AWS S3 Client Package
aws.s3 is a simple client package for the Amazon Web Services (AWS) Simple Storage Service (S3) REST API. While other packages currently connect R to S3, they do so incompletely (mapping only some of the API endpoints to R) and most implementations rely on the AWS command-line tools, which users may not have installed on their system.
To use the package, you will need an AWS account and to enter your credentials into R. Your keypair can be generated on the IAM Management Console under the heading Access Keys. Note that you only have access to your secret key once. After it is generated, you need to save it in a secure location. New keypairs can be generated at any time if yours has been lost, stolen, or forgotten. The aws.iam package profiles tools for working with IAM, including creating roles, users, groups, and credentials programmatically; it is not needed to use IAM credentials.
A detailed description of how credentials can be specified is provided at: https://github.com/cloudyr/aws.signature/. The easiest way is to simply set environment variables on the command line prior to starting R or via an
.Renviron file, which are used to set environment variables in R during startup (see
? Startup). They can be also set within R:
Sys.setenv("AWS_ACCESS_KEY_ID" = "mykey", "AWS_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY" = "mysecretkey", "AWS_DEFAULT_REGION" = "us-east-1", "AWS_SESSION_TOKEN" = "mytoken")
- To use the package with S3-compatible storage provided by other cloud platforms, set the
AWS_S3_ENDPOINTenvironment variable to the appropriate host name. By default, the package uses the AWS endpoint:
s3.amazonaws.com. Note that you may have to set
region=""in the request as well if the back-end uses only a single server with no concept of regions.
- To use the package from an EC2 instance, you would need to install
aws.ec2metadata. This way, credential will be obtained from the machine's role.
The package can be used to examine publicly accessible S3 buckets and publicly accessible S3 objects without registering an AWS account. If credentials have been generated in the AWS console and made available in R, you can find your available buckets using:
If your credentials are incorrect, this function will return an error. Otherwise, it will return a list of information about the buckets you have access to.
To get a listing of all objects in a public bucket, simply call
get_bucket(bucket = '1000genomes')
Amazon maintains a listing of Public Data Sets on S3.
To get a listing for all objects in a private bucket, pass your AWS key and secret in as parameters. (As described above, all functions in aws.s3 will look for your keys as environment variables by default, greatly simplifying the process of making an s3 request.)
# specify keys in-line get_bucket( bucket = 'my_bucket', key = YOUR_AWS_ACCESS_KEY, secret = YOUR_AWS_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY ) # specify keys as environment variables Sys.setenv("AWS_ACCESS_KEY_ID" = "mykey", "AWS_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY" = "mysecretkey") get_bucket("my_bucket")
S3 can be a bit picky about region specifications.
bucketlist() will return buckets from all regions, but all other functions require specifying a region. A default of
"us-east-1" is relied upon if none is specified explicitly and the correct region can't be detected automatically. (Note: using an incorrect region is one of the most common - and hardest to figure out - errors when working with S3.)
This package contains many functions. The following are those that will be useful for working with objects in S3:
bucketlist()provides the data frames of buckets to which the user has access.
get_bucket_df()provide a list and data frame, respectively, of objects in a given bucket.
object_exists()provides a logical for whether an object exists.
bucket_exists()provides the same for buckets.
s3read_using()provides a generic interface for reading from S3 objects using a user-defined function.
s3write_using()provides a generic interface for writing to S3 objects using a user-defined function
get_object()returns a raw vector representation of an S3 object. This might then be parsed in a number of ways, such as
jsonlite::fromJSON(), and so forth depending on the file format of the object.
save_object()saves an S3 object to a specified local file without reading it into memory.
s3connection()provides a binary readable connection to stream an S3 object into R. This can be useful for reading for very large files.
get_object()also allows reading of byte ranges of functions (see the documentation for examples).
put_object()stores a local file into an S3 bucket. The
multipart = TRUEargument can be used to upload large files in pieces.
s3save()saves one or more in-memory R objects to an .Rdata file in S3 (analogously to
s3saveRDS()is an analogue for
s3load()loads one or more objects into memory from an .Rdata file stored in S3 (analogously to
s3readRDS()is an analogue for
s3source()sources an R script directly from S3
They behave as you would probably expect:
# save an in-memory R object into S3 s3save(mtcars, bucket = "my_bucket", object = "mtcars.Rdata") # `load()` R objects from the file s3load("mtcars.Rdata", bucket = "my_bucket") # get file as raw vector get_object("mtcars.Rdata", bucket = "my_bucket") # alternative 'S3 URI' syntax: get_object("s3://my_bucket/mtcars.Rdata") # save file locally save_object("mtcars.Rdata", file = "mtcars.Rdata", bucket = "my_bucket") # put local file into S3 put_object(file = "mtcars.Rdata", object = "mtcars2.Rdata", bucket = "my_bucket")
Latest stable release from CRAN:
install.packages("aws.s3", repos = "https://cloud.R-project.org")
Lastest development version from RForge.net:
install.packages("aws.s3", repos = c("https://RForge.net", "https://cloud.R-project.org"))
On windows you may need to add
INSTALL_opts = "--no-multiarch"