi2P'))
# integer
check(1, size('l'))
check(100, size('l'))
# iterator
check(iter('abc'), size('lP'))
# callable-iterator
import re
check(re.finditer('',''), size('2P'))
# list
samples = [[], [1,2,3], ['1', '2', '3']]
for sample in samples:
check(sample, vsize('PP') + len(sample)*self.P)
# sortwrapper (list)
# cmpwrapper (list)
# listiterator (list)
check(iter([]), size('lP'))
# listreverseiterator (list)
check(reversed([]), size('lP'))
# long
check(0L, vsize(''))
check(1L, vsize('') + self.longdigit)
check(-1L, vsize('') + self.longdigit)
PyLong_BASE = 2**sys.long_info.bits_per_digit
check(long(PyLong_BASE), vsize('') + 2*self.longdigit)
check(long(PyLong_BASE**2-1), vsize('') + 2*self.longdigit)
check(long(PyLong_BASE**2), vsize('') + 3*self.longdigit)
# module
check(unittest, size('P'))
# None
check(None, size(''))
# object
check(object(), size(''))
# property (descriptor object)
class C(object):
def getx(self): return self.__x
def setx(self, value): self.__x = value
def delx(self): del self.__x
x = property(getx, setx, delx, "")
check(x, size('4Pi'))
# PyCObject
# PyCapsule
# rangeiterator
check(iter(xrange(1)), size('4l'))
# reverse
check(reversed(''), size('PP'))
# set
# frozenset
samples = [[], range(10), range(50)]
s = size('3P2P' + PySet_MINSIZE*'lP' + 'lP')
for sample in samples:
minused = len(sample)
if minused == 0: tmp = 1
# the computation of minused is actually a bit more complicated
# but this suffices for the sizeof test
minused = minused*2
newsize = PySet_MINSIZE
while newsize <= minused:
newsize = newsize << 1
if newsize <= 8:
check(set(sample), s)
check(frozenset(sample), s)
check(set(sample), s + newsize*struct.calcsize('lP'))
check(frozenset(sample), s + newsize*struct.calcsize('lP'))
# setiterator
check(iter(set()), size('P3P'))
# slice
check(slice(1), size('3P'))
# str
vh = test.test_support._vheader
check('', struct.calcsize(vh + 'lic'))
check('abc', struct.calcsize(vh + 'lic') + 3)
# super
check(super(int), size('3P'))
# tuple
check((), vsize(''))
check((1,2,3), vsize('') + 3*self.P)
# tupleiterator
check(iter(()), size('lP'))
# type
# (PyTypeObject + PyNumberMethods + PyMappingMethods +
# PySequenceMethods + PyBufferProcs)
s = vsize('P2P15Pl4PP9PP11PI') + struct.calcsize('41P 10P 3P 6P')
class newstyleclass(object):
check(newstyleclass, s)
# builtin type
check(int, s)
# NotImplementedType
import types
check(types.NotImplementedType, s)
# unicode
usize = len(u'\0'.encode('unicode-internal'))
samples = [u'', u'1'*100]
# we need to test for both sizes, because we don't know if the string
# has been cached
for s in samples:
check(s, size('PPlP') + usize * (len(s) + 1))
# weakref
import weakref
check(weakref.ref(int), size('2Pl2P'))
# weakproxy
# weakcallableproxy
check(weakref.proxy(int), size('2Pl2P'))
# xrange
check(xrange(1), size('3l'))
check(xrange(66000), size('3l'))
def test_pythontypes(self):
# check all types defined in Python/
size = test.test_support.calcobjsize
vsize = test.test_support.calcvobjsize
check = self.check_sizeof
# _ast.AST
import _ast
check(_ast.AST(), size(''))
# imp.NullImporter
import imp
check(imp.NullImporter(, size(''))
raise TypeError
except TypeError:
tb = sys.exc_info()[2]
# traceback
if tb != None:
check(tb, size('2P2i'))
# symtable entry
# sys.flags
check(sys.flags, vsize('') + self.P * len(sys.flags))
def test_main():
test_classes = (SysModuleTest, SizeofTest)
if __name__ == "__main__":
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