Common Crawl PySpark Examples
This project provides examples how to process the Common Crawl dataset with Apache Spark and Python:
- count HTML tags in Common Crawl's raw response data (WARC files)
- count web server names in Common Crawl's metadata (WAT files and/or WARC files)
- list host names and corresponding IP addresses (WAT files and/or WARC files)
- word count (term and document frequency) in Common Crawl's extracted text (WET files)
- extract links from WAT files and construct the (host-level) web graph
To develop and test locally, you will need to install
- Spark, see the detailed instructions, and
- all required Python modules by running
pip install -r requirements.txt
Compatibility and Requirements
Tested with Spark 2.1.0 - 2.3.0 in combination with Python 2.7 and/or 3.5.
Get Sample Data
To develop locally, you'll need at least three data files -- one for each format the crawl uses. They can be fetched from the following links:
get-data.sh will download the sample data. It also writes input files containing
- sample input as
- all input of one monthly crawl as
First, point the environment variable
SPARK_HOME to your Spark installation.
Then submit a job via
$SPARK_HOME/bin/spark-submit ./server_count.py \ --num_output_partitions 1 --log_level WARN \ ./input/test_warc.txt servernames
This will count web server names sent in HTTP response headers for the sample WARC input and store the resulting counts in the SparkSQL table "servernames" in your ... (usually in
The output table can be accessed via SparkSQL, e.g.,
$SPARK_HOME/spark/bin/pyspark >>> df = sqlContext.read.parquet("spark-warehouse/servernames") >>> for row in df.sort(df.val.desc()).take(10): print(row) ... Row(key=u'Apache', val=9396) Row(key=u'nginx', val=4339) Row(key=u'Microsoft-IIS/7.5', val=3635) Row(key=u'(no server in HTTP header)', val=3188) Row(key=u'cloudflare-nginx', val=2743) Row(key=u'Microsoft-IIS/8.5', val=1459) Row(key=u'Microsoft-IIS/6.0', val=1324) Row(key=u'GSE', val=886) Row(key=u'Apache/2.2.15 (CentOS)', val=827) Row(key=u'Apache-Coyote/1.1', val=790)
Running in Spark cluster over large amounts of data
As the Common Crawl dataset lives in the Amazon Public Datasets program, you can access and process it on Amazon AWS without incurring any transfer costs. The only cost that you incur is the cost of the machines running your Spark cluster.
spinning up the Spark cluster: AWS EMR contains a ready-to-use Spark installation but you'll find multiple descriptions on the web how to deploy Spark on a cheap cluster of AWS spot instances. See also launching Spark on a cluster.
choose appropriate cluster-specific settings when submitting jobs and also check for relevant command-line options (e.g.,
--num_output_partitions) by running
./spark/bin/spark-submit ./server_count.py --help
- don't forget to deploy all dependencies in the cluster, see advanced dependency management
Examples are ported from Stephen Merity's cc-mrjob with a couple of upgrades:
- based on Apache Spark (instead of mrjob)
- boto3 supporting multi-part download of data from S3
- warcio a Python 2 and Python 3 compatible module to access WARC files
Further inspirations are taken from
- cosr-back written by Sylvain Zimmer for Common Search. You definitely should have a look at it if you need a more sophisticated WARC processor (including a HTML parser for example).
- Mark Litwintschik's blog post Analysing Petabytes of Websites
MIT License, as per LICENSE