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Minimal C implementation of the Secure Remote Password protocol (version 6a)
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srp.h
test_srp.c

README.md

csrp

Tom Cocagne <tom.cocagne@gmail.com>

csrp is a minimal C implementation of the Secure Remote Password protocol. The project consists of a single C file and is intended for direct inclusion into utilizing programs. It's only dependency is OpenSSL.

SRP Overview

SRP is a cryptographically strong authentication protocol for password-based, mutual authentication over an insecure network connection.

Unlike other common challenge-response autentication protocols, such as Kereros and SSL, SRP does not rely on an external infrastructure of trusted key servers or certificate management. Instead, SRP server applications use verification keys derived from each user's password to determine the authenticity of a network connection.

SRP provides mutual-authentication in that successful authentication requires both sides of the connection to have knowledge of the user's password. If the client side lacks the user's password or the server side lacks the proper verification key, the authentication will fail.

Unlike SSL, SRP does not directly encrypt all data flowing through the authenticated connection. However, successful authentication does result in a cryptographically strong shared key that can be used for symmetric-key encryption.

This library serves as the basis for a compatible Python module called pysrp. The pysrp project contains complete, user-friendly API documentation as well as a comprehensive overview of the SRP protocol. As the APIs are virtually identical, the pysrp documentation is an excellent reference for understanding this library.

Usage Example

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>

#include "srp.h"


int main( int argc, char * argv[] )
{
    int auth_failed = 1;

    struct SRPVerifier * ver;
    struct SRPUser     * usr;

    const unsigned char * bytes_s = 0;
    const unsigned char * bytes_v = 0;
    const unsigned char * bytes_A = 0;
    const unsigned char * bytes_B = 0;

    const unsigned char * bytes_M    = 0;
    const unsigned char * bytes_HAMK = 0;

    int len_s   = 0;
    int len_v   = 0;
    int len_A   = 0;
    int len_B   = 0;
    int len_M   = 0;

    const char * username = "testuser";
    const char * password = "password";

    const char * auth_username = 0;

    SRP_HashAlgorithm alg     = SRP_SHA1;
    SRP_NGType        ng_type = SRP_NG_2048;

    /* Create a salt+verification key for the user's password. The salt and
     * key need to be computed at the time the user's password is set and
     * must be stored by the server-side application for use during the
     * authentication process.
     */
    srp_create_salted_verification_key( alg, ng_type, username, 
                                        (const unsigned char *)password, 
                                        strlen(password), 
                                        &bytes_s, &len_s,
                                        &bytes_v, &len_v,
                                        NULL, NULL );

    /* Begin authentication process */
    usr =  srp_user_new( alg, ng_type, username, 
                         (const unsigned char *)password, 
                         strlen(password), NULL, NULL );

    srp_user_start_authentication( usr, &auth_username, &bytes_A, &len_A );

    /* User -> Host: (username, bytes_A) */
    ver =  srp_verifier_new( alg, ng_type, username, bytes_s, len_s, bytes_v, len_v, 
                             bytes_A, len_A, & bytes_B, &len_B, NULL, NULL );

    if ( !bytes_B ) {
       printf("Verifier SRP-6a safety check violated!\n");
       goto auth_failed;
    }

    /* Host -> User: (bytes_s, bytes_B) */
    srp_user_process_challenge( usr, bytes_s, len_s, bytes_B, len_B, &bytes_M, &len_M );

    if ( !bytes_M ) {
       printf("User SRP-6a safety check violation!\n");
       goto auth_failed;
    }

    /* User -> Host: (bytes_M) */
    srp_verifier_verify_session( ver, bytes_M, &bytes_HAMK );

    if ( !bytes_HAMK ) {
       printf("User authentication failed!\n");
       goto auth_failed;
    }

    /* Host -> User: (HAMK) */
    srp_user_verify_session( usr, bytes_HAMK );

    if ( !srp_user_is_authenticated(usr) ) {
       printf("Server authentication failed!\n");
       goto auth_failed;
    }

    auth_failed = 0; /* auth success! */

auth_failed:
    srp_verifier_delete( ver );
    srp_user_delete( usr );

    free( (char *)bytes_s );
    free( (char *)bytes_v );

    return auth_failed;
}
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