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README.md

json_spec Build Status Dependency Status

Easily handle JSON in RSpec and Cucumber

Installation

gem install json_spec

or with Bundler:

gem "json_spec"

Documentation

Please help write documentation!

http://rdoc.info/gems/json_spec

RSpec

json_spec defines five new RSpec matchers:

  • be_json_eql
  • include_json
  • have_json_path
  • have_json_type
  • have_json_size

The new matchers could be used in RSpec as follows:

describe User do
  let(:user){ User.create!(:first_name => "Steve", :last_name => "Richert") }

  context "#to_json" do
    let(:json){ user.to_json }

    it "includes the name" do
      json.should be_json_eql(%({"first_name":"Steve","last_name":"Richert"})).excluding("friends")
    end

    it "includes the ID" do
      json.should have_json_path("id")
      json.should have_json_type(Integer).at_path("id")
    end

    it "includes friends" do
      json.should have_json_size(0).at_path("friends")
      user.friends << User.create!(:first_name => "Catie", :last_name => "Richert")
      json.should have_json_size(1).at_path("friends")
      json.should include_json(%({"first_name":"Catie","last_name":"Richert"}))
    end
  end
end

Also json_spec provides some useful helpers for RSpec tests:

  • parse_json
  • normalize_json
  • generate_normalized_json

To start using them add include statement in your Rspec.configure at spec_helper.rb file:

RSpec.configure do |config|
  config.include JsonSpec::Helpers
end

Examples of usage this methods you can find in spec/json_spec/helpers_spec.rb

Exclusions

json_spec ignores certain hash keys by default when comparing JSON:

  • id
  • created_at
  • updated_at

It's oftentimes helpful when evaluating JSON representations of newly-created ActiveRecord records so that the new ID and timestamps don't have to be known. These exclusions are globally customizeable:

JsonSpec.configure do
  exclude_keys "created_at", "updated_at"
end

Now, the id key will be included in json_spec's comparisons. Keys can also be excluded/included per matcher by chaining the excluding or including methods (as shown above) which will add or subtract from the globally excluded keys, respectively.

Paths

Each of json_spec's matchers deal with JSON "paths." These are simple strings of "/" separated hash keys and array indexes. For instance, with the following JSON:

{
  "first_name": "Steve",
  "last_name": "Richert",
  "friends": [
    {
      "first_name": "Catie",
      "last_name": "Richert"
    }
  ]
}

We could access the first friend's first name with the path "friends/0/first_name".

Cucumber

json_spec provides Cucumber steps that utilize its RSpec matchers and that's where json_spec really shines. This is perfect for testing your app's JSON API.

In order to use the Cucumber steps, in your env.rb you must:

require "json_spec/cucumber"

You also need to define a last_json method. If you're using Capybara, it could be as simple as:

def last_json
  page.source
end

Now, you can use the json_spec steps in your features:

Feature: User API
  Background:
    Given the following users exist:
      | id | first_name | last_name |
      | 1  | Steve      | Richert   |
      | 2  | Catie      | Richert   |
    And "Steve Richert" is friends with "Catie Richert"

  Scenario: Index action
    When I visit "/users.json"
    Then the JSON response should have 2 users
    And the JSON response at "0/id" should be 1
    And the JSON response at "1/id" should be 2

  Scenario: Show action
    When I visit "/users/1.json"
    Then the JSON response at "first_name" should be "Steve"
    And the JSON response at "last_name" should be "Richert"
    And the JSON response should have "created_at"
    And the JSON response at "created_at" should be a string
    And the JSON response at "friends" should be:
      """
      [
        {
          "id": 2,
          "first_name": "Catie",
          "last_name": "Richert"
        }
      ]
      """

The background steps above aren't provided by json_spec and the "visit" steps are provided by Capybara. The remaining steps, json_spec provides. They're versatile and can be used in plenty of different formats:

Then the JSON should be:
  """
  {
    "key": "value"
  }
  """
Then the JSON at "path" should be:
  """
  [
    "entry",
    "entry"
  ]
  """

Then the JSON should be {"key":"value"}
Then the JSON at "path" should be {"key":"value"}
Then the JSON should be ["entry","entry"]
Then the JSON at "path" should be ["entry","entry"]
Then the JSON at "path" should be "string"
Then the JSON at "path" should be 10
Then the JSON at "path" should be 10.0
Then the JSON at "path" should be 1e+1
Then the JSON at "path" should be true
Then the JSON at "path" should be false
Then the JSON at "path" should be null

Then the JSON should include:
  """
  {
    "key": "value"
  }
  """
Then the JSON at "path" should include:
  """
  [
    "entry",
    "entry"
  ]
  """

Then the JSON should include {"key":"value"}
Then the JSON at "path" should include {"key":"value"}
Then the JSON should include ["entry","entry"]
Then the JSON at "path" should include ["entry","entry"]
Then the JSON should include "string"
Then the JSON at "path" should include "string"
Then the JSON should include 10
Then the JSON at "path" should include 10
Then the JSON should include 10.0
Then the JSON at "path" should include 10.0
Then the JSON should include 1e+1
Then the JSON at "path" should include 1e+1
Then the JSON should include true
Then the JSON at "path" should include true
Then the JSON should include false
Then the JSON at "path" should include false
Then the JSON should include null
Then the JSON at "path" should include null

Then the JSON should have "path"

Then the JSON should be a hash
Then the JSON at "path" should be an array
Then the JSON at "path" should be a float

Then the JSON should have 1 entry
Then the JSON at "path" should have 2 entries
Then the JSON should have 3 keys
Then the JSON should have 4 whatevers

All instances of "should" above could be followed by "not" and all instances of "JSON" could be downcased and/or followed by "response."

Table format

Another step exists that uses Cucumber's table formatting and wraps two of the above steps:

Then the JSON should have the following:
  | path/0 | {"key":"value"}   |
  | path/1 | ["entry","entry"] |

Any number of rows can be given. The step above is equivalent to:

Then the JSON at "path/0" should be {"key":"value"}
And the JSON at "path/1" should be ["entry","entry"]

If only one column is given:

Then the JSON should have the following:
  | path/0 |
  | path/1 |

This is equivalent to:

Then the JSON should have "path/0"
And the JSON should have "path/1"

JSON Memory

There's one more Cucumber step that json_spec provides which hasn't been used above. It's used to memorize JSON for reuse in later steps. You can "keep" all or a portion of the JSON by giving a name by which to remember it.

Feature: User API
  Scenario: Index action includes full user JSON
    Given the following user exists:
      | id | first_name | last_name |
      | 1  | Steve      | Richert   |
    And I visit "/users/1.json"
    And I keep the JSON response as "USER_1"
    When I visit "/users.json"
    Then the JSON response should be:
      """
      [
        %{USER_1}
      ]
      """

You can memorize JSON at a path:

Given I keep the JSON response at "first_name" as "FIRST_NAME"

You can remember JSON at a path:

Then the JSON response at "0/first_name" should be:
  """
  %{FIRST_NAME}
  """

You can also remember JSON inline:

Then the JSON response at "0/first_name" should be %{FIRST_NAME}

Contributing

In the spirit of free software, everyone is encouraged to help improve this project.

Here are some ways you can contribute:

  • using alpha, beta, and prerelease versions
  • reporting bugs
  • suggesting new features
  • writing or editing documentation
  • writing specifications
  • writing code (no patch is too small: fix typos, add comments, clean up inconsistent whitespace)
  • refactoring code
  • closing issues
  • reviewing patches

Submitting an Issue

We use the GitHub issue tracker to track bugs and features. Before submitting a bug report or feature request, check to make sure it hasn't already been submitted. You can indicate support for an existing issuse by voting it up. When submitting a bug report, please include a Gist that includes a stack trace and any details that may be necessary to reproduce the bug, including your gem version, Ruby version, and operating system. Ideally, a bug report should include a pull request with failing specs.

Submitting a Pull Request

  1. Fork the project.
  2. Create a topic branch.
  3. Implement your feature or bug fix.
  4. Add specs for your feature or bug fix.
  5. Run bundle exec rake. If your changes are not 100% covered and passing, go back to step 4.
  6. Commit and push your changes.
  7. Submit a pull request. Please do not include changes to the gemspec, version, or history file. (If you want to create your own version for some reason, please do so in a separate commit.)

Copyright

Copyright © 2011 Steve Richert See LICENSE for details.

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