Skip to content

HTTPS clone URL

Subversion checkout URL

You can clone with
or
.
Download ZIP
Erlang HTTP client
Erlang Makefile

Fetching latest commit…

Cannot retrieve the latest commit at this time

Failed to load latest commit information.
c_src
doc
priv
src
LICENSE
README
vsn.mk

README

$Id: README,v 1.4 2005/12/08 12:05:06 chandrusf Exp $

ibrowse is a HTTP client. The following are a list of features.
	- RFC2616 compliant (AFAIK) 
	- supports GET, POST, OPTIONS, HEAD, PUT, DELETE, TRACE only
	- Understands HTTP/0.9, HTTP/1.0 and HTTP/1.1
	- Understands chunked encoding
        - Can generate requests using Chunked Transfer-Encoding
	- Named pools of connections to each webserver
	- Pipelining support
	- Download to file
	- Asynchronous requests. Responses are streamed to a process
	- Basic authentication
	- Supports proxy authentication
	- Can talk to Secure webservers using SSL
	- any other features in the code not listed here :)

Comments to : Chandrashekhar.Mullaparthi@t-mobile.co.uk

CONTRIBUTIONS & CHANGE HISTORY
==============================
08-May-2005 - Youn�s Hafri made a CRUX LINUX port of ibrowse.
	      http://yhafri.club.fr/crux/index.html

22-Nov-2005 - Added ability to generate requests using the Chunked 
              Transfer-Encoding.

08-Dec-2005 - Richard Cameron (camster@citeulike.org). Patch to ibrowse to
              prevent port number being included in the Host header when port
              80 is intended.

Here are some usage examples. Enjoy!

5> ibrowse:start().
{ok,<0.94.0>}

%% A simple GET
6> ibrowse:send_req("http://intranet/messenger/", [], get).
{ok,"200",
    [{"Server","Microsoft-IIS/5.0"},
     {"Content-Location","http://intranet/messenger/index.html"},
     {"Date","Fri, 17 Dec 2004 15:16:19 GMT"},
     {"Content-Type","text/html"},
     {"Accept-Ranges","bytes"},
     {"Last-Modified","Fri, 17 Dec 2004 08:38:21 GMT"},
     {"Etag","\"aa7c9dc313e4c41:d77\""},
     {"Content-Length","953"}],
    "<html>\r\n\r\n<head>\r\n<title>Messenger</title>\r\n<meta name=\"GENERATOR\" content=\"Microsoft FrontPage 5.0\">\r\n<meta name=\"ProgId\" content=\"FrontPage.Editor.Document\">\r\n<meta name=\"description\" content=\"Messenger Home Page\">\r\n</head>\r\n\r\n<frameset border=\"0\" frameborder=\"0\" rows=\"60,*\">\r\n  <frame src=\"/messenger/images/topnav.html\" name=\"mFrameTopNav\" scrolling=\"NO\" target=\"mFrameMain\">\r\n  <frameset cols=\"18%,*\">\r\n    <frameset rows=\"*,120\">\r\n      <frame src=\"index-toc.html\" name=\"mFrameTOC\" target=\"mFrameMain\" scrolling=\"auto\"  noresize=\"true\">\r\n      <frame src=\"/shared/search/namesearch.html\" name=\"mFrameNameSearch\" scrolling=\"NO\" target=\"mFrameMain\">\r\n    </frameset>\r\n    <frame src=\"home/16-12-04-xmascardsmms.htm\" name=\"mFrameMain\" scrolling=\"auto\" target=\"mFrameMain\" id=\"mFrameMain\">\r\n  </frameset>\r\n  <noframes>\r\n  <body>\r\n\r\n  <p><i>This site requires a browser that can view frames.</i></p>\r\n\r\n  </body>\r\n  </noframes>\r\n</frameset>\r\n\r\n</html>"}

%% =============================================================================
%% A GET using a proxy
7> ibrowse:send_req("http://www.google.com/", [], get, [], 
		 [{proxy_user, "XXXXX"},
		  {proxy_password, "XXXXX"},
		  {proxy_host, "proxy"},
		  {proxy_port, 8080}], 1000).
{ok,"302",
    [{"Date","Fri, 17 Dec 2004 15:22:56 GMT"},
     {"Content-Length","217"},
     {"Content-Type","text/html"},
     {"Set-Cookie",
      "PREF=ID=f58155c797f96096:CR=1:TM=1103296999:LM=1103296999:S=FiWdtAqQvhQ0TvHq; expires=Sun, 17-Jan-2038 19:14:07 GMT; path=/; domain=.google.com"},
     {"Server","GWS/2.1"},
     {"Location",
      "http://www.google.co.uk/cxfer?c=PREF%3D:TM%3D1103296999:S%3Do8bEY2FIHwdyGenS&prev=/"},
     {"Via","1.1 netapp01 (NetCache NetApp/5.5R2)"}],
    "<HTML><HEAD><TITLE>302 Moved</TITLE></HEAD><BODY>\n<H1>302 Moved</H1>\nThe document has moved\n<A HREF=\"http://www.google.co.uk/cxfer?c=PREF%3D:TM%3D1103296999:S%3Do8bEY2FIHwdyGenS&amp;prev=/\">here</A>.\r\n</BODY></HTML>\r\n"}

%% =============================================================================
%% A GET response saved to file. A temporary file is created and the
%% filename returned. The response will only be saved to file is the
%% status code is in the 200 range. The directory to download to can
%% be set using the application env var 'download_dir' - the default
%% is the current working directory.
8> ibrowse:send_req("http://www.erlang.se/", [], get, [],
		 [{proxy_user, "XXXXX"},
		  {proxy_password, "XXXXX"},
		  {proxy_host, "proxy"},
		  {proxy_port, 8080},
		  {save_response_to_file, true}], 1000).
{error,req_timedout}

%% =============================================================================
9> ibrowse:send_req("http://www.erlang.se/", [], get, [],
		 [{proxy_user, "XXXXX"},
		  {proxy_password, "XXXXX"},
		  {proxy_host, "proxy"},
		  {proxy_port, 8080},
		  {save_response_to_file, true}], 5000).
{ok,"200",
    [{"Transfer-Encoding","chunked"},
     {"Date","Fri, 17 Dec 2004 15:24:36 GMT"},
     {"Content-Type","text/html"},
     {"Server","Apache/1.3.9 (Unix)"},
     {"Via","1.1 netapp01 (NetCache NetApp/5.5R2)"}],
    {file,"/Users/chandru/code/ibrowse/src/ibrowse_tmp_file_1103297041125854"}}

%% =============================================================================
%% Setting size of connection pool and pipeline size. This sets the
%% number of maximum connections to this server to 10 and the pipeline
%% size to 1. Connections are setup a required.
11> ibrowse:set_dest("www.hotmail.com", 80, [{max_sessions, 10},
					     {max_pipeline_size, 1}]).
ok

%% =============================================================================
%% Example using the HEAD method
56> ibrowse:send_req("http://www.erlang.org", [], head).
{ok,"200",
    [{"Date","Mon, 28 Feb 2005 04:40:53 GMT"},
     {"Server","Apache/1.3.9 (Unix)"},
     {"Last-Modified","Thu, 10 Feb 2005 09:31:23 GMT"},
     {"Etag","\"8d71d-1efa-420b29eb\""},
     {"Accept-ranges","bytes"},
     {"Content-Length","7930"},
     {"Content-Type","text/html"}],
    []}

%% =============================================================================
%% Example using the OPTIONS method
62> ibrowse:send_req("http://www.sun.com", [], options).   
{ok,"200",
    [{"Server","Sun Java System Web Server 6.1"},
     {"Date","Mon, 28 Feb 2005 04:44:39 GMT"},
     {"Content-Length","0"},
     {"P3p",
      "policyref=\"http://www.sun.com/p3p/Sun_P3P_Policy.xml\", CP=\"CAO DSP COR CUR ADMa DEVa TAIa PSAa PSDa CONi TELi OUR  SAMi PUBi IND PHY ONL PUR COM NAV INT DEM CNT STA POL PRE GOV\""},
     {"Set-Cookie",
      "SUN_ID=X.X.X.X:169191109565879; EXPIRES=Wednesday, 31-Dec-2025 23:59:59 GMT; DOMAIN=.sun.com; PATH=/"},
     {"Allow",
      "HEAD, GET, PUT, POST, DELETE, TRACE, OPTIONS, MOVE, INDEX, MKDIR, RMDIR"}],
    []}

%% =============================================================================
%% Example of using Asynchronous requests
18> ibrowse:send_req("http://www.google.com", [], get, [], 
		     [{proxy_user, "XXXXX"}, 
		      {proxy_password, "XXXXX"}, 
		      {proxy_host, "proxy"}, 
		      {proxy_port, 8080}, 
		      {stream_to, self()}]).
{ibrowse_req_id,{1115,327256,389608}}
19> flush().
Shell got {ibrowse_async_headers,{1115,327256,389608},
	   "302",
	   [{"Date","Thu, 05 May 2005 21:06:41 GMT"},
	    {"Content-Length","217"},
	    {"Content-Type","text/html"},
	    {"Set-Cookie",
	     "PREF=ID=b601f16bfa32f071:CR=1:TM=1115327201:LM=1115327201:S=OX5hSB525AMjUUu7; expires=Sun, 17-Jan-2038 19:14:07 GMT; path=/; domain=.google.com"},
	    {"Server","GWS/2.1"},
	    {"Location",
	     "http://www.google.co.uk/cxfer?c=PREF%3D:TM%3D1115327201:S%3DDS9pDJ4IHcAuZ_AS&prev=/"},
	    {"Via",
	     "1.1 hatproxy01 (NetCache NetApp/5.6.2)"}]}
Shell got {ibrowse_async_response,{1115,327256,389608},
	   "<HTML><HEAD><TITLE>302 Moved</TITLE></HEAD><BODY>\n<H1>302 Moved</H1>\nThe document has moved\n<A HREF=\"http://www.google.co.uk/cxfer?c=PREF%3D:TM%3D1115327201:S%3DDS9pDJ4IHcAuZ_AS&amp;prev=/\">here</A>.\r\n</BODY></HTML>\r\n"}
Shell got {ibrowse_async_response_end,{1115,327256,389608}}
ok

%% =============================================================================
%% Another example of using async requests
24> ibrowse:send_req("http://yaws.hyber.org/simple_ex2.yaws", [], get, [], 
		     [{proxy_user, "XXXXX"}, 
		      {proxy_password, "XXXXX"}, 
		      {proxy_host, "proxy"}, 
		      {proxy_port, 8080}, 
		      {stream_to, self()}]).
{ibrowse_req_id,{1115,327430,512314}}
25> flush().
Shell got {ibrowse_async_headers,{1115,327430,512314},
	   "200", 
	   [{"Date","Thu, 05 May 2005 20:58:08 GMT"},
	    {"Content-Length","64"},
	    {"Content-Type","text/html;charset="},
	    {"Server",
	     "Yaws/1.54 Yet Another Web Server"},
	    {"Via",
	     "1.1 hatproxy01 (NetCache NetApp/5.6.2)"}]}
Shell got {ibrowse_async_response,{1115,327430,512314},
	   "<html>\n\n\n<h1> Yesssssss </h1>\n\n<h2> Hello again </h2>\n\n\n</html>\n"}
Shell got {ibrowse_async_response_end,{1115,327430,512314}}

%% =============================================================================
%% Example of request which fails when using the async option. Here
%% the {ibrowse_req_id, ReqId} is not returned. Instead the error code is
%% returned.  
68> ibrowse:send_req("http://www.earlyriser.org", [], get, [], [{stream_to, self()}]).
{error,conn_failed}

%% Example of request using both Proxy-Authorization and authorization by the final webserver.
17> ibrowse:send_req("http://www.erlang.se/lic_area/protected/patches/erl_756_otp_beam.README", 
		     [], get, [], 
		     [{proxy_user, "XXXXX"}, 
		      {proxy_password, "XXXXX"}, 
		      {proxy_host, "proxy"}, 
		      {proxy_port, 8080}, 
		      {basic_auth, {"XXXXX", "XXXXXX"}}]).
{ok,"200",
    [{"Accept-Ranges","bytes"},
     {"Date","Thu, 05 May 2005 21:02:09 GMT"},
     {"Content-Length","2088"},
     {"Content-Type","text/plain"},
     {"Server","Apache/1.3.9 (Unix)"},
     {"Last-Modified","Tue, 03 May 2005 15:08:18 GMT"},
     {"ETag","\"1384c8-828-427793e2\""},
     {"Via","1.1 hatproxy01 (NetCache NetApp/5.6.2)"}],
    "Patch Id:\t\terl_756_otp_beam\nLabel:\t\t\tinets patch\nDate:\t\t\t2005-05-03\nTrouble Report Id:\tOTP-5513, OTP-5514, OTP-5516, OTP-5517, OTP-5521, OTP-5537\nSeq num:\t\tseq9806\nSystem:\t\t\totp\nRelease:\t\tR10B\nOperating System:\tall\nArchitecture:\t\tall\nErlang machine:\t\tBEAM\nApplication:\t\tinets-4.4\nFiles:\t\t\tall\n\nDescription:\n\n    OTP-5513  The server did not handle HTTP-0.9 messages with an implicit\n\t      version.\n\n    OTP-5514  An internal server timeout killed the request handling\n\t      process without sending a message back to the client. As this\n\t      timeout only affects a single request it has been set to\n\t      infinity (if the main server process dies the request\n\t      handling process will also die and the client will receive an\n\t      error). This might make a client that does not use a timeout\n\t      hang for a longer period of time, but that is an expected\n\t      behavior!\n\n    OTP-5516  That a third party closes the http servers accept socket is\n\t      recoverable for inets, hence intes will only produce an info\n\t      report as there was no error in inets but measures where\n\t      taken to avoid failure due to errors elsewhere.\n\n    OTP-5517  The HTTP client proxy settings where ignored. Bug introduced\n\t      in inets-4.3.\n\n    OTP-5521  Inets only sent the \"WWW-Authenticate\" header at the first\n\t      attempt to get a page, if the user supplied the wrong\n\t      user/password combination the header was not sent again. This\n\t      forces the user to kill the browser entirely after a failed\n\t      login attempt, before the user may try to login again. Inets\n\t      now always send the authentication header.\n\n    OTP-5537  A major rewrite of big parts of the HTTP server code was\n\t      performed. There where many things that did not work\n\t      satisfactory. Cgi script handling can never have worked\n\t      properly and the cases when it did sort of work, a big\n\t      unnecessary delay was enforced. Headers where not always\n\t      treated as expected and HTTP version handling did not work,\n\t      all responses where sent as version HTTP/1.1 no matter what.\n\n\n"}

%% =============================================================================
%% Example of a TRACE request. Very interesting! yaws.hyber.org didn't
%% support this. Nor did www.google.com. But good old BBC supports
%% this.
35> 37> ibrowse:send_req("http://www.bbc.co.uk/", [], trace, [], 
			 [{proxy_user, "XXXXX"},
			  {proxy_password, "XXXXX"},
			  {proxy_host, "proxy"},
			  {proxy_port, 8080}]).         
{ok,"200",
    [{"Transfer-Encoding","chunked"},
     {"Date","Thu, 05 May 2005 21:40:27 GMT"},
     {"Content-Type","message/http"},
     {"Server","Apache/2.0.51 (Unix)"},
     {"Set-Cookie",
      "BBC-UID=7452e72a29424c5b0b232c7131c7d9395d209b7170e8604072e0fcb3630467300; expires=Mon, 04-May-09 21:40:27 GMT; path=/; domain=bbc.co.uk;"},
     {"Set-Cookie",
      "BBC-UID=7452e72a29424c5b0b232c7131c7d9395d209b7170e8604072e0fcb3630467300; expires=Mon, 04-May-09 21:40:27 GMT; path=/; domain=bbc.co.uk;"},
     {"Via","1.1 hatproxy01 (NetCache NetApp/5.6.2)"}],
    "TRACE / HTTP/1.1\r\nHost: www.bbc.co.uk\r\nConnection: keep-alive\r\nX-Forwarded-For: 172.24.28.29\r\nVia: 1.1 hatproxy01 (NetCache NetApp/5.6.2)\r\nCookie: BBC-UID=7452e72a29424c5b0b232c7131c7d9395d209b7170e8604072e0fcb3630467300\r\n\r\n"}
Something went wrong with that request. Please try again.