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/*
*******************************************************************************
* Copyright (c) 1996-2005, International Business Machines Corporation and others.
* All Rights Reserved.
*******************************************************************************
*/
#ifndef UCOL_H
#define UCOL_H
#include "unicode/utypes.h"
#if !UCONFIG_NO_COLLATION
#include "unicode/unorm.h"
#include "unicode/parseerr.h"
#include "unicode/uloc.h"
#include "unicode/uset.h"
/**
* \file
* \brief C API: Collator
*
* <h2> Collator C API </h2>
*
* The C API for Collator performs locale-sensitive
* string comparison. You use this service to build
* searching and sorting routines for natural language text.
* <em>Important: </em>The ICU collation service has been reimplemented
* in order to achieve better performance and UCA compliance.
* For details, see the
* <a href="http://icu.sourceforge.net/cvs/icu/~checkout~/icuhtml/design/collation/ICU_collation_design.htm">
* collation design document</a>.
* <p>
* For more information about the collation service see
* <a href="http://icu.sourceforge.net/icu/userguide/Collate_Intro.html">the users guide</a>.
* <p>
* Collation service provides correct sorting orders for most locales supported in ICU.
* If specific data for a locale is not available, the orders eventually falls back
* to the <a href="http://www.unicode.org/unicode/reports/tr10/">UCA sort order</a>.
* <p>
* Sort ordering may be customized by providing your own set of rules. For more on
* this subject see the
* <a href="http://icu.sourceforge.net/icu/userguide/Collate_Customization.html">
* Collation customization</a> section of the users guide.
* <p>
* @see UCollationResult
* @see UNormalizationMode
* @see UCollationStrength
* @see UCollationElements
*/
/** A collation element iterator.
* For usage in C programs.
*/
struct collIterate;
/** structure representing collation element iterator instance
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
typedef struct collIterate collIterate;
/** A collator.
* For usage in C programs.
*/
struct UCollator;
/** structure representing a collator object instance
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
typedef struct UCollator UCollator;
/**
* UCOL_LESS is returned if source string is compared to be less than target
* string in the u_strcoll() method.
* UCOL_EQUAL is returned if source string is compared to be equal to target
* string in the u_strcoll() method.
* UCOL_GREATER is returned if source string is compared to be greater than
* target string in the u_strcoll() method.
* @see u_strcoll()
* <p>
* Possible values for a comparison result
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
typedef enum {
/** string a == string b */
UCOL_EQUAL = 0,
/** string a > string b */
UCOL_GREATER = 1,
/** string a < string b */
UCOL_LESS = -1
} UCollationResult ;
/** Enum containing attribute values for controling collation behavior.
* Here are all the allowable values. Not every attribute can take every value. The only
* universal value is UCOL_DEFAULT, which resets the attribute value to the predefined
* value for that locale
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
typedef enum {
/** accepted by most attributes */
UCOL_DEFAULT = -1,
/** Primary collation strength */
UCOL_PRIMARY = 0,
/** Secondary collation strength */
UCOL_SECONDARY = 1,
/** Tertiary collation strength */
UCOL_TERTIARY = 2,
/** Default collation strength */
UCOL_DEFAULT_STRENGTH = UCOL_TERTIARY,
UCOL_CE_STRENGTH_LIMIT,
/** Quaternary collation strength */
UCOL_QUATERNARY=3,
/** Identical collation strength */
UCOL_IDENTICAL=15,
UCOL_STRENGTH_LIMIT,
/** Turn the feature off - works for UCOL_FRENCH_COLLATION,
UCOL_CASE_LEVEL, UCOL_HIRAGANA_QUATERNARY_MODE
& UCOL_DECOMPOSITION_MODE*/
UCOL_OFF = 16,
/** Turn the feature on - works for UCOL_FRENCH_COLLATION,
UCOL_CASE_LEVEL, UCOL_HIRAGANA_QUATERNARY_MODE
& UCOL_DECOMPOSITION_MODE*/
UCOL_ON = 17,
/** Valid for UCOL_ALTERNATE_HANDLING. Alternate handling will be shifted */
UCOL_SHIFTED = 20,
/** Valid for UCOL_ALTERNATE_HANDLING. Alternate handling will be non ignorable */
UCOL_NON_IGNORABLE = 21,
/** Valid for UCOL_CASE_FIRST -
lower case sorts before upper case */
UCOL_LOWER_FIRST = 24,
/** upper case sorts before lower case */
UCOL_UPPER_FIRST = 25,
UCOL_ATTRIBUTE_VALUE_COUNT
} UColAttributeValue;
/**
* Base letter represents a primary difference. Set comparison
* level to UCOL_PRIMARY to ignore secondary and tertiary differences.
* Use this to set the strength of a Collator object.
* Example of primary difference, "abc" &lt; "abd"
*
* Diacritical differences on the same base letter represent a secondary
* difference. Set comparison level to UCOL_SECONDARY to ignore tertiary
* differences. Use this to set the strength of a Collator object.
* Example of secondary difference, "ä" >> "a".
*
* Uppercase and lowercase versions of the same character represents a
* tertiary difference. Set comparison level to UCOL_TERTIARY to include
* all comparison differences. Use this to set the strength of a Collator
* object.
* Example of tertiary difference, "abc" &lt;&lt;&lt; "ABC".
*
* Two characters are considered "identical" when they have the same
* unicode spellings. UCOL_IDENTICAL.
* For example, "ä" == "ä".
*
* UCollationStrength is also used to determine the strength of sort keys
* generated from UCollator objects
* These values can be now found in the UColAttributeValue enum.
* @stable ICU 2.0
**/
typedef UColAttributeValue UCollationStrength;
/** Attributes that collation service understands. All the attributes can take UCOL_DEFAULT
* value, as well as the values specific to each one.
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
typedef enum {
/** Attribute for direction of secondary weights - used in French.\
* Acceptable values are UCOL_ON, which results in secondary weights
* being considered backwards and UCOL_OFF which treats secondary
* weights in the order they appear.*/
UCOL_FRENCH_COLLATION,
/** Attribute for handling variable elements.\
* Acceptable values are UCOL_NON_IGNORABLE (default)
* which treats all the codepoints with non-ignorable
* primary weights in the same way,
* and UCOL_SHIFTED which causes codepoints with primary
* weights that are equal or below the variable top value
* to be ignored on primary level and moved to the quaternary
* level.*/
UCOL_ALTERNATE_HANDLING,
/** Controls the ordering of upper and lower case letters.\
* Acceptable values are UCOL_OFF (default), which orders
* upper and lower case letters in accordance to their tertiary
* weights, UCOL_UPPER_FIRST which forces upper case letters to
* sort before lower case letters, and UCOL_LOWER_FIRST which does
* the opposite. */
UCOL_CASE_FIRST,
/** Controls whether an extra case level (positioned before the third
* level) is generated or not.\ Acceptable values are UCOL_OFF (default),
* when case level is not generated, and UCOL_ON which causes the case
* level to be generated.\ Contents of the case level are affected by
* the value of UCOL_CASE_FIRST attribute.\ A simple way to ignore
* accent differences in a string is to set the strength to UCOL_PRIMARY
* and enable case level. */
UCOL_CASE_LEVEL,
/** Controls whether the normalization check and necessary normalizations
* are performed.\ When set to UCOL_OFF (default) no normalization check
* is performed.\ The correctness of the result is guaranteed only if the
* input data is in so-called FCD form (see users manual for more info).\
* When set to UCOL_ON, an incremental check is performed to see whether the input data
* is in the FCD form.\ If the data is not in the FCD form, incremental
* NFD normalization is performed. */
UCOL_NORMALIZATION_MODE,
/** An alias for UCOL_NORMALIZATION_MODE attribute */
UCOL_DECOMPOSITION_MODE = UCOL_NORMALIZATION_MODE,
/** The strength attribute.\ Can be either UCOL_PRIMARY, UCOL_SECONDARY,
* UCOL_TERTIARY, UCOL_QUATERNARY or UCOL_IDENTICAL.\ The usual strength
* for most locales (except Japanese) is tertiary.\ Quaternary strength
* is useful when combined with shifted setting for alternate handling
* attribute and for JIS x 4061 collation, when it is used to distinguish
* between Katakana and Hiragana (this is achieved by setting the
* UCOL_HIRAGANA_QUATERNARY mode to on.\ Otherwise, quaternary level
* is affected only by the number of non ignorable code points in
* the string.\ Identical strength is rarely useful, as it amounts
* to codepoints of the NFD form of the string. */
UCOL_STRENGTH,
/** when turned on, this attribute
* positions Hiragana before all
* non-ignorables on quaternary level
* This is a sneaky way to produce JIS
* sort order */
UCOL_HIRAGANA_QUATERNARY_MODE,
/** when turned on, this attribute
* generates a collation key
* for the numeric value of substrings
* of digits. This is a way to get '100'
* to sort AFTER '2'.*/
UCOL_NUMERIC_COLLATION,
UCOL_ATTRIBUTE_COUNT
} UColAttribute;
/** Options for retrieving the rule string
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
typedef enum {
/** Retrieve tailoring only */
UCOL_TAILORING_ONLY,
/** Retrieve UCA rules and tailoring */
UCOL_FULL_RULES
} UColRuleOption ;
/**
* Open a UCollator for comparing strings.
* The UCollator pointer is used in all the calls to the Collation
* service. After finished, collator must be disposed of by calling
* {@link #ucol_close }.
* @param loc The locale containing the required collation rules.
* Special values for locales can be passed in -
* if NULL is passed for the locale, the default locale
* collation rules will be used. If empty string ("") or
* "root" are passed, UCA rules will be used.
* @param status A pointer to an UErrorCode to receive any errors
* @return A pointer to a UCollator, or 0 if an error occurred.
* @see ucol_openRules
* @see ucol_safeClone
* @see ucol_close
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
U_STABLE UCollator* U_EXPORT2
ucol_open(const char *loc, UErrorCode *status);
/**
* Produce an UCollator instance according to the rules supplied.
* The rules are used to change the default ordering, defined in the
* UCA in a process called tailoring. The resulting UCollator pointer
* can be used in the same way as the one obtained by {@link #ucol_strcoll }.
* @param rules A string describing the collation rules. For the syntax
* of the rules please see users guide.
* @param rulesLength The length of rules, or -1 if null-terminated.
* @param normalizationMode The normalization mode: One of
* UCOL_OFF (expect the text to not need normalization),
* UCOL_ON (normalize), or
* UCOL_DEFAULT (set the mode according to the rules)
* @param strength The default collation strength; one of UCOL_PRIMARY, UCOL_SECONDARY,
* UCOL_TERTIARY, UCOL_IDENTICAL,UCOL_DEFAULT_STRENGTH - can be also set in the rules.
* @param parseError A pointer to UParseError to recieve information about errors
* occurred during parsing. This argument can currently be set
* to NULL, but at users own risk. Please provide a real structure.
* @param status A pointer to an UErrorCode to receive any errors
* @return A pointer to a UCollator.\ It is not guaranteed that NULL be returned in case
* of error - please use status argument to check for errors.
* @see ucol_open
* @see ucol_safeClone
* @see ucol_close
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
U_STABLE UCollator* U_EXPORT2
ucol_openRules( const UChar *rules,
int32_t rulesLength,
UColAttributeValue normalizationMode,
UCollationStrength strength,
UParseError *parseError,
UErrorCode *status);
/**
* Open a collator defined by a short form string.
* The structure and the syntax of the string is defined in the "Naming collators"
* section of the users guide:
* http://icu.sourceforge.net/icu/userguide/Collate_Concepts.html#Naming_Collators
* Attributes are overriden by the subsequent attributes. So, for "S2_S3", final
* strength will be 3. 3066bis locale overrides individual locale parts.
* The call to this function is equivalent to a call to ucol_open, followed by a
* series of calls to ucol_setAttribute and ucol_setVariableTop.
* @param definition A short string containing a locale and a set of attributes.
* Attributes not explicitly mentioned are left at the default
* state for a locale.
* @param parseError if not NULL, structure that will get filled with error's pre
* and post context in case of error.
* @param forceDefaults if FALSE, the settings that are the same as the collator
* default settings will not be applied (for example, setting
* French secondary on a French collator would not be executed).
* If TRUE, all the settings will be applied regardless of the
* collator default value. If the definition
* strings are to be cached, should be set to FALSE.
* @param status Error code. Apart from regular error conditions connected to
* instantiating collators (like out of memory or similar), this
* API will return an error if an invalid attribute or attribute/value
* combination is specified.
* @return A pointer to a UCollator or 0 if an error occured (including an
* invalid attribute).
* @see ucol_open
* @see ucol_setAttribute
* @see ucol_setVariableTop
* @see ucol_getShortDefinitionString
* @see ucol_normalizeShortDefinitionString
* @draft ICU 3.0
*
*/
U_CAPI UCollator* U_EXPORT2
ucol_openFromShortString( const char *definition,
UBool forceDefaults,
UParseError *parseError,
UErrorCode *status);
/**
* Get a set containing the contractions defined by the collator. The set includes
* both the UCA contractions and the contractions defined by the collator. This set
* will contain only strings. If a tailoring explicitly suppresses contractions from
* the UCA (like Russian), removed contractions will not be in the resulting set.
* @param coll collator
* @param conts the set to hold the result. It gets emptied before
* contractions are added.
* @param status to hold the error code
* @return the size of the contraction set
*
* @draft ICU 3.0
*/
U_CAPI int32_t U_EXPORT2
ucol_getContractions( const UCollator *coll,
USet *conts,
UErrorCode *status);
/**
* Close a UCollator.
* Once closed, a UCollator should not be used.\ Every open collator should
* be closed.\ Otherwise, a memory leak will result.
* @param coll The UCollator to close.
* @see ucol_open
* @see ucol_openRules
* @see ucol_safeClone
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
U_STABLE void U_EXPORT2
ucol_close(UCollator *coll);
/**
* Compare two strings.
* The strings will be compared using the options already specified.
* @param coll The UCollator containing the comparison rules.
* @param source The source string.
* @param sourceLength The length of source, or -1 if null-terminated.
* @param target The target string.
* @param targetLength The length of target, or -1 if null-terminated.
* @return The result of comparing the strings; one of UCOL_EQUAL,
* UCOL_GREATER, UCOL_LESS
* @see ucol_greater
* @see ucol_greaterOrEqual
* @see ucol_equal
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
U_STABLE UCollationResult U_EXPORT2
ucol_strcoll( const UCollator *coll,
const UChar *source,
int32_t sourceLength,
const UChar *target,
int32_t targetLength);
/**
* Determine if one string is greater than another.
* This function is equivalent to {@link #ucol_strcoll } == UCOL_GREATER
* @param coll The UCollator containing the comparison rules.
* @param source The source string.
* @param sourceLength The length of source, or -1 if null-terminated.
* @param target The target string.
* @param targetLength The length of target, or -1 if null-terminated.
* @return TRUE if source is greater than target, FALSE otherwise.
* @see ucol_strcoll
* @see ucol_greaterOrEqual
* @see ucol_equal
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
U_STABLE UBool U_EXPORT2
ucol_greater(const UCollator *coll,
const UChar *source, int32_t sourceLength,
const UChar *target, int32_t targetLength);
/**
* Determine if one string is greater than or equal to another.
* This function is equivalent to {@link #ucol_strcoll } != UCOL_LESS
* @param coll The UCollator containing the comparison rules.
* @param source The source string.
* @param sourceLength The length of source, or -1 if null-terminated.
* @param target The target string.
* @param targetLength The length of target, or -1 if null-terminated.
* @return TRUE if source is greater than or equal to target, FALSE otherwise.
* @see ucol_strcoll
* @see ucol_greater
* @see ucol_equal
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
U_STABLE UBool U_EXPORT2
ucol_greaterOrEqual(const UCollator *coll,
const UChar *source, int32_t sourceLength,
const UChar *target, int32_t targetLength);
/**
* Compare two strings for equality.
* This function is equivalent to {@link #ucol_strcoll } == UCOL_EQUAL
* @param coll The UCollator containing the comparison rules.
* @param source The source string.
* @param sourceLength The length of source, or -1 if null-terminated.
* @param target The target string.
* @param targetLength The length of target, or -1 if null-terminated.
* @return TRUE if source is equal to target, FALSE otherwise
* @see ucol_strcoll
* @see ucol_greater
* @see ucol_greaterOrEqual
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
U_STABLE UBool U_EXPORT2
ucol_equal(const UCollator *coll,
const UChar *source, int32_t sourceLength,
const UChar *target, int32_t targetLength);
/**
* Compare two UTF-8 encoded trings.
* The strings will be compared using the options already specified.
* @param coll The UCollator containing the comparison rules.
* @param sIter The source string iterator.
* @param tIter The target string iterator.
* @return The result of comparing the strings; one of UCOL_EQUAL,
* UCOL_GREATER, UCOL_LESS
* @param status A pointer to an UErrorCode to receive any errors
* @see ucol_strcoll
* @stable ICU 2.6
*/
U_STABLE UCollationResult U_EXPORT2
ucol_strcollIter( const UCollator *coll,
UCharIterator *sIter,
UCharIterator *tIter,
UErrorCode *status);
/**
* Get the collation strength used in a UCollator.
* The strength influences how strings are compared.
* @param coll The UCollator to query.
* @return The collation strength; one of UCOL_PRIMARY, UCOL_SECONDARY,
* UCOL_TERTIARY, UCOL_QUATERNARY, UCOL_IDENTICAL
* @see ucol_setStrength
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
U_STABLE UCollationStrength U_EXPORT2
ucol_getStrength(const UCollator *coll);
/**
* Set the collation strength used in a UCollator.
* The strength influences how strings are compared.
* @param coll The UCollator to set.
* @param strength The desired collation strength; one of UCOL_PRIMARY,
* UCOL_SECONDARY, UCOL_TERTIARY, UCOL_QUATERNARY, UCOL_IDENTICAL, UCOL_DEFAULT
* @see ucol_getStrength
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
U_STABLE void U_EXPORT2
ucol_setStrength(UCollator *coll,
UCollationStrength strength);
/**
* Get the display name for a UCollator.
* The display name is suitable for presentation to a user.
* @param objLoc The locale of the collator in question.
* @param dispLoc The locale for display.
* @param result A pointer to a buffer to receive the attribute.
* @param resultLength The maximum size of result.
* @param status A pointer to an UErrorCode to receive any errors
* @return The total buffer size needed; if greater than resultLength,
* the output was truncated.
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
U_STABLE int32_t U_EXPORT2
ucol_getDisplayName( const char *objLoc,
const char *dispLoc,
UChar *result,
int32_t resultLength,
UErrorCode *status);
/**
* Get a locale for which collation rules are available.
* A UCollator in a locale returned by this function will perform the correct
* collation for the locale.
* @param index The index of the desired locale.
* @return A locale for which collation rules are available, or 0 if none.
* @see ucol_countAvailable
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
U_STABLE const char* U_EXPORT2
ucol_getAvailable(int32_t index);
/**
* Determine how many locales have collation rules available.
* This function is most useful as determining the loop ending condition for
* calls to {@link #ucol_getAvailable }.
* @return The number of locales for which collation rules are available.
* @see ucol_getAvailable
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
U_STABLE int32_t U_EXPORT2
ucol_countAvailable(void);
#if !UCONFIG_NO_SERVICE
/**
* Create a string enumerator of all locales for which a valid
* collator may be opened.
* @param status input-output error code
* @return a string enumeration over locale strings. The caller is
* responsible for closing the result.
* @draft ICU 3.0
*/
U_DRAFT UEnumeration* U_EXPORT2
ucol_openAvailableLocales(UErrorCode *status);
#endif
/**
* Create a string enumerator of all possible keywords that are relevant to
* collation. At this point, the only recognized keyword for this
* service is "collation".
* @param status input-output error code
* @return a string enumeration over locale strings. The caller is
* responsible for closing the result.
* @draft ICU 3.0
*/
U_DRAFT UEnumeration* U_EXPORT2
ucol_getKeywords(UErrorCode *status);
/**
* Given a keyword, create a string enumeration of all values
* for that keyword that are currently in use.
* @param keyword a particular keyword as enumerated by
* ucol_getKeywords. If any other keyword is passed in, *status is set
* to U_ILLEGAL_ARGUMENT_ERROR.
* @param status input-output error code
* @return a string enumeration over collation keyword values, or NULL
* upon error. The caller is responsible for closing the result.
* @draft ICU 3.0
*/
U_DRAFT UEnumeration* U_EXPORT2
ucol_getKeywordValues(const char *keyword, UErrorCode *status);
/**
* Return the functionally equivalent locale for the given
* requested locale, with respect to given keyword, for the
* collation service. If two locales return the same result, then
* collators instantiated for these locales will behave
* equivalently. The converse is not always true; two collators
* may in fact be equivalent, but return different results, due to
* internal details. The return result has no other meaning than
* that stated above, and implies nothing as to the relationship
* between the two locales. This is intended for use by
* applications who wish to cache collators, or otherwise reuse
* collators when possible. The functional equivalent may change
* over time. For more information, please see the <a
* href="http://icu.sourceforge.net/icu/userguide/locale.html#services">
* Locales and Services</a> section of the ICU User Guide.
* @param result fillin for the functionally equivalent locale
* @param resultCapacity capacity of the fillin buffer
* @param keyword a particular keyword as enumerated by
* ucol_getKeywords.
* @param locale the requested locale
* @param isAvailable if non-NULL, pointer to a fillin parameter that
* indicates whether the requested locale was 'available' to the
* collation service. A locale is defined as 'available' if it
* physically exists within the collation locale data.
* @param status pointer to input-output error code
* @return the actual buffer size needed for the locale. If greater
* than resultCapacity, the returned full name will be truncated and
* an error code will be returned.
* @draft ICU 3.0
*/
U_DRAFT int32_t U_EXPORT2
ucol_getFunctionalEquivalent(char* result, int32_t resultCapacity,
const char* keyword, const char* locale,
UBool* isAvailable, UErrorCode* status);
/**
* Get the collation rules from a UCollator.
* The rules will follow the rule syntax.
* @param coll The UCollator to query.
* @param length
* @return The collation rules.
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
U_STABLE const UChar* U_EXPORT2
ucol_getRules( const UCollator *coll,
int32_t *length);
/** Get the short definition string for a collator. This API harvests the collator's
* locale and the attribute set and produces a string that can be used for opening
* a collator with the same properties using the ucol_openFromShortString API.
* This string will be normalized.
* The structure and the syntax of the string is defined in the "Naming collators"
* section of the users guide:
* http://icu.sourceforge.net/icu/userguide/Collate_Concepts.html#Naming_Collators
* This API supports preflighting.
* @param coll a collator
* @param locale a locale that will appear as a collators locale in the resulting
* short string definition. If NULL, the locale will be harvested
* from the collator.
* @param buffer space to hold the resulting string
* @param capacity capacity of the buffer
* @param status for returning errors. All the preflighting errors are featured
* @return length of the resulting string
* @see ucol_openFromShortString
* @see ucol_normalizeShortDefinitionString
* @draft ICU 3.0
*/
U_CAPI int32_t U_EXPORT2
ucol_getShortDefinitionString(const UCollator *coll,
const char *locale,
char *buffer,
int32_t capacity,
UErrorCode *status);
/** Verifies and normalizes short definition string.
* Normalized short definition string has all the option sorted by the argument name,
* so that equivalent definition strings are the same.
* This API supports preflighting.
* @param source definition string
* @param destination space to hold the resulting string
* @param capacity capacity of the buffer
* @param parseError if not NULL, structure that will get filled with error's pre
* and post context in case of error.
* @param status Error code. This API will return an error if an invalid attribute
* or attribute/value combination is specified. All the preflighting
* errors are also featured
* @return length of the resulting normalized string.
*
* @see ucol_openFromShortString
* @see ucol_getShortDefinitionString
*
* @draft ICU 3.0
*/
U_CAPI int32_t U_EXPORT2
ucol_normalizeShortDefinitionString(const char *source,
char *destination,
int32_t capacity,
UParseError *parseError,
UErrorCode *status);
/**
* Get a sort key for a string from a UCollator.
* Sort keys may be compared using <TT>strcmp</TT>.
* @param coll The UCollator containing the collation rules.
* @param source The string to transform.
* @param sourceLength The length of source, or -1 if null-terminated.
* @param result A pointer to a buffer to receive the attribute.
* @param resultLength The maximum size of result.
* @return The size needed to fully store the sort key..
* @see ucol_keyHashCode
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
U_STABLE int32_t U_EXPORT2
ucol_getSortKey(const UCollator *coll,
const UChar *source,
int32_t sourceLength,
uint8_t *result,
int32_t resultLength);
/** Gets the next count bytes of a sort key. Caller needs
* to preserve state array between calls and to provide
* the same type of UCharIterator set with the same string.
* The destination buffer provided must be big enough to store
* the number of requested bytes. Generated sortkey is not
* compatible with sortkeys generated using ucol_getSortKey
* API, since we don't do any compression. If uncompressed
* sortkeys are required, this API can be used.
* @param coll The UCollator containing the collation rules.
* @param iter UCharIterator containing the string we need
* the sort key to be calculated for.
* @param state Opaque state of sortkey iteration.
* @param dest Buffer to hold the resulting sortkey part
* @param count number of sort key bytes required.
* @param status error code indicator.
* @return the actual number of bytes of a sortkey. It can be
* smaller than count if we have reached the end of
* the sort key.
* @stable ICU 2.6
*/
U_STABLE int32_t U_EXPORT2
ucol_nextSortKeyPart(const UCollator *coll,
UCharIterator *iter,
uint32_t state[2],
uint8_t *dest, int32_t count,
UErrorCode *status);
/** enum that is taken by ucol_getBound API
* See below for explanation
* do not change the values assigned to the
* members of this enum. Underlying code
* depends on them having these numbers
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
typedef enum {
/** lower bound */
UCOL_BOUND_LOWER = 0,
/** upper bound that will match strings of exact size */
UCOL_BOUND_UPPER = 1,
/** upper bound that will match all the strings that have the same initial substring as the given string */
UCOL_BOUND_UPPER_LONG = 2,
UCOL_BOUND_VALUE_COUNT
} UColBoundMode;
/**
* Produce a bound for a given sortkey and a number of levels.
* Return value is always the number of bytes needed, regardless of
* whether the result buffer was big enough or even valid.<br>
* Resulting bounds can be used to produce a range of strings that are
* between upper and lower bounds. For example, if bounds are produced
* for a sortkey of string "smith", strings between upper and lower
* bounds with one level would include "Smith", "SMITH", "sMiTh".<br>
* There are two upper bounds that can be produced. If UCOL_BOUND_UPPER
* is produced, strings matched would be as above. However, if bound
* produced using UCOL_BOUND_UPPER_LONG is used, the above example will
* also match "Smithsonian" and similar.<br>
* For more on usage, see example in cintltst/capitst.c in procedure
* TestBounds.
* Sort keys may be compared using <TT>strcmp</TT>.
* @param source The source sortkey.
* @param sourceLength The length of source, or -1 if null-terminated.
* (If an unmodified sortkey is passed, it is always null
* terminated).
* @param boundType Type of bound required. It can be UCOL_BOUND_LOWER, which
* produces a lower inclusive bound, UCOL_BOUND_UPPER, that
* produces upper bound that matches strings of the same length
* or UCOL_BOUND_UPPER_LONG that matches strings that have the
* same starting substring as the source string.
* @param noOfLevels Number of levels required in the resulting bound (for most
* uses, the recommended value is 1). See users guide for
* explanation on number of levels a sortkey can have.
* @param result A pointer to a buffer to receive the resulting sortkey.
* @param resultLength The maximum size of result.
* @param status Used for returning error code if something went wrong. If the
* number of levels requested is higher than the number of levels
* in the source key, a warning (U_SORT_KEY_TOO_SHORT_WARNING) is
* issued.
* @return The size needed to fully store the bound.
* @see ucol_keyHashCode
* @stable ICU 2.1
*/
U_STABLE int32_t U_EXPORT2
ucol_getBound(const uint8_t *source,
int32_t sourceLength,
UColBoundMode boundType,
uint32_t noOfLevels,
uint8_t *result,
int32_t resultLength,
UErrorCode *status);
/**
* Gets the version information for a Collator. Version is currently
* an opaque 32-bit number which depends, among other things, on major
* versions of the collator tailoring and UCA.
* @param coll The UCollator to query.
* @param info the version # information, the result will be filled in
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
U_STABLE void U_EXPORT2
ucol_getVersion(const UCollator* coll, UVersionInfo info);
/**
* Gets the UCA version information for a Collator. Version is the
* UCA version number (3.1.1, 4.0).
* @param coll The UCollator to query.
* @param info the version # information, the result will be filled in
* @draft ICU 2.8
*/
U_DRAFT void U_EXPORT2
ucol_getUCAVersion(const UCollator* coll, UVersionInfo info);
/**
* Merge two sort keys. The levels are merged with their corresponding counterparts
* (primaries with primaries, secondaries with secondaries etc.). Between the values
* from the same level a separator is inserted.
* example (uncompressed):
* 191B1D 01 050505 01 910505 00 and 1F2123 01 050505 01 910505 00
* will be merged as
* 191B1D 02 1F212301 050505 02 050505 01 910505 02 910505 00
* This allows for concatenating of first and last names for sorting, among other things.
* If the destination buffer is not big enough, the results are undefined.
* If any of source lengths are zero or any of source pointers are NULL/undefined,
* result is of size zero.
* @param src1 pointer to the first sortkey
* @param src1Length length of the first sortkey
* @param src2 pointer to the second sortkey
* @param src2Length length of the second sortkey
* @param dest buffer to hold the result
* @param destCapacity size of the buffer for the result
* @return size of the result. If the buffer is big enough size is always
* src1Length+src2Length-1
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
U_STABLE int32_t U_EXPORT2
ucol_mergeSortkeys(const uint8_t *src1, int32_t src1Length,
const uint8_t *src2, int32_t src2Length,
uint8_t *dest, int32_t destCapacity);
/**
* Universal attribute setter
* @param coll collator which attributes are to be changed
* @param attr attribute type
* @param value attribute value
* @param status to indicate whether the operation went on smoothly or there were errors
* @see UColAttribute
* @see UColAttributeValue
* @see ucol_getAttribute
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
U_STABLE void U_EXPORT2
ucol_setAttribute(UCollator *coll, UColAttribute attr, UColAttributeValue value, UErrorCode *status);
/**
* Universal attribute getter
* @param coll collator which attributes are to be changed
* @param attr attribute type
* @return attribute value
* @param status to indicate whether the operation went on smoothly or there were errors
* @see UColAttribute
* @see UColAttributeValue
* @see ucol_setAttribute
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
U_STABLE UColAttributeValue U_EXPORT2
ucol_getAttribute(const UCollator *coll, UColAttribute attr, UErrorCode *status);
/** Variable top
* is a two byte primary value which causes all the codepoints with primary values that
* are less or equal than the variable top to be shifted when alternate handling is set
* to UCOL_SHIFTED.
* Sets the variable top to a collation element value of a string supplied.
* @param coll collator which variable top needs to be changed
* @param varTop one or more (if contraction) UChars to which the variable top should be set
* @param len length of variable top string. If -1 it is considered to be zero terminated.
* @param status error code. If error code is set, the return value is undefined.
* Errors set by this function are: <br>
* U_CE_NOT_FOUND_ERROR if more than one character was passed and there is no such
* a contraction<br>
* U_PRIMARY_TOO_LONG_ERROR if the primary for the variable top has more than two bytes
* @return a 32 bit value containing the value of the variable top in upper 16 bits.
* Lower 16 bits are undefined
* @see ucol_getVariableTop
* @see ucol_restoreVariableTop
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
U_STABLE uint32_t U_EXPORT2
ucol_setVariableTop(UCollator *coll,
const UChar *varTop, int32_t len,
UErrorCode *status);
/**
* Gets the variable top value of a Collator.
* Lower 16 bits are undefined and should be ignored.
* @param coll collator which variable top needs to be retrieved
* @param status error code (not changed by function). If error code is set,
* the return value is undefined.
* @return the variable top value of a Collator.
* @see ucol_setVariableTop
* @see ucol_restoreVariableTop
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
U_STABLE uint32_t U_EXPORT2 ucol_getVariableTop(const UCollator *coll, UErrorCode *status);
/**
* Sets the variable top to a collation element value supplied. Variable top is
* set to the upper 16 bits.
* Lower 16 bits are ignored.
* @param coll collator which variable top needs to be changed
* @param varTop CE value, as returned by ucol_setVariableTop or ucol)getVariableTop
* @param status error code (not changed by function)
* @see ucol_getVariableTop
* @see ucol_setVariableTop
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
U_STABLE void U_EXPORT2
ucol_restoreVariableTop(UCollator *coll, const uint32_t varTop, UErrorCode *status);
/**
* Thread safe cloning operation. The result is a clone of a given collator.
* @param coll collator to be cloned
* @param stackBuffer user allocated space for the new clone.
* If NULL new memory will be allocated.
* If buffer is not large enough, new memory will be allocated.
* Clients can use the U_COL_SAFECLONE_BUFFERSIZE.
* This will probably be enough to avoid memory allocations.
* @param pBufferSize pointer to size of allocated space.
* If *pBufferSize == 0, a sufficient size for use in cloning will
* be returned ('pre-flighting')
* If *pBufferSize is not enough for a stack-based safe clone,
* new memory will be allocated.
* @param status to indicate whether the operation went on smoothly or there were errors
* An informational status value, U_SAFECLONE_ALLOCATED_ERROR, is used if any
* allocations were necessary.
* @return pointer to the new clone
* @see ucol_open
* @see ucol_openRules
* @see ucol_close
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
U_STABLE UCollator* U_EXPORT2
ucol_safeClone(const UCollator *coll,
void *stackBuffer,
int32_t *pBufferSize,
UErrorCode *status);
/** default memory size for the new clone. It needs to be this large for os/400 large pointers
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
#define U_COL_SAFECLONE_BUFFERSIZE 512
/**
* Returns current rules. Delta defines whether full rules are returned or just the tailoring.
* Returns number of UChars needed to store rules. If buffer is NULL or bufferLen is not enough
* to store rules, will store up to available space.
* @param coll collator to get the rules from
* @param delta one of UCOL_TAILORING_ONLY, UCOL_FULL_RULES.
* @param buffer buffer to store the result in. If NULL, you'll get no rules.
* @param bufferLen lenght of buffer to store rules in. If less then needed you'll get only the part that fits in.
* @return current rules
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
U_STABLE int32_t U_EXPORT2
ucol_getRulesEx(const UCollator *coll, UColRuleOption delta, UChar *buffer, int32_t bufferLen);
/**
* gets the locale name of the collator. If the collator
* is instantiated from the rules, then this function returns
* NULL.
* @param coll The UCollator for which the locale is needed
* @param type You can choose between requested, valid and actual
* locale. For description see the definition of
* ULocDataLocaleType in uloc.h
* @param status error code of the operation
* @return real locale name from which the collation data comes.
* If the collator was instantiated from rules, returns
* NULL.
* @deprecated ICU 2.8 Use ucol_getLocaleByType instead
*/
U_DEPRECATED const char * U_EXPORT2
ucol_getLocale(const UCollator *coll, ULocDataLocaleType type, UErrorCode *status);
/**
* gets the locale name of the collator. If the collator
* is instantiated from the rules, then this function returns
* NULL.
* @param coll The UCollator for which the locale is needed
* @param type You can choose between requested, valid and actual
* locale. For description see the definition of
* ULocDataLocaleType in uloc.h
* @param status error code of the operation
* @return real locale name from which the collation data comes.
* If the collator was instantiated from rules, returns
* NULL.
* @draft ICU 2.8 likely to change in ICU 3.0, based on feedback
*/
U_DRAFT const char * U_EXPORT2
ucol_getLocaleByType(const UCollator *coll, ULocDataLocaleType type, UErrorCode *status);
/**
* Get an Unicode set that contains all the characters and sequences tailored in
* this collator. The result must be disposed of by using uset_close.
* @param coll The UCollator for which we want to get tailored chars
* @param status error code of the operation
* @return a pointer to newly created USet. Must be be disposed by using uset_close
* @see ucol_openRules
* @see uset_close
* @stable ICU 2.4
*/
U_STABLE USet * U_EXPORT2
ucol_getTailoredSet(const UCollator *coll, UErrorCode *status);
/**
* Returned by ucol_collatorToIdentifier to signify that collator is
* not encodable as an identifier.
* @internal ICU 3.0
*/
#define UCOL_SIT_COLLATOR_NOT_ENCODABLE 0x80000000
/**
* Get a 31-bit identifier given a collator.
* @param coll UCollator
* @param locale a locale that will appear as a collators locale in the resulting
* short string definition. If NULL, the locale will be harvested
* from the collator.
* @param status holds error messages
* @return 31-bit identifier. MSB is used if the collator cannot be encoded. In that
* case UCOL_SIT_COLLATOR_NOT_ENCODABLE is returned
* @see ucol_openFromIdentifier
* @see ucol_identifierToShortString
* @internal ICU 3.0
*/
U_INTERNAL uint32_t U_EXPORT2
ucol_collatorToIdentifier(const UCollator *coll,
const char *locale,
UErrorCode *status);
/**
* Open a collator given a 31-bit identifier
* @param identifier 31-bit identifier, encoded by calling ucol_collatorToIdentifier
* @param forceDefaults if FALSE, the settings that are the same as the collator
* default settings will not be applied (for example, setting
* French secondary on a French collator would not be executed).
* If TRUE, all the settings will be applied regardless of the
* collator default value. If the definition
* strings that can be produced from a collator instantiated by
* calling this API are to be cached, should be set to FALSE.
* @param status for returning errors
* @return UCollator object
* @see ucol_collatorToIdentifier
* @see ucol_identifierToShortString
* @internal ICU 3.0
*/
U_INTERNAL UCollator* U_EXPORT2
ucol_openFromIdentifier(uint32_t identifier,
UBool forceDefaults,
UErrorCode *status);
/**
* Calculate the short definition string given an identifier. Supports preflighting.
* @param identifier 31-bit identifier, encoded by calling ucol_collatorToIdentifier
* @param buffer buffer to store the result
* @param capacity buffer capacity
* @param forceDefaults whether the settings that are the same as the default setting
* should be forced anyway. Setting this argument to FALSE reduces
* the number of different configurations, but decreases performace
* as a collator has to be instantiated.
* @param status for returning errors
* @return length of the short definition string
* @see ucol_collatorToIdentifier
* @see ucol_openFromIdentifier
* @see ucol_shortStringToIdentifier
* @internal ICU 3.0
*/
U_INTERNAL int32_t U_EXPORT2
ucol_identifierToShortString(uint32_t identifier,
char *buffer,
int32_t capacity,
UBool forceDefaults,
UErrorCode *status);
/**
* Calculate the identifier given a short definition string. Supports preflighting.
* @param definition short string definition
* @param forceDefaults whether the settings that are the same as the default setting
* should be forced anyway. Setting this argument to FALSE reduces
* the number of different configurations, but decreases performace
* as a collator has to be instantiated.
* @param status for returning errors
* @return identifier
* @see ucol_collatorToIdentifier
* @see ucol_openFromIdentifier
* @see ucol_identifierToShortString
* @internal ICU 3.0
*/
U_INTERNAL uint32_t U_EXPORT2
ucol_shortStringToIdentifier(const char *definition,
UBool forceDefaults,
UErrorCode *status);
/**
* Universal attribute getter that returns UCOL_DEFAULT if the value is default
* @param coll collator which attributes are to be changed
* @param attr attribute type
* @return attribute value or UCOL_DEFAULT if the value is default
* @param status to indicate whether the operation went on smoothly or there were errors
* @see UColAttribute
* @see UColAttributeValue
* @see ucol_setAttribute
* @internal ICU 3.0
*/
U_INTERNAL UColAttributeValue U_EXPORT2
ucol_getAttributeOrDefault(const UCollator *coll, UColAttribute attr, UErrorCode *status);
/** Check whether two collators are equal. Collators are considered equal if they
* will sort strings the same. This means that both the current attributes and the
* rules must be equivalent. Currently used for RuleBasedCollator::operator==.
* @param source first collator
* @param target second collator
* @return TRUE or FALSE
* @internal ICU 3.0
*/
U_INTERNAL UBool U_EXPORT2
ucol_equals(const UCollator *source, const UCollator *target);
/** Calculates the set of unsafe code points, given a collator.
* A character is unsafe if you could append any character and cause the ordering to alter significantly.
* Collation sorts in normalized order, so anything that rearranges in normalization can cause this.
* Thus if you have a character like a_umlaut, and you add a lower_dot to it,
* then it normalizes to a_lower_dot + umlaut, and sorts differently.
* @param coll Collator
* @param unsafe a fill-in set to receive the unsafe points
* @param status for catching errors
* @return number of elements in the set
* @internal ICU 3.0
*/
U_INTERNAL int32_t U_EXPORT2
ucol_getUnsafeSet( const UCollator *coll,
USet *unsafe,
UErrorCode *status);
/** Reset UCA's static pointers. You don't want to use this, unless your static memory can go away.
* @internal ICU 3.2.1
*/
U_INTERNAL void U_EXPORT2
ucol_forgetUCA(void);
/** Touches all resources needed for instantiating a collator from a short string definition,
* thus filling up the cache.
* @param definition A short string containing a locale and a set of attributes.
* Attributes not explicitly mentioned are left at the default
* state for a locale.
* @param parseError if not NULL, structure that will get filled with error's pre
* and post context in case of error.
* @param forceDefaults if FALSE, the settings that are the same as the collator
* default settings will not be applied (for example, setting
* French secondary on a French collator would not be executed).
* If TRUE, all the settings will be applied regardless of the
* collator default value. If the definition
* strings are to be cached, should be set to FALSE.
* @param status Error code. Apart from regular error conditions connected to
* instantiating collators (like out of memory or similar), this
* API will return an error if an invalid attribute or attribute/value
* combination is specified.
* @see ucol_openFromShortString
* @internal ICU 3.2.1
*/
U_INTERNAL void U_EXPORT2
ucol_prepareShortStringOpen( const char *definition,
UBool forceDefaults,
UParseError *parseError,
UErrorCode *status);
/** Creates a binary image of a collator. This binary image can be stored and
* later used to instantiate a collator using ucol_openBinary.
* This API supports preflighting.
* @param coll Collator
* @param buffer a fill-in buffer to receive the binary image
* @param capacity capacity of the destination buffer
* @param status for catching errors
* @return size of the image
* @see ucol_openBinary
* @draft ICU 3.2
*/
U_DRAFT int32_t U_EXPORT2
ucol_cloneBinary(const UCollator *coll,
uint8_t *buffer, int32_t capacity,
UErrorCode *status);
/** Opens a collator from a collator binary image created using
* ucol_cloneBinary. Binary image used in instantiation of the
* collator remains owned by the user and should stay around for
* the lifetime of the collator. The API also takes a base collator
* which usualy should be UCA.
* @param bin binary image owned by the user and required through the
* lifetime of the collator
* @param length size of the image. If negative, the API will try to
* figure out the length of the image
* @param base fallback collator, usually UCA. Base is required to be
* present through the lifetime of the collator. Currently
* it cannot be NULL.
* @param status for catching errors
* @return newly created collator
* @see ucol_cloneBinary
* @draft ICU 3.2
*/
U_DRAFT UCollator* U_EXPORT2
ucol_openBinary(const uint8_t *bin, int32_t length,
const UCollator *base,
UErrorCode *status);
#endif /* #if !UCONFIG_NO_COLLATION */
#endif
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