AndLinker is a IPC library for Android, which combines the features of AIDL and Retrofit. Allows IPC call seamlessly compose with RxJava and RxJava2 call adapters.
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README.md

Build Status JCenter License

AndLinker

中文文档

Introduction

AndLinker is a IPC(Inter-Process Communication) library for Android, which combines the features of AIDL and Retrofit. Allows IPC call seamlessly compose with RxJava and RxJava2 call adapters. Project design and partial code refer to the great project Retrofit.

Setup

Add the jcenter() repository in your root build.gradle.

allprojects {
    repositories {
        jcenter()
    }
}

Add the dependencies in your app level build.gradle.

dependencies {
    implementation 'com.codezjx.library:andlinker:0.7.1'
}

Features

  • Define normal Java Interface instead of AIDL Interface
  • Generates the IPC implementation of the remote service interface like Retrofit
  • Support call adapter: Call, RxJava Observable, RxJava2 Observable & Flowable
  • Support remote service callback
  • Support all AIDL data types
  • Support all AIDL directional tag, either in, out, or inout
  • Support the AIDL oneway keyword

Getting Started

Define a normal java Interface with @RemoteInterface annotation, and implements the interface.

@RemoteInterface
public interface IRemoteService {

    int getPid();

    void basicTypes(int anInt, long aLong, boolean aBoolean, float aFloat,
            double aDouble, String aString);
}

private final IRemoteService mRemoteService = new IRemoteService() {
    
    @Override
    public int getPid() {
        return android.os.Process.myPid();
    }

    @Override
    public void basicTypes(int anInt, long aLong, boolean aBoolean,
        float aFloat, double aDouble, String aString) {
        // Does something
    }
};

In your server app, create the AndLinkerBinder object and register interface implementation above, then expose the linker binder to clients.

private AndLinkerBinder mLinkerBinder;

public class RemoteService extends Service {
    @Override
    public void onCreate() {
        super.onCreate();
        mLinkerBinder = AndLinkerBinder.Factory.newBinder();
        mLinkerBinder.registerObject(mRemoteService);
    }

    @Override
    public IBinder onBind(Intent intent) {
        return mLinkerBinder;
    }
}

In your client app, create the AndLinker object and generates an implementation of the IRemoteService interface.

public class BindingActivity extends Activity {

    private AndLinker mLinker;
    private IRemoteService mRemoteService;

    @Override
    protected void onCreate(@Nullable Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        mLinker = new AndLinker.Builder(this)
                .packageName("com.example.andlinker")
                .action("com.example.andlinker.REMOTE_SERVICE_ACTION")
                .build();
        mLinker.bind();

        mRemoteService = mLinker.create(IRemoteService.class);
    }

    @Override
    protected void onDestroy() {
        super.onDestroy();
        mLinker.unbind();
    }
}

Now your client app is ready, all methods from the created IRemoteService are IPC methods, call it directly!

int pid = mRemoteService.getPid();
mRemoteService.basicTypes(1, 2L, true, 3.0f, 4.0d, "str");

Supported data types

AndLinker supports all AIDL data types:

  • All primitive types in the Java programming language (such as int, long, char, boolean, and so on)
  • String
  • CharSequence
  • Parcelable
  • List (All elements in the List must be one of the supported data types in this list)
  • Map (All elements in the Map must be one of the supported data types in this list)

Advanced

Call Adapters

You can modify the client side app's remote service interface, wrap the return type of the method.

@RemoteInterface
public interface IRemoteService {

    Observable<Integer> getPid();

    Call<Void> basicTypes(int anInt, long aLong, boolean aBoolean, float aFloat, 
        double aDouble, String aString);
}

Register the call adapter factory in AndLinker.Builder, the remaining steps are consistent with Retrofit.

new AndLinker.Builder(this)
        ...
        .addCallAdapterFactory(OriginalCallAdapterFactory.create()) // Basic
        .addCallAdapterFactory(RxJava2CallAdapterFactory.create())  // RxJava2
        .build();

Deal with callbacks

Define callback interface to receive callbacks from the remote service with @RemoteInterface annotation.

@RemoteInterface
public interface IRemoteCallback {

    void onValueChange(int value);
}

Use @Callback annotation for callback parameter.

void registerCallback(@Callback IRemoteCallback callback);

In your client app, implements the remote callback and register to AndLinker, and that's it!

private final IRemoteCallback mRemoteCallback = new IRemoteCallback() {
    @Override
    public void onValueChange(int value) {
        // Invoke when server side callback
    }
};
mLinker.registerObject(mRemoteCallback);

Specify directional tag

You can specify @In, @Out, or @Inout annotation for parameter, indicating which way the data goes, same as AIDL.

void directionalParamMethod(@In KeyEvent event, @Out int[] arr, @Inout Rect rect);

Caution:

  • All non-primitive parameters require a directional annotation indicating which way the data goes. Either @In, @Out, or @Inout. Primitives are @In by default, and cannot be otherwise.
  • Parcelable parameter with @Out or @Inout annotation must implements from SuperParcelable, or you must add method public void readFromParcel(Parcel in) by yourself.

Use @OneWay annotation

You can use @OneWay for a method which modifies the behavior of remote calls. When used, a remote call does not block, it simply sends the transaction data and immediately returns, same as AIDL.

@OneWay
void onewayMethod(String msg);

Proguard Configuration

Add following rules to proguard-rules.pro file, keep classes that will be serialized/deserialized over AndLinker.

-keep class com.example.andlinker.model.** {
    public void readFromParcel(android.os.Parcel);
}

Feedback

Any issues or PRs are welcome!

License

Copyright 2018 codezjx <code.zjx@gmail.com>

Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
You may obtain a copy of the License at

    http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0

Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
limitations under the License.