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Creating a Private Local Docker Registry using Play with Docker

Tested Infrastructure

Platform Number of Instance Reading Time
Play with Docker 1 5 min

Pre-requisite

  • Create an account with DockerHub
  • Open PWD Platform on your browser
  • Click on Add New Instance on the left side of the screen to bring up Alpine OS instance on the right side

Create a directory to permanently store images.

$ mkdir -p /opt/registry/data

Authenticate with DockerHub

$docker login

Start the registry container.

$ docker run -d \
  -p 5000:5000 \
  --name registry \
  -v /opt/registry/data:/var/lib/registry \
  --restart always \
  registry:2
b1a641f8d710eee34405ad575050179f5a1262f1c845806cc3c2b435dea1648c

Display running containers.

$ docker ps
$ docker ps
CONTAINER ID        IMAGE               COMMAND                  CREATED             STATUS              PORTS
                    NAMES
3a056bf96c6d        registry:2          "/entrypoint.sh /etc…"   About an hour ago   Up About an hour    0.0.0
.0:5000->5000/tcp   registry

Pull Debian Stretch image from official repository.

$ docker pull debian:stretch

stretch: Pulling from library/debian
723254a2c089: Pull complete
Digest: sha256:0a5fcee6f52d5170f557ee2447d7a10a5bdcf715dd7f0250be0b678c556a501b
Status: Downloaded newer image for debian:stretch

Tag local Debian Stretch image with an additional tag - local repository address.

$ docker tag debian:stretch localhost:5000/debian:stretch

Push image to the local repository.

[node1] (local) root@192.168.0.23 ~
$ docker push localhost:5000/debian:stretch
The push refers to repository [localhost:5000/debian]
90d1009ce6fe: Pushed
stretch: digest: sha256:38236c068c393272ad02db100e09cac36a5465149e2924a035ee60d6c60c38fe size: 529
[node1] (local) root@192.168.0.23 ~

Remove local images.

[node1] (local) root@192.168.0.23 ~
$ docker image remove debian:stretch
Untagged: debian:stretch
Untagged: debian@sha256:df6ebd5e9c87d0d7381360209f3a05c62981b5c2a3ec94228da4082ba07c4f05
[node1] (local) root@192.168.0.23 ~
$ docker image remove localhost:5000/debian:stretch
Untagged: localhost:5000/debian:stretch
Untagged: localhost:5000/debian@sha256:38236c068c393272ad02db100e09cac36a5465149e2924a035ee60d6c60c38fe
Deleted: sha256:4879790bd60d439cfe39c063660eef7af525d5f6f1cbb701a14c7cfc11cbfcf7

Pull Debian Stretch image from local repository.

[node1] (local) root@192.168.0.23 ~
$ docker pull localhost:5000/debian:stretch
stretch: Pulling from debian
54f7e8ac135a: Pull complete
Digest: sha256:38236c068c393272ad02db100e09cac36a5465149e2924a035ee60d6c60c38fe
Status: Downloaded newer image for localhost:5000/debian:stretch

List stored images.

[node1] (local) root@192.168.0.23 ~
$ docker image ls
REPOSITORY              TAG                 IMAGE ID            CREATED             SIZE
localhost:5000/debian   stretch             4879790bd60d        12 days ago         101MB
registry                2                   2e2f252f3c88        2 months ago        33.3MB

Shared local registry

Create a directory to permanently store images.

$ mkdir -p /srv/registry/data

Create a directory to permanently store certificates and authentication data.

$ mkdir -p /srv/registry/security

Store domain and intermediate certificates using /srv/registry/security/registry.crt file, private key using /srv/registry/security/registry.key file. Use valid certificate and do not waste time with self-signed one. This step is required do use basic authentication.

Install apache2-utils to use htpasswd utility.

[node1] (local) root@192.168.0.23 ~
$ apk add apache2-utils
OK: 302 MiB in 110 packages

Create initial username and password. The only supported password format is bcrypt.

$ : | sudo tee /srv/registry/security/htpasswd
[node1] (local) root@192.168.0.23 ~
$ echo "password" | sudo htpasswd -iB /srv/registry/security/htpasswd username
Adding password for user username

Adding password for user username

$
[node1] (local) root@192.168.0.23 ~
$ cat /srv/registry/security/htpasswd
username:$2y$05$q9R5FSNYpAppB4Vw/AGWb.RqMCGE8DmZ4q5HZC/1wC87oTWyvB9vy
[node1] (local) root@192.168.0.23 ~
$

Stop and Remove all old containers

$ docker stop $(docker ps -a -q)
3a056bf96c6d
[node1] (local) root@192.168.0.23 ~
$ docker rm -f $(docker ps -a -q)
3a056bf96c6d

Start the registry container.

[node1] (local) root@192.168.0.23 ~
$ docker run -d   -p 443:5000   --name registry   -v /srv/registry/data:/var/lib/registry   -v /srv/registry/security:/etc/security   -e REGISTRY_HTTP_TLS_CERTIFICATE=/etc/security/registry.crt   -e REGISTRY_HTTP_TLS_KEY=/etc/security/registry.key   -e REGISTRY_AUTH=htpasswd   -e REGISTRY_AUTH_HTPASSWD_PATH=/etc/security/htpasswd   -e REGISTRY_AUTH_HTPASSWD_REALM="Registry Realm"   --restart always   registry:2
e7755af8cbd70ea84ab77237a87cb97fd1abb18c7726fbc116c40f081d3b7098
[node1] (local) root@192.168.0.23 ~

Display running containers.

[node1] (local) root@192.168.0.23 ~
$ docker ps
CONTAINER ID        IMAGE               COMMAND                  CREATED              STATUS        PORTS               NAMES
e7755af8cbd7        registry:2          "/entrypoint.sh /etc…"   About a minute ago   Restarting (1) 22 seconds ago                       registry
[node1] (local) root@192.168.0.23 ~

Pull Debian Stretch image from official repository.

$ docker pull debian:stretch

stretch: Pulling from library/debian
723254a2c089: Pull complete
Digest: sha256:0a5fcee6f52d5170f557ee2447d7a10a5bdcf715dd7f0250be0b678c556a501b
Status: Downloaded newer image for debian:stretch

Tag local Debian Stretch image with an additional tag - local repository address.

$ docker tag debian:stretch registry.collabnix.com/debian:stretch

This time you need to provide login credentials to use local repository.

$ docker push registry.collabnix.com/debian:stretch

e27a10675c56: Preparing
no basic auth credentials
$ docker pull registry.collabnix.com/debian:stretch

Error response from daemon: Get https://registry.collabnix.com/v2/debian/manifests/stretch: no basic auth credentials

Log in to the local registry.

$ docker login --username username registry.collabnix.com
Password: ********

Login Succeeded

Push image to the local repository.

$ docker push registry.collabnix.com/debian:stretch
The push refers to repository [registry.collabnix.com/debian]
e27a10675c56: Pushed
stretch: digest: sha256:02741df16aee1b81c4aaff4c48d75cc2c308bade918b22679df570c170feef7c size: 529

Remove local images.

$ docker image remove debian:stretch

Untagged: debian:stretch
Untagged: debian@sha256:0a5fcee6f52d5170f557ee2447d7a10a5bdcf715dd7f0250be0b678c556a501b
$ docker image remove registry.collabnix.com/debian:stretch

Untagged: registry.collabnix.com/debian:stretch
Untagged: registry.sl.collabnix.com/debian@sha256:02741df16aee1b81c4aaff4c48d75cc2c308bade918b22679df570c170feef7c
Deleted: sha256:da653cee0545dfbe3c1864ab3ce782805603356a9cc712acc7b3100d9932fa5e
Deleted: sha256:e27a10675c5656bafb7bfa9e4631e871499af0a5ddfda3cebc0ac401dfe19382

Pull Debian Stretch image from local repository.

$ docker pull registry.collabnix.com/debian:stretch

stretch: Pulling from debian
723254a2c089: Pull complete
Digest: sha256:02741df16aee1b81c4aaff4c48d75cc2c308bade918b22679df570c170feef7c
Status: Downloaded newer image for registry.collabnix.com/debian:stretch

List stored images.

$ docker image ls

REPOSITORY                           TAG                 IMAGE ID            CREATED             SIZE
registry                             2                   d1fd7d86a825        4 weeks ago         33.3MB
registry.collabnix.com/debian   stretch             da653cee0545        2 months ago        100MB
hello-world                          latest              f2a91732366c        2 months ago     
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