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Transit is a data format and a set of libraries for conveying values between applications written in different languages. This library provides support for marshalling Transit data to/from Clojure.

This implementation's major.minor version number corresponds to the version of the Transit specification it supports.

NOTE: Transit is intended primarily as a wire protocol for transferring data between applications. If storing Transit data durably, readers and writers are expected to use the same version of Transit and you are responsible for migrating/transforming/re-storing that data when and if the transit format changes.

Releases and Dependency Information

Maven dependency information:


Leiningen dependency information:

[com.cognitect/transit-clj "1.0.329"]


(require '[cognitect.transit :as transit])
(import [ ByteArrayInputStream ByteArrayOutputStream])

;; Write data to a stream
(def out (ByteArrayOutputStream. 4096))
(def writer (transit/writer out :json))
(transit/write writer "foo")
(transit/write writer {:a [1 2]})

;; Take a peek at the JSON
(.toString out)
;; => "{\"~#'\":\"foo\"} [\"^ \",\"~:a\",[1,2]]"

;; Read data from a stream
(def in (ByteArrayInputStream. (.toByteArray out)))
(def reader (transit/reader in :json))
(prn (transit/read reader))  ;; => "foo"
(prn (transit/read reader))  ;; => {:a [1 2]}

Default Type Mapping

Transit type Write accepts Read returns
null nil nil
string java.lang.String java.lang.String
boolean java.lang.Boolean java.lang.Boolean
integer java.lang.Byte, java.lang.Short, java.lang.Integer, java.lang.Long java.lang.Long
decimal java.lang.Float, java.lang.Double java.lang.Double
keyword clojure.lang.Keyword clojure.lang.Keyword
symbol clojure.lang.Symbol clojure.lang.Symbol
big decimal java.math.BigDecimal java.math.BigDecimal
big integer clojure.lang.BigInt,java.math.BigInteger clojure.lang.BigInt
time java.util.Date java.util.Date
uri, com.cognitect.transit.URI com.cognitect.transit.URI
uuid java.util.UUID java.util.UUID
char java.lang.Character java.lang.Character
array clojure.lang.IPersistentVector, java.util.List clojure.lang.IPersistentVector
list clojure.lang.ISeq clojure.lang.ISeq
set clojure.lang.IPersistentSet,java.util.Set clojure.lang.IPersistentSet
map clojure.lang.IPersistentMap,java.util.Map clojure.lang.IPersistentMap
link cognitect.transit.Link cognitect.transit.Link
ratio + clojure.lang.Ratio clojure.lang.Ratio

+ Extension using tagged values


This library is open source, developed internally by Cognitect. We welcome discussions of potential problems and enhancement suggestions on the transit-format mailing list. Issues can be filed using GitHub issues for this project. Because transit is incorporated into products and client projects, we prefer to do development internally and are not accepting pull requests or patches.

Copyright and License

Copyright © 2014-2020 Cognitect

Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with the License. You may obtain a copy of the License at

Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See the License for the specific language governing permissions and limitations under the License.


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