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# Cassandra storage config YAML
# NOTE:
# See http://wiki.apache.org/cassandra/StorageConfiguration for
# full explanations of configuration directives
# /NOTE
# The name of the cluster. This is mainly used to prevent machines in
# one logical cluster from joining another.
cluster_name: 'Test Cluster'
# This defines the number of tokens randomly assigned to this node on the ring
# The more tokens, relative to other nodes, the larger the proportion of data
# that this node will store. You probably want all nodes to have the same number
# of tokens assuming they have equal hardware capability.
#
# If you leave this unspecified, Cassandra will use the default of 1 token for legacy compatibility,
# and will use the initial_token as described below.
#
# Specifying initial_token will override this setting on the node's initial start,
# on subsequent starts, this setting will apply even if initial token is set.
#
# If you already have a cluster with 1 token per node, and wish to migrate to
# multiple tokens per node, see http://wiki.apache.org/cassandra/Operations
num_tokens: 256
# initial_token allows you to specify tokens manually. While you can use # it with
# vnodes (num_tokens > 1, above) -- in which case you should provide a
# comma-separated list -- it's primarily used when adding nodes # to legacy clusters
# that do not have vnodes enabled.
# initial_token:
# See http://wiki.apache.org/cassandra/HintedHandoff
# May either be "true" or "false" to enable globally, or contain a list
# of data centers to enable per-datacenter.
# hinted_handoff_enabled: DC1,DC2
hinted_handoff_enabled: true
# this defines the maximum amount of time a dead host will have hints
# generated. After it has been dead this long, new hints for it will not be
# created until it has been seen alive and gone down again.
max_hint_window_in_ms: 10800000 # 3 hours
# Maximum throttle in KBs per second, per delivery thread. This will be
# reduced proportionally to the number of nodes in the cluster. (If there
# are two nodes in the cluster, each delivery thread will use the maximum
# rate; if there are three, each will throttle to half of the maximum,
# since we expect two nodes to be delivering hints simultaneously.)
hinted_handoff_throttle_in_kb: 1024
# Number of threads with which to deliver hints;
# Consider increasing this number when you have multi-dc deployments, since
# cross-dc handoff tends to be slower
max_hints_delivery_threads: 2
# Maximum throttle in KBs per second, total. This will be
# reduced proportionally to the number of nodes in the cluster.
batchlog_replay_throttle_in_kb: 1024
# Authentication backend, implementing IAuthenticator; used to identify users
# Out of the box, Cassandra provides org.apache.cassandra.auth.{AllowAllAuthenticator,
# PasswordAuthenticator}.
#
# - AllowAllAuthenticator performs no checks - set it to disable authentication.
# - PasswordAuthenticator relies on username/password pairs to authenticate
# users. It keeps usernames and hashed passwords in system_auth.credentials table.
# Please increase system_auth keyspace replication factor if you use this authenticator.
# If using PasswordAuthenticator, CassandraRoleManager must also be used (see below)
authenticator: AllowAllAuthenticator
# Authorization backend, implementing IAuthorizer; used to limit access/provide permissions
# Out of the box, Cassandra provides org.apache.cassandra.auth.{AllowAllAuthorizer,
# CassandraAuthorizer}.
#
# - AllowAllAuthorizer allows any action to any user - set it to disable authorization.
# - CassandraAuthorizer stores permissions in system_auth.permissions table. Please
# increase system_auth keyspace replication factor if you use this authorizer.
authorizer: AllowAllAuthorizer
# Part of the Authentication & Authorization backend, implementing IRoleManager; used
# to maintain grants and memberships between roles.
# Out of the box, Cassandra provides org.apache.cassandra.auth.CassandraRoleManager,
# which stores role information in the system_auth keyspace. Most functions of the
# IRoleManager require an authenticated login, so unless the configured IAuthenticator
# actually implements authentication, most of this functionality will be unavailable.
#
# - CassandraRoleManager stores role data in the system_auth keyspace. Please
# increase system_auth keyspace replication factor if you use this role manager.
role_manager: CassandraRoleManager
# Validity period for roles cache (fetching permissions can be an
# expensive operation depending on the authorizer). Granted roles are cached for
# authenticated sessions in AuthenticatedUser and after the period specified
# here, become eligible for (async) reload.
# Defaults to 2000, set to 0 to disable.
# Will be disabled automatically for AllowAllAuthenticator.
roles_validity_in_ms: 2000
# Refresh interval for roles cache (if enabled).
# After this interval, cache entries become eligible for refresh. Upon next
# access, an async reload is scheduled and the old value returned until it
# completes. If roles_validity_in_ms is non-zero, then this must be
# also.
# Defaults to the same value as roles_validity_in_ms.
# roles_update_interval_in_ms: 1000
# Validity period for permissions cache (fetching permissions can be an
# expensive operation depending on the authorizer, CassandraAuthorizer is
# one example). Defaults to 2000, set to 0 to disable.
# Will be disabled automatically for AllowAllAuthorizer.
permissions_validity_in_ms: 2000
# Refresh interval for permissions cache (if enabled).
# After this interval, cache entries become eligible for refresh. Upon next
# access, an async reload is scheduled and the old value returned until it
# completes. If permissions_validity_in_ms is non-zero, then this must be
# also.
# Defaults to the same value as permissions_validity_in_ms.
# permissions_update_interval_in_ms: 1000
# The partitioner is responsible for distributing groups of rows (by
# partition key) across nodes in the cluster. You should leave this
# alone for new clusters. The partitioner can NOT be changed without
# reloading all data, so when upgrading you should set this to the
# same partitioner you were already using.
#
# Besides Murmur3Partitioner, partitioners included for backwards
# compatibility include RandomPartitioner, ByteOrderedPartitioner, and
# OrderPreservingPartitioner.
#
partitioner: org.apache.cassandra.dht.Murmur3Partitioner
# Directories where Cassandra should store data on disk. Cassandra
# will spread data evenly across them, subject to the granularity of
# the configured compaction strategy.
# If not set, the default directory is $CASSANDRA_HOME/data/data.
data_file_directories:
- /var/lib/cassandra/data
# commit log. when running on magnetic HDD, this should be a
# separate spindle than the data directories.
# If not set, the default directory is $CASSANDRA_HOME/data/commitlog.
commitlog_directory: /var/lib/cassandra/commitlog
# policy for data disk failures:
# die: shut down gossip and client transports and kill the JVM for any fs errors or
# single-sstable errors, so the node can be replaced.
# stop_paranoid: shut down gossip and client transports even for single-sstable errors,
# kill the JVM for errors during startup.
# stop: shut down gossip and client transports, leaving the node effectively dead, but
# can still be inspected via JMX, kill the JVM for errors during startup.
# best_effort: stop using the failed disk and respond to requests based on
# remaining available sstables. This means you WILL see obsolete
# data at CL.ONE!
# ignore: ignore fatal errors and let requests fail, as in pre-1.2 Cassandra
disk_failure_policy: stop
# policy for commit disk failures:
# die: shut down gossip and Thrift and kill the JVM, so the node can be replaced.
# stop: shut down gossip and Thrift, leaving the node effectively dead, but
# can still be inspected via JMX.
# stop_commit: shutdown the commit log, letting writes collect but
# continuing to service reads, as in pre-2.0.5 Cassandra
# ignore: ignore fatal errors and let the batches fail
commit_failure_policy: stop
# Maximum size of the key cache in memory.
#
# Each key cache hit saves 1 seek and each row cache hit saves 2 seeks at the
# minimum, sometimes more. The key cache is fairly tiny for the amount of
# time it saves, so it's worthwhile to use it at large numbers.
# The row cache saves even more time, but must contain the entire row,
# so it is extremely space-intensive. It's best to only use the
# row cache if you have hot rows or static rows.
#
# NOTE: if you reduce the size, you may not get you hottest keys loaded on startup.
#
# Default value is empty to make it "auto" (min(5% of Heap (in MB), 100MB)). Set to 0 to disable key cache.
key_cache_size_in_mb:
# Duration in seconds after which Cassandra should
# save the key cache. Caches are saved to saved_caches_directory as
# specified in this configuration file.
#
# Saved caches greatly improve cold-start speeds, and is relatively cheap in
# terms of I/O for the key cache. Row cache saving is much more expensive and
# has limited use.
#
# Default is 14400 or 4 hours.
key_cache_save_period: 14400
# Number of keys from the key cache to save
# Disabled by default, meaning all keys are going to be saved
# key_cache_keys_to_save: 100
# Row cache implementation class name.
# Available implementations:
# org.apache.cassandra.cache.OHCProvider Fully off-heap row cache implementation (default).
# org.apache.cassandra.cache.SerializingCacheProvider This is the row cache implementation availabile
# in previous releases of Cassandra.
# row_cache_class_name: org.apache.cassandra.cache.OHCProvider
# Maximum size of the row cache in memory.
# Please note that OHC cache implementation requires some additional off-heap memory to manage
# the map structures and some in-flight memory during operations before/after cache entries can be
# accounted against the cache capacity. This overhead is usually small compared to the whole capacity.
# Do not specify more memory that the system can afford in the worst usual situation and leave some
# headroom for OS block level cache. Do never allow your system to swap.
#
# Default value is 0, to disable row caching.
row_cache_size_in_mb: 0
# Duration in seconds after which Cassandra should save the row cache.
# Caches are saved to saved_caches_directory as specified in this configuration file.
#
# Saved caches greatly improve cold-start speeds, and is relatively cheap in
# terms of I/O for the key cache. Row cache saving is much more expensive and
# has limited use.
#
# Default is 0 to disable saving the row cache.
row_cache_save_period: 0
# Number of keys from the row cache to save.
# Specify 0 (which is the default), meaning all keys are going to be saved
# row_cache_keys_to_save: 100
# Maximum size of the counter cache in memory.
#
# Counter cache helps to reduce counter locks' contention for hot counter cells.
# In case of RF = 1 a counter cache hit will cause Cassandra to skip the read before
# write entirely. With RF > 1 a counter cache hit will still help to reduce the duration
# of the lock hold, helping with hot counter cell updates, but will not allow skipping
# the read entirely. Only the local (clock, count) tuple of a counter cell is kept
# in memory, not the whole counter, so it's relatively cheap.
#
# NOTE: if you reduce the size, you may not get you hottest keys loaded on startup.
#
# Default value is empty to make it "auto" (min(2.5% of Heap (in MB), 50MB)). Set to 0 to disable counter cache.
# NOTE: if you perform counter deletes and rely on low gcgs, you should disable the counter cache.
counter_cache_size_in_mb:
# Duration in seconds after which Cassandra should
# save the counter cache (keys only). Caches are saved to saved_caches_directory as
# specified in this configuration file.
#
# Default is 7200 or 2 hours.
counter_cache_save_period: 7200
# Number of keys from the counter cache to save
# Disabled by default, meaning all keys are going to be saved
# counter_cache_keys_to_save: 100
# saved caches
# If not set, the default directory is $CASSANDRA_HOME/data/saved_caches.
saved_caches_directory: /var/lib/cassandra/saved_caches
# commitlog_sync may be either "periodic" or "batch."
#
# When in batch mode, Cassandra won't ack writes until the commit log
# has been fsynced to disk. It will wait
# commitlog_sync_batch_window_in_ms milliseconds between fsyncs.
# This window should be kept short because the writer threads will
# be unable to do extra work while waiting. (You may need to increase
# concurrent_writes for the same reason.)
#
# commitlog_sync: batch
# commitlog_sync_batch_window_in_ms: 2
#
# the other option is "periodic" where writes may be acked immediately
# and the CommitLog is simply synced every commitlog_sync_period_in_ms
# milliseconds.
commitlog_sync: periodic
commitlog_sync_period_in_ms: 10000
# The size of the individual commitlog file segments. A commitlog
# segment may be archived, deleted, or recycled once all the data
# in it (potentially from each columnfamily in the system) has been
# flushed to sstables.
#
# The default size is 32, which is almost always fine, but if you are
# archiving commitlog segments (see commitlog_archiving.properties),
# then you probably want a finer granularity of archiving; 8 or 16 MB
# is reasonable.
commitlog_segment_size_in_mb: 32
# Compression to apply to the commit log. If omitted, the commit log
# will be written uncompressed. LZ4, Snappy, and Deflate compressors
# are supported.
#commitlog_compression:
# - class_name: LZ4Compressor
# parameters:
# -
# any class that implements the SeedProvider interface and has a
# constructor that takes a Map<String, String> of parameters will do.
seed_provider:
# Addresses of hosts that are deemed contact points.
# Cassandra nodes use this list of hosts to find each other and learn
# the topology of the ring. You must change this if you are running
# multiple nodes!
- class_name: org.apache.cassandra.locator.SimpleSeedProvider
parameters:
# seeds is actually a comma-delimited list of addresses.
# Ex: "<ip1>,<ip2>,<ip3>"
- seeds: "172.17.0.2"
# For workloads with more data than can fit in memory, Cassandra's
# bottleneck will be reads that need to fetch data from
# disk. "concurrent_reads" should be set to (16 * number_of_drives) in
# order to allow the operations to enqueue low enough in the stack
# that the OS and drives can reorder them. Same applies to
# "concurrent_counter_writes", since counter writes read the current
# values before incrementing and writing them back.
#
# On the other hand, since writes are almost never IO bound, the ideal
# number of "concurrent_writes" is dependent on the number of cores in
# your system; (8 * number_of_cores) is a good rule of thumb.
concurrent_reads: 32
concurrent_writes: 32
concurrent_counter_writes: 32
# Total memory to use for sstable-reading buffers. Defaults to
# the smaller of 1/4 of heap or 512MB.
# file_cache_size_in_mb: 512
# Total permitted memory to use for memtables. Cassandra will stop
# accepting writes when the limit is exceeded until a flush completes,
# and will trigger a flush based on memtable_cleanup_threshold
# If omitted, Cassandra will set both to 1/4 the size of the heap.
# memtable_heap_space_in_mb: 2048
# memtable_offheap_space_in_mb: 2048
# Ratio of occupied non-flushing memtable size to total permitted size
# that will trigger a flush of the largest memtable. Larger mct will
# mean larger flushes and hence less compaction, but also less concurrent
# flush activity which can make it difficult to keep your disks fed
# under heavy write load.
#
# memtable_cleanup_threshold defaults to 1 / (memtable_flush_writers + 1)
# memtable_cleanup_threshold: 0.11
# Specify the way Cassandra allocates and manages memtable memory.
# Options are:
# heap_buffers: on heap nio buffers
# offheap_buffers: off heap (direct) nio buffers
# offheap_objects: native memory, eliminating nio buffer heap overhead
memtable_allocation_type: heap_buffers
# Total space to use for commit logs on disk.
#
# If space gets above this value, Cassandra will flush every dirty CF
# in the oldest segment and remove it. So a small total commitlog space
# will tend to cause more flush activity on less-active columnfamilies.
#
# The default value is the smaller of 8192, and 1/4 of the total space
# of the commitlog volume.
#
# commitlog_total_space_in_mb: 8192
# This sets the amount of memtable flush writer threads. These will
# be blocked by disk io, and each one will hold a memtable in memory
# while blocked.
#
# memtable_flush_writers defaults to the smaller of (number of disks,
# number of cores), with a minimum of 2 and a maximum of 8.
#
# If your data directories are backed by SSD, you should increase this
# to the number of cores.
#memtable_flush_writers: 8
# A fixed memory pool size in MB for for SSTable index summaries. If left
# empty, this will default to 5% of the heap size. If the memory usage of
# all index summaries exceeds this limit, SSTables with low read rates will
# shrink their index summaries in order to meet this limit. However, this
# is a best-effort process. In extreme conditions Cassandra may need to use
# more than this amount of memory.
index_summary_capacity_in_mb:
# How frequently index summaries should be resampled. This is done
# periodically to redistribute memory from the fixed-size pool to sstables
# proportional their recent read rates. Setting to -1 will disable this
# process, leaving existing index summaries at their current sampling level.
index_summary_resize_interval_in_minutes: 60
# Whether to, when doing sequential writing, fsync() at intervals in
# order to force the operating system to flush the dirty
# buffers. Enable this to avoid sudden dirty buffer flushing from
# impacting read latencies. Almost always a good idea on SSDs; not
# necessarily on platters.
trickle_fsync: false
trickle_fsync_interval_in_kb: 10240
# TCP port, for commands and data
# For security reasons, you should not expose this port to the internet. Firewall it if needed.
storage_port: 7000
# SSL port, for encrypted communication. Unused unless enabled in
# encryption_options
# For security reasons, you should not expose this port to the internet. Firewall it if needed.
ssl_storage_port: 7001
# Address or interface to bind to and tell other Cassandra nodes to connect to.
# You _must_ change this if you want multiple nodes to be able to communicate!
#
# Set listen_address OR listen_interface, not both. Interfaces must correspond
# to a single address, IP aliasing is not supported.
#
# Leaving it blank leaves it up to InetAddress.getLocalHost(). This
# will always do the Right Thing _if_ the node is properly configured
# (hostname, name resolution, etc), and the Right Thing is to use the
# address associated with the hostname (it might not be).
#
# Setting listen_address to 0.0.0.0 is always wrong.
#
# If you choose to specify the interface by name and the interface has an ipv4 and an ipv6 address
# you can specify which should be chosen using listen_interface_prefer_ipv6. If false the first ipv4
# address will be used. If true the first ipv6 address will be used. Defaults to false preferring
# ipv4. If there is only one address it will be selected regardless of ipv4/ipv6.
listen_address: 172.17.0.2
# listen_interface: eth0
# listen_interface_prefer_ipv6: false
# Address to broadcast to other Cassandra nodes
# Leaving this blank will set it to the same value as listen_address
broadcast_address: 172.17.0.2
# When using multiple physical network interfaces, set this
# to true to listen on broadcast_address in addition to
# the listen_address, allowing nodes to communicate in both
# interfaces.
# Ignore this property if the network configuration automatically
# routes between the public and private networks such as EC2.
# listen_on_broadcast_address: false
# Internode authentication backend, implementing IInternodeAuthenticator;
# used to allow/disallow connections from peer nodes.
# internode_authenticator: org.apache.cassandra.auth.AllowAllInternodeAuthenticator
# Whether to start the native transport server.
# Please note that the address on which the native transport is bound is the
# same as the rpc_address. The port however is different and specified below.
start_native_transport: true
# port for the CQL native transport to listen for clients on
# For security reasons, you should not expose this port to the internet. Firewall it if needed.
native_transport_port: 9042
# The maximum threads for handling requests when the native transport is used.
# This is similar to rpc_max_threads though the default differs slightly (and
# there is no native_transport_min_threads, idle threads will always be stopped
# after 30 seconds).
# native_transport_max_threads: 128
#
# The maximum size of allowed frame. Frame (requests) larger than this will
# be rejected as invalid. The default is 256MB.
# native_transport_max_frame_size_in_mb: 256
# The maximum number of concurrent client connections.
# The default is -1, which means unlimited.
# native_transport_max_concurrent_connections: -1
# The maximum number of concurrent client connections per source ip.
# The default is -1, which means unlimited.
# native_transport_max_concurrent_connections_per_ip: -1
# Whether to start the thrift rpc server.
start_rpc: false
# The address or interface to bind the Thrift RPC service and native transport
# server to.
#
# Set rpc_address OR rpc_interface, not both. Interfaces must correspond
# to a single address, IP aliasing is not supported.
#
# Leaving rpc_address blank has the same effect as on listen_address
# (i.e. it will be based on the configured hostname of the node).
#
# Note that unlike listen_address, you can specify 0.0.0.0, but you must also
# set broadcast_rpc_address to a value other than 0.0.0.0.
#
# For security reasons, you should not expose this port to the internet. Firewall it if needed.
#
# If you choose to specify the interface by name and the interface has an ipv4 and an ipv6 address
# you can specify which should be chosen using rpc_interface_prefer_ipv6. If false the first ipv4
# address will be used. If true the first ipv6 address will be used. Defaults to false preferring
# ipv4. If there is only one address it will be selected regardless of ipv4/ipv6.
rpc_address: 0.0.0.0
# rpc_interface: eth1
# rpc_interface_prefer_ipv6: false
# port for Thrift to listen for clients on
rpc_port: 9160
# RPC address to broadcast to drivers and other Cassandra nodes. This cannot
# be set to 0.0.0.0. If left blank, this will be set to the value of
# rpc_address. If rpc_address is set to 0.0.0.0, broadcast_rpc_address must
# be set.
broadcast_rpc_address: 172.17.0.2
# enable or disable keepalive on rpc/native connections
rpc_keepalive: true
# Cassandra provides two out-of-the-box options for the RPC Server:
#
# sync -> One thread per thrift connection. For a very large number of clients, memory
# will be your limiting factor. On a 64 bit JVM, 180KB is the minimum stack size
# per thread, and that will correspond to your use of virtual memory (but physical memory
# may be limited depending on use of stack space).
#
# hsha -> Stands for "half synchronous, half asynchronous." All thrift clients are handled
# asynchronously using a small number of threads that does not vary with the amount
# of thrift clients (and thus scales well to many clients). The rpc requests are still
# synchronous (one thread per active request). If hsha is selected then it is essential
# that rpc_max_threads is changed from the default value of unlimited.
#
# The default is sync because on Windows hsha is about 30% slower. On Linux,
# sync/hsha performance is about the same, with hsha of course using less memory.
#
# Alternatively, can provide your own RPC server by providing the fully-qualified class name
# of an o.a.c.t.TServerFactory that can create an instance of it.
rpc_server_type: sync
# Uncomment rpc_min|max_thread to set request pool size limits.
#
# Regardless of your choice of RPC server (see above), the number of maximum requests in the
# RPC thread pool dictates how many concurrent requests are possible (but if you are using the sync
# RPC server, it also dictates the number of clients that can be connected at all).
#
# The default is unlimited and thus provides no protection against clients overwhelming the server. You are
# encouraged to set a maximum that makes sense for you in production, but do keep in mind that
# rpc_max_threads represents the maximum number of client requests this server may execute concurrently.
#
# rpc_min_threads: 16
# rpc_max_threads: 2048
# uncomment to set socket buffer sizes on rpc connections
# rpc_send_buff_size_in_bytes:
# rpc_recv_buff_size_in_bytes:
# Uncomment to set socket buffer size for internode communication
# Note that when setting this, the buffer size is limited by net.core.wmem_max
# and when not setting it it is defined by net.ipv4.tcp_wmem
# See:
# /proc/sys/net/core/wmem_max
# /proc/sys/net/core/rmem_max
# /proc/sys/net/ipv4/tcp_wmem
# /proc/sys/net/ipv4/tcp_wmem
# and: man tcp
# internode_send_buff_size_in_bytes:
# internode_recv_buff_size_in_bytes:
# Frame size for thrift (maximum message length).
thrift_framed_transport_size_in_mb: 15
# Set to true to have Cassandra create a hard link to each sstable
# flushed or streamed locally in a backups/ subdirectory of the
# keyspace data. Removing these links is the operator's
# responsibility.
incremental_backups: false
# Whether or not to take a snapshot before each compaction. Be
# careful using this option, since Cassandra won't clean up the
# snapshots for you. Mostly useful if you're paranoid when there
# is a data format change.
snapshot_before_compaction: false
# Whether or not a snapshot is taken of the data before keyspace truncation
# or dropping of column families. The STRONGLY advised default of true
# should be used to provide data safety. If you set this flag to false, you will
# lose data on truncation or drop.
auto_snapshot: true
# When executing a scan, within or across a partition, we need to keep the
# tombstones seen in memory so we can return them to the coordinator, which
# will use them to make sure other replicas also know about the deleted rows.
# With workloads that generate a lot of tombstones, this can cause performance
# problems and even exaust the server heap.
# (http://www.datastax.com/dev/blog/cassandra-anti-patterns-queues-and-queue-like-datasets)
# Adjust the thresholds here if you understand the dangers and want to
# scan more tombstones anyway. These thresholds may also be adjusted at runtime
# using the StorageService mbean.
tombstone_warn_threshold: 1000
tombstone_failure_threshold: 100000
# Granularity of the collation index of rows within a partition.
# Increase if your rows are large, or if you have a very large
# number of rows per partition. The competing goals are these:
# 1) a smaller granularity means more index entries are generated
# and looking up rows withing the partition by collation column
# is faster
# 2) but, Cassandra will keep the collation index in memory for hot
# rows (as part of the key cache), so a larger granularity means
# you can cache more hot rows
column_index_size_in_kb: 64
# Log WARN on any batch size exceeding this value. 5kb per batch by default.
# Caution should be taken on increasing the size of this threshold as it can lead to node instability.
batch_size_warn_threshold_in_kb: 5
# Fail any batch exceeding this value. 50kb (10x warn threshold) by default.
batch_size_fail_threshold_in_kb: 50
# Log WARN on any batches not of type LOGGED than span across more partitions than this limit
unlogged_batch_across_partitions_warn_threshold: 10
# Number of simultaneous compactions to allow, NOT including
# validation "compactions" for anti-entropy repair. Simultaneous
# compactions can help preserve read performance in a mixed read/write
# workload, by mitigating the tendency of small sstables to accumulate
# during a single long running compactions. The default is usually
# fine and if you experience problems with compaction running too
# slowly or too fast, you should look at
# compaction_throughput_mb_per_sec first.
#
# concurrent_compactors defaults to the smaller of (number of disks,
# number of cores), with a minimum of 2 and a maximum of 8.
#
# If your data directories are backed by SSD, you should increase this
# to the number of cores.
#concurrent_compactors: 1
# Throttles compaction to the given total throughput across the entire
# system. The faster you insert data, the faster you need to compact in
# order to keep the sstable count down, but in general, setting this to
# 16 to 32 times the rate you are inserting data is more than sufficient.
# Setting this to 0 disables throttling. Note that this account for all types
# of compaction, including validation compaction.
compaction_throughput_mb_per_sec: 16
# Log a warning when compacting partitions larger than this value
compaction_large_partition_warning_threshold_mb: 100
# When compacting, the replacement sstable(s) can be opened before they
# are completely written, and used in place of the prior sstables for
# any range that has been written. This helps to smoothly transfer reads
# between the sstables, reducing page cache churn and keeping hot rows hot
sstable_preemptive_open_interval_in_mb: 50
# Throttles all outbound streaming file transfers on this node to the
# given total throughput in Mbps. This is necessary because Cassandra does
# mostly sequential IO when streaming data during bootstrap or repair, which
# can lead to saturating the network connection and degrading rpc performance.
# When unset, the default is 200 Mbps or 25 MB/s.
# stream_throughput_outbound_megabits_per_sec: 200
# Throttles all streaming file transfer between the datacenters,
# this setting allows users to throttle inter dc stream throughput in addition
# to throttling all network stream traffic as configured with
# stream_throughput_outbound_megabits_per_sec
# When unset, the default is 200 Mbps or 25 MB/s
# inter_dc_stream_throughput_outbound_megabits_per_sec: 200
# How long the coordinator should wait for read operations to complete
read_request_timeout_in_ms: 5000
# How long the coordinator should wait for seq or index scans to complete
range_request_timeout_in_ms: 10000
# How long the coordinator should wait for writes to complete
write_request_timeout_in_ms: 2000
# How long the coordinator should wait for counter writes to complete
counter_write_request_timeout_in_ms: 5000
# How long a coordinator should continue to retry a CAS operation
# that contends with other proposals for the same row
cas_contention_timeout_in_ms: 1000
# How long the coordinator should wait for truncates to complete
# (This can be much longer, because unless auto_snapshot is disabled
# we need to flush first so we can snapshot before removing the data.)
truncate_request_timeout_in_ms: 60000
# The default timeout for other, miscellaneous operations
request_timeout_in_ms: 10000
# Enable operation timeout information exchange between nodes to accurately
# measure request timeouts. If disabled, replicas will assume that requests
# were forwarded to them instantly by the coordinator, which means that
# under overload conditions we will waste that much extra time processing
# already-timed-out requests.
#
# Warning: before enabling this property make sure to ntp is installed
# and the times are synchronized between the nodes.
cross_node_timeout: false
# Set socket timeout for streaming operation.
# The stream session is failed if no data/ack is received by any of the participants
# within that period, which means this should also be sufficient to stream a large
# sstable or rebuild table indexes.
# Default value is 86400000ms, which means stale streams timeout after 24 hours.
# A value of zero means stream sockets should never time out.
# streaming_socket_timeout_in_ms: 86400000
# phi value that must be reached for a host to be marked down.
# most users should never need to adjust this.
# phi_convict_threshold: 8
# endpoint_snitch -- Set this to a class that implements
# IEndpointSnitch. The snitch has two functions:
# - it teaches Cassandra enough about your network topology to route
# requests efficiently
# - it allows Cassandra to spread replicas around your cluster to avoid
# correlated failures. It does this by grouping machines into
# "datacenters" and "racks." Cassandra will do its best not to have
# more than one replica on the same "rack" (which may not actually
# be a physical location)
#
# CASSANDRA WILL NOT ALLOW YOU TO SWITCH TO AN INCOMPATIBLE SNITCH
# ONCE DATA IS INSERTED INTO THE CLUSTER. This would cause data loss.
# This means that if you start with the default SimpleSnitch, which
# locates every node on "rack1" in "datacenter1", your only options
# if you need to add another datacenter are GossipingPropertyFileSnitch
# (and the older PFS). From there, if you want to migrate to an
# incompatible snitch like Ec2Snitch you can do it by adding new nodes
# under Ec2Snitch (which will locate them in a new "datacenter") and
# decommissioning the old ones.
#
# Out of the box, Cassandra provides
# - SimpleSnitch:
# Treats Strategy order as proximity. This can improve cache
# locality when disabling read repair. Only appropriate for
# single-datacenter deployments.
# - GossipingPropertyFileSnitch
# This should be your go-to snitch for production use. The rack
# and datacenter for the local node are defined in
# cassandra-rackdc.properties and propagated to other nodes via
# gossip. If cassandra-topology.properties exists, it is used as a
# fallback, allowing migration from the PropertyFileSnitch.
# - PropertyFileSnitch:
# Proximity is determined by rack and data center, which are
# explicitly configured in cassandra-topology.properties.
# - Ec2Snitch:
# Appropriate for EC2 deployments in a single Region. Loads Region
# and Availability Zone information from the EC2 API. The Region is
# treated as the datacenter, and the Availability Zone as the rack.
# Only private IPs are used, so this will not work across multiple
# Regions.
# - Ec2MultiRegionSnitch:
# Uses public IPs as broadcast_address to allow cross-region
# connectivity. (Thus, you should set seed addresses to the public
# IP as well.) You will need to open the storage_port or
# ssl_storage_port on the public IP firewall. (For intra-Region
# traffic, Cassandra will switch to the private IP after
# establishing a connection.)
# - RackInferringSnitch:
# Proximity is determined by rack and data center, which are
# assumed to correspond to the 3rd and 2nd octet of each node's IP
# address, respectively. Unless this happens to match your
# deployment conventions, this is best used as an example of
# writing a custom Snitch class and is provided in that spirit.
#
# You can use a custom Snitch by setting this to the full class name
# of the snitch, which will be assumed to be on your classpath.
endpoint_snitch: SimpleSnitch
# controls how often to perform the more expensive part of host score
# calculation
dynamic_snitch_update_interval_in_ms: 100
# controls how often to reset all host scores, allowing a bad host to
# possibly recover
dynamic_snitch_reset_interval_in_ms: 600000
# if set greater than zero and read_repair_chance is < 1.0, this will allow
# 'pinning' of replicas to hosts in order to increase cache capacity.
# The badness threshold will control how much worse the pinned host has to be
# before the dynamic snitch will prefer other replicas over it. This is
# expressed as a double which represents a percentage. Thus, a value of
# 0.2 means Cassandra would continue to prefer the static snitch values
# until the pinned host was 20% worse than the fastest.
dynamic_snitch_badness_threshold: 0.1
# request_scheduler -- Set this to a class that implements
# RequestScheduler, which will schedule incoming client requests
# according to the specific policy. This is useful for multi-tenancy
# with a single Cassandra cluster.
# NOTE: This is specifically for requests from the client and does
# not affect inter node communication.
# org.apache.cassandra.scheduler.NoScheduler - No scheduling takes place
# org.apache.cassandra.scheduler.RoundRobinScheduler - Round robin of
# client requests to a node with a separate queue for each
# request_scheduler_id. The scheduler is further customized by
# request_scheduler_options as described below.
request_scheduler: org.apache.cassandra.scheduler.NoScheduler
# Scheduler Options vary based on the type of scheduler
# NoScheduler - Has no options
# RoundRobin
# - throttle_limit -- The throttle_limit is the number of in-flight
# requests per client. Requests beyond
# that limit are queued up until
# running requests can complete.
# The value of 80 here is twice the number of
# concurrent_reads + concurrent_writes.
# - default_weight -- default_weight is optional and allows for
# overriding the default which is 1.
# - weights -- Weights are optional and will default to 1 or the
# overridden default_weight. The weight translates into how
# many requests are handled during each turn of the
# RoundRobin, based on the scheduler id.
#
# request_scheduler_options:
# throttle_limit: 80
# default_weight: 5
# weights:
# Keyspace1: 1
# Keyspace2: 5
# request_scheduler_id -- An identifier based on which to perform
# the request scheduling. Currently the only valid option is keyspace.
# request_scheduler_id: keyspace
# Enable or disable inter-node encryption
# Default settings are TLS v1, RSA 1024-bit keys (it is imperative that
# users generate their own keys) TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA as the cipher
# suite for authentication, key exchange and encryption of the actual data transfers.
# Use the DHE/ECDHE ciphers if running in FIPS 140 compliant mode.
# NOTE: No custom encryption options are enabled at the moment
# The available internode options are : all, none, dc, rack
#
# If set to dc cassandra will encrypt the traffic between the DCs
# If set to rack cassandra will encrypt the traffic between the racks
#
# The passwords used in these options must match the passwords used when generating
# the keystore and truststore. For instructions on generating these files, see:
# http://download.oracle.com/javase/6/docs/technotes/guides/security/jsse/JSSERefGuide.html#CreateKeystore
#
server_encryption_options:
internode_encryption: none
keystore: conf/.keystore
keystore_password: cassandra
truststore: conf/.truststore
truststore_password: cassandra
# More advanced defaults below:
# protocol: TLS
# algorithm: SunX509
# store_type: JKS
# cipher_suites: [TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA,TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA,TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA,TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA,TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA,TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA]
# require_client_auth: false
# enable or disable client/server encryption.
client_encryption_options:
enabled: false
# If enabled and optional is set to true encrypted and unencrypted connections are handled.
optional: false
keystore: conf/.keystore
keystore_password: cassandra
# require_client_auth: false
# Set trustore and truststore_password if require_client_auth is true
# truststore: conf/.truststore
# truststore_password: cassandra
# More advanced defaults below:
# protocol: TLS
# algorithm: SunX509
# store_type: JKS
# cipher_suites: [TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA,TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA,TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA,TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA,TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA,TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA]
# internode_compression controls whether traffic between nodes is
# compressed.
# can be: all - all traffic is compressed
# dc - traffic between different datacenters is compressed
# none - nothing is compressed.
internode_compression: all
# Enable or disable tcp_nodelay for inter-dc communication.
# Disabling it will result in larger (but fewer) network packets being sent,
# reducing overhead from the TCP protocol itself, at the cost of increasing
# latency if you block for cross-datacenter responses.
inter_dc_tcp_nodelay: false
# TTL for different trace types used during logging of the repair process.
tracetype_query_ttl: 86400
tracetype_repair_ttl: 604800
# By default, Cassandra logs GC Pauses greater than 200 ms at INFO level
# This threshold can be adjusted to minimize logging if necessary
# gc_log_threshold_in_ms: 200
# GC Pauses greater than gc_warn_threshold_in_ms will be logged at WARN level
# If unset, all GC Pauses greater than gc_log_threshold_in_ms will log at
# INFO level
# Adjust the threshold based on your application throughput requirement
# gc_warn_threshold_in_ms: 1000
# UDFs (user defined functions) are disabled by default.
# As of Cassandra 2.2, there is no security manager or anything else in place that
# prevents execution of evil code. CASSANDRA-9402 will fix this issue for Cassandra 3.0.
# This will inherently be backwards-incompatible with any 2.2 UDF that perform insecure
# operations such as opening a socket or writing to the filesystem.
enable_user_defined_functions: true
# The default Windows kernel timer and scheduling resolution is 15.6ms for power conservation.
# Lowering this value on Windows can provide much tighter latency and better throughput, however
# some virtualized environments may see a negative performance impact from changing this setting
# below their system default. The sysinternals 'clockres' tool can confirm your system's default
# setting.
windows_timer_interval: 1